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Acute Medically Ill VTE Prevention With Extended Duration Betrixaban Study (The APEX Study) (APEX)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01583218
First Posted: April 23, 2012
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Portola Pharmaceuticals
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether extended prophylaxis with oral betrixaban can prevent blood clots in the leg and lung that sometime occur in patients hospitalized for an acute medical illness and to compare these results with standard of care enoxaparin. The safety of betrixaban will also be studied.

Condition Intervention Phase
Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Drug: Betrixaban Drug: Enoxaparin Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: (Apex) Multicenter, Randomized, Active-Controlled Efficacy And Safety Study Comparing Extended Duration Betrixaban With Standard Of Care Enoxaparin For The Prevention Of Venous Thromboembolism In Acute Medically Ill Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Portola Pharmaceuticals:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Modified Intent-to-Treat (mITT) Cohort 1: Percentage of Participants Experiencing the Composite Event of Symptomatic Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), Non-fatal Pulmonary Emboli (PE), VTE-related Death, or Asymptomatic Proximal DVT, Through Visit 3 [ Time Frame: mITT Cohort 1: Between randomization and Day 47 (max) ]
    mITT Cohort 1: Percentage of participants experiencing either symptomatic DVT, non-fatal PE, venous thromboembolism (VTE) related death adjudicated by a blinded independent Clinical Events Committee (CEC) between randomization and on or before Visit 3 or Day 42 if patient did not have a Visit 3, or a blinded ultrasound core laboratory measuring of asymptomatic proximal DVT between randomization and Day 47. Visit 3 is between day 35-42 after randomization (day 1).

  • mITT Cohort 2: Percentage of Participants Experiencing the Composite Event of Symptomatic DVT, Non-fatal PE, VTE-related Death, or Asymptomatic Proximal DVT, Through Visit 3 [ Time Frame: mITT Cohort 2: Between randomization and Day 47 (max) ]
    mITT Cohort 2: Percentage of participants experiencing either symptomatic DVT, non-fatal PE, VTE related death adjudicated by a blinded independent CEC between randomization and on or before Visit 3 or Day 42 if patient did not have a Visit 3, or a blinded ultrasound core laboratory measuring of asymptomatic proximal DVT between randomization and Day 47. Visit 3 is between day 35-42 after randomization (day 1).

  • mITT: Percentage of Participants Experiencing the Composite Event of Symptomatic DVT, Non-fatal PE, VTE-related Death, or Asymptomatic Proximal DVT, Through Visit 3 [ Time Frame: mITT: Between randomization and Day 47 (max) ]
    mITT: Percentage of participants experiencing either symptomatic DVT, non-fatal PE, VTE related death adjudicated by a blinded independent CEC between randomization and on or before Visit 3 or Day 42 if patient did not have a Visit 3, or a blinded ultrasound core laboratory measuring of asymptomatic proximal DVT between randomization and Day 47. Visit 3 is between day 35-42 after randomization (day 1).

  • Percentage of Participants Experiencing Major Bleeding Through Seven Days After Discontinuation of All Study Medication [ Time Frame: Between randomization and Day 49 (max) ]
    Percentage of participants experiencing at least one major bleeding adjudicated by a blinded independent CEC between randomization (day 1) and up to seven days after discontinuation of all study medication.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • mITT Cohort 1: Percentage of Participants Experiencing the Composite Event of Symptomatic DVT, Non-fatal PE, or VTE-related Death, Through Visit 3 [ Time Frame: mITT Cohort 1: Between randomization and Day 42 (max) ]
    mITT Cohort 1: Percentage of participants experiencing either symptomatic DVT, non-fatal PE, or VTE related death adjudicated by a blinded independent CEC between randomization and on or before Visit 3 or Day 42 if patient did not have a Visit 3. Visit 3 is between day 35-42 after randomization (day 1).

  • mITT Cohort 2: Percentage of Participants Experiencing the Composite Event of Symptomatic DVT, Non-fatal PE, or VTE-related Death, Through Visit 3 [ Time Frame: mITT Cohort 2: Between randomization and Day 42 (max) ]
    mITT Cohort 2: Percentage of participants experiencing either symptomatic DVT, non-fatal PE, or VTE related death adjudicated by a blinded independent CEC between randomization and on or before Visit 3 or Day 42 if patient did not have a Visit 3. Visit 3 is between day 35-42 after randomization (day 1).

  • mITT: Percentage of Participants Experiencing the Composite Event of Symptomatic DVT, Non-fatal PE, or VTE-related Death, Through Visit 3 [ Time Frame: mITT: Between randomization and Day 42 (max) ]
    mITT: Percentage of participants experiencing either symptomatic DVT, non-fatal PE, or VTE related death adjudicated by a blinded independent CEC between randomization and on or before Visit 3 or Day 42 if patient did not have a Visit 3. Visit 3 is between day 35-42 after randomization (day 1).


Enrollment: 7513
Study Start Date: March 2012
Study Completion Date: January 2016
Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Betrixaban
Daily oral (PO) betrixaban capsules for 35 to 42 days and subcutaneous (SQ) injections of enoxaparin placebo for 10 ± 4 days
Drug: Betrixaban

Betrixaban 80 mg PO once daily (QD) for 35 day + 7 days.

Enoxaparin Placebo: Once daily, 6-14 days

Active Comparator: Enoxaparin
Daily subcutaneous (SQ) injections of enoxaparin for 10 ± 4 days and oral (PO) betrixaban placebo capsules for 35 to 42 days
Drug: Enoxaparin

Enoxaparin 40 mg subcutaneous (SC) QD for 10 ± 4 days.

Betrixaban Placebo: once daily, 35 days


  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • men and non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding women
  • anticipated to be severely immobilized for at least 24 hours after randomization
  • hospitalized with one of the following

    • congestive heart failure
    • acute respiratory failure,
    • acute infection without septic shock,
    • acute rheumatic disorders
    • acute ischemic stroke with lower extremity hemiparesis or hemi paralysis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • a condition requiring prolonged anticoagulation or anti-platelets
  • active bleeding or at high risk of bleeding
  • contraindication to anticoagulant therapy
  • general conditions in which subjects are not suitable to participate in the study
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01583218


  Show 463 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Portola Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Portola Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01583218     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-019
First Submitted: April 16, 2012
First Posted: April 23, 2012
Results First Submitted: July 19, 2017
Results First Posted: September 20, 2017
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2017
Last Verified: June 2016

Keywords provided by Portola Pharmaceuticals:
Phase III

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Thromboembolism
Venous Thromboembolism
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Betrixaban
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Antithrombins
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anticoagulants