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Berberine Chloride in Preventing Colorectal Cancer in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis in Remission

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02365480
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 19, 2015
Results First Posted : June 2, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 2, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This randomized, pilot phase I trial studies the side effects of berberine chloride in treating patients with ulcerative colitis and who are in remission (a decrease in or disappearance of signs and symptoms of cancer) to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Patients with ulcerative colitis are at increased risk for colorectal cancer. Chemoprevention is the use of drugs, such as berberine chloride, to keep a disease/condition from forming or coming back. The use of berberine chloride may keep colorectal cancer from forming in patients with ulcerative colitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ulcerative Colitis Drug: Berberine Chloride Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Other: Placebo Administration Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety of berberine (berberine chloride) administered to participants with ulcerative colitis (UC) in clinical remission while receiving maintenance therapy with mesalamine.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the molecular efficacy of berberine by examining the following biomarkers:

  • Plasma-based measures of inflammation, including the blood C-reaction protein (CRP) level, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and cytokines such as TNFa, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
  • Tissue-based measures of inflammation, including TNFα, COX-2, and NF-kappa (κ)B by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and anti-cancer action, including antigen Ki-67 (Ki67) and activated caspase-3 by IHC, and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation on SFRP1, TCERG1L FBN2, TFPI2 using the methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (qMSP) strategy.

II. Clinical efficacy: UC related symptoms will be measured using the Ulcerative Colitis Disease Activity Index (i.e. the Mayo score) (UCDAI).

III. Histological analysis for inflammation: severity of histologic inflammation will be evaluated using the Geboes grading system.

IV. Determine plasma concentration of berberine.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive berberine chloride orally (PO) thrice daily (TID) for 90 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Participants receive placebo PO TID for 90 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are follow-up for 30 days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase I Trial of Berberine in Subjects With Ulcerative Colitis
Actual Study Start Date : June 16, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 16, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : December 13, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Chlorine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (berberine chloride)
Patients receive berberine chloride PO TID for 90 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Berberine Chloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Berberine Chloride Dihydrate
  • Berberine Hydrochloride
  • Berberinum Chloride

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Placebo Comparator: Arm II (placebo)
Participants receive placebo PO TID for 90 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Placebo Administration
Given PO




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Clinical Toxicity Using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version (v.) 4.0 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days post-treatment (up to 120 days total) ]
    Relevant counts and rates will be evaluated and reported by standard clinical tests. Symptoms such as fever, fatigue, weight loss, appetite, stool frequency, bloody stool and other upper and lower gastrointestinal tract symptoms in participants will be observed and recorded.

  2. Number of Participants With Organ Toxicity Using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version (v.) 4.0 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 90 (end of intervention) ]
    Evaluated by standard clinical tests. Symptoms such as fever, fatigue, weight loss, appetite, stool frequency, bloody stool and other upper and lower gastrointestinal tract symptoms in participants will be observed and recorded.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Efficacy of Berberine Chloride Measured Using the UCDAI Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 90 (end of intervention) ]
    UC related symptoms measured using the Ulcerative Colitis Disease Activity Index [UCDAI]. Score results may range from 0 to 12. 0 indicates normal disease and a higher score up to 12 indicates severe disease.

  2. Change in Plasma Markers of Inflammation Via ELISA [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 90 (end of intervention) ]
    TNF-α, a cytokine plasma-based measure of inflammation, measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A numeric value in pg/mL.

  3. Change in Colorectal Tissue Biomarkers Expression by IHC [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 90 (end of intervention) ]

    Ki-67, a tissue based measure of inflammation, expressed as percentage area of total positive cells.

    1. = ki-67 positive cells located in the lower 1/3 of the crypt
    2. = ki-67 positive cells located in the lower 1/2 of the crypt
    3. = ki-67 positive cells located in the lower 2/3 of the crypt

  4. Change in Blood Berberine Chloride Concentration Measurement Using High-performance Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 90 (end of intervention) ]
    Change in blood berberine chloride concentration measurement measured using high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.

  5. Severity of Histologic Inflammation [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 90 (end of intervention) ]
    Histologic sections will be stained with hematoxylin and eosin and the severity of histologic inflammation will be evaluated using the Geboes scoring system. The Geboes score is taken as the highest category of change among the following: 0.0-0.3, structural change only; 1.0-1.3, chronic inflammation; 2.0-2.3, lamina propria neutrophils; 3.0-3.3, neutrophils in epithelium; 4.0-4.3, crypt destruction; and 5.0-5.4, erosions or ulcers.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with ulcerative colitis in clinical remission (UCDAI) =< 1 for at least 3 months, regardless of how long ago they were diagnosed for UC
  • Receiving maintenance therapy with mesalamine for at least 3 months
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/microliter
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/microliter
  • Platelets >= 100,000/microliter
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits; higher values (=< 3 x institutional upper limit of normal [ULN]) are acceptable in participants with: 1. known or suspected cholangitis associated with Crohn's disease, or 2, known or suspected inborn errors of metabolism that lead to increased bilirubin
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOP])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 1.5 x institutional ULN
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who have had any immunomodulatory treatment in the past 3 months will be excluded
  • Participants who have taken any medicines that are inducers, inhibitors or substrates of select cytochrome (CYP) isozymes within the past 3 months will be excluded; participants who have consumed either grapefruit juice or Seville orange juice in the past 7 days will be excluded
  • Participants with dysplasia-associated mass or lesion (DALM) due to longstanding idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease will be excluded
  • Participants who are currently receiving any other investigational agents or have received investigational agents within the past 3 months will be excluded
  • Participants with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to berberine will be excluded
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that in the opinion of investigators would jeopardize patient safety of data integrity are excluded; individuals who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive will not necessarily be excluded, will be considered on a case-by-case basis, but will be required to meet criteria related to patient safety and data integrity, as assessed by investigators
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with berberine; women are considered to be of child-bearing potential if they are not surgically sterile or under the age 65 and have menstruated within the last two years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02365480


Locations
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United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
China, Shaanxi
Fourth Military Medical University
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China, 710032
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kaichun Wu Northwestern University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02365480    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2015-00173
NCI-2015-00173 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
N01-CN-2012-00035
NCI2014-03-01 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University )
NWU2014-03-01 ( Other Identifier: DCP )
N01CN00035 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA060553 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 19, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 2, 2021
Last Update Posted: June 2, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colitis
Colitis, Ulcerative
Ulcer
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases