Diabetic Retinopathy in HIV Subjects Treated With EGRIFTA®

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01591902
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : May 4, 2012
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
To show the non-inferiority of EGRIFTA® vs. placebo in the development or progression of Diabetic Retinopathy in HIV-infected subjects with concomitant abdominal lipohypertrophy and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetic Retinopathy HIV Drug: Tesamorelin Drug: Placebo-Control Phase 4

Detailed Description:
To date, EGRIFTA® has not been studied for longer than 1 year in human subjects, nor has EGRIFTA® been studied in Type 2 diabetic HIV-infected subjects who are receiving oral hypoglycemic agents, GLP-1 analogues, or insulin. The present study will assess the potential of EGRIFTA® to induce or exacerbate DR in HIV-infected subjects on antiretroviral therapy who have concomitant abdominal lipohypertrophy and T2DM, and explore the long-term effects of EGRIFTA® on glycemic control and major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) in this population.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 129 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind Clinical Trial to Evaluate Whether EGRIFTA® (Tesamorelin for Injection), 2 mg Once Daily SC, Increases the Risk of Development or Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy When Administered to HIV-infected Subjects With Abdominal Lipohypertrophy and Concomitant Diabetes
Actual Study Start Date : June 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Tesamorelin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: EGRIFTA Treatment Grop
Sterile, lyophilized, nonpyrogenic powder containing tesamorelin acetate with mannitol as excipient
Drug: Tesamorelin
Daily 2 mg subcutaneous injections of tesamorelin

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Drug: Placebo-Control
3.0 mL vials

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference in percentages of subjects with a 3-step or greater progression (from both eyes) on the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) PERSON scale. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Subjects will undergo an opthamologic examination including fundus photographs at 3 month intervals for duration of 36 months

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in HbA1c by intensification of concomitant diabetic treatment [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    HbA1c values will be obtained at screening at month 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Subject has given written informed consent and is willing to comply with the requirements of the protocol;
  2. Subject is an adult man or woman (≥ 18 years old);
  3. Subject has laboratory confirmed HIV infection;
  4. Subject is receiving ART that has been stable for at least 8 weeks prior to screening;
  5. Subject has physical evidence of abdominal lipohypertrophy, as determined by the examining study physician;
  6. Subject has T2DM as determined by previous HbA1c ≥ 6.5%, previous fasting plasma glucose

    • ≥ 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L), and/or previous 2-hour plasma glucose ≥ 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) during oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT), and/or previous random plasma glucose ≥ 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) with symptoms of uncontrolled DM;
    • if subject has been diagnosed with T2DM and is on glucose lowering medications for greater than 1 year the above glucose parameters do not apply;
  7. Subject, at the time of screening, has HbA1c between 6.0% and 12.0%;
  8. Subject's diabetes has been treated for at least 1 year by diet alone, individuals who are on a stable dose (at least 3 months) of insulin, an OHA, or a GLP-1 analogue plus insulin to control diabetes are permitted if their HbA1C is below 6.0%. OHA, GLP-1 analogue, or OHA/GLP-1 analogue plus insulin according to current American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines, and doses have been stable for at least 3 months;
  9. If the subject is using lipid lowering drugs, the dose must be stable for at least 2 months prior to screening;
  10. Subject must have an electrocardiogram (ECG) without clinically significant abnormalities within 6 months prior to screening;
  11. Pre-menopausal women of childbearing potential are eligible only if they are not pregnant (negative urine pregnancy tests at screening and baseline) or lactating and are using an acceptable form of birth control prior to study entry and for at least 2 months after completing treatment. Acceptable contraception is defined as two barrier methods, or one barrier method with a spermicide, or an intrauterine device, or an oral contraceptive;
  12. Women of non-childbearing potential must be post-menopausal (no menses for more than 1 year) or surgically sterile (tubal ligation or hysterectomy);
  13. Women over 40 years old must have a negative mammogram within 6 months prior to screening or a mammogram will be taken at screening;
  14. Men must have a normal prostate exam and a prostate specific antigen (PSA) Individuals who are on a stable dose (at least 3 months) of insulin, less than or equal to 5 ng/mL within 6 months prior to screening or PSA and, for men 50 years of age or older, a prostate specific antigen will be measured at screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject has Type 1 DM;
  2. Subject has body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 kg.m2;
  3. Subject has or has had an opportunistic infection or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining illness within 3 months of screening;
  4. Subject has or has had a malignancy or, for women, personal or family (first degree relative) history of breast cancer. Exceptions are basal cell carcinoma, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, in situ anal carcinoma, treated and stable cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. and stable Kaposi's sarcoma;
  5. Pre-existing PDR or severe non-PDR (NPDR), defined as an ETDRS level of ≥ 53 in either eye;
  6. Subject has or has had cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis, toxoplasmosis, or any other ocular infection that would prevent evaluation of DR;
  7. Subject has previously been treated for DR (treatments such as laser photocoagulation, intravitreal injection, or vitrectomy);
  8. Subject has any of the following illnesses or conditions:

    1. hypopituitarism, history of pituitary tumor or pituitary surgery;
    2. untreated hypothyroidism;
    3. head irradiation or head trauma that has affected the somatotropic axis;
    4. uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic pressure > 140 mm Hg and diastolic pressure > 90 mm Hg;
    5. unstable CV condition, defined as:

    i. acute MI; ii. unstable angina; iii. decompensated congestive heart failure (CHF, new onset or exacerbation); iv. stroke; v. history of any of the above within 6 months prior to screening; f. hepatic abnormality, defined as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 3 times the upper limit of normal (3 x ULN); g. renal abnormality, defined as serum creatinine > 2 x ULN; h. lipid metabolism abnormality, defined as fasting triglycerides > 1500 mg/dL; i. anemia, defined as hemoglobin ≤ 7 g/dL;

  9. Drug or hormone use as follows

    1. Men: change in regimen or supraphysiological dose of testosterone within 2 months prior to screening;
    2. anabolic steroids, GH, GH secretagogue, GHRF products or analogs (including EGRIFTA®), IGF-1, or IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP 3) within 6 months prior to screening;
  10. Drug or alcohol dependence within 6 months prior to screening;
  11. Subject is using or has used anorectics, anorexigenics, or anti-obesity agents within 3 months prior to screening;
  12. Subject is pregnant or nursing;
  13. Other significant disease that, in the Investigator's opinion, would exclude the subject from the trial;
  14. Participation, within 30 days prior to screening, in another clinical trial of an investigational agent that could affect IGF-1 levels;
  15. Known hypersensitivity to the study drug treatments.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01591902

United States, Arizona
Southwest Center for HIV/AIDS
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85004
Spectrum Medical Group
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85012
United States, California
5P21 Rand Schrader Clinic
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
University of California CARE Clinic, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90035
Palmtree Clinical Research, Inc.
Palm Springs, California, United States, 92262
UCSD Antiviral Research Center
San Diego, California, United States, 92103
VAMC, Infectious Disease Section 111W
San Francisco, California, United States, 94121
United States, District of Columbia
Capital Medical Associates, PC
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20036
United States, Florida
Gary J. Richmond, M.D., PA
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States, 33316
Orange County Health Department
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32809
Triple O Research Institute
West Palm Beach, Florida, United States, 33401
Rowan Tree Medical , P.A.
Wilton Manors, Florida, United States, 33305
United States, Michigan
Be Well Medical Center, P.C.
Berkley, Michigan, United States, 48072-3436
United States, Missouri
Southampton Clinical Research, Inc d.b.a. Central West Clinical Research
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63108
Southampton Healthcare, Inc.
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63139
United States, New Jersey
South Jersey Infectious Disease
Somers Point, New Jersey, United States, 08244
United States, Oklahoma
Harold Hamm Diabetes Center at the University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, Oregon
Fanno Creek Clinic, LLC
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97219
United States, Texas
Central Texas Clinical Research
Austin, Texas, United States, 78705
St. Hope Foundation, Inc.
Bellaire, Texas, United States, 77401
Dallas VA Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75216
UT Southwestern Medical Center, Atten: HIV Research Unit
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235
Research Access Network
Houston, Texas, United States, 77098
United States, Washington
Virginia Mason Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98112
Sponsors and Collaborators
OverallOfficial: Marilyn De Chantal

Responsible Party: Theratechnologies Identifier: NCT01591902     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EMR200147-500
First Posted: May 4, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Retinal Diseases
Diabetic Retinopathy
Eye Diseases
Diabetic Angiopathies
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs