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Chemotherapy Before Surgery in Treating Patients With High Grade Upper Urinary Tract Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02412670
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 9, 2015
Results First Posted : January 20, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well giving chemotherapy before surgery works in treating patients with aggressive upper urinary tract cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin hydrochloride, cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Removing the affected upper urinary tract by surgery is the recommended treatment for upper urinary tract cancer, but can cause loss of kidney function and prevent patients from being able to receive chemotherapy after surgery. Giving chemotherapy before surgery, when the kidneys are working at their maximum, may allow less tissue to be removed during surgery and may be more effective in treating patients with high grade upper urinary tract cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
High Grade Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma Drug: Methotrexate Drug: Vinblastine Drug: Doxorubicin Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Pegfilgrastim Procedure: Nephroureterectomy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the rate of complete pathologic response (pCR = pT0pN0) as assessed by standard pathologic review attained by neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy and nephroureterectomy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety of neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma preceding nephroureterectomy.

II. To evaluate distant recurrence-free survival of patients treated with neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy preceding nephroureterectomy.

III. To evaluate event-free survival of patients treated with neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy preceding nephroureterectomy.

IV. To evaluate bladder cancer-free survival of patients treated with neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy preceding nephroureterectomy.

V. To evaluate cancer specific survival of patients treated with neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy preceding nephroureterectomy.

VI. To evaluate renal functional outcomes of patients treated with neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy preceding nephroureterectomy.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To collect pre-treatment and post-treatment tumor tissue, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC), peripheral blood plasma, and urine specimens for potential evaluations of markers of chemotherapy response/resistance.

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment arms based on baseline renal function.

ARM A (CREATININE CLEARANCE [CRCL] > 50): Patients receive methotrexate intravenously (IV) over 2-3 minutes, vinblastine IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and cisplatin IV over 4 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients without metastatic disease undergo nephroureterectomy and lymph node dissection 21-60 days after completion of chemotherapy.

ARM B (30 =< CRCL <= 50): Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 8 and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients without metastatic disease undergo nephroureterectomy and lymph node dissection 21-60 days after completion of chemotherapy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Systemic Chemotherapy Followed by Extirpative Surgery for Patients With High Grade Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 23, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 10, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A (methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, cisplatin)
Patients receive methotrexate IV over 2-3 minutes, vinblastine IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and cisplatin IV over 4 hours on day 1. Pegfilgrastim at 6 mg is given once 24-48 hours after completion of chemotherapy. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients without metastatic disease undergo nephroureterectomy and lymph node dissection 21-60 days after completion of chemotherapy.
Drug: Methotrexate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Folex
  • abitrexate
  • mexate

Drug: Vinblastine
Given IV
Other Name: vinblastine sulfate

Drug: Doxorubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adriamycin R
  • Rubex R
  • Adriamycin RDF R
  • Adriamycin PFS R
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • hydroxydaunomycin
  • ADR

Drug: Cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Cisdiaminedichloroplatinum
  • Cis-diaminedichloroplatinum (II)
  • diaminedichloroplatinum
  • cis-platinum
  • platinum
  • Platinol
  • Platinol-AQ
  • DDP
  • CDDP
  • DACP
  • NSC 119875

Drug: Pegfilgrastim
Administered subcutaneously
Other Name: Neulasta

Procedure: Nephroureterectomy
Undergo nephroureterectomy and lymph node dissection

Experimental: Arm B (gemcitabine, carboplatin)
Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 8 and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients without metastatic disease undergo nephroureterectomy and lymph node dissection 21-60 days after completion of chemotherapy.
Drug: Gemcitabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2'-Deoxy-2'
  • 2'-difluorocytidine monohydrochloride
  • Gemzar

Drug: Carboplatin
Given IV
Other Name: Paraplatin

Procedure: Nephroureterectomy
Undergo nephroureterectomy and lymph node dissection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Pathologic Response Rate [ Time Frame: Assessed at nephroureterectomy or regional lymph node dissection (21-60 days from completion of chemotherapy; chemotherapy was administered for a total of 4 cycles; cycle length is 14 days and 21 days for arms A and B, respectively) ]
    Complete pathologic response is defined as pT0pN0 (no evidence of disease) as assessed by pathologic evaluation of nephrectomy/ureterectomy and any identifiable regional lymph nodes.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recurrence-free Survival [ Time Frame: Assessed every 3 months for 2 years; and every 6 months for 3-5 years ]
    Recurrence-free survival is defined as the time from the date of surgery to disease recurrence or death from any cause. Patients alive without documented recurrence will be censored at the date of last disease assessment.

