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Estradiol Vaginal Softgel Capsules in Treating Symptoms of Vulvar and Vaginal Atrophy in Postmenopausal Women (REJOICE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02253173
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 1, 2014
Results First Posted : May 25, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 25, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
TherapeuticsMD

Brief Summary:
This study will assess the safety and efficacy of a new formulation of vaginal estradiol for the treatment of symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Vulvovaginal Atrophy Menopause Dyspareunia Painful Intercourse Drug: Estradiol Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 764 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Multi-center Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of TX-004HR in Postmenopausal Women With Moderate to Severe Symptoms of Vulvar and Vaginal Atrophy
Study Start Date : September 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2015


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Estradiol 4mcg Vaginal Softgel Capsule
Estradiol 4mcg Vaginal Softgel Capsule
Drug: Estradiol
Experimental: Estradiol 10mcg Vaginal Softgel Capsule
Estradiol 10mcg Vaginal Softgel Capsule
Drug: Estradiol
Experimental: Estradiol 25mcg Vaginal Softgel Capsule
Estradiol 25mcg Vaginal Softgel Capsule
Drug: Estradiol
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Vaginal Softgel Capsule
Placebo Vaginal Softgel Capsule
Drug: Placebo



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Co-Primary Efficacy Endpoint - Vaginal Superficial Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 Weeks ]
    • Change from Baseline to Week 12 in the percentage of vaginal superficial cells (by vaginal cytologic smear) compared to placebo

  2. Co-Primary Efficacy Endpoint - Vaginal Parabasal Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 Weeks ]
    • Change from Baseline to Week 12 in the percentage of vaginal parabasal cells (by vaginal cytologic smear) compared to placebo

  3. Co-Primary Efficacy Endpoint - Vaginal pH [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 Weeks ]
    • Change from Baseline to Week 12 in vaginal pH as compared to placebo

  4. Co-Primary Efficacy Endpoint - Severity of Most Bothersome Symptom (Dyspareunia) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    • Change from Baseline to Week 12 on the severity of the MBS of dyspareunia (vaginal pain associated with sexual activity) associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 12



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Superficial Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]
    • Change from Baseline to Week 2 in the percentage of vaginal superficial cells (by vaginal cytologic smear) compared to placebo

  2. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints- Vaginal Superficial Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 6 in the percentage of vaginal superficial cells (by vaginal cytologic smear) compared to placebo

  3. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Superficial Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 8 in the percentage of vaginal superficial cells (by vaginal cytologic smear) compared to placebo

  4. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Parabasal Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 2 in the percentage of vaginal parabasal cells (by vaginal cytologic smear) compared to placebo

  5. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Parabasal Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 6 in the percentage of vaginal parabasal cells (by vaginal cytologic smear) compared to placebo

  6. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Parabasal Cells [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 8 in the percentage of vaginal parabasal cells (by vaginal cytologic smear) compared to placebo

  7. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal pH [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 2 in vaginal pH as compared to placebo

  8. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal pH [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 6 in vaginal pH as compared to placebo

  9. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal pH [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]
    Change from Baseline to Week 8 in vaginal pH as compared to placebo

  10. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Severity of Most Bothersome Symptom (Dyspareunia) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 2 on the severity of the MBS of dyspareunia (vaginal pain associated with sexual activity) associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 2


  11. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Severity of Most Bothersome Symptom (Dyspareunia) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 6 on the severity of the MBS of dyspareunia (vaginal pain associated with sexual activity) associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 6


  12. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Severity of Most Bothersome Symptom (Dyspareunia) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 8 on the severity of the MBS of dyspareunia (vaginal pain associated with sexual activity) associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 8


  13. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Severity of Other VVA Symptoms (Vaginal Dryness) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 2 on the severity of vaginal dryness associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 2


  14. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Severity of Other VVA Symptoms (Vaginal Dryness) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 6 on the severity of vaginal dryness associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 6


  15. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Severity of Other VVA Symptoms (Vaginal Dryness) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 8 on the severity of vaginal dryness associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 8


