Irritable Bowel Syndrome With Diarrhea (IBS-D) Rifaximin Re-Treatment Study (TARGET3)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Salix Pharmaceuticals Identifier:
First received: February 27, 2012
Last updated: August 15, 2014
Last verified: December 2013

This study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of repeat treatment with rifaximin 550 mg three times a day in patients with IBS with diarrhea who respond to initial treatment of rifaximin 550 mg three times a day.

Condition Intervention Phase
Irritable Bowel Syndrome With Diarrhea
Drug: rifaximin
Drug: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study to Assess Repeat Treatment Efficacy and Safety of Rifaximin 550 mg TID in Subjects With Irritable Bowel Syndrome With Diarrhea (IBS-D)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Salix Pharmaceuticals:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Repeat Treatment Responders [ Time Frame: 4-week treatment-free follow-up in double-blind repeat treatment phase. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subjects who respond to repeat treatment in both IBS-related abdominal pain and stool consistency.

Estimated Enrollment: 800
Study Start Date: February 2012
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: placebo
Drug: placebo
3 times a day
Other Name: Placebo
Experimental: rifaximin
rifaximin 550 mg
Drug: rifaximin
550 mg three times a day
Other Name: rifaximin

Detailed Description:

It is important in chronic conditions to have information about how a product that is intended for short course administration in order to confer prolonged benefit should be administered beyond the first cycle of use once symptoms reappear. This Phase 3 study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of repeat treatment with rifaximin 550 mg three times daily (TID) for 14 days in subjects with IBS-D who respond to an initial treatment course with rifaximin 550 mg TID for 14 days.

This study consists of several treatment phases outlined below:

Screening/Treatment 1 Phase. Subjects will receive study drug TID for 7-13 days and answer daily IBS symptom-related questions.

Treatment 2 Phase. Eligible subjects will receive open-label rifaximin 550 mg TID for 2 weeks with a 4-week treatment-free follow-up. Responders will continue into Maintenance Phase 1. Non-responders will withdraw from the study.

Maintenance Phase 1. Subjects will continue the treatment-free follow-up period for up to 18 weeks until either: 1) they experience recurrence or 2) enrollment is met in the Treatment 3 Phase (Double Blind Repeat Treatment Phase). Subjects who do not meet recurrence criteria by the end of the Maintenance Phase 1 will withdraw from the study.

Treatment 3 Phase/ Double Blind Repeat Treatment Phase. Subjects who meet criteria for recurrence will be randomized 1:1 to receive either rifaximin 550 mg TID or placebo TID for 2 weeks with a 4-week treatment-free follow-up.

Primary efficacy analysis will be performed after 6 weeks (end of the Treatment 3 Phase).

Maintenance Phase 2. All subjects will be eligible for Maintenance Phase 2 and will continue with an additional treatment-free follow-up period of up to 6 weeks.

Treatment 4 Phase/Second Repeat Treatment Phase. Subjects will receive the same double-blind treatment as previously assigned in the Treatment 3 Phase for 2 weeks with a 4-week treatment-free follow-up.

A lactulose breath test sub-study will be conducted at select sites.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. IBS confirmed by Rome III diagnostic criteria
  2. At least 18 years of age
  3. Colonoscopy within the past 10 years to rule out inflammatory bowel disease or flexible sigmoidoscopy if < 50 years of age or colonoscopy > 10 years prior.
  4. Willing to maintain a stable diet. including vitamins, supplements and nutraceuticals.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Diabetes (Type 1 or 2)
  2. Lactose intolerance and not controlled by a lactose-free diet
  3. Pregnant or planning to become pregnant or is lactating
  4. History of HIV or hepatitis B or C
  5. Participation in investigational study within past 30 days
  6. Taking rifaximin or any other antibiotic within past 60 days
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01543178

  Show 297 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Salix Pharmaceuticals
Study Director: Enoch Bortey, PhD Salix Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Salix Pharmaceuticals Identifier: NCT01543178     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RFIB3053
Study First Received: February 27, 2012
Last Updated: August 15, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Salix Pharmaceuticals:
IBS with diarrhea
Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Colonic Diseases
Colonic Diseases, Functional
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Anti-Infective Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on July 05, 2015