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Bronchoscopic Lung Volume Reduction Using Blood

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust Identifier:
First received: February 3, 2012
Last updated: December 19, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
The prupose of this study is to determine the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of injecting blood into the airways to cause lung volume reduction in people with severe emphysema.

Condition Intervention Phase
Other: Autologous blood
Other: Normal saline
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double Blind, Sham Controlled Trial of Autologous Blood Lung Volume Reduction

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evidence of scarring and volume loss on CT scanning [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To ensure no significant lung function deteriorations at 6 weeks post-procedure [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2013
Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Autologous blood
Patients will have 50mls of autologous blood injected into each of 3 bronchopulmonary segments during bronchoscopy under conscious sedation.
Other: Autologous blood
50mls of autologous blood injected into each of 3 bronchopulmonary segments.
Sham Comparator: Saline
Patients will have 50mls of normal saline injected into each of 3 bronchopulmonary segments during bronchoscopy under conscious sedation.
Other: Normal saline
50mls of normal saline injected into each of 3 bronchopulmonary segments.

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

This will be a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial where the response in patients treated with blood LVR will be compared to patients treated with placebo (control group). Analysis will evaluate the mean change in lobar lung volumes as determined by computed tomography (CT) scanning at 6 weeks in two study arms based on subjects' blinded bronchoscopic intervention.

Initial assessment will comprise

  • Clinical evaluation
  • Full pulmonary function tests (PFTs) - static and dynamic lung volumes and gas transfer
  • SGRQ
  • Dyspnoea Score
  • CT scan

Suitable patients will then be randomised to receive either autologous blood, or normal saline injected into the target airways.

Procedures in all patients will be carried out under conscious sedation and/or anaesthesia. After bronchoscopic examination of the airways, 100ml of the patients own blood will be collected using two 50ml syringes. A balloon catheter will be inserted into the target segment and 25 mls of the blood will be injected via the balloon catheter. The balloon will be inflated and maintained in position for about 6 minutes in order to minimise the risk of overspill of blood into other areas of the lung. The balloon catheter will then be repositioned in the next segment of the target lobe of the lung and the process repeated until all the segments are treated. It is anticipated that the whole procedure will last 45-60 minutes, up to and including balloon removal.

The placebo arm will involve an identical protocol, except that injections of 30mls of 0.9% saline will replace the injections of blood. 3 segments will be 'treated'. The blood retrieved at the start of the procedure will be discarded.

A course of antibiotics or pulse of corticosteroids after the procedure will be at the discretion of the investigator. Post-operative CXRs will only be ordered if there are clinical indications (e.g. cough, fever, increased breathlessness).

Reassessment will occur at 6 weeks. This will be undertaken by a blinded assessment team with no knowledge of which study arm a patient has been randomised into, and with no access to the initial procedure record. This removes expectation and subjectivity from the assessment. Assessment will consist of the following:

  • Clinical evaluation
  • Full pulmonary function tests (PFTs) - static and dynamic lung volumes and gas transfer
  • SGRQ
  • Dyspnoea Score
  • Blinding questionnaire for patient and assessment team
  • CT scan

After the assessments have been completed the patients will be un-blinded and informed which treatment group they had been assigned to.

Subjects will be made aware that the process is expected to be irreversible. However, if there are any problems during the bronchoscopy (for example worsening hypoxia), then the procedure will be abandoned as soon as it is safe to do so.

A log of adverse and serious adverse events for each patient will be kept as part of the safety monitoring of the trial.

Those who are entered into the control arm of the study will be offered the real procedure at the end of the study if benefits are apparent


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-80 years
  • Moderate to severe airflow obstruction FEV1 <50% Predicted
  • Severe dyspnoea - mMRC ≥2
  • Hyperinflation - total lung capacity (TLC) ≥100% predicted, RV ≥150% predicted
  • Optimum COPD treatment for at least 6 weeks
  • No COPD exacerbation for at least 6 weeks
  • Less than 3 admissions for exacerbation in the preceding 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient unable to provide informed consent
  • Total lung CO uptake (TLCO) <15% predicted and FEV1 <15% predicted
  • pO2 on air <6.0kPa
  • pCO2 on air >8.0kPa
  • Other major medical illness, e.g. lung cancer that will limit participation
  • Clinically significant bronchiectasis
  • Large bulla - more than 1/3 of hemithorax volume (i.e. where bullectomy would be more suitable) on CT scan
  • Arrhythmia or cardiovascular disease that poses a risk during procedure
  • Prednisolone dose greater than 10mg a day
  • Prior LVRS or lobectomy
  • Lung nodule requiring surgery
  • Female of childbearing age with positive pregnancy test
  • Subject participated in a research study of investigational drug or device in prior 30 days
  • Subject taking clopidogrel, warfarin, or other anticoagulants and unable to abstain for 5 days pre-procedure
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01528267

United Kingdom
Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust
Principal Investigator: Pallav Shah, MBBS, MD Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
  More Information

Responsible Party: Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust Identifier: NCT01528267     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08/H0708/100
Study First Received: February 3, 2012
Last Updated: December 19, 2013

Keywords provided by Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust:
Emphysema, lung volume reduction, autologous blood

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pulmonary Emphysema
Pathologic Processes
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases processed this record on April 26, 2017