Risk Assessment and Comparative Effectiveness of Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) and Medical Management (ROADMAP)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01452802
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 17, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 13, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Medical ( Thoratec Corporation )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of the HeartMate II (HM II) Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) support versus OMM in ambulatory NYHA Class IIIB/IV heart failure patients who are not dependent on intravenous inotropic support and who meet the FDA approved indications for HM II LVAD destination therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Heart Failure Device: HM II (HeartMate II LVAD) Drug: OMM (Optimal Medical Management)

Detailed Description:

The HeartMate II (HM II) LVAD is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in destination therapy (DT) patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IIIB/IV symptoms.

The ROADMAP trial is a prospective, multi-center, non-randomized, controlled, observational study that is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of HM II LVAD support versus optimal medical management (OMM) in ambulatory NYHA Class IIIB/IV heart failure patients who are not dependent on intravenous inotropic support and who meet the FDA approved indications for HM II LVAD destination therapy. Subjects will be enrolled in one of two cohorts: OMM or LVAD. Together with the investigator, the subjects will decide which cohort to enter into at their baseline visit. This study will include experienced HM II LVAD implant centers as well as community centers that care for a large volume of heart failure patients. Study patients will be followed for up to 24 months post enrollment for survival, quality of life and functional status.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 200 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Risk Assessment and Comparative Effectiveness of Left Ventricular Assist Device and Medical Management in Ambulatory Heart Failure Patients
Study Start Date : October 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Failure
U.S. FDA Resources

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
HM II (HeartMate II LVAD)
Subjects who elect to, and receive HM II LVAD therapy at baseline
Device: HM II (HeartMate II LVAD)
The HM II pump contains a single moving component, the rotor. The pump is implanted just below the left hemidiaphragm with the inflow attached to the apex of the left ventricle and the outflow graft anastomosed to the ascending aorta. Blood is pumped continuously throughout the cardiac cycle from the left ventricle to the aorta.
Other Name: Left Ventricular Assist Device
OMM (Optimal Medical Management)
Subjects who elect to remain on optimal medical management
Drug: OMM (Optimal Medical Management)
Optimal medical management per established heart failure guidelines for this subject population including ACE inhibitors, beta blockers and aldosterone antagonists 45 out of the last 60 days or an inability to tolerate neurohormonal antagonists.
Other Name: Medical Management

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Composite of survival with improvement in Six Minute Hallway Walk Test distance from baseline of ≥ 75m. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Risk stratified subgroup analysis of the primary endpoint and temporal analysis of primary endpoint. [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 18, and 24 months ]
  2. Accuracy of prognostic survival risk models including Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM) and HeartMate II Risk Score (HMRS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6, 12, 18 and 24 months ]
  3. Actuarial survival and survival free of stroke: a) intent-to-treat; and b) as treated. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  4. Survival in LVAD group free of pump replacement. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  5. Quality of Life using the EQ-5D-5L Health Utility Index. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6, 12, 18 and 24 months ]
  6. Depression using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6, 12, 18 and 24 months ]
  7. Questionnaire on patient decisions related to LVAD therapy versus optimal medical management. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6, 12, 18 and 24 months ]
  8. Functional status using 6MWT distance and NYHA Classification [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6, 12, 18 and 24 months ]
  9. Incidence of adverse events, rehospitalizations, days alive and not hospitalized. [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
HM II implanting centers and community/referral heart failure clinics

The following are general criteria; more specific criteria are included in the study protocol:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • NYHA Class IIIB/IV (refer to Appendix IV for definitions)
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 25%
  • Not currently listed for heart transplantation, and not planned in next 12 months
  • On optimal medical management
  • Limited functional status as demonstrated by 6MWT <300 meters
  • At least:

    • One hospitalization for HF in last 12 months or
    • At least 2 unscheduled emergency room or infusion clinic visits (may include intravenous diuretic therapy, etc.) for HF in last 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of mechanical aortic or mitral valve, including planned conversion to bioprosthesis
  • Platelet count < 100,000/mi within 48 prior to enrollment
  • Any inotrope use within 30 days prior to enrollment
  • Inability to perform 6MWT for any reason
  • Any condition, other than heart failure, that could limit survival to less than 2 years
  • History of cardiac or other organ transplant
  • Existence of any ongoing mechanical circulatory support (including intraaortic balloon pump, temporary circulatory support devices, etc.) at the time of enrollment
  • Presence of active, uncontrolled, systemic infection
  • History of an unresolved stroke within 90 days prior to enrollment, or a history of cerebral vascular disease with significant (> 80%)extracranial stenosis
  • Contraindication to anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy
  • CRT or CRT-D within 3 months prior to enrollment
  • Coronary revascularization (e.g. CABG, PCI) within 3 months prior to enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01452802

  Hide Study Locations
United States, Arkansas
Baptist Medical Center
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
United States, California
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Beverly Hills, California, United States, 90211
Keck Medical Center of USC
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Sharp Memorial Hospital
San Diego, California, United States, 92123
Stanford University
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Connecticut
Yale New Haven Hospital
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510
United States, Florida
Shands Hospital at University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 35610
Tampa General Hospital
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33606
United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
St. Joseph's Hospital / Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois, United States, 60453
United States, Indiana
St. Vincent's Hospitals and Health Services
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46260
United States, Kentucky
Jewish Hospital
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40202
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
Michigan Heart
Ypsilanti, Michigan, United States, 48197
United States, Minnesota
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55407
University of Minnesota Medical Center
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Mayo Clinic Rochester
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, Missouri
St. Luke's Hospital of Kansas City
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64111
Barnes Jewish Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New Jersey
Newark Beth Israel Medical Center
Newark, New Jersey, United States, 07112
Mercer Bucks Cardiology
Robbinsville, New Jersey, United States, 08691
United States, New Mexico
New Mexico Heart Institute
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87102
United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
Mt. Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Hudson Valley Heart Center
Poughkeepsie, New York, United States, 12601
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, North Dakota
Sanford Medical Center
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58122
United States, Ohio
The Metro Health System
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44109
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Riverside Methodist Hospital
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43214
United States, Oklahoma
INTEGRIS Baptist Medical Center, Inc.
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73112
St. John Medical Center
Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States, 74104
United States, Oregon
Oregon Health and Science University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
United States, Pennsylvania
Abington Memorial Hospital
Abington, Pennsylvania, United States, 19001
Penn State Milton Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Texas
Baylor University Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75226
Memorial Hermann, TMC
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Methodist Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Texas Heart Institute
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Utah
University of Utah Medical School
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132
United States, Virginia
Inova Fairfax Hospital
Falls Church, Virginia, United States, 22042
Virginia Heart
Falls Church, Virginia, United States, 22042
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
United States, Washington
University of Washington Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195
United States, Wisconsin
St. Luke's Medical Center
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53233
Sponsors and Collaborators
Thoratec Corporation
Study Director: David Farrar, PhD St. Jude Medical

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):

Responsible Party: Thoratec Corporation Identifier: NCT01452802     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TC07272011
First Posted: October 17, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 13, 2016
Last Verified: June 2016

Keywords provided by St. Jude Medical ( Thoratec Corporation ):
HeartMate II
heart-assist device
medical management
optimal medical management
Heart Failure NYHA Class IIIB/IV
Thoratec Corporation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases