Sumatriptan as Treatment for Post-traumatic Headache (TWIST)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01854385|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 15, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 27, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Post-traumatic Headache||Drug: Sumatriptan 100 mg||Phase 2|
Hide Detailed Description
I. Specific Aims of Study: The ultimate aim of this Phase II open-label study is to test the research methods and approach necessary to successfully carry out a Phase III study for the treatment of post-traumatic headache (PTH). During this study, we will
- Determine the feasibility of using a headache diary accessed via smart phone application, the web, or paper/pencil to record accurate headache data in a group of individuals with TBI, and their caregivers as indicated.
- Evaluate the approximate effect size of sumatriptan on pain severity, duration, and recurrence of headaches in persons with moderate to severe PTH in order to establish the necessary sample size for a Phase III study.
- Assess the side effect profile of sumatriptan in a brain-injured population as well as the safety of sumatriptan in subjects with TBI.
- Evaluate the ability of persons with TBI, and their caregivers as indicated, to successfully use abortive headache medications and comply with treatment.
- Examine the relationship between PTH and cognitive, emotional, and other self-report measures to determine important factors to include in a Phase III study.
This is a single arm, unblinded study enrolling 40 subjects and is being undertaken to test necessary study instruments and procedures, establish feasibility and determine side effects in a population with mild complicated, moderate or severe TBI in preparation for a subsequent Phase III study.
Data collection will occur at enrollment (Clinic Visit 1) at which baseline testing will occur, Day 30 (Clinic Visit 2), and Day 90 (Clinic Visit 3).
Pre-treatment Visit (Visit 1): Subjects who complete informed consent and meet the inclusion criteria (with no exclusion criteria) will be asked to complete 30 days of headache diary to document the number of headaches, headache severity, headache days and description of their headache and associated symptoms. Research staff will contact them on a weekly basis to answer questions and maximize accuracy and compliance with the diary. Proper utilization of a headache diary and success of data input by the subject and caregiver will be evaluated following weekly interviews with the research assistant.
Treatment Visit (Clinic Visit 2):
A medical history will be obtained to review inclusion and exclusion criteria and to elicit a thorough review of systems so that adverse events will be identifiable if they occur. Physical examination will also ensure that cardiovascular status is compatible with sumatriptan use and will document current status to allow for identification of potential adverse events. Finally, standard primary headache classification criteria will be reviewed with each patient to determine whether they meet criteria for migraine or probable migraine. Headache histories will be assessed and subjects that have experienced between 4-15 headaches will be included in the medication intervention with Sumatriptan. Subjects who qualify for the Sumatriptan intervention will receive several assessments, given medication, usage instructions, and scheduled for weekly phone calls for weeks 5-11. Individuals whose headaches do not meet criteria for migraine or probable migraine, based on data from headache diaries, will have their participation in the study end.
Weekly Telephone Follow-Up Calls: Research staff will call each participant weekly to check on compliance with drug diary use during the first month of the study (Weekly calls 1-3) to check on compliance in diary usage. For weekly calls in weeks 5-11 (for the intervention participants), research staff will inquire about study drug usage, and query for adverse events. Use of rescue medications for headache will be recorded. In the case of minor adverse effects which are bothersome to the patient, the dosage will be decreased by ½ pill per use.
Follow up Visit (Visit 3). This will be the final visit for the subjects. Vital signs will be obtained. Drug containers and headache diaries will be collected from all subjects. Outcome measures will be administered.
Use of sumatriptan and rescue drug: Two packages of nine (9) sumatriptan 100- mg. pills (18 pills total for 2 months of treatment) will be dispensed to each subject on Day 30 once they have gone through baseline assessment. On average, this will treat a minimum of 5 headaches or a maximum of 9 headaches per month. Subjects will be instructed to take the sumatriptan at the onset of headache pain. If subjects are not pain free at 2 hours after the first dose of study medication, they will be allowed to take one additional pill, but will be limited to 2 pills in a 24 hour period. Subjects will be instructed to take no more than 9 pills in a 30 day period based on research which suggests that additional dosages may increase the risk of medication-overuse headache. A list of appropriate medications will be provided that they can use if they: 1) continue to have headache pain 2 hours after their second dose of study drug, or 2) they have used their 30 day supply of study drug within the month. All subjects will be contacted by telephone on a weekly basis to review their headache diaries, assess potential adverse events, review compliance with use of the study drug, assess other treatments being utilized, and answer any questions.
Data Analysis: Data analysis for the feasibility and safety aims will be primarily descriptive. The investigators will calculate the percent of subjects who used the diary successfully, percent who stopped taking sumatriptan because of side effects, percent who experienced each adverse event, and percent who were able to maintain compliance with treatment. A confidence interval will be determined for each estimate. To get preliminary data on efficacy of sumatriptan, headache control will be compared before and after the participants start taking sumatriptan. The investigators will calculate the percent of headaches that had complete resolution (pain free at 2 hours) for each person, during the initial (pre-intervention) month when they used their regular treatment and during the two months (intervention) when they treated headaches with sumatriptan and compare them using a paired t-test. The investigators will also examine different definitions of headache relief (pain free by 30 minutes, no more than mild pain (score <=1) by 30 minutes, no more than mild pain by 2 hours) to see if another outcome measure may have advantages for a future Phase III study. Any differences in compliance, side effects, and feasibility based on cognitive functioning will be described, as well as by other self-report and emotional health measures. Changes in these measures from pre to post treatment will also be examined to determine whether there is any change that occurs with treatment and which may be important variables to include in a Phase III study.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||40 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Sumatriptan as Treatment for Moderate to Severe Post-Traumatic Headache|
|Study Start Date :||June 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 2018|
Open label study of sumatriptan to treat post-traumatic headache. Subjects will use sumatriptan 100 mg at the onset of headache pain and may repeat the dose if not pain-free in 2 hours. Subjects will receive a maximum of 18 pills for use over two months. Subjects will maintain a daily headache diary.
Drug: Sumatriptan 100 mg
This is a single-arm, unblinded study of treatment for post-traumatic headache with the open label medication sumatriptan and is being undertaken to test necessary study instruments and procedures, establish feasibility and determine side effects in a population with complicated mild, moderate and severe TBI.
- Headache relief [ Time Frame: 2 months ]percent of headaches that had complete resolution (pain free at 2 hours) for each person, during the initial (pre-intervention) month when they used their regular treatment and during the two months (intervention) when they treated headaches with sumatriptan and compare them using a paired t-test.
- Adverse events [ Time Frame: 2 months ]The investigators will calculate the percent who stopped taking sumatriptan because of side effects, percent who experienced each adverse event.
- Compliance [ Time Frame: 3 months ]The investigators will calculate the percent of subjects who used the diary successfully and percent who were able to maintain compliance with treatment.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01854385
|United States, Washington|
|Harborview Medical Center|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104|
|University of Washington Medical Center|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeanne M Hoffman, PhD||University of Washington|
|Study Director:||Leslie Kempthorne||University of Washington|