  2. Event-free Survival [ Time Frame: Assessed every 3 months for 2 years, and every 6 months for 3-5 years ]
    Event-free survival is defined as the time from registration to the earliest occurrence of recurrence of any type, disease progression, new invasive primary cancer, or death from any cause. Disease progression will be assessed using RECIST 1.1. Disease progression is defined as appearance of one or more new lesions, unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions, or at least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm.

  3. Bladder Cancer-free Survival [ Time Frame: Assessed every 3 months for 2 years, and every 6 months for 3-5 years ]
    Bladder cancer-free survival was defined as the time from the date of surgery to the earlier of a return of bladder cancer or death from any cause. Patients alive without documented bladder cancer were censored at the date of last disease assessment.

  4. Cumulative Incidence of Cancer-specific Death at 24 Months [ Time Frame: Assessed every 3 months for 2 years ]
    Cancer-specific survival was defined as the time from registration to death due to cancer; deaths due to other causes are counted as competing events. Cancer-specific survival was analyzed using Gray's method and cumulative incidence of cancer-specific death at 24 months is reported.

  5. Proportion of Patients With Renal Insufficiency at Completion of Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Assessed at completion of chemotherapy; at 8 weeks for Arm A and 12 weeks for Arm B ]
    Renal insufficiency is defined as CrCl < 60 ml/min.

  6. Proportion of Patients With Renal Insufficiency at Completion of Surgery [ Time Frame: Assessed at completion of surgery (21-60 days from completion of chemotherapy; chemotherapy was administered for a total of 4 cycles; cycle length is 14 days and 21 days for arms A and B, respectively) ]
    Renal insufficiency is defined as CrCl < 60 ml/min.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have high grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma proven by one of the following:

    • Biopsy;
    • Urinary cytology with a 3-dimensional upper urinary tract mass on cross-sectional imaging; or
    • Urinary cytology and a mass visualized during upper urinary tract endoscopy
  • Patients must have a creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min as determined by Cockcroft-Gault calculation or 24-hour urine creatinine clearance measurement within 28 days of registration to be eligible for the study
  • Patients must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
  • Patients must have a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% by (either multigated acquisition [MUGA] or 2-dimensional [2-D] echocardiogram) within 28 days of registration
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin (HgB) >= 9
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 2 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin within institutional normal limits (or < 2.5 X the ULN for patients with Gilbert's disease)
  • Patients with concomitant primaries of the bladder/urethra are allowed, as long as these sites are surgically resected and non-invasive cancers (< cT1N0)
  • Patients may have a history of resectable urothelial cancer (including neoadjuvant chemotherapy) as long as patients meet one of the following:

    • pT0, Tis, or T1N0 and have no evidence of disease (NED) for more than 2 years from surgery or chemotherapy;
    • pT2-3aN0 and NED for more than 3 years from surgery or chemotherapy; or
    • > pT3b, or N+ and NED for more than 5 years from surgery or chemotherapy
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must use an accepted and effective method of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of metastatic disease or clinically enlarged lymph nodes on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen and pelvis and CT chest obtained within 28 days of registration (a negative biopsy is required for lymph nodes > 1 cm in size to confirm lack of involvement); patients with lymph nodes > 1 cm in whom a biopsy is deemed not feasible are not eligible; patients with elevated alkaline phosphatase or suspicious bone pain should also undergo baseline bone scans to evaluate for bone metastasis
  • Any component of small cell carcinoma; other variant histologies are permitted provided the predominant (>= 50%) subtype is urothelial carcinoma
  • Peripheral neuropathy > grade 2
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin (doxorubicin hydrochloride), cisplatin, gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride), carboplatin or filgrastim or pegfilgrastim
  • Another active second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers and biochemical relapsed prostate cancer; patients that have completed all necessary therapy and are considered to be at less than 30% risk of relapse are not considered to have an active second malignancy and are eligible for enrollment
  • Prior systemic doxorubicin for patients who have creatinine clearance that meets >= 50 ml/min
  • Uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction in last 3 months, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Known to have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or are on combination antiretroviral therapy
  • Prior radiation therapy to >= 25% of the bone marrow for other diseases or prior systemic anthracycline therapy; prior intravesical anthracycline therapy for non-muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is permitted
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02412670


Locations
Show Show 134 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Vitaly Margulis ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group ):
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02412670    
Other Study ID Numbers: EA8141
NCI-2014-02267 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
EA8141 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
EA8141 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 9, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 20, 2021
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2021
Last Verified: December 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Individual participant data may be made available upon request as per the ECOG-ACRIN Data Sharing Policy.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group ):
carcinoma
drug therapy
nephroureterectomy
urinary tract
urothelium
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gemcitabine
Cisplatin
Carboplatin
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Methotrexate
Vinblastine
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Folic Acid Antagonists