Sorafenib or Crizotinib and Vemurafenib in Advanced Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified June 2016 by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01531361
First received: February 6, 2012
Last updated: June 20, 2016
Last verified: June 2016
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of the combination of ZelborafTM (vemurafenib) with Nexavar® (sorafenib) or Xalkori® (crizotinib) that can be given to patients with advanced cancer. The safety of these drugs will also be studied.

Vemurafenib is designed to block a protein called BRAF V600E inside the cancer cells, which is involved in cancer cell growth.

Sorafenib is designed to block the function of important proteins in and outside of cancer cells. These proteins are involved in cancer cells growth and new blood vessel development.

Crizotinib is designed to block certain abnormal genes found in cancer cells. This may cause the cancer cells to die.


Condition Intervention Phase
Advanced Cancers
Drug: Vemurafenib
Drug: Sorafenib
Drug: Crizotinib
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial of Sorafenib (CRAF, BRAF, KIT, RET, VEGFR, PDGFR Inhibitor) or Crizotinib (MET, ALK, ROS1 Inhibitor) in Combination With Vemurafenib (BRAF Inhibitor) in Patients With Advanced Malignancies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Sorafenib or Crizotinib in Combination With Vemurafenib [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    If not more than 33% of the participants in cohort develop dose limiting toxicity (DLT), this cohort considered the MTD. MTD defined by DLTs that occur in first cycle (4 weeks) (induction phase). Toxicities described according to the NCI-CTCAE Version 4.0. DLT defined as any clinically grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicity as defined in NCI CTCAE v4.0, expected and believed to be related to study medications (except nausea and vomiting, electrolyte imbalances responsive to appropriate regimens or alopecia), any grade 4 hematologic toxicity lasting at least 3 weeks or longer (as defined by NCI-CTCAE v4.0) or associated with bleeding and/or sepsis; any grade 4 nausea or vomiting > 5 days despite maximum anti-nausea regimens, and any other grade 3 non-hematologic toxicity including symptoms/signs of vascular leak or cytokine release syndrome; or any severe or life-threatening complication or abnormality not defined in the NCI-CTCAE v4.0 that is attributable to therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Tumor Response [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tumor response defined as one or more of the following: (1) stable disease for more than or equal to 4 months, (2) decrease in measurable tumor (sentinel lesions) by more than or equal to 20% by RECIST criteria, (3) decrease in tumor markers by more than or equal to 25% (for example, a >/= 25% decrease in CA125 for patients with ovarian cancer), or (4) a partial response according to the Choi criteria, i.e., decrease in size by 10% or more, or a decrease in tumor density, as measured by Hounsfield units (HU), by more than or equal to 15%.


Estimated Enrollment: 183
Study Start Date: February 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Vemurafenib + Sorafenib

There will be two treatment arms, Vemurafenib and Sorafenib and Vemurafenib and Crizotinib. Patients assigned to treatment arms per physician discretion.

Dose Escalation Group Starting dose of Vemurafenib: 240 mg by mouth twice a day for 28 day cycle.

Dose Escalation Group Starting dose of Sorafenib: 200 mg by mouth twice a day for 28 day cycle.

Dose Expansion Group Starting Dose: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) from dose escalation group.

Drug: Vemurafenib

Dose Escalation Group Starting Dose: 240 mg by mouth twice a day for a 28 day cycle.

Dose Expansion Group Starting Dose: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) from dose escalation group.

Other Names:
  • PLX4032
  • R05185426
Drug: Sorafenib

Dose Escalation Group Starting Dose of Sorafenib: 200 mg by mouth twice a day for a 28 day cycle.

Dose Expansion Group Starting Dose: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) from dose escalation group.

Other Names:
  • Nexavar
  • Bay 43-9006
Experimental: Vemurafenib + Crizotinib

There will be two treatment arms, Vemurafenib and Sorafenib and Vemurafenib and Crizotinib. Patients assigned to treatment arms per physician discretion.

Dose Escalation Group Starting Dose of Vemurafenib: 240 mg by mouth twice a day for 28 day cycle.

Dose Escalation Group Starting dose of Crizotinib 250 mg by mouth daily for a 28 day cycle.

Dose Expansion Group Starting Dose: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) from dose escalation group.

Drug: Vemurafenib

Dose Escalation Group Starting Dose: 240 mg by mouth twice a day for a 28 day cycle.

Dose Expansion Group Starting Dose: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) from dose escalation group.

Other Names:
  • PLX4032
  • R05185426
Drug: Crizotinib

Dose Escalation Group Starting dose of Crizotinib 250 mg by mouth daily for a 28 day cycle.

Dose Expansion Group Starting Dose: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) from dose escalation group.

Other Names:
  • PF-02341066
  • Xalkori

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

Study Groups:

Dose escalation:

If participant is found to be eligible to take part in this study, their doctor will decide if they will receive vemurafenib either with sorafenib or crizotinib. Once it is decided which combination participant will receive, they will be assigned to a dose level based on when they join the study.

Up to 6 dose levels of vemurafenib with sorafenib will be tested. Up to 5 dose levels of vemurafenib with crizotinib will be tested. Up to 6 participants will be enrolled at each dose level. The first group of participants will receive the lowest dose level. Each new group will receive a higher dose than the group before it, if no intolerable side effects were seen. This will continue until the highest tolerable dose of vemurafenib either with sorafenib or crizotinib is found.

Dose expansion:

Once the highest tolerable dose of vemurafenib either with sorafenib or crizotinib is found, up to 14 more participants may be enrolled. This will be to further study the safety of the combination of drugs at that dose and the level of effectiveness of the study drugs in a certain tumor group.

Study Drug Administration:

Each study cycle is 28 days.

Participant will take vemurafenib by mouth 2 times a day at the same time every day either with or without food, swallowed whole with a glass of water. Tablets should not be chewed or crushed. If participant misses a dose, they can take it up to 4 hours before the next dose. Participant cannot take both doses at the same time.

Participant will take sorafenib by mouth at the same time every day without food (at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal). Depending on which dose level participant is enrolled in, they will take sorafenib by mouth either 1 or 2 times a day. The doctor will discuss this with participant.

Participant will take crizotinib by mouth at the same time every day consistently either with or without food, swallowed whole with a glass of water. Depending on which dose level participant is receiving, they will take crizotinib by mouth either 1 or 2 times a day. The doctor will discuss this with participant.

Study Visits:

At every study visit, participant will be asked if they have had any side effects.

Around Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of Cycle 1 and Day 1 of Cycles 2 and beyond:

  • Blood (about 2-4 tablespoons) will be drawn for mutation/genetic testing. Mutation/genetic testing looks at whether specific genes are changed (mutated) in the tumor.
  • Urine will be collected for mutation/genetic testing. Participant may collect their first urine of the morning, anytime during the day, or they may collect urine for 24 hours. Participant will be given containers to collect the urine and will be told how to use them.

If participant collects their urine over 24 hours, the study staff will give them a large (3-liter) urine storage container and a small (7-ounce) plastic collection container. Participant will urinate into the small collection container and then pour the urine into the large urine storage container within 10 minutes after the collection. Participant should write down the time of the first and last collections in the large storage container and return it to the study staff at the end of the 24-hour period.

If participant collects their first urine of the morning, the study staff will give them 3 plastic collection cups and 3 small tubes filled with a preservative solution. To collect participant's first morning urine, they will fill the collection cup with urine up to the 100 mL (milliliter) line, add 1 of the small tubes of preservative to the cup within 10 minutes, and then mark on the container that this is their first morning urine. If possible, participant should fill the other 2 collection cups, adding a tube of preservative to each as just described and mark them as part of their first morning urine. Participant will return the collection cups to the study staff at their next visit.

If participant collects their urine anytime it suits them, the study staff will give them 3 plastic collection cups and 3 small tubes filled with a preservative solution. To collect participant's urine, they will fill the collection cup with urine up to the 100 mL line, add 1 of the small tubes of preservative to the cup within 10 minutes, and then mark on the container that this is their first morning urine. If possible, participant should fill the other 2 collection cups, adding a tube of preservative to each as just described and mark them so the study doctor will know the time when they collected their urine. Participant will return the collection cups to the study staff at their next visit. Participant's study doctor or staff will give them more details, if needed.

Around Days 15-21 of Cycle 1:

  • Participant's medical history will be recorded, including any cancer symptoms.
  • Participant will have a physical exam, including measurement of their weight and vital signs.
  • Participant will be asked about any health problems they may have and any other drugs or herbal supplements they may be taking.
  • Participant's performance status will be recorded.
  • Blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be drawn for routine tests.

Before starting Cycles 2 and beyond:

  • Participant's medical history will be recorded, including any cancer symptoms.
  • Participant will have a physical exam, including measurement of their weight and vital signs.
  • Participant will be asked about any health problems they may have and any other drugs or herbal supplements they may be taking.
  • Participant's performance status will be recorded.
  • Blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be drawn for routine tests.
  • If participant is able to become pregnant, they will have a blood (about 1 teaspoon) or urine pregnancy test.

Every other cycle (every 8 weeks):

  • Blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be drawn to check participant's thyroid gland.
  • Participant will have a skin exam by a skin doctor to check for any lesions that might have skin cancer.
  • Participant will have an x-ray, CT scan, MRI, and/or PET/CT scan to check the status of the disease. Blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be drawn for tumor marker testing. After at least 6 months of taking the study drugs, participant may have CT, MRI, and/or PET/CT scans and blood drawn every 3 cycles (every 12 weeks) if the study doctor thinks it is needed.

If the study doctor has to change participant's dose of study drugs, blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be drawn to check for abnormal minerals.

Anytime during the study if your study doctor thinks it is needed:

  • Participant will have an ECG to check their heart function.
  • Blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be collected for abnormal mineral and digestive enzyme testing.
  • If participant is taking the blood thinner warfarin, blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn to test how well their blood clots.

Length of Dosing:

Participant may continue taking the study drugs for as long as the doctor thinks it is in their best interest. Participant will no longer be able to take the study drugs if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if they are unable to follow study directions.

Follow-up:

Participant will have a follow-up-visit within 30 days after their last dose of study drugs. The following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • Participant will be asked about any health problems they may have and if they have had any side effects.
  • If the disease has gotten worse, blood (about 2-4 tablespoons) will be drawn for mutation/genetic testing.
  • If the disease has gotten worse, urine will be collected for mutation/genetic testing. Participant may collect their first urine of the morning, anytime during the day, or they may collect urine for 24 hours.

If participant's study doctor thinks it is needed, they may have follow-up for a longer period of time.

Participant may have a skin exam within 6 months after their last dose of study drugs to check for any new lesions that may have skin cancer if the doctor thinks it is needed.

It is important that participant tells their doctor if they have any side effects while on this study. Participant may be asked to return to the clinic for more tests, until the side effects or abnormal test results improve. Participant's dose of study drug may be changed and/or they may be given drugs to help control the side effects.

If participant needs to have surgery, they should tell their doctor that they are taking sorafenib. Sorafenib may need to be stopped until participant's wound heals after some types of surgery.

For participant's safety, it is important that they follow the instructions for the study drug doses and that they return for all the study visits.

This is an investigational study. Vemurafenib is FDA approved and commercially available to treat progressive melanoma with the BRAF V600E mutation. Sorafenib is FDA approved and commercially available to treat progressive hepatocellular carcinoma and renal cell carcinoma. Crizotinib is FDA approved and commercially available to treat locally advanced or metastatic non-small lung cancer. Giving the combination of vemurafenib either with sorafenib or crizotinib to patients with advanced cancer is investigational.

Up to 183 participants will be enrolled in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with advanced or metastatic cancers and BRAF mutations that are refractory to standard therapy, relapsed after standard therapy, or who have no standard therapy available that improves survival by at least three months. Patients with BRAF mutation in cell free DNA (tested in CLIA lab) are also eligible.
  2. Patients must be >/= 3 weeks beyond treatment with a cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen, or therapeutic radiation, or major surgery. Patients may have received palliative localized radiation immediately before or during treatment provided that radiation is not delivered to the only site of disease being treated under this protocol. For biologic/targeted agents patients must be >/= 5 half-lives or >/= 3 weeks from the last dose (whichever comes first). Patients previously treated with vemurafenib monotherapy do not have to stop medication before they start on the protocol.
  3. ECOG performance status </= 2
  4. Patients must be >/= 18 years of age.
  5. Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function defined as: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >/= 1,000/mL, platelets >/=75,000/mL; creatinine </= 2 X ULN; total bilirubin </= 2 X ULN (exceptions may apply to benign non-malignant indirect hyperbilirubinemia such as Gilbert syndrome); ALT (SGPT) and/or AST (SGOT) </= 5 X ULN Exception for patients with liver metastasis: total bilirubin </= 3 x ULN; ALT (SGPT) </= 8 X ULN.
  6. Dermatology evaluation with excision of any suspicious lesions prior to initiation of therapy.
  7. Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 30 days after the last dose.
  8. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to initiation of therapy.
  9. Life expectancy >12 weeks in the opinion of the Investigator.
  10. Patients must be able to understand and be willing to sign a written informed consent document.
  11. Patient must be able to swallow pills.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including, but not limited to, uncontrolled infection, uncontrolled asthma, need for hemodialysis, need for ventilatory support.
  2. Syndrome of congenital QTc prolongation or QTc >500 msec.
  3. Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular disease: history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) within 6 months, myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months, or unstable angina pectoris.
  4. Pregnant or lactating women.
  5. History of hypersensitivity to vemurafenib.
  6. History of hypersensitivity to sorafenib for vemurafenib/sorafenib arm.
  7. History of hypersensitivity to crizotinib for vemurafenib/crizotinib arm.
  8. History of hypersensitivity to any component of the formulation.
  9. Patients unwilling or unable to sign informed consent document.
  10. Patients using any of the following medications: mesoridazine, dronedarone, thioridazine, ziprasidone, levomethadyl, and saquinavir for vemurafenib/sorafenib arm.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01531361

Contacts
Contact: Filip Janku, MD, PHD 713-563-1930
Contact: MD Anderson Cancer Center 1-855-873-4321

Locations
United States, Texas
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Filip Janku, MD, PHD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01531361     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-1183  NCI-2012-00217 
Study First Received: February 6, 2012
Last Updated: June 20, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Advanced Cancers
Advanced Malignancies
Metastatic cancers
Vemurafenib
PLX4032
R05185426
Sorafenib
Nexavar
Bay 43-9006
Crizotinib
PF-02341066
Xalkori
Maximum tolerated dose
MTD
Dose limiting toxicity
DLT

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Sorafenib
Crizotinib
Niacinamide
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2016