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Dose Finding Study of Nimodipine for the Treatment of Progranulin Insufficiency From GRN Gene Mutations

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01835665
First Posted: April 19, 2013
Last Update Posted: May 16, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
The Bluefield Project
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose of nimodipine as well as the safety and tolerability of oral nimodipine in progranulin mutation carriers in preparation for longer term efficacy studies in patients with frontotemporal dementia due to progranulin gene mutations.

Condition Intervention Phase
Progranulin Mutation Carriers Drug: Nimodipine Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: An Open Label Dose Finding Study of Nimodipine for the Treatment of Progranulin Insufficiency From GRN Gene Mutations

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum dose tolerated of nimodipine [ Time Frame: up to 10 weeks ]
    Nimodipine dose will be increased weekly for four weeks then maintained for 4 weeks at highest tolerated dose, followed by a 1-week taper.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Plasma progranulin levels [ Time Frame: up to 10 weeks post initial dosing ]
    Plasma progranulin levels will be obtained at screening, baseline, and at each week dose is increased, after the 4 week maintenance phase, and 2 weeks after the taper. Due to the small sample size, inferential statistics will not be calculated to assess the endpoints of interest. However, descriptive statistics will be presented for the primary and secondary outcome measures (such as plasma and CSF progranulin levels) summarized by treatment group and visit. For these continuous variables, the following information will be presented by visit: n, mean, standard deviation and order statistics (minimum, 25th percentile, median, 75th percentile and maximum). These statistics will be presented using the actual value at baseline and the change from baseline for later data.

  • Inflammatory marker levels (ESR, CRP, cytokines) [ Time Frame: up to 10 weeks post initial dosing ]
    Markers of inflammation will be obtained from the blood at screening, baseline, each week dose is increased, after 4 weeks of stable dose, and 2 weeks after the taper. Due to the small sample size, inferential statistics will not be calculated to assess the endpoints of interest. However, descriptive statistics will be presented for the primary and secondary outcome measures (such as plasma and CSF progranulin levels) summarized by treatment group and visit. For these continuous variables, the following information will be presented by visit: n, mean, standard deviation and order statistics (minimum, 25th percentile, median, 75th percentile and maximum). These statistics will be presented using the actual value at baseline and the change from baseline for later data.

  • CSF progranulin [ Time Frame: baseline (week 1) and 8 weeks after initial dosing ]
    CSF progranulin levels will be obtained at baseline and week 8

  • CSF cytokines [ Time Frame: baseline (week 1) and 8 weeks post dosing ]
    CSF cytokines will be obtained at baseline and after 8 weeks of taking nimodipine

  • Brain MRI scan [ Time Frame: Screening and week 8 ]
    To acquire preliminary data on the sensitivity of functional and brain MR imaging (resting-state functional connectivity and arterial spin label perfusion) to progranulin elevating therapies.


Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: March 2013
Study Completion Date: May 2016
Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Nimodipine Drug: Nimodipine
Nimodipine is an FDA-approved drug for subarachnoid hemorrhage indication
Other Name: Nimotop

Detailed Description:
8 people with a GRN gene mutation will be given escalating doses of oral nimodipine for four weeks, followed by the maximally tolerated dose for four weeks. To maximize enrollment, the trial will enroll both symptomatic and asymptomatic GRN mutation carriers. The trial will include a four week, dose-escalation phase followed by 1-month maintenance phase, and a 1-week taper. Assessments at the study site will take place prior to starting nimodipine, each week the dose is increased (weeks 1-5), after 4 weeks of maintenance dose, and 2 weeks after completion of the study. These will include blood chemistry tests, ECGs, and blood pressure. Both dose escalation and maintenance will focus on safety and tolerability of nimodipine treatment in this population as well as plasma progranulin levels as a biomarker outcome. The trial will incorporate a variety of other fluid biomarker (blood and CSF) and imaging assessments to determine which will be most sensitive to nimodipine pharmacodynamic effects in this population.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria (all must be met):

  • Signed and dated written informed consent obtained from the subject and/or the subject's caregiver in accordance with local IRB regulations
  • Symptomatic GRN mutation carrier as defined by presence of known disease-associated GRN mutation confirmed by genetic testing and meeting international (2011) criteria for FTD (Rascovsky et al., 2011), Boeve (2003) criteria (B. F. Boeve, Lang, & Litvan, 2003) for CBS, or Gorno-Tempini criteria (2011) for primary progressive aphasia (Gorno-Tempini et al., 2011) (gene carrier status known) OR
  • Asymptomatic GRN mutation carrier (gene carrier status known) from family with known disease-associated mutation;
  • Age: >30
  • MMSE ≥ 10 at screening visit.
  • Judged by investigator to be able to comply with all study procedures
  • In the opinion of the investigator, the patient will be compliant with the protocol and have a high probability of completing the study
  • Lack of other recent, severe medical conditions.

Exclusion Criteria(Any one of the following will exclude a subject from being enrolled into the study):

  • Hypersensitivity or other contra-indication to nimodipine use
  • Systemic autoimmune disease (such as rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, or diabetes) that might alter progranulin levels.
  • Regular use of systemic corticosteroids or other anti-inflammatory medication. NSAID use acceptable if on a stable dose for 30 days prior to screening and agrees to remain on same dose for duration of trial.
  • Subject is pregnant, plans to become pregnant during course of study or has a positive urine pregnancy test.
  • Unwilling to use two forms of contraception if not surgically sterile for duration of study.
  • History of cancer (other than basal cell CA of skin) within 5 years.
  • History of myocardial infarction, cardiac conduction block, arrhythmia or other significant cardiac illness in the opinion of the investigator (in consultation with a board certified cardiologist).
  • History of peptic ulcer.
  • Metabolic disease such as gout or poorly controlled diabetes.
  • History of alcohol or substance abuse within 1 year prior to screening, if deemed clinically significant by investigator.
  • Any current malignancy, or any clinically significant hematological, endocrine, cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal or neurological disease. If the condition has been stable for at least the past year and is judged by the investigator not to interfere with the patient's participation in the study, the patient may be included.
  • CT or MRI evidence of any of the following: hydrocephalus, stroke, space-occupying lesion, cerebral infection or any clinically significant CNS disease other than FTD, CBS, or progressive aphasia.
  • Systolic blood pressure greater than 180 or less than 90 mm Hg. Diastolic blood pressure greater than 105 or less than 50 mm Hg.
  • Abnormal ECG at screening and judged to be clinically significant by the investigator and/or board certified cardiologist.
  • Use of investigational drugs or participation in investigational drug study within 30 days of screening or 5 half lives of the previous investigational drug, whichever is longer.
  • Use of nimodipine within the 4 weeks prior to start of trial.
  • Within 4 weeks of beginning or during the course of the study, concurrent treatment with calcium channel antagonists, blood thinners (e.g. clopidogrel, warfarin), or statin medication in combination with niacin.
  • Clinically significant lab abnormalities at screening, including creatinine ≥ 1.7, B12 below laboratory normal reference range, or TSH above site's laboratory normal reference range. Subjects with abnormal B12 or TSH levels at screening may be included per investigator's discretion.
  • Contraindication to MRI examination for any reason (e.g., severe claustrophobia, ferromagnetic metal in body).
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01835665


Locations
United States, California
UCSF Memory and Aging Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94158
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
The Bluefield Project
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Adam Boxer, MD, PhD University of California, San Francisco
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01835665     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CHR12-09098
First Submitted: March 27, 2013
First Posted: April 19, 2013
Last Update Posted: May 16, 2016
Last Verified: May 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: Data analysis is underway

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nimodipine
Antihypertensive Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vasodilator Agents