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A Biological Prospective Study in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic NETs Treated With Everolimus

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02305810
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 3, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Institute of Oncology

Brief Summary:
Everolimus represents an approved therapy for patients with advanced well/moderately differentiated pancreatic NETs. Although some patients could benefit from this drug in terms of long-term tumor growth control, others are resistant upfront or become resistant during treatment. Therefore, it is crucial to detect some biological factors which can help to identify the responsive tumors. Given that Everolimus is a biological agent and its mechanism of action can be partially directed towards angiogenesis its effects can be studied on different levels and with different methods. Upfront and early surrogate predictive markers of activity/efficacy can be studied on tumor tissue, tumor imaging, and peripheral blood. mTOR pathways alterations, circulating endothelial cells, and other circulating angoigenic factors will be correlated with clinical outcome. Tumor perfusion and circulating markers will be studied also as markers of response compared with the morphological imaging.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumour Metastatic Drug: Everolimus 10 mg daily Phase 2

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Detailed Description:

• Background:: Everolimus has been reported to be effective compared with placebo in well/moderately differentiated pancreatic NETs in terms of progression-free survival (PFS) improvement. However, a number of patients are refractory upfront or become resistant after few months of therapy. Therefore, it is crucial to detect some biological factors which can help to identify the responsive tumors. Everolimus is a biological agent and its mechanism of action can be partially directed towards angiogenesis. This can be studied on different levels and with different methods. Upfront and early surrogate predictive markers of activity/efficacy can be studied on tumor tissue, on tumor imaging, and on the peripheral blood. Tumor study with diffusion-MRI and angiogenic circulating markers can be studied also as markers of response compared with the morphological imaging.

  • Material and Methods :

    1. Circulating Endothelial Cells (CECs) and Circulating endothelial progenitors (CEPs) will be performed by flow cytometry. The monoclonal antibodies used for the search of CECs and CEPs include: cluster of differentiation antigen 45 (CD45), CD31, CD133, CD146, CD34, VEGFR-2, 7-amino-actinomycin D (7-AAD) and Syto1. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), VEGFR-2 and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) will be also detected on the peripheral blood.
    2. On the tumor tissue the following determinations will be performed, including:

      • Subtype 2 somatostatin receptor,
      • Phospho-AKT
      • Phospho-mTOR
      • Phospho-4E-BP1
      • Phospho-p70-S6 kinase Rabbit anti-tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2) Cell Signaling Technology
      • Mouse anti-PTEN Cell Signaling Technology
    3. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been shown to be able to provide information regarding the cellular density and properties of the extracellular matrix and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value calculated using DWI can serve as a marker of cellularity. Given that tumor cellularity is contributed largely by cellular proliferation, the ADC value can be a surrogate biomarker for tumor-cell proliferation . ADC-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) will be performed at baseline, after 1 month and after three months of therapy.
  • Study design

Baseline, after 1 month of therapy, after three months of therapy and at progression:

  • Abdomen DWI-MRI
  • CEC, CEPs
  • Circulating VEGF, VEGFR-2, bFGF, TSP-1

Baseline biopsy of a metastatic site and possibly a new biopsy at the time of tumor progression

Correlation of biological parameters with clinical outcome ( tumor response and progression free survival, Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors , RECIST 1.0 criteria)

• Statistical analysis: This is an exploratory study on the potential predictive value of some biological factors (CECs, VEGF and bFGF among them) expressed in terms of reducing risk of progression in patients with advanced pancreatic NETs treated with Everolimus.

We will use two-tailed log-rank test (α = 0.05, 1-β = 0.20) to test the hypothesis of 30% a reduction in risk (hazard rate; HR) equal to HR = 0.30 for those belonging to the following layers:

  • ≥ 2.2/uL vs < 2.2/uL for CEC at basal or
  • ≤ 65.6 vs > 65.6 for FGF levels after two months since start treatment or
  • ≤ 32.5 vs > 32.5 for VEGF levels after two months since start treatment The sample size is calculated to compensate for the power loss of the log-rank test assuming an average and uniform log-rank test drop-out of 10% and bearing in mind that the threshold values refer to the 25th, 75th and 50th percentile distributions of CEC, bFGF, and VEGF, respectively. Considering an accrual rate of 20 patients/year, a treatment period of 12 weeks with a follow-up of 1 year and for a sample size equal to 43 patients, the study will have a total length of about 3 years and 6 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 54 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: An Angiogenic Study in Patients With Well/Moderately Differentiated Metastatic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors Treated With Everolimus
Study Start Date : September 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 12, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single arm receiving everolimus
single treatment arm receiving everolimus 10 mg daily
Drug: Everolimus 10 mg daily
everolimus is a recently approved mTOR inhibitor in advanced progressing well/moderately differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Other Name: RAD 001




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Circulating angiogenic factors, molecular imaging and tumor tissue factors changes during treatment with RAD001 at baseline, week 4, week 12 and at disease progression. [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 4, week 12 up to tumor progression ]
    Angiogenic factors (circulating endothelial cells, CECs; serum VEGF, bFGF, VEGFR-2, TSP-1) determined by serum samples; tumor tissue mTOR pathway alterations determined by Immunohistochemical staining ; ADC (apparent diffusion coefficient) calculated by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Baseline to death ]
    Survival status

  2. RR (response rate) , including SD (stable disease) and PR (partial response) [ Time Frame: Baseline to best tumor response or unacceptable toxicity ]
    Clinical and/or radiological response

  3. TTP, time to progression [ Time Frame: Baseline to tumor progression or unacceptable toxicity ]
    Time from baseline to clionical/radiological signs of disease progression



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histological diagnosis of metastatic well/moderately differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor
  2. Patient incoming to be treated with everolimus outside clinical trials or within a clinical trial that permits the concurrent inclusion in an ancillary trial
  3. Written informed consent must be signed and dated by the patient and the investigator prior to inclusion.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma, adenocarcinoid, goblet cell carcinoid, small cell carcinoma, Merkel cell carcinoma.
  2. Patients with pancreatic NETs not eligible to be treated with everolimus
  3. Patients with ongoing everolimus treatment
  4. Prior therapy with mTOR inhibitors

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02305810


Locations
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Italy
European Institute of Oncology
Milan, Italy
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Institute of Oncology
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nicola Fazio, MD,PhD European Institute of Oncology

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Responsible Party: European Institute of Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02305810     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S543/310
First Posted: December 3, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Adenoma, Islet Cell
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Adenoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents