Increased Frequency of AlloStim(TM) Dosing in Combination With Cryoablation in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients (MBC)

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(changing indication from breast cancer to metastatic colorectal cancer)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Immunovative Therapies, Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02018419
First received: December 17, 2013
Last updated: April 1, 2015
Last verified: April 2015
  Purpose

This phase I/II study is designed to compare different treatment schedules of a personalized anti-cancer vaccine protocol which combines the cryoablation of a selected metastatic lesion with intra-tumor immunotherapy. The cryoablation causes the tumor to release tumor-specific antigens into the surrounding environment. The injection of bioengineered allogeneic immune cells, AlloStim(TM), into the lesion is designed to modulate the immune response and educate the immune system to kill other tumor cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Biological: AlloStim
Procedure: Cryoablation
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: In-Situ Cancer Vaccine: Phase I/IIb, Open-Label Study to Assess Safety of AllostimTM in Combination With Cryoablation in Metastatic Breast Cancer Previously Treated With an Anthracycline, a Taxane and Capecitabine

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Immunovative Therapies, Ltd.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the safety of increased frequency of dosing [ Time Frame: Window is defined as the time required receiving two doses of AlloStim IV push plus 28 days follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Three patients are enrolled at each frequency schedule in the absence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT). A DLT is defined as any allergic or autoimmune toxicity or other study drug related toxicity Grade 3 or higher during the DLT assessment window.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Health-Related Quality of Life [ Time Frame: From enrollment to 90 days after last dose administration. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Health-Related Quality of life will be measured using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and its supplementary breast cancer questionnaire (QLQ-BR23).

  • Evaluate the anti-tumor effect of Allostim combined with cryoablation at the new proposed dose and frequency schedule. [ Time Frame: 90 days after last dose administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Each treatment schedule will be monitored for radiological, pathological, and immunological response. These assessments will be compared between three treatment schedules.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Immunological Response [ Time Frame: 90 days after last dose administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples will be evaluated for immunological response and a determination made as to whether immunological response correlates with RECIST and pathology.

  • Anti-Tumor Response [ Time Frame: 90 days after last dose administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The changes in tumor burden by RECIST and compare these changes with the pathological analysis of corresponding biopsies.


Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: March 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Dosing Schedule A
  1. the priming step with ID injection of AlloStim on Days 0, 7, and 14;
  2. the ablation step with cryoablation and intra-tumor injection of AlloStim on Day 21;
  3. the activation step with an IV infusion of AlloStim on Day 28;
  4. the booster step with intravenous booster infusion of AlloStim on Days 56 and 84;

Protocol follow-up procedures continue until day 168 and at investigator discretion thereafter.

Biological: AlloStim
AlloStim is derived from the blood of normal blood donors and is intentionally mismatched to the recipient.
Other Names:
  • InSituVax
  • Personalized anti-tumor vaccine
Procedure: Cryoablation
Percutaneous ablation of a single metastatic tumor lesion usually in liver or bone. The procedure is conducted under CT or ultrasound image-guidance.
Experimental: Dosing Schedule B
  1. the priming step with ID injection of AlloStim on Days 0 and 3 and an additional ID injection of AlloStim on Days 7 and 10;
  2. the ablation step with cryoablation and intra-tumor injection of AlloStim on Day 14;
  3. the activation step with an IV infusion of AlloStim on Day 21;
  4. the booster step with intravenous booster infusion of AlloStim on Days 49 and 77.

Protocol follow-up procedures continue until day 168 and at investigator discretion thereafter.

Biological: AlloStim
AlloStim is derived from the blood of normal blood donors and is intentionally mismatched to the recipient.
Other Names:
  • InSituVax
  • Personalized anti-tumor vaccine
Procedure: Cryoablation
Percutaneous ablation of a single metastatic tumor lesion usually in liver or bone. The procedure is conducted under CT or ultrasound image-guidance.
Experimental: Dosing Schedule C
  1. the priming step with ID injection of AlloStim on Days 0 and 3 and an additional ID injection of AlloStim on Days 7 and 10;
  2. the ablation step with cryoablation and intra-tumor injection of AlloStim on Day 14, and intra-tumor injection of AlloStim again into the same cryoablated lesion on Day 17;
  3. the activation step with an IV infusion of AlloStim on Day 21;
  4. the booster step with intravenous infusion of AlloStim on days 49 and 77.

Protocol follow-up procedures continue until day 168 and at investigator discretion thereafter.

Biological: AlloStim
AlloStim is derived from the blood of normal blood donors and is intentionally mismatched to the recipient.
Other Names:
  • InSituVax
  • Personalized anti-tumor vaccine
Procedure: Cryoablation
Percutaneous ablation of a single metastatic tumor lesion usually in liver or bone. The procedure is conducted under CT or ultrasound image-guidance.

Detailed Description:

The study will assess three different dosing schedules. A standard 3 plus 3 study design will be used. The starting dose for each dosing schedule will be escalated in subsequent groups of patients. The study will evaluate safety of increased frequency of AlloStim (TM) dosing and anti-tumor effect of the new proposed dose and frequency schedule.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women w/ histologically/cytologically confirmed breast carcinoma
  2. Documented progressive metastatic disease not amenable to curative surgery/radiotherapy
  3. Age ≥18 and ≤70 years
  4. Prior treatments that included capecitabine and both an anthracycline and a taxane drug and resistant to taxane therapy

    1. ER+ patients: minimum cumulative dose of anthracycline (≥ 180 mg/m² of doxorubicin or ≥ 300 mg/m² of epirubicin) or resistance to anthracycline, capecitabine and anti-hormonal therapy
    2. Resistance is defined as tumor progression while receiving treatment or progression within 4 months of the last dose in the metastatic setting, or recurrence within 12 months in the neoadjuvant/adjuvant setting
  5. Post-menopausal ER+ and/or PR+ must have received at least 2 lines of prior anti-estrogen therapy, which includes an aromatase inhibitor
  6. Her2+ patients: at least 1 Her2+ targeted regimen containing trastuzumab alone or with pertuzumab/lapatinib. Trastuzumab/pertuzumab must have been discontinued at least 4 weeks before treatment
  7. Prior radiation therapy completed >4 weeks before treatment
  8. Measurable disease according to revised RECIST v.1.1 guidelines with at least 1 lesion deemed to be safely accessible for serial biopsy
  9. ECOG <2
  10. Adequate hematological function

    1. Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1,500/mm3
    2. Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3
    3. PT/INR ≤ 1.5
    4. INR correctable to ≤ 1.5 or a PT/PTT correctable to normal limits. Patients receiving anti-coagulation treatment with agent such as warfarin/heparin may participate. For patients on warfarin, INR should be monitored weekly prior to any intervention to assure INR is stable. Heparin/warfarin must be withheld before biopsy
    5. Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (may be corrected by transfusion)
  11. Adequate organ function

    1. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
    2. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN
    3. Alkaline phosphatase≤2.5 times ULN (≤5 times normal if liver involvement)
    4. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT) ≤ 5.0 times ULN
    5. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) ≤ 5.0 times ULN
  12. EKG without clinically relevant abnormalities
  13. Pre-menopausal with child bearing potential subjects must use adequate contraception
  14. Informed consent in the native language of the subject

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Peritoneal carcinomatosis
  2. Moderate-large ascites accumulation requiring/likely to require paracentesis
  3. Clinical/radiological evidence of brain metastasis/leptomeningeal involvement
  4. Pulmonary lymphangitis/symptomatic pleural effusion (grade ≥ 2) that results in pulmonary dysfunction requiring active treatment
  5. History of 2nd primary malignancy, except: bilateral breast carcinoma, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, adequately treated non-melanomatous carcinoma of the skin, and other malignancy treated at least 5 years with no evidence of recurrence
  6. >3 prior chemotherapy regimens for metastatic disease
  7. History of severe hypersensitivity to monoclonal antibody drugs/any contraindication to study drugs
  8. Pregnant or breast feeding
  9. Any serious, concurrent uncontrolled medical disorder
  10. Prior hepatectomy, liver chemoembolization, liver cryoablation/ radiofrequency ablated
  11. Symptomatic pulmonary disease
  12. Bevacizumab (Avastin®) within 3 weeks of accrual
  13. Prior allogeneic bone marrow/stem cell or solid organ transplant
  14. Chronic use (> 2 weeks) of greater than physiologic doses of corticosteroid agent (dose equivalent to > 10 mg/day of prednisone) within 30 days of the first day of study treatment. Topical and inhaled corticosteroids are permitted
  15. Concomitant active autoimmune disease
  16. Prior experimental therapy/cancer vaccine treatment
  17. Current immunosuppressive therapy, including: cyclosporine, antithymocyte globulin, or tacrolimus within 1 month of study entry
  18. History of blood transfusion reactions
  19. Known allergy to bovine products
  20. Know allergy to murine products
  21. Progressive viral/bacterial infection. All infections must be resolved and the patient must remain afebrile for 7days without antibiotics prior to enrollment
  22. Cardiac disease of symptomatic nature or cardiac ejection fraction < 45%
  23. History of HIV positivity or AIDS
  24. Psychiatric/addictive disorders or other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude study participation
  25. Concurrent medication known to interfere with platelet function or coagulation (e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen, clopidogrel, or warfarin) unless can be discontinued for an appropriate time period based on the drug half-life and known activity (e.g., aspirin for 7 days) prior to cryoablation procedure
  26. Use of low molecular weight heparin preparations unless can be discontinued 8 hours prior to cryoablation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02018419

Locations
United States, California
Medical Oncology Associates of San Diego
San Diego, California, United States, 92123
Sponsors and Collaborators
Immunovative Therapies, Ltd.
Investigators
Study Director: Zivile Katiliene, Ph.D. Immunovative Clinical Research
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Immunovative Therapies, Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02018419     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ITL-014-TACT-MBC
Study First Received: December 17, 2013
Last Updated: April 1, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 01, 2015