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Assessing the Engagement of Transgender and Other Gender Minority Youth Across the HIV Continuum of Care

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02449629
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 20, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Brief Summary:

This study uses a transformative multiphasic mixed-methods research design that incorporates elements of the following designs:

  • Sequential: a secondary data analysis was conducted, using data from ATN 039, ATN 086, and ATN 106, to influence the development of the qualitative interview and quantitative survey instruments for primary data collection.
  • Convergent parallel: concurrent collection and analysis of both qualitative and quantitative primary data that will be combined to address the study objectives.

Condition or disease
Transgender, HIV Continuum of Care

Detailed Description:

The ultimate goal of this study is to assess engagement of TGMY across the HIV Continuum of Care. This will be accomplished through a transformative multiphasic mixed-methods research study that will engage all sites in the ATN network and collect data from both internal and external sources regarding the facilitators and barriers affecting TGMY's engagement across the HIV Continuum of Care. Empirical and theoretical models will be produced that will guide the future development of HIV-related interventions for TGMY (to be published by the study team in peer-reviewed literature). In addition, findings will be translated into more immediate provider-focused recommendations and multi-media resources that provide concrete guidance and tools that can be applied across socio-ecological levels to promote the full inclusion of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care. The production of multidisciplinary provider-focused materials that will support the delivery of gender affirming and appropriate HIV care to TGMY is in alignment with many contemporary views of translational research and will have an immediate impact on the ability of providers at AMTU sites and elsewhere to provide HIV-related care to TGMY across the full HIV Continuum of Care.

The research design incorporates elements of both a sequential design (secondary data analysis from ATN 039 and ATN 086/106 influenced the development of measures for primary data collection) and a convergent parallel design (concurrent collection and analysis of both qualitative and quantitative primary data that will be combined to address the specific aims. This design is considered a transformative mixed-methods design due to the study's theoretical and conceptual grounding in Bioecological Systems Theory (BST), Gender Affirmation, and Gender Minority Stress, and the focus on advancing the needs of underrepresented and marginalized populations. Mixed methods studies typically involve collecting and analyzing data derived from both quantitative and qualitative data sources in order to gain greater insight into a research problem than would be gained by using only one of the two methods in isolation. By combining methods, the limitations and biases inherent in one single methodology can be lessened by using multiple forms of data collection. The qualitative phase of the study will use a phenomenological investigative approach, which will help to understand the sociocultural behaviors, language, roles, and interactions within a culture-sharing group (i.e., TGMY) and triangulation of the qualitative data with the quantitative data strengthens the validity of the information received by using a combination of data sources.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 187 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Assessing the Engagement of Transgender and Other Gender Minority Youth Across the HIV Continuum of Care
Study Start Date : June 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort
TGMY in HIV Care
TGMY (16-24 years of age) currently in HIV care at an Adolescent Medicine Trials Unit (AMTU) site or elsewhere.
TGMY Not in HIV Care
TGMY (16-24 years of age) not currently in care who are living with HIV, not living with HIV, or those who are unaware of their HIV status.
Health Care and Social Service Providers
Health care and social service providers who work with TGMY at AMTU sites or elsewhere that serve TGMY within the AMTU cities.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Types of facilitators that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care from the perspective of TGMY with HIV in HIV Care [ Time Frame: Entry Visit ]
    Explore, from the perspective of TGMY living with HIV who are in HIV care, what socio-ecological facilitators exist that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care: prevention and testing, diagnosis, linkage to care, engagement in care, retention in care, initiation of ART, adherence to ART, and viral suppression.

  2. Types of barriers that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care from the perspective of TGMY with HIV in HIV Care [ Time Frame: Entry Visit ]
    Explore, from the perspective of TGMY living with HIV who are in HIV care, what socio-ecological barriers exist that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care: prevention and testing, diagnosis, linkage to care, engagement in care, retention in care, initiation of ART, adherence to ART, and viral suppression.

  3. Types of facilitators that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care from the perspective of TGMY not in HIV Care [ Time Frame: Entry Visit ]
    Explore, from the perspective of TGMY who are not in HIV care (including those who are living with HIV, not living with HIV, and those who are unaware of their HIV status), what socio-ecological facilitators exist that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care: prevention and testing, diagnosis, linkage to care, engagement in care, retention in care, initiation of ART, adherence to ART, and viral suppression.

  4. Types of barriers that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care from the perspective of TGMY not in HIV Care [ Time Frame: Entry Visit ]
    Explore, from the perspective of TGMY who are not in HIV care (including those who are living with HIV, not living with HIV, and those who are unaware of their HIV status), what socio-ecological barriers exist that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care: prevention and testing, diagnosis, linkage to care, engagement in care, retention in care, initiation of ART, adherence to ART, and viral suppression.

  5. Types of facilitators that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care from the perspective of health care and social service providers [ Time Frame: Entry Visit ]
    Explore, from the perspective of health care and social service providers who provide care and supportive services to TGMY, what socio-ecological facilitators exist that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care: prevention and testing, diagnosis, linkage to care, engagement in care, retention in care, initiation of ART, adherence to ART and viral suppression.

  6. Types of barriers that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care from the perspective of health care and social service providers [ Time Frame: Entry Visit ]
    Explore, from the perspective of health care and social service providers who provide care and supportive services to TGMY, what socio-ecological barriers exist that influence the full participation of TGMY in the various stages of the HIV Continuum of Care: prevention and testing, diagnosis, linkage to care, engagement in care, retention in care, initiation of ART, adherence to ART and viral suppression.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 24 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

The three population groups are:

  1. TGMY (16-24 years of age) currently in HIV care at an Adolescent Medicine Trials Unit (AMTU) site or elsewhere.
  2. TGMY (16-24 years of age) not currently in care who are living with HIV, not living with HIV, or those who are unaware of their HIV status.
  3. Health care and social service providers who work with TGMY at AMTU sites or elsewhere that serve TGMY within the AMTU cities.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: Youth Currently in HIV Care

To be considered eligible for enrollment, an individual must meet the criteria listed below.

  • Received at least one HIV related service (e.g., medical care, social services, case management, etc.) at an AMTU or elsewhere in the six months prior to consent;
  • Does not identify solely with sex assigned at birth (may identify as trans, transgender, trans woman, trans man, man, woman, gender nonconforming, genderqueer, or any other gender, so long as their current gender identity and/or expression do not match their sex assigned at birth);
  • Self reports to be HIV-infected;
  • Self reports to be between the ages of 16-24 years inclusive at time of consent;
  • Ability to understand both written and spoken English;
  • Willingness to participate in an in-depth face-to-face qualitative interview about gender minority identity and personal experiences seeking services across the HIV Continuum of Care;
  • Willingness to participate in a web-based quantitative survey about gender minority identity and personal experiences seeking services across the HIV Continuum of Care; and
  • Able to understand and willing to provide signed informed consent as applicable for study participation.

Exclusion Criteria: Youth Currently in HIV Care To be considered eligible for enrollment, an individual must not meet any of the criteria listed below.

  • Active psychiatric condition that, in the opinion of the site personnel, would interfere with the ability to give true informed consent and to adhere to the study requirements;
  • Visibly distraught or visibly emotionally unstable (e.g., active hallucinations, exhibiting suicidal, homicidal, or violent behavior) condition that, in the opinion of the site personnel, would interfere with the ability to give true informed consent and to adhere to the study requirements;
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site personnel, would interfere with the ability to give true informed consent and to adhere to the study requirements;
  • Acute illness that, in the opinion of the site personnel, would interfere with the subject's ability to adhere to the protocol requirements and/or interfere with the protocol objectives; and
  • Site IRB requires parental permission and subject is <18 years of age.

Inclusion Criteria: Youth Not Currently in Care To be considered eligible for enrollment, an individual must meet the criteria listed below.

  • Did not receive HIV related services (e.g., medical care, social services, case management, etc.) at an AMTU or elsewhere in the six months prior to the time of consent;
  • Does not identify solely with sex assigned at birth (may identify as trans, transgender, trans woman, trans man, woman, man, gender nonconforming, genderqueer, or any other gender, so long their current gender identity and/or expression do not match their sex assigned at birth);
  • Self reports to be between the ages of 16-24 years inclusive at time of consent;
  • Ability to understand both written and spoken English;
  • Willingness to participate in an in-depth face-to-face qualitative interview about gender minority identity and personal experiences seeking services across the HIV Continuum of Care;
  • Willingness to participate in a web-based quantitative survey about transgender and other gender minority identity and personal experiences seeking services across the HIV Continuum of Care; and
  • Willingness to provide signed informed consent for study participation.

Exclusion Criteria: Youth Not Currently in HIV Care To be considered eligible for enrollment, an individual must not meet any of the criteria listed below.

  • Active psychiatric condition that in the opinion of the site personnel would interfere with the ability to give true informed consent and to adhere to the study requirements;
  • Visibly distraught or visibly emotionally unstable (e.g., active hallucinations, exhibiting suicidal, homicidal, or violent behavior) condition that, in the opinion of the site personnel interferes with the ability to give true informed consent and to adhere to the study requirements;
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site personnel, would interfere with the ability to give true informed consent and to adhere to the study requirements;
  • Acute illness that, in the opinion of the site personnel, would interfere with the subject's ability to adhere to the protocol requirements and/or interfere with the protocol objectives; and
  • Site IRB requires parental permission and subject is <18 years of age.

Inclusion Criteria: Health Care and Social Service Providers

To be considered eligible for enrollment, an individual must meet the criteria listed below.

  • Fits into one of the following categories: (1) medical provider (physician, nurse, nurse practitioner, physician's assistant); (2) mental health professional (psychologist, psychiatrist, clinical social worker, counselor); (3) case manager/care coordinator; (4) HIV test counselor; (5) or health educator/outreach worker;
  • Provides services at one of the 14 AMTU or elsewhere within the AMTU cities; and
  • Currently works directly with or has formerly worked directly with TGMY.

Exclusion Criteria: Health Care and Social Service Providers

There are no exclusion criteria.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02449629


Locations
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United States, California
Children's Hospital of Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado - The Children's Hospital of Denver
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, District of Columbia
Children's Hosp National Med Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
United States, Florida
University of Miami
Miami, Florida, United States, 33101
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33606
United States, Illinois
Stroger Hospital of Cook County
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Louisiana
Tulane Medical Center
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Fenway Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Michigan
Wayne State University-Children's Hospital of Michigan
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hopsital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Gary Harper, PhD University of Michigan
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02449629    
Other Study ID Numbers: ATN 130
First Posted: May 20, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2017
Last Verified: March 2016
Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
HIV
Transgender
HIV Continuum of Care