  16. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Severity of Other VVA Symptoms (Vaginal Dryness) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 on the severity of vaginal dryness associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 12


  17. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Other VVA Symptoms (Vulvar and/or Vaginal Itching or Irritation) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 2 on the severity of vulvar and/or vaginal itching or irritation associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 2


  18. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Other VVA Symptoms (Vulvar and/or Vaginal Itching or Irritation) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 6 on the severity of vulvar and/or vaginal itching or irritation associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 6


  19. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Other VVA Symptoms (Vulvar and/or Vaginal Itching or Irritation) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 8 on the severity of vulvar and/or vaginal itching or irritation associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 8


  20. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Other VVA Symptoms (Vulvar and/or Vaginal Itching or Irritation) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 on the severity of vulvar and/or vaginal itching or irritation associated with VVA as compared to placebo

    VVA Symptoms Self-Assessment Questionnaire Severity Scale: 0 = None, 1 = Mild, 2 = Moderate, 3 = Severe.

    Subjects assessed severity at Baseline and Week 12


  21. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Color) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 2 in Vaginal Color as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Color: No atrophy (pink) = 0; Mild (lighter in color) = 1; Moderate(pale in color) = 2; Severe (transparent/no color or inflamed) = 3 Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 2


  22. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Color) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 6 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 6 in Vaginal Color as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Color: No atrophy (pink) = 0; Mild (lighter in color) = 1; Moderate(pale in color) = 2; Severe (transparent/no color or inflamed) = 3 Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 6


  23. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Color) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 8 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 8 in Vaginal Color as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Color: No atrophy (pink) = 0; Mild (lighter in color) = 1; Moderate(pale in color) = 2; Severe (transparent/no color or inflamed) = 3 Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 8


  24. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Color) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in Vaginal Color as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Color: No atrophy (pink) = 0; Mild (lighter in color) = 1; Moderate(pale in color) = 2; Severe (transparent/no color or inflamed) = 3 Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 12


  25. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Epithelial Integrity) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 2 in Vaginal Epithelial Integrity as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Epithelial Integrity: No atrophy (normal) = 0; Mild (vaginal surface bleeds with scraping) = 1; Moderate (vaginal surface bleeds with light contact) = 2; Severe (vaginal surface has petechiae before contact and bleeds with light contact) = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 2


  26. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Epithelial Integrity) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 6 in Vaginal Epithelial Integrity as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Epithelial Integrity: No atrophy (normal) = 0; Mild (vaginal surface bleeds with scraping) = 1; Moderate (vaginal surface bleeds with light contact) = 2; Severe (vaginal surface has petechiae before contact and bleeds with light contact) = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 6


  27. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Epithelial Integrity) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 8 in Vaginal Epithelial Integrity as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Epithelial Integrity: No atrophy (normal) = 0; Mild (vaginal surface bleeds with scraping) = 1; Moderate (vaginal surface bleeds with light contact) = 2; Severe (vaginal surface has petechiae before contact and bleeds with light contact) = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 8


  28. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Epithelial Integrity) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in Vaginal Epithelial Integrity as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Epithelial Integrity: No atrophy (normal) = 0; Mild (vaginal surface bleeds with scraping) = 1; Moderate (vaginal surface bleeds with light contact) = 2; Severe (vaginal surface has petechiae before contact and bleeds with light contact) = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 12


  29. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 2 in Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness: No atrophy (rogation and elasticity of vault) = 0; Mild (poor rogation with some elasticity noted of vaginal vault) = 1; Moderate (smooth, some elasticity of vaginal vault) = 2; Severe [smooth, no elasticity, constriction of the upper one third of vagina or loss of vaginal tone (cystocele and rectocele)] = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 2


  30. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 6 in Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness: No atrophy (rogation and elasticity of vault) = 0; Mild (poor rogation with some elasticity noted of vaginal vault) = 1; Moderate (smooth, some elasticity of vaginal vault) = 2; Severe [smooth, no elasticity, constriction of the upper one third of vagina or loss of vaginal tone (cystocele and rectocele)] = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 6


  31. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 8 in Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness: No atrophy (rogation and elasticity of vault) = 0; Mild (poor rogation with some elasticity noted of vaginal vault) = 1; Moderate (smooth, some elasticity of vaginal vault) = 2; Severe [smooth, no elasticity, constriction of the upper one third of vagina or loss of vaginal tone (cystocele and rectocele)] = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 8


  32. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Epithelial Surface Thickness: No atrophy (rogation and elasticity of vault) = 0; Mild (poor rogation with some elasticity noted of vaginal vault) = 1; Moderate (smooth, some elasticity of vaginal vault) = 2; Severe [smooth, no elasticity, constriction of the upper one third of vagina or loss of vaginal tone (cystocele and rectocele)] = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 12


  33. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Secretions) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 2 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 2 in Vaginal Secretions as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Secretions: No atrophy (normal clear secretions noted on vaginal walls) = 0; Mild (superficial coating of secretions, difficulty with speculum insertion) = 1; Moderate (scant not covering the entire vaginal vault, may need lubrication with speculum insertion to prevent pain) = 2; Severe (none, inflamed, ulceration noted, need lubrication with speculum insertion to prevent pain) = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 2


  34. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Secretions) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 6 in Vaginal Secretions as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Secretions: No atrophy (normal clear secretions noted on vaginal walls) = 0; Mild (superficial coating of secretions, difficulty with speculum insertion) = 1; Moderate (scant not covering the entire vaginal vault, may need lubrication with speculum insertion to prevent pain) = 2; Severe (none, inflamed, ulceration noted, need lubrication with speculum insertion to prevent pain] = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 6


  35. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Secretions) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 8 in Vaginal Secretions as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Secretions: No atrophy (normal clear secretions noted on vaginal walls) = 0; Mild (superficial coating of secretions, difficulty with speculum insertion) = 1; Moderate (scant not covering the entire vaginal vault, may need lubrication with speculum insertion to prevent pain) = 2; Severe (none, inflamed, ulceration noted, need lubrication with speculum insertion to prevent pain] = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 8


  36. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Vaginal Mucosa Assessment (Vaginal Secretions) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in Vaginal Secretions as compared to placebo

    Vaginal Mucosa Assessment Scale - Vaginal Secretions: No atrophy (normal clear secretions noted on vaginal walls) = 0; Mild (superficial coating of secretions, difficulty with speculum insertion) = 1; Moderate (scant not covering the entire vaginal vault, may need lubrication with speculum insertion to prevent pain) = 2; Severe (none, inflamed, ulceration noted, need lubrication with speculum insertion to prevent pain] = 3

    Severity was assessed by the Investigator at Baseline and Week 12


  37. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) - Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in FSFI Total Score as compared to placebo

    The FSFI is a brief, multidimensional questionnaire for assessing sexual function in women (Rosen et al., 2000). The questionnaire consists of 19 items that assess sexual function over the past 4 weeks and yield domain scores in six areas: sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. The FSFI questionnaire has a minimum total score of 2.0, a maximum score of 36.0 points and was administered at Baseline and Week 12.


  38. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Domain Score - Arousal [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in FSFI Domain Score (Arousal) as compared to placebo

    The FSFI is a brief, multidimensional questionnaire for assessing sexual function in women (Rosen et al., 2000). The questionnaire consists of 19 items that assess sexual function over the past 4 weeks and yield domain scores in six areas: sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. The FSFI questionnaire has a minimum total score of 2.0, a maximum score of 36.0 points and was administered at Baseline and Week 12.


  39. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Domain Score - Desire [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in FSFI Domain Score (Desire) as compared to placebo

    The FSFI is a brief, multidimensional questionnaire for assessing sexual function in women (Rosen et al., 2000). The questionnaire consists of 19 items that assess sexual function over the past 4 weeks and yield domain scores in six areas: sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. The FSFI questionnaire has a minimum total score of 2.0, a maximum score of 36.0 points and was administered at Baseline and Week 12.


  40. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Domain Score - Lubrication [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in FSFI Domain Score (Lubrication) as compared to placebo

    The FSFI is a brief, multidimensional questionnaire for assessing sexual function in women (Rosen et al., 2000). The questionnaire consists of 19 items that assess sexual function over the past 4 weeks and yield domain scores in six areas: sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. The FSFI questionnaire has a minimum total score of 2.0, a maximum score of 36.0 points and was administered at Baseline and Week 12.


  41. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Domain Score - Orgasm [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in FSFI Domain Score (Orgasm) as compared to placebo

    The FSFI is a brief, multidimensional questionnaire for assessing sexual function in women (Rosen et al., 2000). The questionnaire consists of 19 items that assess sexual function over the past 4 weeks and yield domain scores in six areas: sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. The FSFI questionnaire has a minimum total score of 2.0, a maximum score of 36.0 points and was administered at Baseline and Week 12.


  42. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Domain Score - Pain [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in FSFI Domain Score (Pain) as compared to placebo

    The FSFI is a brief, multidimensional questionnaire for assessing sexual function in women (Rosen et al., 2000). The questionnaire consists of 19 items that assess sexual function over the past 4 weeks and yield domain scores in six areas: sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. The FSFI questionnaire has a minimum total score of 2.0, a maximum score of 36.0 points and was administered at Baseline and Week 12.


  43. Secondary Efficacy Endpoints - Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Domain Score - Satisfaction [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

    Change from Baseline to Week 12 in FSFI Domain Score (Satisfaction) as compared to placebo

    The FSFI is a brief, multidimensional questionnaire for assessing sexual function in women (Rosen et al., 2000). The questionnaire consists of 19 items that assess sexual function over the past 4 weeks and yield domain scores in six areas: sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. The FSFI questionnaire has a minimum total score of 2.0, a maximum score of 36.0 points and was administered at Baseline and Week 12.



Other Outcome Measures:
  1. PK Substudy - Hormone Concentration Assessments (Serum Estradiol, Estrone and Estrone Conjugates; SHBG) [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Day 2, Weeks 2 and 12 ]
    Blood samples will be obtained from a subset of subjects at pre-selected sites to characterize PK parameters (AUC, tmax, Cmin, Cmax, Cavg) and to measure SHBG



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Postmenopausal female subjects between the ages of 40 and 75 years (at the time of randomization) with at least:

    • 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea (women <55 years of age with a history of hysterectomy without bilateral oophorectomy prior to natural menopause must have follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels > 40 mIU/mL), OR
    • 6 months of spontaneous amenorrhea with follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels > 40mlU/mL OR
    • At least 6 weeks postsurgical bilateral oophorectomy.
  2. ≤5% superficial cells on vaginal cytological smear
  3. Vaginal pH > 5.0
  4. Moderate to severe symptom of vaginal pain associated with sexual activity considered the most bothersome vaginal symptom by the subject at screening visit 1A.
  5. Moderate to severe symptom of vaginal pain associated with sexual activity at screening visit 1B.
  6. Onset of moderate to severe dyspareunia in the postmenopausal years.
  7. Subjects should be sexually active (i.e. have sexual activity with vaginal penetration within approximately 1 month of screening visit 1A).
  8. Subjects should anticipate having sexual activity (with vaginal penetration) during the conduct of the trial.
  9. For subjects with an intact uterus: Subjects must have an acceptable result from an evaluable screening endometrial biopsy.
  10. Subjects who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) less than or equal to 38 kg/m2. BMI values should be rounded to the nearest integer (ex. 32.4 rounds down to 32, while 26.5 rounds up to 27).
  11. In the opinion of the investigator, the subject will comply with the protocol and has a high probability of completing the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Use of the following:

    1. Oral estrogen-, progestin-, androgen-, or SERM-containing drug products within 8 weeks before screening visit 1A (can enter washout);
    2. Use of transdermal hormone products within 4 weeks before screening visit 1A (can enter washout);
    3. Use of vaginal hormone products (rings, creams, gels) within 4 weeks before screening visit1A (can enter washout);
    4. Use of intrauterine progestins within 8 weeks before screening visit 1A (can enter washout);
    5. Use of progestin implants/injectables or estrogen pellets/injectables within 6 months before screening visit 1A (cannot enter washout);
    6. Use of vaginal lubricants or moisturizers within 7 days before the screening visit 1B vaginal pH assessment.
  2. A history or active presence of clinically important medical disease that might confound the study or be detrimental to the subject, examples include:

    1. Hypersensitivity to estrogens;
    2. Endometrial hyperplasia;
    3. Undiagnosed vaginal bleeding;
    4. Have a history of a chronic liver or kidney dysfunction/disorder (e.g., Hepatitis C or chronic renal failure);
    5. Thrombophlebitis, thrombosis or thromboembolic disorders;
    6. Cerebrovascular accident, stroke, or transient ischemic attack;
    7. Myocardial infarction or ischemic heart disease;
    8. Malignancy or treatment for malignancy, within the previous 5 years, with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. A history of estrogen dependent neoplasia, breast cancer, melanoma or any gynecologic cancer, at any time, excludes the subject;
    9. Endocrine disease (except for controlled hypothyroidism or controlled non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus).
  3. Recent history of known alcohol or drug abuse.
  4. History of sexual abuse or spousal abuse that, in the opinion of the PI, may interfere with the subject's assessment of vaginal pain with sexual activity.
  5. Current history of Heavy smoking (more than 15 cigarettes per day) or use of e-cigarettes.
  6. Use of an intrauterine device within 12 weeks before screening visit 1A.
  7. Use of an investigational drug within 60 days before screening visit 1A.
  8. Any clinically important abnormalities on screening physical exam, assessments, ECG, or laboratory tests, such as:

    1. Unresolved cervical cytologic smear report of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGUS) or atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS).

      Cervical cytologic smear report of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) or greater, CIN1 or greater, or any reported dysplasia; Subjects with ASCUS are eligible only if high risk human papilloma virus (HPV) result is negative.

    2. Unresolved findings suspicious for malignancy on the breast exam; incomplete mammogram result (BI-RADS 0) or unresolved findings suggestive of malignant changes or findings requiring short interval follow-up on the prestudy mammogram (subjects must have mammography result of BI-RADS 1 or 2 to enroll.) Mammogram may be performed within 9 months prior to Visit 2 (randomization) with documentation available. (The site must obtain a copy of the official report for the subject's study file, and it must be verified that the mammogram itself is available if needed for additional assessment);
    3. In subjects with intact uterus: have a screening endometrial biopsy sample that is found by both primary pathologists to have endometrial tissue insufficient for diagnosis, no endometrium identified, or no tissue identified. (With the approval of the Medical Monitor, the screening endometrial biopsy may be repeated once);
    4. In subjects with intact uterus: an endometrial biopsy report by one central pathologist at screening with one of the following:

      • Endometrial hyperplasia endometrial cancer, proliferative endometrium, weakly proliferative endometrium, disordered proliferative pattern; OR
      • Endometrial polyps with hyperplasia, glandular atypia of any degree (e.g., atypical nuclei) or cancer;
    5. Vulvar or vaginal inflammatory condition such as a contact or allergic dermatitis, lichen sclerosis or other pathological findings;
    6. Presence of suspicious vulvar or vaginal lesions for dysplasia, malignancy or other pathology other than atrophy;
    7. Painful genital warts or localized areas of ulceration;
    8. A history of active, chronic pelvic pain;
    9. Interstitial cystitis;
    10. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) greater than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal for the laboratory used;
    11. Fasting total cholesterol greater than 300 mg/dL (7.77 mmol/L) or triglycerides greater than 300 mg/dL (3.39 mmol/L);
    12. Fasting blood glucose greater than 125 mg/dL (6.94 mmol/L) with a hemoglobin A1C of greater than or equal to 6.5%;
    13. Uncontrolled hypertension; subjects with elevated sitting blood pressure, greater than 140 mm Hg systolic or greater than 90 mm Hg diastolic and may not be using more than 2 antihypertensive medications for the treatment of hypertension;
    14. Clinically significant abnormal 12-lead ECG (such as myocardial infarction or other findings suggestive of ischemia)
  9. Be known to be pregnant or have a positive urine pregnancy test. (Note: A pregnancy test is not required for subjects who have had bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, hysterectomy, or are 55 years old or greater and have experienced cessation of menses for at least 1 year.
  10. Current use of marijuana.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02253173


Locations
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United States, Alabama
Medical Affiliated Research Center
Huntsville, Alabama, United States, 35801
Montogomery Women's Health
Montgomery, Alabama, United States, 36117
United States, Arizona
Cactus Clinical Research
Mesa, Arizona, United States, 85209
Arizona Wellness Center for Women
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85032
Radiant Research
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85251
Visions Clinical Research - Tucson
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85712
United States, California
Sutter East Bay Medical Foundation
Berkeley, California, United States, 94705
Torrance Clinical Research Institute Inc
Lomita, California, United States, 90717
Futura Research
Norwalk, California, United States, 90650
Northern California Research
Sacramento, California, United States, 95821
Medical Center for Clinical Research
San Diego, California, United States, 92108
San Diego Sexual Medicine
San Diego, California, United States, 92120
Women's Health Care Research Corp.
San Diego, California, United States, 92123
United States, Colorado
Lynn Institute of the Rockies
Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States, 80909
Downtown Women's Health Care
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80209
Horizons Clinical Research Center
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80220
Red Rocks OB/Gyn
Lakewood, Colorado, United States, 80228
United States, Connecticut
Clinical Research Consulting
Milford, Connecticut, United States, 06460
Coastal Connecticut Research, LLC
New London, Connecticut, United States, 06320
United States, District of Columbia
James A. Simon, Women's Health & Research Consultants
Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, United States, 20036
United States, Florida
South Florida Medical Research
Aventura, Florida, United States, 33180
Nature Coast Clinical Research
Crystal River, Florida, United States, 34429
Avail Clinical Research
DeLand, Florida, United States, 32720
Clinical Physiology Associates
Fort Myers, Florida, United States, 33916
UF Health Physicians Women's & REI Springhill
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32606
UF College of Medicine-Jacksonville, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32207
Jacksonville Center for Clinical Research
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32216
South Florida Wellness & Clinical Research Institute
Margate, Florida, United States, 33063
New Age Medical Research Corporation
Miami, Florida, United States, 33186
Suncoast Clinical Research, Inc.
New Port Richey, Florida, United States, 34652
Ideal Clinical Research
North Miami Beach, Florida, United States, 33162
Healthcare Clinical Data
North Miami, Florida, United States, 33161
Radiant Research
Pinellas Park, Florida, United States, 33781
All Women's Healthcare of West Broward
Plantation, Florida, United States, 33324
Physician Care Clinical Research
Sarasota, Florida, United States, 34239
Comprehensive Clinical Trials
West Palm Beach, Florida, United States, 33409
United States, Georgia
Women's Health Associates
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342
Masters of Clinical Research, Inc.
Augusta, Georgia, United States, 30909
Soapstone Center for Clinical Research
Decatur, Georgia, United States, 30034
WR-Mount Vernon Clinical Research
Sandy Springs, Georgia, United States, 30328
Fellows Research Alliance, Inc.
Savannah, Georgia, United States, 31046
United States, Idaho
Advanced Clinical Research
Boise, Idaho, United States, 83642
Women's Healthcare Associates P.A.
Idaho Falls, Idaho, United States, 83404
United States, Illinois
Radiant Research
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60654
United States, Indiana
American Health Network of Indiana, LLC
Avon, Indiana, United States, 46123
Lafayette Clinical Research Group
Lafayette, Indiana, United States, 47905
United States, Kansas
Cypress Medical Research Center
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67226
United States, Kentucky
Central Kentucky Research Associates, Inc.
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40509
Bluegrass Clinical Research, Inc.
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40291
United States, Louisiana
Horizon Research Group of Opelousas
Eunice, Louisiana, United States, 70535
United States, Maryland
Capital Women's Care
Frederick, Maryland, United States, 21702
Maryland Center for Sexual Health
Lutherville, Maryland, United States, 21093
United States, Michigan
ClinSite, LLC
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48106
Beyer Research
Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States, 49009
Saginaw Valley Medical Research Group, L.L.C.
Saginaw, Michigan, United States, 48604
United States, Montana
Montana Health
Billings, Montana, United States, 59102
United States, Nebraska
Women's Clinic of Lincoln
Lincoln, Nebraska, United States, 68510
United States, Nevada
