An Open-Labeled Pilot Study of Biomarker Response Following Short-Term Exposure to Metformin
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01816659|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow Accrual)
First Posted : March 22, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2015
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn more about the possible effects of metformin extended release (ER) in patients with colon cancer or adenomas who are about to have surgery. The safety of this drug will also be studied.
Metformin-ER is commonly used to control blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes. It is also designed to block a protein in tumor cells that is important in tumor growth and blood vessel development. This may cause cell death or reduce the spread of the disease.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Colorectal Carcinoma||Drug: Metformin ER||Phase 1|
Hide Detailed Description
If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the flip of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups.
- If you are in Group 1, you will receive metformin ER. You will have a 2 in 3 chance of being assigned to Group 1.
- If you are in Group 2, you will receive no treatment. You will have a 1 in 3 chance of being assigned to Group 2.
Study Drug Administration:
If you are in Group 1, You will start taking the drug the day after your colonoscopy (or later if your surgery is scheduled to be more than 30 days after the colonoscopy) and will continue to take it until your scheduled surgery (for up to 30 days). During the first week you will take one tablet of metformin-ER by mouth one time each day with food. From the beginning of the second week until your scheduled surgery, you will take two tablets of metformin-ER by mouth one time each day with food. If you have side effects, your dose may be lowered.
If you are in Group 2, you will not receive any study drug from the time of your colonoscopy until surgery.
On the day of your colonoscopy:
- Your medical history will be recorded and you will be asked about any drugs you may be taking.
- You will have a physical exam.
- Extra tissue samples will be collected during the colonoscopy for routine and biomarker testing. Biomarkers are small pieces of material or substances found in you tissue that may provide information about your condition or the disease.
- The study staff will call you 1 week after your colonoscopy and ask about your general health and about any side effects you may be having.
On the day before surgery or the day of the surgery itself:
- Your weight will be measured.
- Blood (about 3 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests and for research about the safety of metformin-ER and how it may affect the disease. This routine blood draw will include a pregnancy test if you are able to become pregnant.
- You will be asked about your general health and about any side effects you may be having.
- During the surgery, extra tissue samples will be collected for biomarker testing.
Length of Study:
You will be on study for up to 30 days. You will no longer be able to take the study drug if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions.
Your participation on the study will be over once you have had the surgery.
This is an investigational study. Metformin-ER is FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Its use in this study is investigational.
Up to 23 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||3 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||An Open-Labeled Pilot Study of Biomarker Response in Patients With Colorectal Cancer or Endoscopically Non-Resectable Adenomas Following Short-Term Exposure to Metformin Extended Release (ER)|
|Study Start Date :||May 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 2014|
Experimental: Metformin + Colon Surgery
Patients randomized to Metformin-ER 500 mg once daily for one week and then escalation to 1000 mg/day for the duration of the trial. The duration of the trial will be from the preoperative endoscopy till the surgery, and should be not less than 10 days and not more than 30 days.
Drug: Metformin ER
500 mg by mouth once daily, beginning the day after colonoscopy for one week, and then escalation to 1000 mg/day. The duration of the trial will be from the preoperative endoscopy till the surgery, and should be not less than 10 days and not more than 30 days.
Other Name: Metformin
No Intervention: Colon Surgery Alone
Patients will not receive any study drug from the time of colonoscopy until surgery.
- Comparison of Ki-67 in Tumor Samples [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]Primary outcome measure is change in the percentage of Ki67-positive-staining cells between the baseline colonoscopy and surgery in the colon rectal cancer/non-resectable adenoma samples.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01816659
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Patrick Lynch, MD, JD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|