ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Study of CB-183,315 in Participants With Clostridium Difficile Associated Diarrhea (MK-4261-006)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01598311
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 15, 2012
Results First Posted : February 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cubist Pharmaceuticals LLC

Brief Summary:
A total of 608 participants with Clostridium Difficile Associated Diarrhea (CDAD) will participate in this study; participants will receive either oral vancomycin or CB-183,315 in a blinded fashion. Treatment will last for 10 days and participants will be followed up for at least 40 days and a maximum of 100 days. The purpose of this study is to evaluate how well CB-183,315 treats CDAD as compared to vancomycin.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Clostridium Difficile Infection Drug: CB-183,315 Drug: Vancomycin Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 608 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Active-Controlled Study of CB-183,315 in Patients With Clostridium Difficile Associated Diarrhea
Actual Study Start Date : May 16, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 26, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : August 25, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diarrhea
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CB-183,315
Participants took CB-183,315 250 mg twice daily (b.i.d.) and placebo capsules b.i.d. by mouth for 10 days.
Drug: CB-183,315
CB-183,315 250 mg white coated tablet over-encapsulated in a size 00 opaque hard gelatin capsule.
Other Name: Surotomycin
Drug: Placebo
Placebo size 00 opaque hard gelatin capsules.
Active Comparator: Vancomycin
Participants took vancomycin 125 mg four times daily (q.i.d.) by mouth for 10 days.
Drug: Vancomycin
Vancomycin hydrochloride 125 mg capsule over-encapsulated in size 00 opaque hard gelatin capsule.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adjusted Percentage of Participants Meeting Clinical Response Criteria for Cure at End of Treatment (EOT) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 days after EOT (up to Day 13) ]
    The percentage of participants considered "cured" (i.e., ≤2 loose stools per 24 hour period for at least 2 consecutive days and no need for additional antibiotics during the 3 days following EOT) was determined in the mMITT population. A CDAD diagnosis was defined as: 1) diarrhea with a minimum of 3 unformed bowel movements (UBM) or >200 mL volume of stool for participants with a collection device (e.g., rectal tube or colostomy bag) over 24 hours; and 2) a positive result for Clostridium difficile toxin by enzyme immunoassay (EIA), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), or a cell culture cytotoxin neutralization assay. Percentages were first stratified according to age (<75 or ≥75 years) and number of previous CDAD episodes (0 or ≥1) and constructed using Mehrotra-Railkar continuity-corrected minimum-risk stratum weights, and the weighted averages were then derived across strata in order to calculate the adjusted percentage.

  2. Percentage of Participants Experiencing an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after EOT (up to Day 40) ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product that does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment.

  3. Percentage of Participants Discontinuing From Study Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to EOT (up to Day 10) ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product that does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Clinical Failure Events up to Day 40 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after EOT (up to Day 40) ]
    The total number of clinical failure events, which included treatment failure, CDAD recurrence, death, or being lost to follow-up, occurring during each time period was determined in each arm.

  2. Adjusted Percentage of Participants With Sustained Clinical Response at End of Study [ Time Frame: Up to 40 days after EOT (up to Day 50) ]
    The percentage of participants with sustained clinical response was determined for each arm. Sustained clinical response was declared when participants had a clinical outcome of cure at EOT, did not experience any CDAD recurrence, did not die, were not lost to follow-up, and did not have the end of study visit prior to Day 40. Percentages were first stratified according to age (<75 or ≥75 years) and number of previous CDAD episodes (0 or ≥1) and constructed using Mehrotra-Railkar continuity-corrected minimum-risk stratum weights, and the weighted averages were then derived across strata in order to calculate the adjusted percentage.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 89 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Is able to read and sign a consent form;
  • Is from ≥18 to <90 years of age;
  • Has diarrhea, at least 3 times during one day, or 200 mL or liquid stool if using a rectal device;
  • Tests positive for Clostridium difficile;
  • If female, must not be pregnant or nursing and take appropriate measures to not get pregnant during the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has toxic megacolon and/or known small bowel ileus;
  • Has received treatment with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) within the past 30 days;
  • Has received treatment with a fecal transplant within 7 days, and/or if the doctor anticipates to give the participant a fecal transplant during the study;
  • Has received a certain amount of antibacterial therapy specific for current CDAD, unless it is not working;
  • Has received an investigational vaccine against Clostridium difficile;
  • Has received an investigational product containing monoclonal antibodies against toxin A or B within 180 days;
  • Has more than 2 episodes of CDAD within 90 days;
  • Has had major gastrointestinal (GI) surgery (i.e. significant bowel resection) within 3 months (this does not include appendectomy or cholecystectomy);
  • Has a history of prior inflammatory bowel disease: ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, or microscopic colitis;
  • Is unable to discontinue loperamide, diphenoxylate/atropine, or cholestyramine during the duration of the study;
  • Is unable to discontinue opiate treatment unless on a stable dose;
  • Has known positive stool cultures for other enteropathogens including but not limited to Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter;
  • Has had stool studies positive for pathogenic ova and/or parasites;
  • Has an intolerance or hypersensitivity to daptomycin and/or vancomycin;
  • Has a life-threatening illness at the time of enrollment;
  • Has poor concurrent medical risks that in the opinion of the Investigator the participant should not enroll;
  • Has received an investigational drug or participated in any experimental procedure within 1 month;
  • Has human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a cluster of differentiation (CD) 4 count <200 cells/mm^3 within 6 months of start of study therapy;
  • Anticipates that certain antibacterial therapy for a non-CDAD infection will be required for >7 days;
  • Is unable to discontinue Saccharomyces or similar probiotic;
  • Is on a concurrent intensive induction chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or biologic treatment for active malignancy;
  • Is unable to comply with the protocol requirements;
  • Has any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, might interfere;
  • Is not expected to live for less than 8 weeks.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01598311


Sponsors and Collaborators
Cubist Pharmaceuticals LLC
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Cubist Pharmaceuticals LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01598311     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4261-006
LCD-CDAD-11-06 ( Other Identifier: Cubist Protocol Number )
2012-000252-34 ( EudraCT Number )
MK-4261-006 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
First Posted: May 15, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 27, 2018
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018

Keywords provided by Cubist Pharmaceuticals LLC:
CDAD
Clostridium difficile Associated Diarrhea
CDI
Clostridium difficile Infection
Diarrhea

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diarrhea
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Vancomycin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents