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Lidocaine and Prevention of Chronic Pain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01619852
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 14, 2012
Results First Posted : November 27, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 27, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gildasio De Oliveira, Northwestern University

Brief Summary:

The study seeks to investigate a safe and inexpensive strategy to reduce persistent post-surgical pain that can affect up to 60% of patients undergoing surgical procedures.

Hypotheses: Perioperative systemic lidocaine reduces the persistence of chronic pain in patients undergoing surgical procedures.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Surgery Drug: .9 normal saline placebo Drug: Group L (lidocaine) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

After approval from Northwestern University's IRB, female subjects undergoing urologic, gynecologic or breast surgery will be included in the study. Informed consent will be obtained from all participants. Subject will be randomized using a computer generated table of random numbers into two groups: Group L will receive a 1.5 mg/kg bolus of intravenous lidocaine followed by a 2mg/kg/hr infusion that will be started at the time of surgical induction and will be discontinued one hour after the end of the surgical procedure. Group P will receive the same amount of saline in the same fashion. This dose regimen of systemic lidocaine chosen in the current study has been consistently associated with a reduction of acute postoperative pain.4 There will be no visual characteristic differences between any of the infusions studied and they will all be labeled as a study drug. Patients will receive a standard anesthetic regimen consisting of propofol, fentanyl, succinylcholine, and sevoflurane. Patients will receive ondansetron 4mg and dexamethasone 4 mg to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting. They will also receive 10 mcg/kg of hydromorphone at the end of surgery to prevent postoperative pain. In the PACU, patients will receive additional doses of hydromorphone to keep pain <4/10 (on a scale where 0 means no pain and 10 is the worst pain possible). On PACU discharge, patients will receive a patient-controlled IV hydromorphone analgesia pump set at 0.2mg IV bolus, no basal infusion and a lockout time of 15 minutes. The intraoperative and postoperative data (pain scores, opioid consumption, side effects) will be collected by a research assistant blinded to the group allocation). Other data collection variables include : Preoperative (Age, BMI, ethnicity, comorbidities, preoperative medication(s), psychiatric disease, pain in the operative area, pain at other locations), Intraoperative (description of surgical procedure, surgical duration, surgical procedure on nerve areas, preservation of the nerves in the operative area nerve, indication for the surgical procedure, intraoperative opioids dose, and Postoperative pain instruments (evaluation of early pain, twenty four hour opioid consumption, drugs and other treatments used in the postoperative period.

QOR 40 questionnaire will be completed by the participant at 24 hours after surgery if they have not been discharged from the hospital. If they have been discharged, the research assistant will contact the participant by telephone to complete the questionnaire.

Patients will be evaluated for the presence and severity of chronic pain as well as the quality of life impact of pain at baseline, three and six months after surgery using a validated instrument in accordance with the IMMPACT recommendations to assess chronic pain and its impact on the patient's quality of life (Brief pain Inventory).8 To characterize the chronic pain, both the short form McGill pain questionnaire and the Modified LANNS scale will be also administered at three and six months.9,10 If there is no response to the 3 month questionnaire, the subject will be contacted by telephone to complete the questionnaire.

Subjects who are experiencing suicidal ideation will be referred to Northwestern Memorial Hospital Emergency Department. The primary care surgeon will also be notified by the principal investigator. Mood will be assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory.14

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 148 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effect of Lidocaine to Prevent the Development of Chronic Post-Surgical Pain
Study Start Date : June 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Chronic Pain

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group L
Group L will receive a 1.5 mg/kg bolus of intravenous lidocaine followed by a 2mg/kg/hr infusion that will be started at the time of surgical induction and will be discontinued one hour after the end of the surgical procedure.
Drug: Group L (lidocaine)
Group L will receive a 1.5 mg/kg bolus of intravenous lidocaine followed by a 2mg/kg/hr infusion that will be started at the time of surgical induction and will be discontinued one hour after the end of the surgical procedure.

Placebo Comparator: .9% normal saline placebo
.9% normal saline administered as a bolus then as a maintenance infusion for the length of the surgical case.
Drug: .9 normal saline placebo
Administration of .9 normal saline placebo as a bolus and as maintenance throughout the length of the surgical procedure.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Chronic Persistent Pain 3 Months After Surgery as Determined by Character Severity (Yes/no). [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The participants development of chronic persistent pain 3 months after surgery as determined by character severity (yes/no).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quality of Recovery [ Time Frame: 24 hours post operative ]
    Quality of recovery (QoR-40 instrument) is a 40-item questionnaire that provides a global score and sub-scores across five dimensions: patient support, comfort, emotions, physical independence, and pain. Score range: 40 to 200. A score of 40 demonstrates poor recovery and a maximum score of 200 represents good recovery. The higher the score the better recovery after surgery.

  2. Post-surgical Persistent Pain Using Validated Questionnaires (S-LANNS Questionnaire, McGill Questionnaire, Brief Pain Inventory) to Assess Pain Qualities in Accordance With IMMPACT Recommendations. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The development of chronic pain 3 months after surgery determined by the Leads Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) scale, a valid 7-item tool for identifying patients whose pain is dominated by neuropathic mechanisms. Each item is a binary response (yes or no) to the presence of symptoms (5 items) or clinical signs (2 items), range 0-24 points. A score ≥ 12, neuropathic mechanisms are likely to be contributing to the patient's pain. A score < 12 is unlikely to be contributing. McGill questionnaire (Sensory domain) - 11 descriptors rated on an intensity scale as 0=none, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe. The higher the score, greater the pain (range 0-33). McGill questionnaire (Motivational-affective) 4 affect descriptors rated on an intensity scale as 0=none, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe.The higher the score the greater the pain (range 0-12) Brief pain inventory - pain severity (0, no pain, 10 excruciating pain); Greater the score; greater the pain (range 0-10).

  3. Opioid Consumption [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    The amount of opioid analgesics consumed was converted to an equivalent dose of intravenous morphine.

  4. Postoperative Pain [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    Postoperative pain within the first 24 hours. Area under the numeric rating scale for pain versus time curve during the first 24 hours after surgery (score * hr). Numeric rating scale for pain on a scale of 0-10 (0 is no pain and 10 is high pain) versus time curve during the first 24 hours ( score * hr). The pain scores were collected upon arrival to recovery area, 30 minutes, 1 hour and every 6 hours up to 24 hours following the procedure. Minimum score is 60, Maximum score is 170. A higher value indicates more pain.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-64,
  • Females undergoing gynecological, urological or breast surgery

Exclusion Criteria:

  • pregnant,
  • history of chronic use of opioids,
  • allergy to local anesthetics,
  • history of cardiac arrhythmias Drop out: patient or surgeon request

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01619852

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United States, Illinois
Prentice Womens' Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
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Principal Investigator: Gildasio De Oliveira, M.D. Northwestern University
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Responsible Party: Gildasio De Oliveira, Principal Investigator, Northwestern University Identifier: NCT01619852    
Other Study ID Numbers: STU00061676
First Posted: June 14, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 27, 2019
Last Update Posted: November 27, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Gildasio De Oliveira, Northwestern University:
Chronic Pain
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Chronic Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Anesthetics, Local
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers
Sodium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action