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Safety and Efficacy of Cabazitaxel in Pediatric Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors Including Central Nervous System Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01751308
First received: December 13, 2012
Last updated: June 28, 2016
Last verified: June 2016
  Purpose

Primary Objectives:

Phase 1 Part:

To determine the dose limiting toxicity (DLT) and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of cabazitaxel as a single agent in pediatric participants with recurrent or refractory solid tumors including tumors of the central nervous system.

Phase 2 Part:

To determine the objective response rate (complete and partial response) and the duration of response to cabazitaxel as a single agent in participants with recurrent or refractory high grade glioma (HGG) or diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG).

Secondary Objectives:

Phase 1 Part:

To characterize the safety and tolerability of cabazitaxel in participants with recurrent or refractory solid tumors including tumors of the central nervous system.

To characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of cabazitaxel in participants with recurrent or refractory solid tumors including tumors of the central nervous system.

To evaluate preliminary anti-tumor activity that may be associated with cabazitaxel in participants with recurrent or refractory solid tumors including tumors of the central nervous system.

Phase 2 Part:

To characterize the safety and tolerability of cabazitaxel in participants with recurrent or refractory HGG or DIPG.

To estimate progression free survival in participants with recurrent or refractory HGG or DIPG.

To estimate overall survival in participants with recurrent or refractory HGG or DIPG.

To characterize the plasma PK profile of cabazitaxel in participants with recurrent or refractory HGG or DIPG.


Condition Intervention Phase
Malignant Solid Tumor - Malignant Nervous System Neoplasm
Drug: Cabazitaxel (XRP6258)
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1-2 Dose Finding, Safety and Efficacy Study of Cabazitaxel in Pediatric Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors Including Tumors of the Central Nervous System

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sanofi:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Phase 1: Maximum Tolerated Dose of Cabazitaxel [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (21 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    MTD was highest dose level of cabazitaxel at which no more than 1 of 6 evaluable participants experienced dose limiting toxicities (DLT). DLT defined as an AE or abnormal laboratory values related to study treatment: hematologic DLTs: any Grade(G)4 hematologic toxicity except neutropenia G4 lasting≤7 days,G3 or 4 febrile neutropenia except G3 or 4 febrile neutropenia in absence of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor prophylaxis, G4 thrombocytopenia; non-hematologic DLTs:any G≥3 non-hematologic toxicity except G3 nausea or G3 or4 vomiting, G3 or4 diarrhea,G3 or4 dehydration,G3 fatigue lasting≤7 days, inadequately treated hypersensitivity reactions, elevated transaminases<10* upper limit of normal of ≤7 days, re-treatment delay of>2 weeks due to delayed recovery from toxicity related to study treatment to baseline G or≤ G1(except for alopecia) and platelet transfusion during Cycle1. Grades based on National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0.

  • Phase 2: Percentage of Participants With Objective Response (OR) [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 9 weeks until DP or death due to any cause (maximum duration: 12.1 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OR in participants was defined as the participants with a Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) after 3 cycles of cabazitaxel treatment and maintained for at least 4 weeks. CR and PR were based on modified response assessment in neuro-oncology (RANO) criteria for participants with CNS tumors. CR was defined as disappearance of all target lesions. PR was defined as ≥50% decrease in the sum of the products of the two perpendicular diameters of target lesions, compared to the baseline measurement.

  • Phase 2: Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 9 weeks until DP or death due to any cause (maximum duration: 12.1 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DOR defined as time (in days) from date of first response until date of first documented progressive disease (PD) or death (from any cause), whichever came first. If progression or death was not observed, participant was censored at the date of participant's last progression-free tumor assessment prior to study cut-off date. PD as per RANO criteria was defined as ≥ 25% increase in the product of perpendicular diameters of any target lesion, taking as reference the smallest product observed since the start of treatment or the appearance of one or more new lesions, or worsening neurologic status not explained by causes unrelated to tumor progression (example, anticonvulsant or corticosteroid toxicity, electrolyte disturbances, sepsis, hyperglycemia, presumed post-therapy swelling etc.) plus any increase in tumor cross-sectional area (or tumor volume).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Phase 1 and 2: Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to DP or death due to any cause (maximum duration: 112.1 weeks for Phase 1 and 12.1 weeks for Phase 2) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug and did not necessarily had a causal relationship with the treatment. Treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were defined as AEs that developed or worsened in grade or became serious during the on-treatment period which was defined as the period from the time of first dose of cabazitaxel until 30 days following the last administration of cabazitaxel.

  • Phase 1: Number of Participants With Objective Response [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 9 weeks until DP or death due to any cause (maximum duration: 112.1 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OR in participants was defined as the participants with a CR or PR after 3 cycles of cabazitaxel treatment and maintained for at least 4 weeks as assessed by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 and RANO criteria for CNS tumors. For solid tumors, as per RECIST 1.1, CR defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions (any pathological lymph nodes, must had reduction in short axis to <10 mm); PR defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. For CNS tumors, as per RANO criteria, CR defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions; PR defined as a ≥50% decrease in the sum of the products of the two perpendicular diameters of target lesions, compared to baseline measurement.

  • Phase 1 and 2: Pharmacokinetics (PK) Parameter of Cabazitaxel: Area Under the Plasma Concentration (AUC) Versus Time Curve [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycle 1: 5 minutes before EOI up to 71 hours after the EOI ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples for PK parameters were collected at 5 minutes before end of infusion (EOI), 10 minutes, 30 minutes, 3 hours, 7 hours and 71 hours after the EOI on Day 1 of Cycle 1.

  • Phase 1 and 2: PK Parameter of Cabazitaxel: Total Plasma Clearance (CL) [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycle 1: 5 minutes before EOI up to 71 hours after the EOI ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples for PK parameters were collected at 5 minutes before EOI, 10 minutes, 30 minutes, 3 hours, 7 hours and 71 hours after the EOI on Day 1 of Cycle 1.

  • Phase 1 and 2: PK Parameter of Cabazitaxel: Volume of Distribution at Steady State (Vss) [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycle 1: 5 minutes before EOI up to 71 hours after the EOI ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples for PK parameters were collected at 5 minutes before EOI, 10 minutes, 30 minutes, 3 hours, 7 hours and 71 hours after the EOI on Day 1 of Cycle 1.

  • Phase 1 and 2: PK Parameter of Cabazitaxel: Maximum Plasma Concentration Observed (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycle 1: 5 minutes before EOI up to 71 hours after the EOI ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples for PK parameters were collected at 5 minutes before EOI, 10 minutes, 30 minutes, 3 hours, 7 hours and 71 hours after the EOI on Day 1 of Cycle 1.

  • Phase 2: Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 9 weeks until DP or death due to any cause (maximum duration: 12.1 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PFS was defined as the time (in months) from the date of first dose administration until the date of first documented PD or death (from any cause), whichever came first. If progression or death was not observed, the participant was censored at the date of the participant's last progression-free tumor assessment prior to the study cut-off date. PD as per RANO criteria was defined as ≥25% increase in the product of perpendicular diameters of any target lesion, taking as reference the smallest product observed since the start of treatment or the appearance of one or more new lesions, or worsening neurologic status not explained by causes unrelated to tumor progression (example, anticonvulsant or corticosteroid toxicity, electrolyte disturbances, sepsis, hyperglycemia, presumed post-therapy swelling etc) plus any increase in tumor cross-sectional area (or tumor volume). The analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Phase 2: Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to death or study cut-off (maximum duration: 12.1 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OS was defined as the time (in months) from the date of first dose administration until the date of death (from any cause). If death was not observed, the participant was censored at the earliest of the last date the participant was known to be alive and the study cut-off date. The analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method.


Enrollment: 39
Study Start Date: February 2013
Study Completion Date: February 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Phase 1: Cabazitaxel 20 mg/m^2
Cabazitaxel 20 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression (DP) or discontinuation due to adverse event (AE) or death (from any cause).
Drug: Cabazitaxel (XRP6258)
Pharmaceutical form: Injection Route of administration: Intravenous
Other Name: Jevtana
Experimental: Phase 1: Cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2
Cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until DP or discontinuation due to AE or death (from any cause).
Drug: Cabazitaxel (XRP6258)
Pharmaceutical form: Injection Route of administration: Intravenous
Other Name: Jevtana
Experimental: Phase 1: Cabazitaxel 30 mg/m^2
Cabazitaxel 30 mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until DP or discontinuation due to AE or death (from any cause).
Drug: Cabazitaxel (XRP6258)
Pharmaceutical form: Injection Route of administration: Intravenous
Other Name: Jevtana
Experimental: Phase 1: Cabazitaxel 35 mg/m^2
Cabazitaxel 35 mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until DP or discontinuation due to AE or death (from any cause).
Drug: Cabazitaxel (XRP6258)
Pharmaceutical form: Injection Route of administration: Intravenous
Other Name: Jevtana
Experimental: Phase 2: Cabazitaxel 30 mg/m^2
Cabazitaxel at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) as determined in phase 1 (30 mg/m^2) IV infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle until DP or discontinuation due to AE or death (from any cause).
Drug: Cabazitaxel (XRP6258)
Pharmaceutical form: Injection Route of administration: Intravenous
Other Name: Jevtana

Detailed Description:
The study duration will include a period for inclusion of up to 3 weeks and a 3-week treatment cycle(s). The participants may continue treatment until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or willingness to stop followed by a minimum of 30-day follow-up.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

Phase 1 Part (dose escalation): Participants with a histologically confirmed solid tumor including tumors of the central nervous system that was recurrent or refractory and for which no further effective standard treatment was available. All participants must had measurable disease. Participants with diffuse pontine glioma were eligible without a biopsy after evidence of progressive disease post radiation therapy.

Phase 2 Part (safety and activity): Participants with recurrent or refractory high grade glioma or diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma for whom no further effective therapy was available. All participants must had measurable disease. Participants with diffuse pontine glioma were eligible without a biopsy after evidence of progressive disease post radiation therapy. Participants with a grade III or grade IV glioma must had pathologic confirmation either at the time of initial diagnosis or at the time of recurrence.

Participants aged ≥2 years and ≤18 years

Participants met the body surface area (BSA) requirements to be eligible:

  1. Minimal BSA requirements for a particular dose level;
  2. During the Phase 1 part participants must had a BSA <2.1 m² at the time of enrollment
  3. During the Phase 2 part participants with a BSA ≥2.1 m² were eligible, however the actual dose of cabazitaxel for these participants were adjusted to a maximum dose calculated with (capped at) the BSA of 2.1 m²

Performance status by:

  1. Lansky score ≥60 (participants ≤10 years of age)
  2. Karnofsky score ≥60% (participants >10 years of age) Participants who were unable to walk because of paralysis, but who were mobile in a wheelchair, were considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score.

Participants must had adequate liver, renal and marrow function as defined below:

  1. Total bilirubin ≤1.0 x the upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  2. AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤2.5 x ULN
  3. Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN for age or creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m²
  4. Absolute neutrophil count ≥1.0x10^9 /L
  5. Platelets ≥75x10^9/L (transfusion independent)
  6. Hemoglobin ≥8.0 g/dL (could be transfused)

Female participants of child-bearing potential must had a negative pregnancy test ≤7 days before starting cabazitaxel treatment.

Male and female participants of reproductive potential must agreed to use adequate contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and for 6 months following the last dose of cabazitaxel.

Written informed consent/assent prior to any study-specific procedures. Consent must be obtained from the participant and/or parent(s) or legal guardian(s) and the signature of at least one parent or guardian was required. Investigators also obtained assent of participants according to local, regional or national guidelines.

Participants must have recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior therapy to ≤ grade 1 before entering the study.

Exclusion criteria:

Prior treatment within the following timeframes:

  1. Systemic anti-cancer treatment within 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosourea, mitomycin and monoclonal antibodies including bevacizumab)
  2. Surgery or smaller field radiation therapy within 4 weeks
  3. Treatment with an investigational agent within 4 weeks or within 5 half-lives of the agent, whichever was longer Craniospinal or other large field radiation therapy (defined as >25% of bone marrow irradiated) within 6 months prior to the first dose.

Prior systemic radioisotope therapy (this did not include diagnostic imaging or radioimmunoconjugates lacking myelosuppressive properties) or total body irradiation.

Prior bone marrow or stem cell transplant

Participants with any clinically significant illness that, in the investigator's opinion, could not be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy, would compromise a participant's ability to tolerate cabazitaxel or result in inability to assess toxicity. This included, but was not limited to uncontrolled intercurrent illness including ongoing or active infection, cardiac disease, renal impairment, planned surgery or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or acquired immunodeficiency-syndrome (AIDS)-related disease Known history of hepatitis C or known active hepatitis B infection. Pregnant or breast feeding women Treatment with strong inhibitors or strong inducers of CYP3A4 or enzyme inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAED) within 14 days prior to first dose of cabazitaxel and for the duration of study. Non-EIAEDs were permitted.

Known history of hypersensitivity to taxanes or polysorbate 80 or G-CSF. Participation in another interventional clinical trial and/or concurrent treatment with any investigational drug.

Participants not able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures.

The above information was not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a participant's potential participation in a clinical trial.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01751308

Locations
United States, Arizona
Investigational Site Number 840009
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85006
United States, California
Investigational Site Number 840013
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027
Investigational Site Number 840014
Palo Alto, California, United States
United States, Colorado
Investigational Site Number 840007
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, District of Columbia
Investigational Site Number 840011
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
United States, Florida
Investigational Site Number 840005
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32806
United States, Illinois
Investigational Site Number 840012
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Maryland
Investigational Site Number 840010
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Investigational Site Number 840002
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, New York
Investigational Site Number 840003
New York, New York, United States, 10021
United States, Texas
Investigational Site Number 840006
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Washington
Investigational Site Number 840008
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Canada
Investigational Site Number 124001
Toronto, Canada, M5G 1X8
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanofi
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Sciences & Operations Sanofi
  More Information

Responsible Party: Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01751308     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TED12689  U1111-1128-5704 
Study First Received: December 13, 2012
Results First Received: June 28, 2016
Last Updated: June 28, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Nervous System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 23, 2016