Office of Edmond E. Pack, MD
Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, 89113
Office of R. Garn Mabey, MD
Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, 89128
United States, New Jersey
Lawrence OB-GYN Clinical Research, LLC
Lawrenceville, New Jersey, United States, 08648
Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08901
Women's Health Research Center
Plainsboro, New Jersey, United States, 08536
United States, New Mexico
Bosque Women's Care
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87109
Southwest Clinical Research
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87109
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Suffolk OB/GYN
Port Jefferson, New York, United States, 08536
United States, North Carolina
Women's Wellness Clinic
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27713
Pinewest OB-GYN, Inc.
High Point, North Carolina, United States, 27262
Wake Research Associates
Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, 27612
Hawthorne Research
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27103
Lyndhurst Clinical Research
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27103
United States, North Dakota
Lillestol Research
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58103
United States, Ohio
Radiant Research
Akron, Ohio, United States, 44311
University of Cincinnati Physicians Company
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267-0457
Rapid Medical Research
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44122
Columbus Center for Women's Health Research
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43213
HWC Women's Research Center
Englewood, Ohio, United States, 45322
Landerbrook Health Center
Mayfield Heights, Ohio, United States, 44124
United States, Oregon
Sunstone Medical Research
Medford, Oregon, United States, 97504
United States, Pennsylvania
The Clinical Trial Center
Jenkintown, Pennsylvania, United States, 19046
Clinical Research of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19114
Clinical Trials Research Services
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15206
United States, South Carolina
Fellows Research Alliance, Inc.
Bluffton, South Carolina, United States, 29910
Vista Clinical Research
Columbia, South Carolina, United States, 29201
Coastal Carolina Research Center
Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, United States, 29464
United States, Tennessee
Chattanooga Medical Research
Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States, 37404
United States, Texas
Advanced Research Associates
Corpus Christi, Texas, United States, 78414
Research Across America
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75234
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390-9032
Advances in Health
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Hwca, Pllc
Houston, Texas, United States, 77054
TMC Life Research
Houston, Texas, United States, 77054
Stone Oak, LLC dba Discovery Clinical Trials
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78258
United States, Virginia
National Clinical Research-Norfolk
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23502
Clinical Research Center, EVMS
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23507
Virginia Women's Center, Inc.
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23233
National Clinical Research-Richmond, Inc
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23294
Tidewater Clinical Research
Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States, 23456
United States, Washington
Seattle Women's Health, Research, and Gynecology
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
North Spokane Women's Health
Spokane, Washington, United States, 99207
Canada, Quebec
Diex Research Montreal Inc.
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H4N 3C5
Diex Research Sherbrooke Inc.
Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, J1H 1Z1
Manna Research Inc
St-Romuald, Quebec, Canada, G6W 5M6
Canada
Clinique RSF Inc.
Quebec, Canada, G1S 2L6
Center for Research Saint-Louis
Quebec, Canada, G1W4R4
Sponsors and Collaborators
TherapeuticsMD

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: TherapeuticsMD
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02253173    
Other Study ID Numbers: TXV14-01
First Posted: October 1, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 25, 2017
Last Update Posted: May 25, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Keywords provided by TherapeuticsMD:
VVA
Painful Sex
Postmenopausal
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Dyspareunia
Atrophy
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Diseases, Female
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological
Mental Disorders
Estradiol 3-benzoate
Estradiol 17 beta-cypionate
Estradiol
Polyestradiol phosphate
Estrogens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Contraceptive Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Contraceptive Agents, Female