Propionyl-L-Carnitine Hydrochloride in Patients With Mild Ulcerative Colitis; Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01567956
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Evidence of very low probability to success. No safety issues)
First Posted : March 30, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2016
PRA Health Sciences
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
sigma-tau i.f.r. S.p.A.

Brief Summary:
The aim of the trial is to test safety, tolerability and efficacy of Propionyl-L-carnitine modified release tablets 1g/die in reducing the symptoms of the disease with respect to the proportion of patients with disease remission at the end of the 8 weeks of treatment. It will also aim to investigate capability of the treatment in the maintenance of remission after four weeks of treatment interruption; histological changes will be also evaluated and finally, improvement in the overall quality of life as measured by the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) will be investigated.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ulcerative Colitis Drug: Propionyl-L-Carnitine Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Although it seems clear that an abnormal function of the colonic epithelium is the central problem causing inflammation and the unusual immunological response to the normal gut flora in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the actual causes of these dysfunctions are still unknown. Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFA) are the main fuel of the colonic epithelium, and are normally produced by the bacterial flora by fermentation of the complex carbohydrates forming non soluble fibers usually introduced with everyday diet. Butyrate alone contributes 70% of the normal colonocyte energy. Studies done using animal models and colonic mucosa biopsies from patients suffering form ulcerative colitis (UC) have consistently shown that a metabolic change occurs in diseased colonic mucosa, with an impairment of butyrate oxidation (and of beta-oxidation) and an energy shortage that is only incompletely compensated by oxidation of glucose and other substrates such as glutamine. It is also well known that matrix metalloproteases production is highly increased in IBD and that serum transglutaminase activity is significantly reduced in patients with IBD. Transglutaminases are enzymes contributing to the crosslinking of matrix proteins and the reduction seen in patients affected by IBD correlates well with the endoscopic and histopathologic grading in UC, meaning that part of the circulating enzyme is sequestered in the injured colonic tissue in the effort to re-build the extracellular matrix during the healing process. Propionyl-L-carnitine Hydrochloride (PLC) is a molecule that has already been shown to reduce membrane lipid peroxidation in endothelial cells from bovine aorta and coronary vessels, to reduce the effects of hypoxia in coronary endothelial cells, and to play a role in the cardiac metabolic abnormalities that contribute to the mechanical dysfunctions leading to heart failure. Given these properties of Propionyl-L-carnitine Hydrochloride (ST 261) and given the peroxidative damage suffered by colonocytes in UC together with their metabolic impairment, the use of this molecule for the treatment of UC seemed to be appropriate and sound, in particular as a carrier of a propionate moiety that, once transformed into succinate, enters the Kreb cycle, acting as an extra burst fuel improving the balance of energy production inside tissues. Previous clinical experience has shown that PLC promoted complete or nearly complete regression of cutaneous trophic ulcers in a large number of vasculopathic patients refractory to all other therapies. As far as the UC pathology is concerned, the effects of ST 261, given orally or intrarectally, were investigated at different dosages, in preclinical experimentation, either after a single trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid (TNBS) administration (acute colitis) or after repeated TNBS administrations (reactivated colitis). The results showed a reduction in the damaged colon area both in acute model and reactivated colitis, even if the beneficial effect of restoration of TNBS-induced alterations of tissue morphology is more evident in the reactivated colitis model, particularly after oral administration. Based on the above-described results a development plan in humans started to investigate the activity of PLC in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Multicenter International Study to Investigate the Safety and Efficacy of Propionyl-L-Carnitine Hydrochloride Modified Release Tablets in Patients Affected by Mild Ulcerative Colitis Under Oral Stable Treatment
Study Start Date : April 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Propionyl-L-Carnitine
Modified release tablets containing 500 mg of propionyl-L-carnitine
Drug: Propionyl-L-Carnitine
500 mg modified release tablets, 500 mg bid; treatment duration 8 weeks

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Modified release tablets containing inert substances
Drug: Placebo
500 mg inert substances modified release tablets, 500 mg bid; treatment duration 8 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of clinical/endoscopic remissions [ Time Frame: End of treatment (week 8) ]
    Remission will be defined according with the overall modified Mayo score (Disease Activity Index). A score ≤ 2 with rectal bleeding sub-score = 0 and no other individual sub-score >1 will be considered necessary to classify the patient in remission state.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in Rectal bleeding evaluation [ Time Frame: At week 2, 6 and 8 of treatment and after 4 week follow-up ]
    Evaluation will be performed by means of Disease Activity Index (DAI) sub-score (from 0 to 3).

  2. Change from baseline in stool frequency evaluation [ Time Frame: At week 2, 6 and 8 of treatment and after 4 week follow-up ]
    Evaluations will be performed by means of Disease Activity Index (DAI) sub-score (from 0 to 3).

  3. Histological response to the treatment [ Time Frame: End of treatment (week 8) ]
    Evaluated as an improvement of the histological index of at least 1 point

  4. Change from baseline in C-reactive protein (CRP) and Fibrinogen [ Time Frame: End of the treatment (week 8) and after 4 week follow-up ]
  5. Improvement of patients quality of life [ Time Frame: End of treatment period (week8) and after 4 week follow-up ]
    A validated specific questionnaire, the SIBDQ by McMaster university will be administered to evaluate changes in patients' quality of life

  6. Haematology [ Time Frame: Baseline and end of treatment (week8) ]
    Haemoglobin, Haematocrit, RBC, WBC and differential count.

  7. Electrocardiogram [ Time Frame: At baseline and at the end of treatment period (week8) ]
    Standard intervals (PR, RR, QRS, QT) will be collected plus all rhythm abnormalities

  8. Adverse Events collection [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  9. Serum Chemistry [ Time Frame: At baseline and at the end of treatment period (week8) ]
    Standard evaluation including renal and liver function, electrolytes and blood glucose

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have read the Information for the Patient and signed the Informed Consent Form.
  • Diagnosis of active ulcerative colitis since at least 4 weeks as confirmed endoscopically and histologically.
  • Disease Activity Index comprised between 3 and 6, inclusive (mild ulcerative colitis), with rectal bleeding sub-score of at least 1.
  • Stable background oral aminosalicylates (mesalazine, balsalazide, olsalazine) or sulfasalazine standard therapy for greater than or equal to 4 weeks prior to screening assessments.
  • If female, not pregnant or nursing. For women of childbearing potential, willingness to avoid a pregnancy during the treatment period and for at least 4 weeks from the last dose of drug and utilization of an efficient method of birth control for the entire duration of the trial and until the first menses after a 30-day period after the last dose of trial medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Crohn's disease and indeterminate colitis.
  • Current or previous (in the last 10 days preceding the screening) use of systemic corticosteroids.
  • Use of systemic antibiotics in the last 10 days preceding the screening.
  • Use of systemic Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on a repeat basis in the last 10 days preceding the screening.
  • Use of probiotics started within 10 days preceding the screening. A stable regimen from at least 10 days prior to screening is allowed but the patient must be willing to continue up to the end of the study.
  • Use of immunosuppressants or biological agents within the last 6 weeks preceding the screening.
  • Treatment with L-carnitine or its esters derivatives within the last 3 months.
  • Stool culture positive for enteric pathogens (eg, Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia, Campylobacter) or toxins (C.difficile).
  • Significantly impaired liver, renal, pulmonary or cardiovascular function as assessed by the investigator.
  • History of colon resection.
  • Diverticulitis, symptomatic diverticulosis.
  • Active peptic ulcer disease.
  • Proctitis (extent of inflammation < 15 cm from the anus).
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Rectal therapy with any therapeutic enemas or suppositories with the exception of those required for endoscopy during the 10 days preceding the screening.
  • Active or chronic infection(s) or malignancies.
  • Known hypersensitivity to the active ingredient and excipients of the study drug
  • Patients treated with L-Carnitine or its esters derivatives during the 3 months preceding the screening phase.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01567956

  Hide Study Locations
Landeskrankenhaus-Universitätskliniken Innsbruck - Klinische Abteilung für Gastroenterologie und Hepatologie
Innsbruck, Austria, 6020
Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brüder - Abteilung für Innere Medizin
Salzburg, Austria, 5010
Ordinationszentrum Döbling
Vienna, Austria, 1190
Allgemeines Krankenhaus Wien - Universitätsklinik Klinik für Innere Medizin III
Wien, Austria, 1090
Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal Créteil 40 avenue de Verdun
Creteil, France, 94010
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Hôpital Nord - Service D'Hépato-Gastro-Entérologie
Marseille, France, 13015
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Hotel Dieu Service d'hépato-gastroentérologie
Nantes, France, 44000
Hôpital de I´Archet 2 Service d'Hépato-Gastroentérologie et de Nutrition Clinicque, Pôle Digestif
Nice cedex 3, France, 06202
Hôpital Nord - Dept. of Gastroenterology
Picardie, France, 80 054
Hôpital Robert Debré Service et Consultation d'Hépato-Gastro-Entérologie
Reims cedex, France, 51092
Hopital Nord - CHU de Saint-Etienne Service de Gastro-Entérologie
Saint-Etienne, France, 42270
Hôpital Rangueil Service de gastro-enterologie
Toulouse Cedex 4, France, 31079
Hôpital Brabois Service de gastro-enterologie
Vandoeuvre Les Nancy Cedex, France, 54511
Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin Universitätsklinik Charité, Campus Mitte Medizinische Poliklinik
Berlin, Germany, 10117
Saint Josef Hospital Ruhr Universitaet Bochum Gudrunstraße 56
Bochum, Germany, 44791
Klinikum Braunschweig
Braunschweig, Germany, 38126
Universitätsklinikum Dresden Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I
Dresden, Germany, 01307
Universtätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein Gastroenterologie
Lübeck, Germany, 23538
Universitätsklinikum Magdeburg A.ö.R. Klinik für Gastroenterologie, Hepatologie und Infektiologie
Magdeburg, Germany, 39120
Universitätsmedizin Mannheim II. Medizinische Klinik
Mannheim, Germany, 68167
Praxis Prof. Dr. med. Herbert Kellner
München, Germany, 80639
Universitätklinikum Münster Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin
Münster, Germany, 48149
Gastroenterologische Fachpraxis am Germania Campus
Münster, Germany, 48159
Elbe Klinikum Stade Innere Medizin, Abteilung Gastroenterology
Stade, Germany, 21682
Fovárosi Önkormányzat Péterfy Sándor Utcai Kórház
Budapest, Hungary, 1076
Semmelweis Egyetem 1st Internal Dept.
Budapest, Hungary, 1083
Pannónia Magánorvosi Centrum Kft.
Budapest, Hungary, 1136
Semmelweis Egyetem II. sz. Belgyógyászati Klinika
Budapest, Hungary, H-1088
Békés Megyei Képviselotestület Pándy Kálmán Kórháza Semmelweis ulica 1
Gyula, Hungary, 5700
Kaposi Mór Megyei Oktató Kórhaz Belgyógyászati Osztály
Kaposvár, Hungary, H-7400
Borsod Abaúj Zemplén Megyei Kórház és Egyetemi Oktató Kórház II. sz. Belgyógyászati Osztály
Miskolc, Hungary, 3526
Karolina Kórház Rendelointézet Belgyógyászat- Gasztroenterológiai Osztály
Mosonmagyaróvar, Hungary, 9200
Clinfan Kft. SMO
Szekszárd, Hungary, 7100
CRU Hungary Kft.
Szikszó, Hungary, 3800
Daugavpils Central Regional Hospital
Daugavpils, Latvia, LV-5400
Paula Stradina Clinical University Hospital Gastroenterology Centre
Riga, Latvia, LV-1002
Latvian Maritime Medicine Centre
Riga, Latvia, LV-1005
Digestive Disease Center GASTRO
Riga, Latvia, LV-1006
Lietuvos sveikatos mokslu universiteto ligonine VšI Kauno klinikos Gastroenterologijos skyrius
Kaunas, Lithuania, LT-50009
Klaipedos jurininku ligonine Diagnostikos skyrius
Klaipeda, Lithuania, LT-92288
VšI Mykolo Marcinkeviciaus ligonines
Vilnius, Lithuania, LT-03215
Vilniaus universiteto ligonine Santariškiu klinikos Hepatologijos, gastroenterologijos ir dietologijos centras
Vilnius, Lithuania, LT-08661
Centrum Opieki Zdrowotnej Orkan-Med Stec-Michalska Sp.J
Ksawerów, Poland, 95-054
SPZOZ Uniwersytecki Szpital Kliniczny Nr 1 im. Norberta Barlickiego Oddzial Gastroenterologii Ogólnej i Onkologicznej
Lódz, Poland, 90-153
Wojewódzki Szpital Specjalistyczny w Olsztynie Oddzial Gastroenterologii
Olsztyn, Poland, 10-561
Endoskopia Sp. z o.o.
Sopot, Poland, 81-756
Nzoz Vivamed
Warszawa, Poland, 03-580
Akademicki Szpital Kliniczny im. Jana Mikulicza-Radeckiego we Wroclawiu Klinika Gastroenterologii i Hepatologii
Wroclaw, Poland, 50-556
Wojewodzki Szpital Specjalistyczny im. J. Gromkowskiego we Wroclawiu Oddzial Gastroenterologii
Wroclaw, Poland, 51-149
Wroclaw, Poland, 53-025
ARS MEDICA s.c., Rybak Maria, Rybak Zbigniew
Wroclaw, Poland, 53-333
Fundación Hospital de Alcorcón Servicio de Gastroenterología
Alcorcón, Spain, 28922
Centro Medico Teknon Servicio de Aparato Disgestivo
Barcelona, Spain, 08022
Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca Servicio de Digestivo
El Palmar, Spain, 30120
Hospital Universitario La Princesa Unidad de Hepatología, Servicio de Gastroenterologia
Madrid, Spain, 28006
Hospital Universitario La Paz Servico de Gastroenterologia
Madrid, Spain, 28046
Corporació Sanitaria Parc Taulí Servicio de Digestivo
Sabadell, Spain, 08028
Hospital Universitario Marques de Valdecilla Servicio de Digestivo
Santander, Spain, 39008
Sponsors and Collaborators
sigma-tau i.f.r. S.p.A.
PRA Health Sciences
Study Chair: Sandro Ardizzone, MD Head of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Unit Hospital "Luigi Sacco" Milan - ITALY

Responsible Party: sigma-tau i.f.r. S.p.A. Identifier: NCT01567956     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ST261DM11006
2011-004770-28 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 30, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2016
Last Verified: April 2014
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by sigma-tau i.f.r. S.p.A.:
Ulcerative colitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colitis, Ulcerative
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases