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Comparison of Eplerenone Versus Spironolactone in Heart Failure Patients With Glucose Intolerance or Type 2 Diabetes (SNOW)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michel White, Montreal Heart Institute Identifier:
First received: April 24, 2012
Last updated: March 27, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
In this proposal,the investigators will examine whether the selectivity of eplerenone for the MR will translate into a better glucose and metabolic profile compare to spironolactone in patients with HF with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes. In addition, the investigators will also compare the impact of these two agents on changes of concentrations of established prognostic biomarkers of neurohormonal activation and extracellular matrix turnover.

Condition Intervention Phase
Heart Failure
Type 2 Diabetes
Glucose Intolerance
Drug: Eplerenone
Drug: Spironolactone
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparison of the Effects of Selective and Non Selective Mineralocorticoid Antagonism on Glucose Homeostasis and Lipid Profile of Heart Failure Patients With Glucose Intolerance or Type 2 Diabetes.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Montreal Heart Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Glycated hemoglobin [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Change in glycated hemoglobin

  • Fasting glucose and lipid profile [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
  • Plasma insulin [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
  • Cortisol [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
  • Adiponectin [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
  • NT-proBNP [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
  • PIIINP [ Time Frame: 4 months ]

Enrollment: 62
Study Start Date: March 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2018
Primary Completion Date: March 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Spironolactone
spironolactone 12.5mg once daily titrated to 25mg once daily
Drug: Spironolactone
Spironolactone 12,5mg daily titrated to 25mg once daily for 16 weeks
Other Name: Aldactone
Experimental: Eplerenone
Eplerenone 25mg once daily titrated to 50mg once daily
Drug: Eplerenone
Eplerenone 25mg once daily titrated to 50 mg once daily for 4 months
Other Name: Inspra


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female at least 18 years old.
  2. Symptomatic HF corresponding to NYHA class II-IV symptoms for at least 4 weeks prior randomization.
  3. A diagnosis of 1) impaired glucose tolerance described as overnight fasting between blood glucose 5.6 and 6.9 mmol/L on two occasions; or 2) type 2 diabetes defined as overnight fasting between blood glucose of 7.0 mmol/L or more on two occasions; a HbA1c equal to or higher than 6.5% or more on two occasions; or as a history of type II diabetes treated with hypoglycemic agents.
  4. LVEF equal to or lower than 40% documented by, contrast ventriculography, magnetic resonance imaging, radionuclide ventriculography or quantitative echocardiography within the previous 12 months if no cardiac event occurred since the measurement of the LVEF. The most recent measurements should be used.
  5. Treatment with an optimal and stable dose of ACE inhibitor (or ARB) for at least 4 weeks prior to enrolment in the study. In addition, patients should be treated with a stable dose of beta-blockers for at least 4 weeks prior enrolment in the study. Patients incapable to tolerate bisoprolol, carvedilol or metoprolol will be allowed within the trial.
  6. Informed consent must be obtained before any study specific procedures are performed

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Current treatment with a combination of an ARB, an ACE or a renin inhibitor.
  2. Type 1 diabetes
  3. Known intolerance or allergy to eplerenone or spironolactone, including gynecomastia with spironolactone.
  4. Estimated GFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 as calculated using the MDRD equation (Appendix 1).
  5. Current serum potassium higher than 5.0 mmol/L (higher than 5.0 mEq/L).
  6. Current symptomatic hypotension and/or systolic B.P. < 90 mmHg.
  7. Persistent systolic or diastolic hypertension (systolic > 170 mmHg or diastolic > 100 mmHg despite use of antihypertensive therapy).
  8. HF secondary to any of the following conditions: hemodynamically significant primary stenotic valvular cardiomyopathy, isolated right sided CHF, non cardiac disease (e.g. uncorrected thyroid disease), pericardial disease, complex congenital heart disease, myocarditis.
  9. Decompensated heart failure described as hospitalization or I.V. administration of medication in emergency room or heart failure clinic within 4 weeks (ex.: diuretics, inotropes, vasodilatators)
  10. Current treatment with insulin
  11. Stroke, acute coronary syndrome, PCI within the last 4 weeks before randomization.
  12. Cardiac surgery within 3 months.
  13. Significant liver disease (ALT x 3 times limit of normal).
  14. Planned cardiac surgery expected to be performed within the next 6 months.
  15. Previous heart transplant or heart transplant expected to be performed within the next 6 months.
  16. Presence of any non-cardiac diseases likely to significantly shorten life expectancy to < 1 year.
  17. Pregnant or lactating women or women of childbearing potential who are not protected from pregnancy by an accepted method of contraception, such as the oral contraceptive pill, an intrauterine device or surgical sterilization (all women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test before randomization).
  18. Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator would jeopardize the evaluation on efficacy or safety or be associated with poor adherence to the protocol.
  19. Treatment with any investigational agent or device within 4 weeks of randomization.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01586442

Canada, Quebec
Montreal Heart Institute
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H1T 1C8
Sponsors and Collaborators
Montreal Heart Institute
Principal Investigator: Michel White, MD Montreal Heart Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Michel White, Michel White, MD, FRCP(C), FACC, FESC, Montreal Heart Institute Identifier: NCT01586442     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: WS1911307
Study First Received: April 24, 2012
Last Updated: March 27, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Heart Failure
Glucose Intolerance
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Diuretics, Potassium Sparing
Natriuretic Agents processed this record on April 28, 2017