Phase 3b Safety and Efficacy Study of Apremilast to Treat Moderate to Severe Plaque-plaque Psoriasis

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celgene Corporation Identifier:
First received: September 19, 2012
Last updated: February 24, 2015
Last verified: February 2015

This study will test the clinical effectiveness and safety of apremilast, etanercept compared with placebo in the same group of patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.

Apremilast (CC-10004) is a new oral agent that is under clinical development for the treatment of inflammatory autoimmune disorders, such as psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and Behçet disease.

Etanercept is approved for the treatment of psoriasis; it is the most widely prescribed anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) for psoriasis.

Condition Intervention Phase
Psoriatic Arthritis
Drug: Apremilast tablet/pill 30 mg
Drug: Etanercept 50 mg
Drug: Placebo tablet
Drug: Placebo injection (saline)
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3b, Multicenter, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double Blind, Double-Dummy, Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Apremilast (CC-10004), Etanercept, and Placebo, in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Celgene Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of subjects with either apremilast BID or placebo who achieve at least a 75% reduction in PASI (PASI-75) at Week 16 from baseline [ Time Frame: Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PASI is a measure of psoriatic disease severity taking into account qualitative lesion characteristics (erythema, thickness, and scaling) and degree of skin surface area involvement on defined anatomical regions. The PASI is a validated instrument that has become standard in clinical trials for psoriasis. Higher scores reflect a greater disease severity

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of subjects treated with either etanercept or placebo who achieve PASI-75 at Week 16. [ Time Frame: Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PASI is a measure of psoriatic disease severity taking into account qualitative lesion characteristics (erythema, thickness, and scaling) and degree of skin surface area involvement on defined anatomical regions. The PASI is a validated instrument that has become standard in clinical trials for psoriasis. Higher scores reflect a greater disease severity

  • Proportion of subjects with an sPGA score of clear (0) or almost clear (1) with at least 2 points reduction at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The sPGA is the assessment by the Investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. The sPGA is a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (clear) to 4 (severe), incorporating an assessment of the severity of the three primary signs of the disease: erythema, scaling and plaque elevation. When making the assessment of overall severity, the Investigator should factor in areas that have already been cleared (ie, have scores of 0) and not just evaluate remaining lesions for severity, ie, the severity of each sign is averaged across all areas of involvement, including cleared lesions. In the event of different severities across disease signs, the sign that is the predominant feature of the disease should be used to help determine the sPGA score.

  • Percent change from baseline in the affected body surface area (BSA%) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    From Baseline (pre-dose) to Week 16 Description: BSA is a measurement of involved skin. The overall BSA affected by psoriasis is estimated based on the palm area of the subject's hand (entire palmar surface or "handprint" including the fingers), which equates to approximately 1% of total body surface area.

  • Proportion of subjects who achieve a PASI-50 score at Week 16. [ Time Frame: From Baseline (pre-dose) to Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PASI is a measure of psoriatic disease severity taking into account qualitative lesion characteristics (erythema, thickness, and scaling) and degree of skin surface area involvement on defined anatomical regions. The PASI is a validated instrument that has become standard in clinical trials for psoriasis. Higher scores reflect a greater disease severity.

  • Change from baseline in DLQI total score at Week 16 [ Time Frame: From baseline (pre-dose) to Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) was developed as a practical questionnaire for use in a dermatology clinical setting to assess limitations related to the impact of skin disease. Higher scores correspond to poorer quality of life.

  • Change from baseline in Mental Component Summary (MCS) score of SF-36 at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SF-36 is a 36-item general health status instrument often used in clinical trials and health services research. It consists of 8 scales: physical function (PF), role limitations-physical (RP), vitality (VT), general health perceptions (GH), bodily pain (BP), social function (SF), role limitations-emotional (RE), and mental health (MH) (Ware, 1992). Scale scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better health.

  • Proportion of subjects with an LS-PGA score of clear (0) or almost clear (1) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Lattice System Physician's Global assessment by the investigator of psoriasis severity. Integrating ranges of BSA involvement with assessments of overall plaque severity (using a 4 point scale, from none to marked for the signs of plaque elevation, erythema and scale), the LS-PGA produces an oveall assessement of psoriasis severity on an 8-point scale, ranging from clear to very severe. To determine the final score, the lattice portion is governed by the BSA and among the plaque qualitites, weights plaque elevation as most important, erythema next, and scale least.

  • Adverse Events (AEs): Type, frequency, severity, seriousness and relationship of AEs to IP [ Time Frame: From the time of Informed Consent, through dosing, and for 28 days after the last dose of study medication. Click here to enter text. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An adverse event (AE) is any noxious, unintended, or untoward medical occurrence that may appear or worsen in a subject during the course of a study. It may be a new intercurrent illness, a worsening concomitant illness, an injury, or any concomitant impairment of the subject's health, including laboratory test values (as specified by the criteria below), regardless of etiology. Any worsening (ie, any clinically significant adverse change in the frequency or intensity of a preexisting condition) should be considered an AE.

  • : Number of subjects who prematurely discontinue IP due to any adverse event [ Time Frame: From Baseline (pre-dose) to Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of subjects who permanently discontinue treatment and are withdrawn from the study due to the development of an intolerable adverse event, whether related or unrelated to IP.

  • of clinically significant changes in physical examination, vital signs, [ Time Frame: From Baseline (pre-dose) to Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A physical examination included evaluation of skin, nasal cavities, eyes, ears, lymph nodes, and respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological, and musculoskeletal systems. Vital signs included assessment of temperature, pulse, seated blood pressure, height, weight, and waist circumference.

  • Psoriasis flare/rebound [ Time Frame: From Baseline (pre-dose) to Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Psoriasis flare is and AE and represents an atypical or unusual worsening of disease during treatment. It is defined as a sudden intensification of psoriasis requiring medical intervention or a diagnosis of new generalized erythrodermic, inflammatory, or pustular psoriasis. Rebound is an AE and is defined as a severe and sudden worsening of disease that occurs after treatment has been discontinued. This exacerbation is characterized by a PASI ≥125% of baseline or a new generalized pustular, erythrodermic, or or more inflammatory psoriasis after stopping therapy.

Enrollment: 250
Study Start Date: September 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2015
Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Apremilast 30 mg plus placebo injection Drug: Apremilast tablet/pill 30 mg
Apremilast tablet/pill 30 mg tablet orally twice a day
Other Name: CC-10004
Drug: Placebo injection (saline)
once weekly evaluator/subject-blinded subcutaneous saline (placebo) injections (1 mL x 2 injections SC)
Other Name: Placebo
Experimental: Etanercept 50 mg plus placebo tablet Drug: Etanercept 50 mg
Etanercept 50 mg evaluator/subject-blinded subcutaneous once weekly injection
Other Name: ETN
Drug: Placebo tablet
Placebo tablets twice a day
Other Name: Placebo
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo tablet
Placebo tablets twice a day
Other Name: Placebo
Drug: Placebo injection (saline)
once weekly evaluator/subject-blinded subcutaneous saline (placebo) injections (1 mL x 2 injections SC)
Other Name: Placebo

Detailed Description:

This is a phase 3b, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, double-dummy, study of the efficacy and safety of apremilast, etanercept, and placebo, in subjects with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.

Approximately 240 subjects will be randomized 1:1:1 to the three treatment groups. All subjects will receive both tablets and injections through Week 16.

The study will consist of four phases:

  • Screening Phase - up to 35 days
  • Double-blind Placebo-controlled Phase - Weeks 0-16
  • Apremilast Extension Phase - Weeks 16-104
  • Post-treatment Observational Follow-up Phase

During the double-blind, placebo-controlled phase, subjects will receive treatment with one of the following:

  • apremilast (APR) 30 mg tablets orally twice a day (BID) plus once weekly (QW) evaluator/subject-blinded subcutaneous (SC) saline (placebo) injections (1 mL x 2 injections SC), or
  • etanercept (ETN) 50 mg evaluator/subject-blinded subcutaneous (SC) once weekly (QW) injections (2 x 25 mg) plus placebo tablets orally twice a day (BID), or
  • placebo tablets and evaluator/subject-blinded subcutaneous (SC) saline (placebo) injections.

