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Safety and Efficacy Continued Access Study of the Medtronic CoreValve® System in the Treatment of Symptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis in Very High Risk Subjects and High Risk Subjects Who Need Aortic Valve Replacement

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01531374
First Posted: February 10, 2012
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medtronic Cardiovascular
  Purpose
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Medtronic CoreValve® System in the treatment of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis in subjects who have a predicted very high risk and high risk for aortic valve surgery.

Condition Intervention
Severe Aortic Stenosis Device: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Medtronic CoreValve® Continued Access Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Medtronic Cardiovascular:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Extreme Risk: All-cause Death or Major Stroke; High Risk Surgical: All-cause Mortality [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    All-cause Death or Major Stroke (Extreme Risk- Medtronic CoreValve® System); All-cause Mortality (High Risk Surgical- Medtronic CoreValve® System vs. Surgical Valve)


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Major Adverse Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Event (MACCE) [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    MACCE is defined as a composite of:

    • All-Cause Death
    • Myocardial Infarction (MI)
    • All Stroke
    • Reintervention (defined as any cardiac surgery or percutaneous reintervention catheter procedure that repairs, otherwise alters or adjusts, or replaces a previously implanted valve)

  • The Occurrence of Individual MACCE Components [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    Individual MACCE Components Include:

    • All Cause Mortality
    • MI
    • All stroke
    • Reintervention (defined as any cardiac surgery or percutaneous reintervention catheter procedure that repairs, otherwise alters or adjusts, or replaces a previously implanted valve)

  • Major Adverse Events (MAEs) [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    MAEs Include:

    • MACCE
    • Acute Kidney Injury
    • Cardiac Tamponade
    • Prosthetic Valve Dysfunction
    • Cardiogenic Shock
    • Valve Endocarditis
    • Life-Threatening, Disabling or Major Bleeding
    • Major Vascular Complication
    • Cardiac Perforation
    • Device Migration/Valve Embolism

  • Conduction Disturbance Requiring Permanent Pacemaker Implantation [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]
  • Change From Baseline in NYHA Class [ Time Frame: Baseline to 30 days, baseline to 6 months, baseline to 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    Change from baseline (continuous variable). A positive number corresponds to NYHA worsening; a negative number corresponds to NYHA improvement.

    NYHA Classification:

    Class I: Subjects with cardiac disease but without resulting limitations of physical activity.

    Class I: Subjects with cardiac disease resulting in slight limitation of physical activity.

    Class III: Subjects with cardiac disease resulting in marked limitation of physical activity.

    Class IV: Subjects with cardiac disease resulting in inability to carry on any physical activity without discomfort.


  • Change From Baseline in Distance Walked During 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 30 days, baseline to 1 year ]
    Change in distance walked during 6MWT from baseline

  • Ratio of Days Alive Out of Hospital at 365 Days Post Procedure Versus Total Days Alive [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Quality of Life (QoL) Change [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 month, 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    QoL summary score change from baseline using the following measures:

    • Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ): Quantifies physical function, symptoms, social function, self-efficacy and knowledge, and quality of life. Scores are transformed to a range of 0-100, in which higher scores reflect better health status.
    • 12 Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12): Measures functional health and well-being. Scores are transformed to a range of 0-100, in which higher scores reflect better health status.
    • European QoL (EQ-5D): Measures 5 domains (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression) that can be converted to utilities using an algorithm. Utilities range from 0 to 1, with 1 representing perfect health, and 0 corresponding to the worst imaginable health state.

  • Echocardiographic Assessment of Valve Performance [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    Using the following measure:

    • Effective Orifice Area (EOA) analyzed overall per Extreme Risk or High Risk. Iliofemoral access and non-iliofemoral access are not reported separate because this is a valve performance measurement.


  • Echocardiographic Assessment of Valve Performance [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    Using the following measure:

    • Transvalvular Mean Gradient analyzed overall per Extreme Risk or High Risk. Iliofemoral access and non-iliofemoral access are not reported separate because this is a valve performance measurement.


  • Echocardiographic Assessment of Valve Performance [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    Using the following measure:

    - Degree of Aortic Valve Regurgitation (Transvalvular and Paravalvular) analyzed overall per Extreme Risk or High Risk. Iliofemoral access and non-iliofemoral access are not reported separate because this is a valve performance measurement.


  • Aortic Valve Hospitalizations [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]
  • Cardiovascular Deaths and Valve-Related Deaths [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]
  • Strokes and Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]
    Strokes (of any severity) and TIAs

  • Index Procedure Related MAEs [ Time Frame: Procedure ]
  • Length of Index Procedure Hospital Stay [ Time Frame: Number of days from admission to discharge ]
  • Device Success [ Time Frame: Number of days from admission to discharge ]

    Defined as:

    • Successful vascular access, delivery and deployment of the device, and successful retrieval of the delivery system,
    • Correct position of the device in the proper anatomical location (placement in the annulus with no impedance on device function),
    • Intended performance of the prosthetic valve (aortic valve area > 1.2 cm2 for 26, 29 and 31mm valves, ≥ 0.9 cm2 for 23mm valve (by echocardiography using the continuity equation) and mean aortic valve gradient < 20 mmHg or peak velocity < 3 m/sec, without moderate or severe prosthetic valve aortic regurgitation)
    • Only one valve implanted in the proper anatomical location

  • Procedural Success [ Time Frame: Number of days from admission to discharge ]
    Defined as device success and absence of in-hospital MACCE.

  • Prosthetic Valve Dysfunction (PVD) [ Time Frame: 30 day, 6 months, and 1 year. The 2-5 year outcome data will be reported once data set is complete. ]

    PVD was defined according to VARC using the site reported echocardiography assessments including aortic regurgitation (AR) and aortic stenosis (AS) evaluations. Total AR reported as moderate or severe was considered PVD. AS was defined as significant stenosis and considered PVD if one of the following was met:

    • Peak velocity >4 m/s
    • Mean gradient >35 mmHg
    • EOA < 0.8 cm2
    • TVIV1 / TVIV2 < 0.25


Enrollment: 2777
Study Start Date: February 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2019
Primary Completion Date: November 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Extreme Risk: TAVI Iliofemoral
Extreme Risk Patients: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI); Iliofemoral Access
Device: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)
Experimental: Extreme Risk: TAVI Non-Iliofemoral
Extreme Risk Patients: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI); Non-Iliofemoral Access
Device: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)
Experimental: High Risk: TAVI
High Risk Surgical Patients: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)
Device: Medtronic CoreValve® System Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. High Risk: Subject must have co-morbidities such that one cardiologist and two cardiac surgeons agree that predicted risk of operative mortality is ≥15% (and predicted operative mortality or serious, irreversible morbidity risk of < 50%) at 30 days.

    OR

    Extreme Risk: Subject must have co-morbidities such that one cardiologist and two cardiac surgeons agree that medical factors preclude operation, based on a conclusion that the probability of death or serious morbidity exceeds the probability of meaningful improvement. Specifically, the predicted operative risk of death or serious, irreversible morbidity is ≥ 50% at 30 days.

  2. Subject has senile degenerative aortic valve stenosis with:

    • Mean gradient > 40 mmHg, or jet velocity greater than 4.0 m/sec by either resting or dobutamine stress echocardiogram, or simultaneous pressure recordings at cardiac catheterization (either resting or dobutamine stress), AND
    • An initial aortic valve area of ≤ 0.8 cm2 (or aortic valve area index ≤ 0.5 cm2/m2) by resting echocardiogram or simultaneous pressure recordings at cardiac catheterization
  3. Subject is symptomatic from his/her aortic valve stenosis, as demonstrated by New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class II or greater.
  4. The subject or the subject's legal representative has been informed of the nature of the trial, agrees to its provisions and has provided written informed consent as approved by the IRB of the respective clinical site.
  5. The subject and the treating physician agree that the subject will return for all required post-procedure follow-up visits.

Exclusion Criteria:

Clinical

  1. Evidence of an acute myocardial infarction ≤ 30 days before the intended treatment.
  2. Any percutaneous coronary or peripheral interventional procedure performed within 30 days prior to the MCS TAVI procedure including bare metal and drug eluting stents.
  3. Blood dyscrasias as defined: leukopenia (WBC < 1000mm3), thrombocytopenia (platelet count <50,000 cells/mm3), history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.
  4. Untreated clinically significant coronary artery disease requiring revascularization.
  5. Cardiogenic shock manifested by low cardiac output, vasopressor dependence, or mechanical hemodynamic support.
  6. Need for emergency surgery for any reason.
  7. Severe ventricular dysfunction with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 20% as measured by resting echocardiogram.
  8. Recent (within 6 months) cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack (TIA).
  9. End stage renal disease requiring chronic dialysis or creatinine clearance < 20 cc/min.
  10. Active GI bleeding that would preclude anticoagulation.
  11. A known hypersensitivity or contraindication to any of the following which cannot be adequately pre-medicated:

    • Aspirin
    • Heparin (HIT/HITTS) and bivalirudin
    • Nitinol (titanium or nickel)
    • Ticlopidine and clopidogrel
    • Contrast media
  12. Ongoing sepsis, including active endocarditis.
  13. Subject refuses a blood transfusion.
  14. Life expectancy < 12 months due to associated non-cardiac co-morbid conditions.
  15. Other medical, social, or psychological conditions that in the opinion of an Investigator precludes the subject from appropriate consent.
  16. Severe dementia (resulting in either inability to provide informed consent for the trial/procedure, prevents independent lifestyle outside of a chronic care facility, or will fundamentally complicate rehabilitation from the procedure or compliance with follow-up visits).
  17. Currently participating in an investigational drug or another device trial.
  18. Symptomatic carotid or vertebral artery disease.

    Anatomical

  19. High Risk:Native aortic annulus size < 20 mm or > 29 mm per the baseline diagnostic imaging (until 23mm valve enrollment completion/closure in the CoreValve® US Pivotal Trial-High Risk Cohort)

    OR

    Extreme Risk: Native aortic annulus size < 18 mm or > 29 mm per the baseline diagnostic imaging. (High risk and extreme risk upon 23mm valve enrollment completion/closure in the CoreValve® US Pivotal Trial-High Risk Cohort)

  20. Pre-existing prosthetic heart valve any position.
  21. Mixed aortic valve disease (aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation with predominant aortic regurgitation (3-4+)).
  22. Moderate to severe (3-4+) or severe (4+) mitral or severe (4+) tricuspid regurgitation.
  23. Moderate to severe mitral stenosis.
  24. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
  25. Echocardiographic evidence of new or untreated intracardiac mass, thrombus or vegetation.
  26. Severe basal septal hypertrophy with an outflow gradient.
  27. Aortic root angulation (angle between plane of aortic valve annulus and horizontal plane/vertebrae) > 70° (for femoral and left subclavian/axillary access) and > 30° (for right subclavian/axillary access).
  28. Ascending aorta diameter >43 mm if the aortic annulus diameter is 23-29 mm; ascending aortic diameter > 40 mm if the aortic annulus diameter is 20-23 mm; or an ascending aorta diameter > 34 mm if the aortic annulus diameter is 18-20 mm (Extreme Risk only until 23 mm valve enrollment completion/closure in the CoreValve® US Pivotal Trial-High Risk Cohort).
  29. Congenital bicuspid or unicuspid valve verified by echocardiography.
  30. Sinus of valsalva anatomy that would prevent adequate coronary perfusion.

    Vascular

  31. Transarterial access not able to accommodate an 18Fr sheath.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01531374


  Show 45 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medtronic Cardiovascular
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey J Popma, MD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Principal Investigator: David H Adams, MD Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Medtronic Cardiovascular
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01531374     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10037989DOC REV 1C
First Submitted: February 3, 2012
First Posted: February 10, 2012
Results First Submitted: September 1, 2016
Results First Posted: July 18, 2017
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017

Keywords provided by Medtronic Cardiovascular:
Valvular Heart Disease
Critical Aortic Stenosis
Severe Aortic Stenosis
Extreme Risk
High Risk
Aortic Valve Replacement

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Constriction, Pathologic
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Ventricular Outflow Obstruction