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Akt Inhibitor MK2206 and Hydroxychloroquine in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors, Melanoma, Prostate or Kidney Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01480154
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 28, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best dose of Akt inhibitor MK2206 together with hydroxychloroquine in treating patients with advanced solid tumors, melanoma, prostate or kidney cancer. Akt inhibitor MK2206 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as hydroxychloroquine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving Akt inhibitor MK2206 together with hydroxychloroquine may kill more tumor cells than giving either drug alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm Stage III Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage III Prostate Cancer AJCC v7 Stage III Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IIIA Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IIIB Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IIIC Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IV Prostate Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7 Drug: Akt Inhibitor MK2206 Drug: Hydroxychloroquine Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of MK-2206 (Akt inhibitor MK2206) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) when used in combination.


I. To determine side effects and activity of MK-2206 and hydroxychloroquine when used in combination.

II. To determine if hydroxychloroquine alters the pharmacokinetics of MK-2206 due to a drug-drug interaction.

III. To validate biomarkers for autophagy detection.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of Akt inhibitor MK-2206.

Patients receive Akt inhibitor MK2206 orally (PO) on days 1, 8, and 15. Beginning on cycle 2, patients also receive hydroxychloroquine PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-21. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 62 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial of MK-2206 and Hydroxychloroquine in Solid Tumors, Melanoma, Renal and Prostate Cancer to Examine the Role of Autophagy in Tumorigenesis
Actual Study Start Date : November 23, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 14, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (Akt inhibitor MK2206, hydroxychloroquine)
Patients receive Akt inhibitor MK2206 PO on days 1, 8, and 15. Beginning on cycle 2, patients also receive hydroxychloroquine PO BID on days 1-21. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Akt Inhibitor MK2206
Given PO
Other Names:
  • MK 2206
  • MK-2206
  • MK-2206 FREE BASE
  • MK2206

Drug: Hydroxychloroquine
Given PO

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose of Akt inhibitor MK-2206 [ Time Frame: 21 days ]
    Will be assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0.

  2. Dose-limiting toxicity rate [ Time Frame: 21 days ]
    Will be assessed by CTCAE version 4.0.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in expression pattern of markers Beclin1, LC3, and p62 [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 weeks ]
    Will be assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blotting, and number of autophagosomes by electron microscope (EM). Spaghetti plots or boxplots at time points will be produced for each marker and for EM. Appropriate transformations of the measurements will be carried out to normalize the data. Descriptive summary statistics will be provided for each type of measure at each time point.

  2. Change in autophagy activity induced by hydroxychloroquine [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 weeks ]
    Will be measured by the amount of autophagosomes by EM. Student t-test and Wilcoxon nonparametric tests will be conducted.

  3. Validation of Beclin1, LC3, and p62 as markers for autophagy [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
    Will be measured by EM. Linear mixed models will be fitted to the data, EM as the independent variable, the 3 markers and time points as fixed effects, plus a subject-specific random effect. A backward variable selection will be carried out for the 3 markers until a final model is selected. An ROC curve will be produced. The log-transformed ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I and difference in the log-transformed ratios of LC3-II./LC3-I pre-post treatment between high autophagy activity (HA, >= 6 AV/cell) and low autophagy activity (LA, < 6 AV/cell) will be analyzed for evaluating treatment effect using a two sided paired t-test.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically or cytologically proven advanced solid cancer and have undergone treatment with at least one regimen of standard therapy, either cytotoxic chemotherapy, a molecularly targeted agent, or immunotherapy, or have a form of cancer for which no standard therapy exists; patients with prostate cancer may continue on androgen-deprivation therapy if they are currently receiving it
  • Patient must have recovered from toxicity of prior chemotherapy, molecularly targeted agents and/or radiotherapy; patient may not have received chemotherapy in the prior 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C); patients may have not received a molecularly targeted agent within the past 4 weeks or 5 half lives (whichever is less); patients may not have received radiotherapy in the prior 3 weeks
  • Patients must be willing and able to sign informed consent
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL (obtained within 7 days of treatment initiation)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (obtained within 7 days of treatment initiation)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (obtained within 7 days of treatment initiation)
  • Total serum bilirubin within normal institutional limits (obtained within 7 days of treatment initiation)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (obtained within 7 days of treatment initiation)
  • Creatinine =< grade 1 OR creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine (Cr) above normal institutional limits; a calculated creatinine clearance by Cockcroft-Gault Formula is acceptable in lieu of a measured value (obtained within 7 days of treatment initiation)
  • All patients must have measurable or evaluable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria
  • Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1
  • Estimated life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  • Women must: have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to study entry if she is a woman of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), or be at least one year post-menopausal, OR be surgically sterile
  • The effects of MK-2206 on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and for 6 months after study participation; acceptable methods of contraception include hormonal, barrier methods, intrauterine device, tubal ligation/vasectomy or abstinence; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; acceptable methods of contraception include hormonal, barrier methods, intrauterine device, tubal ligation/vasectomy or abstinence; women should not breast feed while on treatment with MK-2206 and hydroxychloroquine
  • Patients must not have a history of any condition (social or medical) that, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with the patient's ability to comply with the protocol or pose additional or unacceptable risk to the patient
  • Approval for hydroxychloroquine treatment by an eye doctor, based on a screening eye exam; examples of disqualifying baseline conditions may include macular degeneration and other retinal disease such as cataracts that would interfere with required funduscopic examinations, or severe baseline visual impairment, retinopathy or visual field changes; all patients must undergo a screening eye exam prior to enrollment
  • Patients must be able to swallow whole tablets; nasogastric or gastrostomy (G) tube administration is not allowed; tablets must not be crushed or chewed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Failure to recover fully (as judged by the investigator) from prior surgical procedures, or failure to recover from adverse events (grade =< 1) due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Concurrent treatment with an investigational agent other than the investigational agent(s) used in this study OR treatment within 4 weeks of study entry with any investigational agent(s) or device(s)
  • Patients with corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation greater than Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 1 (> 480 msec); in addition, patients should not be receiving non-study medications known to prolong QTc
  • Patients on treatment for rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to agents used in study
  • Patient has uncontrolled diabetes, defined as a fasting serum glucose > 150 mg/dl or glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c]) > 7% at screening
  • Diabetic patients requiring insulin for glucose control at the time of study entry
  • Patient must not have ongoing ventricular cardiac dysrhythmias of grade >= 2 as described by the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) version 4.0 of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE
  • Any condition (e.g., gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a requirement for intravenous [IV] alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, a partial or complete small bowel obstruction, or active peptic ulcer disease) that impairs their ability to swallow and retain MK-2206 or hydroxychloroquine tablets
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would affect safety or limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant and nursing women are excluded from this study because developmental and reproductive toxicity studies of MK-2206 have not been performed
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with MK-2206 or HCQ used in this study
  • Because MK-2206 is metabolized primarily by the cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) liver enzyme, the eligibility of patients taking medications that are potent inducers or inhibitors of that enzyme will be determined following a review of their case by the principal investigator; every effort should be made to switch patients taking such agents or substances to other medications
  • Patients with active central nervous system (CNS) metastases are excluded; patients with CNS metastases that have been treated must be off steroid treatment for > 2 months and be asymptomatic; patients that have symptoms to suggest CNS metastases should have a brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 28 days of enrollment to confirm the absence of CNS metastases; contrast computed tomography (CT) is acceptable for patients who are unable to undergo a brain MRI
  • Must not have psoriasis or porphyria
  • Must not have known hypersensitivity to 4-aminoquinoline compound
  • Must not have retinal or visual field changes from prior 4-aminoquinoline compound use
  • Must not have known glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6PD) deficiency
  • Patients with liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, or chronic persistent hepatitis
  • Must not be taking hydroxychloroquine for treatment or prophylaxis of malaria
  • Current treatment on another clinical trial; participation in non-therapeutic clinical trials is permissible

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01480154

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United States, New Jersey
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Jyoti Malhotra Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT01480154    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-00084
NCI-2012-00084 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
8983 ( Other Identifier: Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey )
8983 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA072720 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U01CA132194 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186716 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 28, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Skin Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action