All subjects will be asked to participate in a 4-week Post-treatment Observational Follow-up Phase either upon completion of the study or upon discontinuation of investigational product for those subjects who terminate the study early.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females, ≥ 18 years of age
  • Diagnosis of chronic, moderate to severe plaque psoriasis for at least 12 months prior to Screening, and a candidate for phototherapy and/or systemic (including etanercept) therapy
  • Had an inadequate response, intolerance, or contraindication to at least 1 conventional systemic agent for the treatment of psoriasis.
  • No prior exposure to biologics for treatment of psoriatic arthritis or psoriasis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other than psoriasis, history of any clinically significant and uncontrolled systemic diseases; any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which would place the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study.
  • Pregnant or breast feeding.
  • Have failed more than 3 systemic agents for treatment of psoriasis.
  • History of allergy to any component of the investigational product (IP), including human immunoglobulin (Ig) proteins or allergy to etanercept.
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen or anti-hepatitis C antibody positive at Screening.
  • Latent, active tuberculosis (TB) or inadequately treated TB; nontuberculous mycobacterial infection or opportunistic infection (eg, cytomegalovirus, Pneumocystis carinii, aspergillosis, Clostridium difficile).
  • Have a history of, or ongoing, chronic or recurrent infectious disease
  • Have received, or are expected to receive, any live virus or bacterial vaccination within 3 months before first administration of IP, or through Week 20 during the study.
  • Had a Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination within 1 year prior to screening.
  • History of positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or have congenital or acquired immunodeficiency (eg, common variable immunodeficiency disease).
  • Active substance abuse or a history of substance abuse within 6 months prior to Screening.
  • Malignancy or history of malignancy, except for treated [ie, cured] basal cell or squamous cell in situ skin carcinomas and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [CIN] or carcinoma in situ of the cervix with no evidence of recurrence within the previous 5 years.
  • Psoriasis flare or rebound within 4 weeks prior to Screening.
  • Topical therapy within 2 weeks of randomization or systemic therapy for psoriasis within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Use of phototherapy within 4 weeks prior to randomization or prolonged sun exposure or use of tanning booths or other ultraviolet (UV) light sources.
  • Any investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to randomization, or 5 pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic half lives, if known (whichever is longer).
  • Prior treatment with apremilast or etanercept.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01690299

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United States, Arizona
Arizona Research Center
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85023
United States, California
Bakersfield Dermatology and Skin Cancer Medical Group
Bakersfield, California, United States, 99309
University of California Irvine
Irvine, California, United States, 92697
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California, United States, 92212
United States, Colorado
Horizons Clinical Research
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80220
United States, District of Columbia
Associates Clinical Trials Unit
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037
United States, Florida
Florida Academic Dermatology Center
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
International Dermatology Research Inc
Miami, Florida, United States, 33144
Renstar Medical Research
Ocala, Florida, United States, 34471
Florida Center for Dermatology, PA
St. Augustine, Florida, United States, 32086
United States, Georgia
Atlanta Dermatology, Vein & Research Center
Alpharetta, Georgia, United States, 30022
United States, Illinois
North Shore University Health System
Shokie, Illinois, United States, 60077
Southern Illinois University School of Medicine Dermatology/Internal Medicine
Springfield, Illinois, United States, 62702
United States, Indiana
Dawes Fretzin Clinical Research Group, LLC
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46256
United States, Louisiana
Dermatology & Advanced Aesthetics
Lake Charles, Louisiana, United States, 70605
United States, Maryland
Lawrence Green, MD, LLC
Rockville, Maryland, United States, 20880
United States, New Hampshire
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756
United States, New Jersey
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School/UMDNJ Department of Dermatology
Somerset, New Jersey, United States, 08873
United States, New York
Forest Hills Dermatology Group
Forest Hills, New York, United States, 11375
NYU Department of Dermatology
New York, New York, United States, 100616-6402
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27516
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27104
United States, Ohio
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Ohio State University, Division of Dermatology
Gahanna, Ohio, United States, 43230
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Tennessee
Tennessee Clinical Research Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37215
United States, Texas
Teckton Research
Austin, Texas, United States, 78745
United States, Virginia
The Education and Research Foundation, Inc.
Lynchburg, Virginia, United States, 24501
Virginia Clinical Research, Inc
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23507
United States, Washington
Dermatology Associates
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101
Australia, Queensland
The Skin Centre
Benowa, Queensland, Australia, 4217
Specialist Connect
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4201
Australia, Western Australia
Fremantle Dermatology
Freemantle, Western Australia, Australia, 6160
Burswood Dermatology
Perth, Western Australia, Australia, 6100
Cliniques Universitaires St-Luc, Dermatology
Brussels, Belgium, 1200
University Hospital Ghent, Dermatology
Ghent, Belgium, 9000
CHU Liege, Dermatology Department
Liege, Belgium, 4000
Canada, Nova Scotia
Eastern Canada Cutaneous Research Associates Ltd
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, B3H 1Z4
Canada, Ontario
Skin Centre for Dermatology
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, K9J 1Z2
K. Papp Clinical Research Inc.
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2J 1C4
Canada, Quebec
Siena Medical Research
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3Z 2S6
Q&T Research
Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, J1H 4J6
Czech Republic
Nachod, Czech Republic, 54701
Krajská nemocnice Pardubice, Kožní oddelení
Pardubice, Czech Republic, 532 03
Kožní ordinace
Svitavy-Predmestí, Czech Republic, 568 02
Kožní a žilní ambulance
Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic, 400 10
South Estonian Hospital Ltd
Meegomae Village, Voru County, Estonia, 65526
Dermatology Clinic of Tartu University Hospital
Tartu, Estonia, 50417
Gemeinschaftspraxis Mahlow
Mahlow, BB, Germany, 15831
Psoriasis Study Centre (Clinic of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology)
Berlin, BE, Germany, 10117
Hautklinik Universitätsklinikum Erlangen
Erlangen, BY, Germany, 91054
University Hospital Frankfurt (Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology)
Frankfurt / Main, HE, Germany, 60590
Institute for Health Services, Research in Dermatology and Nursing - IVDP, University Medical Center of Hamburg Eppendorf
Hamburg, HH, Germany, 20246
SCIderm GmbH
Hamburg, HH, Germany, 20354
University Hospital Münster (Dermatology)
Münster, NW, Germany, 48149
University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus
Dresden, SN, Germany, 1307
UniversitätsKlinikum Leipzig A.ö.R., Department f. Innere Medizin, Neurologie II, Dermatologie Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie
Leipzig, SN, Germany, 04103
Dermatologische Praxis
Berlin, Germany, 10827
Klinische Forschung Berlin - Buch GmbH
Berlin, Germany, 13125
Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Germany, 69115
Comprehensive Center of Inflammatory Medicine (CCIM) University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein
Lübeck, Germany, 23538
Praxis fr Dermatologie und Venerologie
Wuppertal, Germany, 42275
Centroderm GmbH
Wuppertal, Germany, 42287
Tolna Megyei Balassa Janos Korhaz
Borgyogyaszati Osztaly, Szekszard, Hungary, 7100
Allergo-Derm Bakos Kft.
Szolnok, Hungary, 5000
LTD "M & M centrs"
Adazi, Latvia, 2164
Arija's Ancane's Family Doctor Private Practice
Baldone, Latvia, 2125
Adoria Ltd
Riga, Latvia, 1011
Family Doctor's Indra's Kenina's Practice
Riga, Latvia, 1011
Riga 1st Hospital "Skin and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Clinical Centre"
Riga, Latvia, 1001
Health Center of Talsi Ltd
Talsi, Latvia, 3201
Academic Medical Center
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1105
Radboud University Medical Centre (Dermatology)
Nijmegen, Netherlands, 6525
United Kingdom
Whipps Cross University Hospital
London, LDN, United Kingdom, E11 1NR
Cardiff University, Dermatology
Cardiff, SGM, United Kingdom, CF14 4XN
George Eliot Hospital
Nuneaton, WAR, United Kingdom, CV10 7DJ
Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust (Dermatology)
Leeds, YKS, United Kingdom, LS7 4SA
St Helier Hospital
London, United Kingdom, SM5 1AA
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celgene Corporation
Study Director: Lilia Pineda, MD Celgene Corporation
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Celgene Corporation Identifier: NCT01690299     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CC-10004-PSOR-010, 2012-000859-14
Study First Received: September 19, 2012
Last Updated: February 24, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Canada: Health Canada
Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products
Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Keywords provided by Celgene Corporation:
psoriasis pill
psoriasis tablet
plaque psoriasis
plaque type psoriasis
moderate to severe plaque type psoriasis
psoriatic arthritis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis, Psoriatic
Bone Diseases
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Spinal Diseases
TNFR-Fc fusion protein
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Antirheumatic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Gastrointestinal Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents processed this record on July 30, 2015