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A Clinical Study in Participants With Huntington's Disease (HD) to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Three Oral Doses of Laquinimod (LEGATO-HD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02215616
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 13, 2014
Results First Posted : June 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc. )

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of laquinimod as treatment in participants with HD after 52 weeks using the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale Total Motor Score (UHDRS-TMS or TMS).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Huntington's Disease Drug: Laquinimod Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 352 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Multinational, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Laquinimod (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mg/Day) as Treatment in Patients With Huntington's Disease
Actual Study Start Date : October 28, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 19, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : June 19, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants will receive 3 capsules of matching laquinimod placebo, orally once daily for 52 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Matching laquinimod placebo will be administered as per the schedule specified in the respective arms.

Experimental: Laquinimod 0.5 mg
Participants will receive 1 capsule of laquinimod 0.5 milligrams (mg) and 2 capsules of matching placebo, orally once daily for 52 weeks.
Drug: Laquinimod
Laquinimod capsules will be administered as per the dose and schedule specified in the respective arms.

Drug: Placebo
Matching laquinimod placebo will be administered as per the schedule specified in the respective arms.

Experimental: Laquinimod 1.0 mg
Participants will receive 2 capsule of laquinimod 0.5 mg (total 1.0 mg laquinimod) and 1 capsule of matching placebo, orally once daily for 52 weeks.
Drug: Laquinimod
Laquinimod capsules will be administered as per the dose and schedule specified in the respective arms.

Drug: Placebo
Matching laquinimod placebo will be administered as per the schedule specified in the respective arms.

Experimental: Laquinimod 1.5 mg

Participants will receive 3 capsules of laquinimod 0.5 mg (total 1.5 mg laquinimod), orally once daily.

Note: The treatment of this high dose arm was discontinued as of 10 January 2016.

Drug: Laquinimod
Laquinimod capsules will be administered as per the dose and schedule specified in the respective arms.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in UHDRS-TMS at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    UHDRS is a research tool developed by Huntington Disease (HD) Study Group to provide a uniform assessment of the clinical features and course of HD. Components of the full UHDRS assess motor function, cognition, behaviour, functional abilities, independence scale and total functional capacities. Motor function assessment includes TMS and Total Functional Capacity (TFC) score. The UHDRS TMS assesses all the motor features of HD and includes maximal chorea, maximal dystonia, ocular pursuit, saccade initiation and velocity, dysarthria, tongue protrusion, finger tapping, hand pronation and supination, luria, rigidity, bradykinesia, gait, tandem walking, and retropulsion pull test. Each of these was rated on a scale of 0 (normal motor function) to 4 (severely impaired motor function). TMS score is a sum of individual scores ranging from 0 (normal motor function) to 124 (severely impaired motor function). Lower TMS scores indicate better motor function.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent Change From Baseline in Caudate Volume (Brain Atrophy) at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    Brain atrophy was assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of caudate volume. Caudate volume atrophy is a sensitive biomarker in very early HD and correlates with disease progression. Brain atrophy in the caudate refers to the shrinkage in volume, so that a decrease in volume is a positive value, while an increase in volume is a negative value. Percent change in caudate volume at Week 52 was calculated as the change in caudate volume since the baseline visit, divided by the baseline caudate volume and multiplied by 100.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documentation of prior positive genetic testing for HD, or a clinical diagnosis of symptomatic HD.
  • Presence of 36-49 cytosine-adenosine-guanine (CAG) repeats, inclusive, in the huntingtin gene based on centralized CAG testing during screening.
  • Male or female between 21-55 years of age, inclusive, with an onset of HD at or after 18 years of age.
  • Women of child-bearing potential (women who are not post menopausal or who have undergone surgical sterilization) must practice an acceptable method of birth control for 30 days before taking the study treatment, and 2 acceptable methods of birth control during all study duration and until 30 days after the last dose of treatment was administered.
  • A sum of greater than (>) 5 points on the UHDRS-TMS at the screening visit.
  • Able and willing to provide written informed consent prior to any study related procedure being performed at the screening visit. Participants with a legal guardian should be consented according to local requirements.
  • Willing to provide a blood sample for genomic CAG analysis at the screening visit.
  • Willing and able to take oral medication and able to comply with the study specific procedures.
  • Ambulatory, being able to travel to the study center, and judged by the investigator as likely to be able to continue to travel for the duration of the study.
  • Availability and willingness of a caregiver, informant, or family member to provide input at study visits assessing Clinician's Interview-Based Impression of Change (CIBIC)-Plus, Clinical Dementia Rating - Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB), Problem Behaviors Assessment-Short form (PBA-s) and Huntington's Disease Quality of Life (HD-QoL). A caregiver is recommended to be someone who attends to the participant at least 2 to 3 times per week for at least 3 hours per occasion, and the suitability of the caregiver should be judged by the investigator.
  • For participants taking allowed antidepressant medication, the dosing of medication must have been kept constant for at least 30 days before baseline and must be kept constant during the study.

    • Additional criteria may apply, please contact the investigator for more information.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of immunosuppressive agents, or cytotoxic agents, including cyclophosphamide and azatioprine within 12 months prior to screening.
  • Previous use of laquinimod.
  • Use of moderate/strong inhibitors of cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 within 2 weeks prior to randomization.
  • Use of inducers of CYP3A4 within 2 weeks prior to randomization.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Participants with a clinically significant or unstable medical or surgical condition that may put the participant at risk when participating in the study or may influence the results of the study or affect the participant's ability to take part in the study, as determined by medical history, physical examinations, electrocardiogram (ECG), or laboratory tests. Such conditions may include:

    • A major cardiovascular event (for example; myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, de-compensated congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, coronary revascularization) that occurred prior to randomization.
    • Any acute pulmonary disorder.
    • A central nervous system (CNS) disorder other than HD that may jeopardize the participant's participation in the study, including such disorders that are demonstrated on the baseline MRI (based on local read).
    • A gastrointestinal disorder that may affect the absorption of study medication.
    • Acute or chronic renal disease including acute kidney injury (AKI).
    • Any form of acute or chronic liver disease.
    • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive status. Participants will undergo an HIV test at screening per local requirements, if applicable.
    • Any malignancies, excluding basal cell carcinoma, in the 5 years prior to randomization.
  • Any clinically significant, abnormal, screening laboratory result which in the opinion of the investigator, affects the participant' suitability for the study or puts the participant at risk if he/she enters the study.
  • Unsuitable for MRI (for example; claustrophobia, metal implants).
  • Alcohol and/or drug abuse within the 12 months prior to screening, as defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fourth Edition Text Revision (DSM IV TR) criteria for substance abuse.
  • Participants with active suicidal ideation during the past month as measured by a most severe suicide ideation score of 4 (Active Suicidal Ideation with Some Intent to Act, without Specific Plan) or 5 (Active Suicidal Ideation with Specific Plan and Intent) on the baseline screening Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) or participants who answer "Yes" on any of the 5 C-SSRS Suicidal Behavior Items (actual attempt, interrupted attempt, aborted attempt, preparatory acts, or behavior) if the attempt or acts were performed within 1 year of screening, or participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, present a serious risk of suicide.
  • Participants with known intracranial neoplasms, vascular malformations, or intracranial hemorrhage.
  • Known drug hypersensitivity that would preclude administration of laquinimod or placebo, such as hypersensitivity to mannitol, meglumine or sodium stearyl fumarate.
  • Swallowing difficulties that would preclude administration of laquinimod or placebo capsules.
  • Treatment with any investigational product within 30 days of screening or participants planning to participate in another clinical study assessing any investigational product during the study. Participants in non-interventional and/or observational studies will not be excluded from participating in this study.
  • Treatment with tetrabenazine within 30 days of the study baseline visit.
  • Treatment with antipsychotic medication within 30 days of the study baseline visit.

