We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Safety of Reduced Dose Zidovudine (AZT) Compared With Standard Dose AZT in Antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected Patients (AZTlowdose)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01540240
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2012 by Rougemont Mathieu, University Hospital, Geneva.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : February 28, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The primary objective of the study is to compare the tolerance and safety between a low-dose Zidovudine (AZT) containing regimen (200 mg BID) and a standard dosage (300 mg BID) in HIV patients initiating a first line antiretroviral therapy. The investigators expect that the low-dose regimen will show improved tolerability and safety compared to the standard dosage, with significant reduction in number of patients experiencing a new grade 1 to 4 anaemia or increasing their anaemia grade during the first 6 months of treatment.

The secondary objectives of the study is to compare the efficacy of the two dosing regimen, as measured by classical clinical and biological markers: the number of new AIDS defining illness, the mortality rate, the proportion of patients achieving virological success and the mean CD4 cell count increase from baseline.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Zidovudine Adverse Reaction Drug: Zidovudine Phase 2 Phase 3

  Show Detailed Description

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 136 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety of Reduced Dose Zidovudine (AZT) Compared With Standard Dose AZT in Antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Study Start Date : August 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
Drug Information available for: Zidovudine
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: standard dosage zidovudine
Standard AZT arm: AZT 300 mg/3TC 150 mg(Combivir 1 cap) twice a day. Nevirapine 200 mg 1 cap twice a day.
Drug: Zidovudine
Standard AZT arm: AZT 300 mg/3TC 150 mg(Combivir 1 cap) twice a day. Nevirapine 200 mg 1 cap twice a day.
Active Comparator: low dosage zidovudine Drug: Zidovudine
Low dosage AZT arm: AZT 200 mg/3TC 150 mg(zidovudine 100 mg 2 caps/lamivudine 150 mg 1 cap) twice a day. Nevirapine 200 mg 1 cap twice a day.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. New grade 1 to 4 anaemia or increasing anaemia grade in the two AZT dosing arms [ Time Frame: full blood count will be assessed at week 2, week 8 and week 24 of starting antiretroviral treatment ]
    Differences in proportion of patients experiencing a new grade 1 to 4 anaemia or increasing their anaemia grade between the two dosing AZT regimen during the first six months of treatment. Anaemia grade will be defined by the WHO^grading of adverse events.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of the immunological and virological efficacy between the two AZT dosing regimen [ Time Frame: HIV viral load and CD4 cell count will be assessed at week 4, week 8 and week 24 of starting antiretroviral treatment ]
    The efficacy of the two dosing regimen will be measured by: the number of new AIDS defining illness, the mortality rate, the proportion of patients achieving virological success and the mean CD4 cell count increase from baseline. Secondary variables that will compare the efficacy and safety of the two AZT dosing regimen are: the viral load decrease in log after at week 4 and 8, the proportion of patients below 50 copies/ml at week 24, the proportion of patients below 400 cop/ml at week 24, the proportion of patients experiencing anaemia and neutropenia grade 3 and 4 at week 4, 8 and 24.


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Medical indication to initiate cART based on local guidelines
  • Provision of written, informed consent
  • Adults aged more than 18 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior cART.
  • Grade 2 to 4 baseline anaemia or leucopenia/neutropenia (WHO).
  • Patients unable or unwilling to provide informed consent.
  • Pregnant women
  • AgHBs positive
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01540240


Contacts
Contact: Alexandra Calmy, PD +41 22 37 29 242 alexandra.calmy@hcuge.ch
Contact: Mathieu Rougemont, MD +41 22 37 29 806 mathieu.rougemont@hcuge.ch

Locations
Cameroon
CNPS Hospital Recruiting
Yaoundé, Cameroon
Contact: Peter N Ngang, MD       ngangbmvr@yahoo.co.uk   
Sub-Investigator: Peter N Nchotu, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Geneva
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Peter N Ngang, MD CNPS hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroun
More Information

Responsible Party: Rougemont Mathieu, Medical Doctor, University Hospital, Geneva
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01540240     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-005
First Posted: February 28, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2012
Last Verified: February 2012

Keywords provided by Rougemont Mathieu, University Hospital, Geneva:
HIV treatment
zidovudine
dose reduction
anaemia
safety and efficacy comparison

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Zidovudine
Nevirapine
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers