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A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator in Adolescents With Down Syndrome and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02344108
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 22, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Massachusetts General Hospital
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Emory University
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Inspire Medical Systems, Inc.
University of Pittsburgh
Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters
Stanford University
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Texas Children's Hospital
Oregon Health and Science University
C.S. Mott Children's Hospital
Seattle Children's Hospital
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christopher Hartnick, M.D., Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Brief Summary:
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects up to 1% of the general pediatric population and is associated with adverse behavior and quality of life, as well as long term cardiopulmonary system complications. Trisomy 21 (Down Syndrome) is the most common chromosomal disorder, with a incidence of approximately 1 per 660-800 births. Patients with Down Syndrome have a higher incidence of OSA than the general pediatric population, with rates of 30-60%, resulting in increased morbidity and decreased quality of life for affected individuals. In children, adenotonsillectomy (T&A) is often a contributing factor to OSA, and adenotonsillectomy is a first line treatment. Children with Down Syndrome often undergo T&A for obstructive sleep apnea, however 30-50% will have persistent obstructive sleep patterns requiring continuous positive pressure airway support (CPAP) or tracheotomy. Persistent obstruction is attributed to anatomic and physiologic differences in this population, including reduced muscular tone, macroglossia, maxillary hypoplasia, and lingual tonsil hypertrophy. This pilot study is designed to determine if the Inspire® Upper Airway Simulation System, Model 3024 IPG, and any subsequent iteration thereof that are approved under P130008 for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, which has already been approved for use in adults with OSA, can be safely implanted and used in adolescents and young adults with Down Syndrome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive Down Syndrome Device: Inspire® Upper Airway Simulation System (Model 3028 IPG ) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The study will be a multi-center, prospective, single-arm study conducted under a common implant and follow-up protocol. Twenty-one adolescents and young adults (10-21 years of age) with Down Syndrome with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea after adenotonsillectomy will be identified through a Multi-Disciplinary clinic for patients with Trisomy 21 at each of our participating sites Patients and their parents will be screened by a senior pulmonologist and pediatrician for medical clearance and willingness to participate. Subjects will then undergo preoperative evaluation with an in-lab polysomnogram (PSG), evaluation by a pediatric otolaryngology surgeon, and drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) to ensure all inclusion and exclusion criteria are met. Subjects meeting eligibility criteria will then be implanted with the Inspire® Upper Airway Simulation System, Model 3024 IPG, and any subsequent iteration thereof that are approved under P130008 for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, a hypoglossal nerve stimulator, after informed consent. Surgery will be performed by senior pediatric otolaryngologists who have completed a training program for the Inspire® system. Subjects will then adhere to a follow-up schedule. The device will be activated and settings titrated during an in-lab sleep study 1 month postoperatively. Quality of life surveys and device interrogation will be conducted at timed intervals. Subjects will then undergo in-lab polysomnography at 2 months, 6 months, and 12-months, then on an annual basis, and the device titrated as needed. All personnel adjusting device parameters will be trained in programming the Inspire® system. For this pilot study, we will evaluate safety and efficacy over the first year after device implantation.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of the Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator in Adolescents and Young Adults With Down Syndrome and Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Study Start Date : February 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Inspire® Upper Airway Simulation System
Subjects meeting inclusion criteria, including sleep study and drug induced sleep endoscopy criteria, will undergo surgical placement of a hypoglossal nerve simulator (Inspire® Upper Airway Simulation System Model 3028 IPG). The simulator will be activated one month after surgery and subjects will undergo repeat sleep study evaluation and device titration at one, two, six and twelve months after implantation. Subjects will be followed for one year to determine safety and efficacy of the device.
Device: Inspire® Upper Airway Simulation System (Model 3028 IPG )
Subjects will be implanted with a hypoglossal nerve stimulator. Safety and efficacy of implantation will be evaluated.
Other Name: hypoglossal nerve stimulator




