Probiotics for the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Celiac Patients (ProCel)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01699191
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2012 by Ruggiero Francavilla, University of Bari.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : October 3, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 3, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ruggiero Francavilla, University of Bari

Brief Summary:
Probiotics play an important role in preventing overgrowth of potentially pathogenic bacteria and maintaining the integrity of the gut mucosal barrier. The beneficial effects of probiotics have been previously studied in adult patients with IBS. Clinical studies show that patients meeting the criteria for diagnosis for IBS have greater probability for being affected by celiac desease if compared to controls without IBS. Since one of the causes attributed to the onset of IBS is the modified flora gut, it is interesting to determine the beneficial effects that probiotics may have on gastrointestinal symptoms in celiac disease patients. The goal of the present study is to determine whether oral administration of a probiotic mixture of Lactobacillus plantarum 14D-CECT 4528, Lactobacillus casei, Bifidobacterium breve Bbr8 LMG P-17501, Bifidobacterium breve Bl10 LMG P-17500 and Bifidobacterium animalis under randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled conditions would improve symptoms of adult celiac patients with IBS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
IBS in Celiac Desease Dietary Supplement: Probiotic Dietary Supplement: Placebo Not Applicable

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Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, double blind study, placebo-controlled, carried out in three departments of gastroenterology in Southern Italy (Bari, Taranto e Castellana Grotte).

Celiac patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome will considered eligible for inclusion. They will be between 18 and 65 years old and they will be in GFD for at least 2 year.

Will be excluded from the study patients with previous abdominal surgery, chronic disease, alarm signs of organic conditions, treatment with probiotics, prebiotics, antibiotics and antispasmodics in the previous month, immunodeficiency, pregnancy.

The size of the sample, which must show a benefit greater than 25% compared to placebo (untreated group that usually able to respond positive in 20% of cases), will require 58 patients per arm to ensure a power of 90% with an alpha error of 0.5.

Patient will be assigned consecutive numbers, starting with the lowest number available, and randomly assigned, with the use of a computer generated randomisation list using permuted block design, to receive orally either a probiotic mixture of Lactobacillus plantarum 14D-CECT 4528, Lactobacillus casei, Bifidobacterium breve Bbr8 LMG P-17501, Bifidobacterium breve Bl10 LMG P-17500 and Bifidobacterium animalis or placebo (sachets identical in taste and appearance to the active study product except for the absence of probiotic mixture) once a day.

The study consists of three phases:

  1. phase of "running-in" of two weeks to reduce the possibility of a next significant placebo effect in which the patient should not take no product;
  2. supplementation for 6 weeks in which the patient will take one packet per day of placebo or active product;
  3. follow-up of 6 weeks.

Enrolled patients will be entered sequentially to receive the assigned treatment. Boxes containing placebo will have the same shape, dimension, indication and appearance as those containing the viable probiotic mixture and will be provided by the probiotic producer (Moviscom Srl, Rome, Italy) which ensure that the study is blinded for investigators and patients. Group assignment will be concealed from participants and investigators.

During the duration of the trial (w1- w14) patients will record gastrointestinal symptoms on weekly diary. During the same time will compiled, every two week, the Gastrointestinal symptom rating score (GSRS), that consists of a 15-point questionnaire to assess severity and frequency of symptoms validated by Svedlund et al.. For all patients will be collected, at T = 0 and T = 42 days, stool samples on which will be performed the extraction of DNA and RNA for a possible assessment of the intestinal microflora. Bacteria DNA in stools will be extracted and stored at -80°C for future analysis. At the end of the study, for patients who have achieved the primary objective will be made specific identification of the intestinal microflora for verify any amendments.

The compliance to the study will be demonstrated according to the number of sachets consumed by the patient during the 6 weeks of administration, and on the basis of the compilation of the questionnaires provided by the protocol.

Outcome Measures Primary outcome will be the incidence in IBS in celiac patients receiving probiotics as compared to those receiving placebo. We have chosen pain as the primary outcome measure, in line with the proposed points-to-consider for IBS trials.

IBS will be diagnosed and categorised according to ROME III criteria. Secondary outcomes are: 1) evaluation of frequency/severity of symptoms according to treatment arm; 2) modification of intestinal microbiota.

The analysis of the intestinal microbiota of these informative cases will help to assess whether there is a intestinal microbiota suggestive of future inset of IBS and ability of our probiotic mixture to stabilize the intestinal microbiota.

Adverse Events and Disallowed Medication Adverse events will be monitored throughout the study. Patients will not allowed to consume any probiotic other than those provided and they will be invited to continue their eating and physical exercise habits.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : October 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Celiac Disease

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Probiotic Mixture
Probiotic mixture
Dietary Supplement: Probiotic
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Dietary Supplement: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment of abdominal pain in celiac patients [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]

    Primary outcome will be the incidence in IBS in celiac patients receiving probiotics mixture as compared to those receiving placebo.

    IBS will be diagnosed and categorised according to ROME III criteria.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Celiac patients aged between 18 and 65 years
  • Diagnosis of IBS on the basis of Rome III criteria
  • GFD
  • Informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy in the past 5 years
  • Known concomitant organic diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease and other systemic diseases significant
  • Treatment with antispasmodic drugs within the previous month
  • Are pregnant
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Previous abdominal surgery, with the exception of the hernia repair or appendectomy
  • Treatment with antibiotics within the previous month
  • Treatment with probiotics and / or prebiotics within the previous month
  • Participation in other clinical trials

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01699191

Contact: Ruggiero Francavilla 0805592963

Clinica Pediatrica Active, not recruiting
Bari, Puglia, Italy, 70125
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Bari
Principal Investigator: Ruggiero Francavilla DEPARTMENT OF BIOMEDICINA ETA' EVOLUTIVA

Responsible Party: Ruggiero Francavilla, Consultant in Gastroenterology, University of Bari Identifier: NCT01699191     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ProCeDo
First Posted: October 3, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 3, 2012
Last Verified: October 2012

Keywords provided by Ruggiero Francavilla, University of Bari:
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Celiac Desease
Lactobacillus plantarum
Bifidobacterium breve
Lactobacillus casei
Bifidobacterium animalis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Celiac Disease
Colonic Diseases, Functional
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Malabsorption Syndromes
Metabolic Diseases