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Randomized Controlled Trial of Adjunctive Social Media for More Effective Contraceptive Counseling

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01994005
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 25, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 25, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jason Kofinas MD, New York Presbyterian Hospital

Brief Summary:
The scope of this project was to provide evidence that better contraceptive choices are made with more effective counseling as well as improvement in patients' contraceptive knowledge. Specifically we wanted to evaluate the use of social media as a means for effective patient counseling.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Contraception Behavioral: Facebook Behavioral: Pamphlet Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This study was performed at an urban obstetrics/gynecology clinic at New York-Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medical Center. Institutional review board approval for this trial was obtained from the Weill Cornell Medical Center.

A total of 180 subjects, ages 18-45, were approached for enrollment into this study. Patients were eligible if they were scheduled for a new gynecologic visit, follow-up gynecologic visit, preconception counseling or post-partum visit. Patients who did not speak English or declined participation were ineligible as well as currently pregnant patients; 32 subjects were thus excluded. There were no exclusion criteria outside of age, language, currently pregnant status and willingness to participate. 148 patients met inclusion criteria and were randomized. 4 patients were excluded after randomization: 1 for not disclosing age, 3 for not completing the study (Figure 1). All patients provided written informed consent prior to randomization. Subjects in our population are a well-educated population. In a previous study conducted in the same clinic, 60% of women had some college education and another 29% had high school diploma or GED (unpublished data).

Randomization was achieved through an opaque envelope system. Equal numbers of opaque envelopes contained slips of paper with the number 1 or 2, signifying to the investigators the randomization group of each subject. Subjects were randomized to either standard counseling + pamphlet education (n= 74) or standard counseling + Facebook education (n=70). After randomization and prior to any intervention, a validated contraceptive knowledge survey (Contraceptive Knowledge Inventory, CKI)10 was administered to the subjects. The survey contained 25 questions specifically addressing general contraceptive knowledge and risks/benefits associated with different contraceptive methods. The subjects had unlimited time to complete the pre-intervention survey. Patients were also questioned about demographic information, including gravidity, marital status, age, and race/ethnicity, and their currently used contraceptive, including no contraceptive. A single provider then provided standardized counseling for all subjects involved in the study, which was conducted one-on-one. Standard counseling included discussion of barrier, hormonal, surgical and implantable/intrauterine devices. 15 minutes was allocated per patient for standard counseling in both groups. The goal of the standard counseling was to simulate a 15-minute in-office consultation specifically addressing contraception. Only American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) derived facts were used, and a transcript was followed by the single provider, who was an M.D., to guarantee uniformity. The ACOG pamphlets were chosen for content pertaining to the CKI. Once the pamphlets were chosen, the Facebook page was constructed to be identical in content to the ACOG pamphlets.

Depending on the randomization group, patients were given 30 minutes to review ACOG patient education pamphlets specifically addressing contraception, or to interact with a Facebook page created by the investigators using identical content but in video, diagram and game format. The pamphlets were accessed on the ACOG website under patient education ( Following the intervention phase of the project, the subjects were administered the CKI again to assess post-intervention knowledge. At the completion of the post-intervention CKI, subjects were questioned regarding their preference for contraception and satisfaction with their counseling method. Subject satisfaction was measured in a similar fashion as clinical pain control. A 1-10 scale was used with 5 being neutral (i.e. the subject did not feel the method improves or negatively effects their counseling). A score of less than 5 was dissatisfaction with the counseling method and a score of greater than 5 signified satisfaction. 10 was a perfect score and meant the subject felt the intervention provided a significant improvement in counseling method.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 144 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Official Title: Randomized Controlled Trial of Adjunctive Social Media for More Effective Contraceptive Counseling
Study Start Date : October 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Birth Control

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Standard + Pamphlet
Subjects receiving standard counseling + ACOG pamphlets
Behavioral: Pamphlet
Contraceptive knowledge pamphlets

Active Comparator: Group 2: standard + facebook
Subjects receiving standard counseling + facebook education Intervention is 30 mins of use of facebook page
Behavioral: Facebook
Facebook page with contraception information used for counseling

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Contraceptive knowledge score [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Subjects will be tested using the contraceptive knowledge inventory survey, which is a validated 25 question survey of contraceptive knowledge. Pre scores will be obtained. Intervention will then be completed and the survey will be administered again with post scores recorded. The improvement and overall scores will be numerically measured (both raw score out of 25 points and percentage correct)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Contraceptive Choice [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    This is a outcome based on subject preference for contraception. Pre intervention contraceptive use will be recorded. Typically no contraception, barrier methods, hormonal, long acting reversible contraception and sterilization/abstinence are the choices. Subjects post intervention will also be asked their contraceptive choice/preference and analysis will be run to see if our intervention influenced the contraceptive choice by subjects

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18-45 years of age
  • English speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • <18 or >45 years old
  • Non-English speaking

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01994005

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United States, New York
Women's Health Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
New York Presbyterian Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Tirsit Asfaw, MD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Jason Kofinas MD, Physician, New York Presbyterian Hospital Identifier: NCT01994005    
Other Study ID Numbers: 5327714500
ACOG/Bayer Healthcare ( Other Grant/Funding Number: ACOG/Bayer Health Care Pharmaceuticals )
First Posted: November 25, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 25, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013