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assess the safety and efficacy of hypoglossal nerve stimulator placement for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adolescents with Down Syndrome. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Safety of implantation will be monitored throughout the perioperative period and unanticipated and anticipated adverse device related events will be recorded. Effectiveness in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea will be measured using standard in-lab PSG measures, including oxygen level, partial and complete airway obstruction, and arousals. Improvement will be defined as a 50% or more decrease in baseline AHI.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of implantation in adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (Sleep questionnaires) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Sleep questionnaires will be given to assess subjective changes in response to treatment. Scheduled polysomnograms will be performed to evaluate objective changes in sleep patterns in response to the device.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Only children and young adults with Down Syndrome age 10-21 years with prior adenotonsillectomy will be considered for the study.
  • Subjects must have BMI <95th percentile for age
  • All subjects must have moderate to severe OSA (AHI >10, AHI <50, no more than 25% AHI attributable to central events) based on prior in-lab polysomnography performed after adenotonsillectomy.
  • Subjects must have either tracheotomy or be ineffectively treated with CPAP due to noncompliance, discomfort, un-desirable side effects, persistent symptoms despite compliance use, or refusal to use the device.
  • Children and their parents must be willing to have stimulation hardware permanently implanted, and be willing to participate in follow-up visits, postoperative polysomnography, and questionnaire completion.
  • Children's parents must complete a questionnaire confirming that their child is capable of communicating feelings of pain or discomfort. They must also confirm they are able to assess their child for adverse effects related to device implantation.
  • Children and their parents must be proficient in English for this pilot study in order to ensure full disclosure during the consent process, as well as have the ability to communicate with all staff, at all times, regarding any questions about participation or concerns about this device.
  • In order to participate, subjects will require written consent from both parents. All study subjects must provide written assent as well.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects will be excluded if they meet the following criteria: BMI >95th percentile for age, apnea hypopnea index (AHI) <10 or >50 on in-lab polysomnography (PSG), central or mixed apneas accounting for >25% of the total AHI, any anatomic finding on physical exam or drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) that would compromise the performance of stimulation (e.g. concentric soft palate collapse), other medical conditions resulting in medical instability (e.g. congestive heart failure, recent open heart surgery, immunosuppression, or chronic lung disease or aspiration), presence of another medical condition requiring future magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), history of cholesteatoma, or patients with another implantable device which could interact unintentionally with the Inspire system.
  • Subjects in whom general anesthesia for a surgical procedure is contraindicated due to other medical illnesses or conditions will be excluded.
  • Subjects with a life expectancy < 12 months will be excluded.
  • Subjects who are unable to communicate pain or discomfort to their caretaker/parent, based on parental or investigator assessment, will be excluded.
  • Subjects with a history of bleeding or clotting disorders and those on blood thinning or NSAID medications will be excluded from participation.
  • Subjects taking muscle relaxant medication will be excluded from participation.
  • Female subjects who are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during the study period will be excluded. All female subjects will undergo urine beta-HCG testing on the day of procedures requiring general anesthesia (DISE, implantation, and any other unanticipated surgical procedures related to implantation). Subjects who are positive will not undergo surgical implantation or procedures under general anesthesia.
  • Subjects deemed unfit for participation by investigators or any other reason will be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02344108


Contacts
Contact: Christopher J. Hartnick, MD 617-523-7900 christopher_hartnick@meei.harvard.edu
Contact: Gillian R. Diercks, MD 617-523-7900 gillian_diercks@meei.harvard.edu

Locations
United States, California
Stanford Children's Hospital/Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford Not yet recruiting
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304-5701
Contact: Anna Messner, MD       annamessner@stanford.edu   
Contact: Iram Ahmad, MD       ahmadin@stanford.edu   
United States, Georgia
Henrietta Egleston Hospital for Children Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30329
Contact: Nikhila Raol, MD       nikhila.p.raol@emory.edu   
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Christopher Hartnick, MD    617-523-7900    christopher_hartnick@meei.harvard.edu   
Sub-Investigator: Gillian Diercks, MD         
United States, Michigan
C.S. Mott Children's Hospital (part of the University of Michigan Health System) Not yet recruiting
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Contact: David Zopf, MD       avidzop@med.umich.edu   
Contact: Andrea Les Les       asles@med.umich.edu   
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Recruiting
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229
Contact: Stacey Ishman, MD, MPH       Stacey.ishman@cchmc.org   
Contact: Angie Duggins Duggins       Angie.Duggins@cchmc.org   
University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital Recruiting
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Contact: Carissa Wentland, DO       Carissa.Wentland@UHhospitals.org   
United States, Oregon
Oregon Health and Science University Not yet recruiting
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
Contact: Derek Lam, MD       lamde@ohsu.edu   
Contact: Eleni O'Neill O'Neill       oneilele@ohsu.edu   
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Not yet recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Lisa Elden, Md       ELDEN@email.chop.edu   
Contact: Terri Giordano       giordanot@email.chop.edu   
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15224
Contact: Allison Tobey, MD       Allison.tobey@Chp.edu   
Contact: Amber Shaffer       shafferad@upmc.edu   
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390-9035
Contact: Ron Mitchell, MD       Ron.Mitchell@UTSouthwestern.edu   
Contact: Constance Eshon Eshon       Constance.Eshon@childrens.com   
Texas Children's Hospital Not yet recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Mary Musso Musso, MD       mxmusso@texaschildrens.org   
Contact: Grace Anand Anand       gxanand@texaschildrens.org   
United States, Virginia
Children's Hospital of The King's Daughter Not yet recruiting
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23507
Contact: Cristina Baldassari, MD       cristina.baldassari@chkd.org   
Contact: Larua Stone       StoneLJ@evms.edu   
United States, Washington
Seattle Children's Hospital Not yet recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Contact: Sanjay Parikh, MD       sanjay.parikh@seattlechildrens.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Christopher Hartnick, M.D.
Massachusetts General Hospital
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Emory University
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Inspire Medical Systems, Inc.
University of Pittsburgh
Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters
Stanford University
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Texas Children's Hospital
Oregon Health and Science University
C.S. Mott Children's Hospital
Seattle Children's Hospital
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Christopher J Hartnick, MD Massachusetts Eye and Ear

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Christopher Hartnick, M.D., Principal Investigator, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02344108     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14-146H
First Posted: January 22, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Syndrome
Apnea
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Down Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Intellectual Disability
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Abnormalities, Multiple
Congenital Abnormalities
Chromosome Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn