Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

miRNAs, Suicide, and Ketamine - Plasma Exosomal microRNAs as Novel Biomarkers for Suicidality and Treatment Outcome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02418195
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 16, 2015
Results First Posted : July 5, 2022
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yogesh Dwivedi, PhD, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to examine whether neural-derived exosomal miRNAs are differentially expressed that are specific to suicidal ideation or behavior, and which by affecting specific miRNA targets and pathways, are associated with suicidal behavior and response to ketamine. The following groups of subjects will be examined: 1) major depressive disorder (MDD) with a recent suicide attempt (in past 2 weeks), 2) MDD with serious ideation (in the past 7 days) without recent suicide attempt (in the past 6 months), 3) MDD without clinically significant suicidal ideation (in the past 7 days) or recent suicide attempt (in the past 6 months), and 4) healthy controls. Both suicidal and non-suicidal MDD will be given ketamine (0.5 mg/kg, IV) and blood will be drawn at predose, 30 min, 180 min, 24 hours, and 14 days post-infusion to measure changes in miRNAs.

As of May 2022, study is in data analysis. Final outcomes will be known once analysis is complete.

As of July 2022, all data collection is complete. The primary and secondary data outcome measure results are complete. The investigators are working on final analysis of the samples, and responses to questions posed in the Detailed Description section below.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Major Depressive Disorder Drug: ketamine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Neural MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are responsive to environmental, synaptic, and pathological changes and can be actively secreted by cells such as exosomes from brain into blood. These exosomes bear cell-type specific surface markers. Using a neural specific surface marker, the investigators successfully isolated neural-derived exosomes and found that these exosomes are enriched with miRNAs/Messenger RNA (mRNAs) that are expressed in brain. Using this novel approach the investigators aim to examine whether neural derived exosomal miRNAs are differentially expressed that are specific to suicidal ideation or behavior, and which by affecting specific mRNA targets and pathways, are associated with suicidal behavior and response to ketamine.

The following groups of subjects will be examined: 1) major depressive disorder (MDD) with a recent suicide attempt (in past 2 weeks), 2) MDD with serious ideation (in the past 7 days) without recent suicide attempt (in the past 6 months), 3) MDD without clinically significant suicidal ideation (in the past 7 days) or suicide attempt in the past 6 months, and 4) healthy controls. Both suicidal and non-suicidal MDD will be given ketamine (0.5 mg/kg, IV) and blood will be drawn at pre-infusion, 30 minutes and 180 minutes post-infusion to measure changes in miRNAs. Healthy controls will have a one-time blood draw. The investigators also propose a parallel human postmortem brain study to examine whether changes in miRNAs in suicidality correspond to miRNA changes in brain by comparing dlPFC and hippocampus from MDD suicide, MDD non-suicide, and control subjects.

With this the investigators attempt to discover 1) whether suicidal ideation or behavior is associated with differences in the expression of specific miRNAs, 2) whether anti-suicidal/antidepressant effects of ketamine is associated with miRNAs changes, and 3) whether miRNA/mRNA-regulatory pathways contribute to suicide pathogenesis and treatment response. Our study will provide a novel avenue for the development of miRNAs as ''molecular tool'' to identify suicidality and treatment response and in generating target based therapies to treat this devastating disorder.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 247 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Plasma Exosomal MicroRNAs as Promising Novel Biomarkers for Suicidality and Treatment Outcome
Actual Study Start Date : April 20, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 30, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : December 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Suicide
Drug Information available for: Ketamine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: MDD with recent Suicide Attempt
All subjects with Major Depressive Disorder with a recent Suicide Attempt (in the past 2 weeks) will receive a one-time IV infusion of ketamine at a dose of 0.5mg/kg at a rate of 40 milliliters (mL) over 40 minutes. Blood will be drawn at pre-dose, 30 minutes post dose, 180 minutes post dose, 24 hours post dose, and 14 days post dose to measure changes in miRNAs.
Drug: ketamine
IV infusion of ketamine 0.5mg/kg at a rate of 40mL over 40 minutes
Other Name: ketalar

Active Comparator: MDD with Suicidal Ideation no attempt
All subjects with Major Depressive Disorder with recent Suicidal Ideation (in the past 7 days) without a recent Suicide Attempt (in the past 6 months) will receive a one-time IV infusion of ketamine at a dose of 0.5mg/kg at a rate of 40mL over 40 minutes. Blood will be drawn at pre-dose, 30 minutes post dose, 180 minutes post dose, 24 hours post dose, and 14 days post dose to measure changes in miRNAs.
Drug: ketamine
IV infusion of ketamine 0.5mg/kg at a rate of 40mL over 40 minutes
Other Name: ketalar

Active Comparator: MDD without Suicidal Ideation no attempt
All subjects with Major Depressive Disorder without recent Suicidal Ideation (in the past 7 days) without a recent Suicide Attempt (in the past 6 months) will receive a one-time IV infusion of ketamine at a dose of 0.5mg/kg at a rate of 40mL over 40 minutes. Blood will be drawn at pre-dose, 30 minutes post dose, 180 minutes post dose, 24 hours post dose, and 14 days post dose to measure changes in miRNAs.
Drug: ketamine
IV infusion of ketamine 0.5mg/kg at a rate of 40mL over 40 minutes
Other Name: ketalar

No Intervention: Healthy Controls
Healthy Control subjects without a psychiatric diagnosis will have a one-time blood draw to examine miRNAs.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]

    The Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSSI) is a 21-item, self-report rating scale that measures the current intensity of specific attitudes, behaviors, and plans to commit suicide. Each item consists of 3 options graded according to intensity on a 3-point scale (0-2). Scores range from 0-42, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms.

    The participant numbers below correlate to the number of usable lab samples. This is the reason for discrepancy in numbers.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]

    The Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale revised to reflect shorter timeframes will be the primary measure of change in depression. The Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale is a ten-item diagnostic questionnaire which psychiatrists use to measure the severity of depressive episodes in patients with mood disorders. A total score ranging from 0 to 6 indicates that the patient is in the normal range (no depression), a score ranging from 7 to 19 indicates mild depression, 20 to 34 indicates moderate depression, a score of 35 and greater indicates severe depression, and a total score of 60 indicates very severe depression. Scores range form 0-60, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms.

    The participant numbers below correlate to the number of usable lab samples. This is the reason for discrepancy in numbers


  2. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]

    The Beck Depression Inventory is a 21-item, self-report rating inventory that measures characteristic attitudes and symptoms of depression. The inventory contains 21 items on a 4-point scale from 0 (symptom absent) to 3 (severe symptoms). Anxiety symptoms are not assessed but affective, cognitive, somatic and vegetative symptoms are covered. Scoring is achieved by adding the highest ratings for all 21 items. The minimum score is 0 and maximum score is 63. Higher scores indicate greater symptom severity.

    The participant numbers below correlate to the number of usable lab samples. This is the reason for discrepancy in numbers.


  3. Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]

    The scale is a 21-item self-report of anxiety. The total score is calculated by finding the sum of the 21 items. The scores range form 0-63, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms.

    Score of 0 - 21 = low anxiety Score of 22 - 35 = moderate anxiety Score of 36 and above = potentially concerning levels of anxiety


  4. Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]

    The Beck Hopelessness Scale is a 20-item self-report index of pessimism about the future, loss of motivation, and negative expectations. Each optimistic response is scored as 0 and each pessimistic response is scored as 1. A total score is calculated by summing the pessimistic responses for each of the 20 items. Minimum possible score is 0.

    The participant numbers below correlate to the number of usable lab samples. This is the reason for discrepancy in numbers.


  5. 4-item Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]

    The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale is used to assess the presence of psychotic symptoms. This 4-item version assesses conceptual disorganization, suspiciousness/persecution, hallucinatory behavior, and unusual thought content. Each item is rated on a scale from 0 (not present) to 6 (extreme). The scores range from 0-24, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms.

    The participant numbers below correlate to the number of usable lab samples. This is the reason for discrepancy in numbers.


  6. Clinician-Administered Dissociative States Scale (CADSS) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]

    The Clinician-Administered Dissociative States Scale, ascertains the presence or absence of dissociative symptoms. There are 23 clinician-administered items, each scored from 0 (not at all) to 4 (extreme). Scores range from 0-92, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms. Items assess impairment in body sensation, perception of time and environment, memory impairment, and feelings of unreality.

    The participant numbers below correlate to the number of usable lab samples. This is the reason for discrepancy in numbers.


  7. Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]
    This scale assesses for manic symptoms. The scale has 11 items and is based on the patient's subjective report of his or her clinical condition over the previous 48 hours. 13-19=minimal symptoms; 20-25=mild mania, 26-37=moderate mania, 38-60=severe mania. The YMRS total score ranges from 0 to 60 where higher scores indicate more severe mania.

  8. Systematic Assessment for Treatment Emergent Events (SAFTEE) [ Time Frame: 180 minutes post dose ]

    The Systematic Assessment for Treatment Emergent Events, is a 56 item, self-report inventory for adverse events. Each item is categorized by severity as: 0-none, 1-mild, 2-moderate, 3-severe. Score range is 0-168, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms. It is designed to report adverse health events, regardless of whether or not they are suspected to be drug related, in order to reduce the under-reporting of unanticipated events compared with "known or expected" events.

    The participant numbers below correlate to the number of usable lab samples. This is the reason for discrepancy in numbers.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18-65
  2. Physically healthy and capable of undergoing ketamine infusion
  3. Willing and able to provide informed consent
  4. Diagnosis of Major Depressive Episode (MDE) as determined by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) (MDD participants)
  5. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) 21 score ≥ 16 (MDD participants)
  6. Suicide attempt occurred within past 2 weeks (MDD Participants with Suicide Attempt)
  7. For the time frame of the past 7 days, Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) score ≥ 3 (MDD Participants without Suicide Attempt, with Suicidal Ideation)
  8. For the time frame of the past 7 days, C-SSRS score < 3 (MDD Participants without Suicide Attempt, without SUicidal Ideation)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnancy or lactation
  2. Post-partum state (being within 2 months of delivery or miscarriage)
  3. Homicide risk as determined by clinical interview
  4. A lifetime history of psychotic disorder
  5. Any history of dissociation or dissociative disorder
  6. Bipolar disorder
  7. Pervasive developmental disorder
  8. Cognitive disorder
  9. Cluster A personality disorder
  10. Anorexia nervosa
  11. Treatment with one of the following medications, known to affect the glutamate-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor system (specifically: lamotrigine, acamprosate, memantine, riluzole, or lithium)
  12. Alcohol or drug dependence (except nicotine and caffeine) within the last month or the use of any hallucinogen (except cannabis), including phencyclidine in the last month
  13. Any known hypersensitivity or serious adverse effect associated with ketamine treatment
  14. Any clinically-significant medication condition or therapy that would preclude treatment with ketamine, to include: Recent myocardial infarction
  15. Unstable angina
  16. Active neoplasm in the past 6 months
  17. Immunosuppressive or corticosteroid therapy within the last month, with the following exceptions: any inhaled, intranasal, topical or vaginal corticosteroids are allowed.
  18. Chemotherapy
  19. Head injury of loss of consciousness in the past 6 months
  20. If the subject reports any of the following disorders:

    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Lupus erythematosus
    • Autoimmune hepatitis
    • Autoimmune peripheral neuropathy
    • Autoimmune pancreatitis
    • Behcet's disease
    • Chrohn's disease
    • Autoimmune glomerulonephritis
    • Grave's disease
    • Guillain-Barre syndrome (if active)
    • Hashimoto's thyroiditis
    • Autoimmune polymyositis or polymyalgia (fibromyalgia is OK)
    • Myasthenia gravis
    • Narcolepsy
    • Polyarteritis nodosa
    • Scleroderma
    • Sjogren's syndrome
    • Transverse myelitis
    • Wegener's granulomatosis
    • HIstory of seizures (only childhood febrile seizures allowed)
    • (HIV and Hepatitis are OK if stable)
  21. Systolic blood pressure > 150 and/or diastolic blood pressure >90 at screening
  22. A Corrected QT Interval (QTc) > 480 msec as determined by an ECG

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02418195


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Yogesh Dwivedi, Ph.D. University of Alabama at Birmingham
Principal Investigator: Richard C Shelton, M.D. University of Alabama at Birmingham
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Yogesh Dwivedi, PhD, University of Alabama at Birmingham:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 11, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 24, 2022

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Yogesh Dwivedi, PhD, Professor, University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02418195    
Other Study ID Numbers: F141029007
1R01MH107183-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 16, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 5, 2022
Last Update Posted: July 28, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Keywords provided by Yogesh Dwivedi, PhD, University of Alabama at Birmingham:
Depression
Ketamine
Suicide Attempt
Suicidal Ideation
Suicidality
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Suicidal Ideation
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Suicide
Self-Injurious Behavior
Ketamine
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anesthetics, Dissociative
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General
Anesthetics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action