    • Additional criteria may apply, please contact the investigator for more information

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02215616

Hide Hide 53 study locations
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United States, California
Teva Investigational Site 12566
La Jolla, California, United States, 92037
Teva Investigational Site 12565
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Teva Investigational Site 12567
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
United States, Colorado
Teva Investigational Site 12575
Englewood, Colorado, United States, 80113
United States, Florida
Teva Investigational Site 13490
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, Iowa
Teva Investigational Site 13326
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Kansas
Teva Investigational Site 12568
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67226
United States, Maryland
Teva Investigational Site 12574
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287-0005
United States, Minnesota
Teva Investigational Site 12571
Golden Valley, Minnesota, United States, 55427
United States, Missouri
Teva Investigational Site 12572
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New York
Teva Investigational Site 12570
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Teva Investigational Site 12569
Rochester, New York, United States, 14618
United States, Tennessee
Teva Investigational Site 13489
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38163
Teva Investigational Site 13325
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Texas
Teva Investigational Site 12815
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Washington
Teva Investigational Site 12576
Kirkland, Washington, United States, 98034
Canada, British Columbia
Teva Investigational Site 11080
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 2B5
Canada, Ontario
Teva Investigational Site 11118
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1G 4G3
Teva Investigational Site 11079
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M3B 2S7
Teva Investigational Site 11124
Edmonton, Canada, T6G 2G3
Teva Investigational Site 54108
Prague, Czechia, 12800
Teva Investigational Site 32480
Berlin, Germany, 10117
Teva Investigational Site 32482
Bochum, Germany, 44791
Teva Investigational Site 32618
Erlangen, Germany, 91054
Teva Investigational Site 32483
Munchen, Germany, 81675
Teva Investigational Site 32481
Munster, Germany, 48149
Teva Investigational Site 32479
Ulm, Germany, 89081
Teva Investigational Site 30168
Bologna, Italy, 40139
Teva Investigational Site 30098
Milano, Italy, 20133
Teva Investigational Site 30100
Milano, Italy, 20133
Teva Investigational Site 30097
Napoli, Italy, 80131
Teva Investigational Site 30099
San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy, 71013
Teva Investigational Site 38066
Leiden, Netherlands, 2333 ZA
Teva Investigational Site 36026
Lisboa, Portugal, 1649-035
Russian Federation
Teva Investigational Site 50379
Kazan, Russian Federation, 420101
Teva Investigational Site 50380
Moscow, Russian Federation, 125367
Teva Investigational Site 50381
Nyznij Novgorod, Russian Federation, 603126
Teva Investigational Site 31185
Barakaldo, Spain, 48903
Teva Investigational Site 31097
Barcelona, Spain, 8036
Teva Investigational Site 31110
Barcelona, Spain, 8041
Teva Investigational Site 31186
Burgos, Spain, 09006
Teva Investigational Site 31131
Madrid, Spain, 28034
Teva Investigational Site 31187
Sevilla, Spain, 41009
United Kingdom
Teva Investigational Site 34176
Aberdeen, United Kingdom, AB25 2ZN
Teva Investigational Site 34177
Birmingham, United Kingdom, B15 2SG
Teva Investigational Site 34194
Liverpool, United Kingdom, L9 7LJ
Teva Investigational Site 34179
London, United Kingdom, NW1 2PG
Teva Investigational Site 34209
London, United Kingdom, SE1 9RT
Teva Investigational Site 34204
London, United Kingdom, SW17 0QT
Teva Investigational Site 34203
London, United Kingdom, W12 0NN
Teva Investigational Site 34175
Manchester, United Kingdom, M13 9WL
Teva Investigational Site 34215
Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, United Kingdom, NE6 4QD
Teva Investigational Site 34216
Sheffield, United Kingdom, S5 7AU
Sponsors and Collaborators
Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc. ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 16, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] June 19, 2018

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc. Identifier: NCT02215616    
Other Study ID Numbers: TV5600-CNS-20007
2014-000418-75 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 13, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 19, 2019
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Huntington Disease
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Cognition Disorders
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders