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Safety and Efficacy of TAK-385 for Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02135445
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 12, 2014
Results First Posted : April 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 13, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of TAK-385 for achieving and maintaining testosterone suppression.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Drug: TAK-385 Drug: Degarelix Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study is called TAK-385. Men with prostate cancer benefit from receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) to minimize testosterone levels before, during and after EBRT. This combination increases the potential success of treating their disease. This study will see if TAK-385 [an oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist] brings testosterone levels down sufficiently, with the convenience and comfort of taking a pill. It will look at the time it takes to restore testosterone levels after radiation therapy as well. One hundred participants will be assigned by chance (like flipping a coin) to a treatment group: 60 to TAK-385, and 40 to degarelix.

Those assigned to TAK-385 will take a daily pill. Those assigned to degarelix will receive an injection under the skin once every four weeks at the clinic. They will start radiation therapy when testosterone is low enough, after at least 12 weeks of treatment. This trial will be conducted at clinics in the United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK). Participants will visit the clinic up to 14 times over 37 weeks for physical exams and blood tests, and might receive one follow-up telephone call.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 103 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Randomized, Open-Label, Parallel Group Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of TAK-385, an Oral Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Antagonist, for Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer Requiring Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Androgen Deprivation Therapy With External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT)
Study Start Date : June 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TAK-385
TAK-385 320 mg, tablets, orally, once, on Day 1, followed by TAK-385 120 mg, orally, once daily for 24 weeks. Each participant may have one upward dose adjustment of 40 mg for efficacy and/or one downward dose adjustment of 40 mg for safety during the study.
Drug: TAK-385
TAK-385 tablet

Active Comparator: Degarelix
Degarelix 240 mg, injection, subcutaneous, on Day 1, followed by degarelix 80 mg, injection, subcutaneous, once every four weeks, for 24 weeks.
Drug: Degarelix
Degarelix injection
Other Name: Firmagon®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Effective Castration Rate Over 25 Weeks [ Time Frame: Day 1 Week 5 up to Day 1 Week 25 ]
    Castration rate is defined as the observed percentage of participants who have testosterone concentrations less than (<) 50 nanogram per deciliter (ng/dL) (1.73 nanomole per liter [nmol/L]) at all scheduled visits.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) Related to Vital Signs [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 29 ]
  2. Number of Participants With TEAEs Related to Physical Findings [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 29 ]
  3. Number of Participants With TEAEs Related to 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) Findings [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 29 ]
  4. Number of Participants With TEAEs Categorized Into Investigations Related to Chemistry, Hematology or Urinalysis [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 29 ]
  5. Number of Participants Reporting One or More TEAEs and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 29 ]
  6. Average Percent Change in Prostate Size [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 Week 9 to Day 1 Week 13 ]
    Percent change in prostate size was assessed at a follow up visit between Day 1 Week 9 to Day 1 Week 13.

  7. Time to Achieve Effective Castration [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 37 ]
    Time to effective castration is defined as days from first dose to first testosterone measurement that is <50 ng/dL.

  8. Time to Achieve Profound Castration [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 37 ]
    Time to profound castration is defined as days from first dose to first testosterone measurement that is <20 ng/dL.

  9. Estimated Time to Testosterone Recovery (TTR) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 1 Week 37 ]
    TTR is defined as the time from 1 day after the last dose of TAK-385 or 4 weeks plus 1 day after the last dose of degarelix to testosterone recovery. Testosterone recovery is defined as back to baseline or >280 ng/dL whichever occurs first. TTR was determined during 12 weeks after the discontinuation of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).

  10. Percentage of Participants Who Have Recovered to Baseline Value of Testosterone [ Time Frame: Up to Day 1 Week 37 ]
  11. Percentage of Participants Who Have Recovered to >280 ng/dL Testosterone [ Time Frame: Day 1 Week 25 up to Day 1 Week 37 ]
  12. Number of Participants With PSA Response of >=50% and >=90% Reduction [ Time Frame: Day 1 Week 13 ]
    Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) response was defined as 50% and 90% reduction from baseline in serum PSA levels.

  13. Percent Change From Baseline in Serum PSA Concentration [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Week 2, 3 , 5, 9, 13, 17, 21, 25, 29, 33 and 37 ]
  14. PSA Nadir [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 1 Week 25 ]
  15. Serum PSA Concentration [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Week 13, 25, 29, 33 and 37 ]
  16. Plasma Concentrations of TAK-385 [ Time Frame: Day 1 Week 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 13, 17, 25, 33, 37: Pre-dose; Day 1 Week 5, 13: 2 hrs Post-dose; Day 4 Week 1: Pre-dose ]
  17. Serum Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Level [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Weeks 2, 3, 5, 9, 13, 17, 21, 25, 29, and 37 ]
  18. Serum Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Level [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Week 2, 5, 13, 25 and 29 ]
  19. Serum Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin (SHBG) Level [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1 of Week 2, 5, 13, 25 and 29 ]
  20. Percent Change From Baseline in Aging Male's Symptoms (AMS) Total Scale Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Weeks 5, 13, 25, 29, 33 and 37 ]
    AMS scale is a self-administered questionnaire used to 1) assess symptoms of aging (independent from those that are disease related) between groups of males under different conditions; 2) evaluate the severity of symptoms over time; and 3) measure changes before and after androgen therapy. Each question was answered between none (1) to extremely severe (5) for 17 items from psychological (5 items), somatic (7 items), and sexual (5 items) categories. Total score is sum of all the item scores and range from 17 (minimum) to 85 (maximum), where high score indicated high level of symptoms.

  21. Change From Baseline in European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and last post-baseline value up to Week 37 ]
    EORTC QLQ-C30 included 30 questions comprising 9 multi-item scales: 5 functional scales (physical, role, cognitive, emotional, and social), 3 symptom scales (fatigue, pain, nausea/vomiting), single items (dyspnoea, appetite loss, insomnia, constipation/diarrhea and financial difficulties) and a global health and QOL scale. Most questions used 4 point scale (1 'Not at all' to 4 'Very much'); 2 questions used 7-point scale (1 'Very poor' to 7 'Excellent'). All domain scores were calculated as an average of item scores and transformed to 0-100 score range where a high score from 0-100 indicates: A high score for a functional scale represents a high / healthy level of functioning, a high score for the global health status/quality of life (QoL) represents a high QoL, but a high score for a symptom scale/item represents a high level of symptomatology/problem.

  22. Change From Baseline in 25-item Prostate Cancer-specific Questionnaire Supplement (EORTC QLQ-PR25) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and last post-baseline value up to Week 37 ]
    EORTC QLQ-PR25 : EORTC module designed to supplement the QLQ-C30 for any application in prostate cancer. It Consist of 25 questions distributed on 6 domains: urinary symptoms (8 items), incontinence aid (1 item), bowel symptoms (4 items), hormonal treatment-related symptoms (HTRS) (6 items), sexual activity (2 items), and sexual functioning (4 items). Questions used 4 point scale (1 'Not at all' to 4 'Very much'). All raw domain scores are linearly transformed to a 0-100 scale, with higher scores reflecting either more symptoms (urinary, bowel, hormonal treatment-related symptoms) or higher levels of activity or functioning (sexual).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Is male, 18 years of age or older.
  2. Has histologically confirmed diagnosis of localized prostate adenocarcinoma of intermediate risk for which 6-month neoadjuvant and adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) to EBRT is indicated. Intermediate risk per National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines includes one of the following:

    1. T2b-T2c disease, or
    2. Gleason score 7, or
    3. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 10-20 nanogram per milliliter (ng/mL).
  3. Is scheduled for EBRT to begin greater than or equal to (>=) 12 weeks after the Baseline visit.
  4. Has serum testosterone at screening greater then (>) 150 nanogram per deciliter (ng/dL) (5.2 nanomoles per liter [nmol/L]).
  5. Has screening serum PSA concentration >2 ng/mL.
  6. Has body mass index (BMI) >=18.0 at screening or baseline.
  7. Has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 at screening or baseline.
  8. Is a male participant, even if surgically sterilized (that is, status postvasectomy), who: Agrees to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug, or, Agrees to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the participant. (Periodic abstinence [example, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods for the female partner] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.).
  9. Has given voluntary written consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the participant at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
  10. Has suitable venous access for the study-required blood sampling, including pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic sampling.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has metastatic disease (based on investigator evaluation and assuming no likely metastatic pelvic lymph nodes >1.0 cm in long axis diameter).
  2. Had prior or current use of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog or androgen receptor antagonist as first-line hormone therapy, unless total use was less than 6 months and not more recently than 1 year before the planned baseline visit.
  3. Had diagnosis of or treatment for another malignancy within 2 years before the first dose of study drug, or previous diagnosis of another malignancy with evidence of residual disease. Participants with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection.
  4. Has abnormal screening and/or baseline laboratory values that suggest a clinically significant underlying disease, or the following laboratory values:

    1. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >1.5 * institutional upper limit of the normal range (ULN);
    2. Serum creatinine >2.0 milligram per deciliter (mg/dL);
    3. Total bilirubin >2.0 * institutional ULN (unless documented Gilbert's disease);
    4. Uncontrolled diabetes (Hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] >10 [percent] %) or previously undiagnosed diabetes mellitus with HbA1c >8%.
  5. Has history of myocardial infarction, unstable symptomatic ischemic heart disease, any ongoing cardiac arrhythmias of Grade >2 (chronic stable atrial fibrillation on stable anticoagulant therapy is allowed), thromboembolic events (example, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or symptomatic cerebrovascular events), or any other significant cardiac condition (example, pericardial effusion, restrictive cardiomyopathy) within 6 months before receiving the first dose of study drug.
  6. Has electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities of:

    1. Q-wave infarction, unless identified 6 or more months before screening;
    2. Heart rate-corrected QT interval millisecond (msec) (QTcF interval) >480 msec. If QTcF is prolonged in a participant with a pacemaker, the participant may be enrolled in the study upon discussion with the project clinician;
    3. If the QTcF interval is 450-480 msec, inclusive, in a participant with current use of medications with known effects on QT interval, the participant may be enrolled in the study following discussion with the project clinician.
  7. Has congenital long QT syndrome.
  8. Is currently using Class IA (example, quinidine, procainamide) or Class III (example, amiodarone, sotalol) antiarrhythmic medications.
  9. Has uncontrolled hypertension despite appropriate medical therapy (sitting blood pressure [BP] of greater than 160 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) systolic and 90 mmHg diastolic at 2 separate measurements no more than 60 minutes apart during the Screening visit). Participants with systolic BP measurements >160 mmHg may be rescreened. Participants with systolic BP measurements 141-160 mmHg, although eligible, should be referred for further management of hypertension if indicated.
  10. Has known, previously diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, active chronic hepatitis B or C, life-threatening illness unrelated to prostate cancer, or any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with participation in this study. Specific screening for chronic viral illness is at the discretion of the site and/or local institutional review board (IRB).
  11. Has received treatment with any investigational products within 3 months before the first dose of study drug.
  12. Is a primary family member (spouse, parent, child, or sibling) of anyone involved in the conduct of the study or is a study site employee.
  13. Has known gastrointestinal (GI) disease, condition or procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of TAK-385, including difficulty swallowing tablets.
  14. Is using any medication or food products listed in the excluded medications and dietary products table within 2 weeks before the first dose of study drug. This list includes moderate and strong inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP3A4/5) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Participants must have no history of amiodarone use in the 6 months before the first dose of TAK-385.
  15. Has admission or evidence of alcohol or drug abuse or use of illicit drugs.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02135445

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United States, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama, United States
United States, California
San Diego, California, United States
United States, Colorado
Denver, Colorado, United States
United States, Florida
Bradenton, Florida, United States
Daytona Beach, Florida, United States
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States
Fort Myers, Florida, United States
Plantation, Florida, United States
United States, Indiana
Jeffersonville, Indiana, United States
United States, Kansas
Wichita, Kansas, United States
United States, Louisiana
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States
United States, Nebraska
Omaha, Nebraska, United States
United States, New York
Syracuse, New York, United States
United States, Ohio
Columbus, Ohio, United States
United States, Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, United States
United States, South Carolina
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, United States
United States, Texas
Dallas, Texas, United States
San Antonio, Texas, United States
United States, Virginia
Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States
United Kingdom
Brighton, East Sussex, United Kingdom
Manchester, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom
Wirral, Merseyside, United Kingdom
Taunton, Somerset, United Kingdom
Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Study Director: Medical Monitor Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Responsible Party: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Identifier: NCT02135445    
Other Study ID Numbers: C27003 Merge to Takeda
U1111-1152-9537 ( Other Identifier: World Health Organization )
2013-005002-53 ( EudraCT Number )
14/LO/1052 ( Registry Identifier: NRES )
First Posted: May 12, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 13, 2017
Last Update Posted: April 13, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Keywords provided by Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ):
Drug therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs