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A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of MEDI-546 in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01438489
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 22, 2011
Results First Posted : August 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 7, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
MedImmune LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MEDI-546 compared to placebo in subjects with chronic, moderately-to-severely active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with an inadequate response to standard of care treatment for SLE.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Biological: Anifrolumab 300 mg Biological: Anifrolumab 1000 mg Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a Phase 2, multinational, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, parallel-group study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 2 intravenous (IV) treatment regimens in adult participants with chronic, moderately-to-severely active SLE with an inadequate response to SOC SLE. The investigational product (anifrolumab or placebo) will be administered as a fixed dose every 4 weeks (28 days) for a total of 13 doses.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 626 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Randomized Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of MEDI-546 in Subjects With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Study Start Date : January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lupus

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Anifrolumab (MEDI-546) 300 mg
Participants will receive 300 milligram (mg) anifrolumab as an intravenous infusion every 4 weeks for 48 weeks.
Biological: Anifrolumab 300 mg
Participants will receive 300 milligram (mg) anifrolumab as an intravenous infusion every 4 weeks for 48 weeks.
Other Name: MEDI-546

Experimental: Anifrolumab (MEDI-546) 1000 mg
Participants will receive 1000 mg anifrolumab as an intravenous infusion every 4 weeks for 48 weeks.
Biological: Anifrolumab 1000 mg
Participants will receive 1000 mg anifrolumab as an intravenous infusion every 4 weeks for 48 weeks.
Other Name: MEDI-546

Placebo Comparator: Matching Placebo
Participants will receive placebo matched to anifrolumab intravenous (IV) infusion every 4 weeks for 48 weeks.
Other: Placebo
Participants will receive placebo matched to anifrolumab intravenous (IV) infusion every 4 weeks for 48 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Achieving an Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Responder Index [SRI (4)] Response With Oral Corticosteroids (OCS) Tapering at Day 169 [ Time Frame: Day 169 ]
    An SRI (4) responder defined as a participant who had 1) a reduction in baseline Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) score of greater than or equal to (>=) 4 points; 2) no worsening of disease from baseline as measured by the Physician Global Assessment (MDGA) (worsening was defined as an increase of >= 0.3 from baseline on a 0 to 3.0 visual analog scale); and 3) no new British Isles Lupus Assessment Group 2004 (BILAG-2004) Index 'A' organ system score and no more than one new or worsening BILAG-2004 Index 'B' organ system score. OCS tapering requires a sustained reduction of OCS from Day 85 through Day 169 [less than 10 milligram per day (mg/day) and less or equal to the dose received on Day 1]. SRI was analyzed by a logistic regression model.

  2. Percentage of Type I Interferon (IFN) Test High Participants Achieving an Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Responder Index (SRI) (4) Response With Oral Corticosteroids (OCS) Tapering at Day 169 [ Time Frame: Day 169 ]
    Type I IFN signature in whole blood assessed by using a 4-gene diagnostic test. The blood samples collected were to be used to prospectively identify participants as IFN test-high or test-low. The results of this test were used to stratify participants. An SRI (4) Responder was defined as a participant who had 1) a reduction in baseline SLEDAI-2K disease activity score of >= 4 points; 2) no worsening of disease from baseline as measured by the Physician Global Assessment (MDGA) (worsening was defined as an increase of >= 0.3 from baseline on a 0 to 3.0 visual analog scale); and 3) no new British Isles Lupus Assessment Group 2004 (BILAG-2004) Index A organ system score and no more than one new or worsening BILAG-2004 Index B organ system score. OCS tapering requires a sustained reduction of OCS from Day 85 through Day 169 [less than 10 mg/day and less or equal to the dose received on Day 1]. SRI was analyzed by a logistic regression model.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Achieving an Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Responder Index [SRI (4)] Response With Oral Corticosteroids (OCS) Tapering at Day 365 [ Time Frame: Day 365 ]
    An SRI (4) Responder was defined as a participant who had 1) a reduction in baseline SLEDAI-2K disease activity score of >= 4 points; 2) no worsening of disease from baseline as measured by the MDGA (worsening was defined as an increase of >= 0.3 from baseline on a 0 to 3.0 visual analog scale); and 3) no new British Isles Lupus Assessment Group 2004 (BILAG-2004) Index A organ system score and no more than one new or worsening BILAG-2004 Index B organ system score. OCS tapering requires a sustained reduction of OCS from Day 281 through Day 365 (less than 10 mg/day and less or equal to the dose received on Day 1). SRI was analyzed by a logistic regression model.

  2. Percentage of Participants on Oral Corticosteroids (OCS) >=10 mg/Day of Prednisone or Equivalent at Baseline Who Were Able to Taper to Less Than or Equal to (<=) 7.5 mg/Day at Day 365 [ Time Frame: Day 365 ]
    Participants on OCS >=10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent at baseline who were able to taper to <= 7.5 mg/day at Day 365 were evaluated.

  3. Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs), Adverse Events of Special Interest (AESIs) and Treatment-Emergent Serious Adverse Events (TESAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) to Day 422 (End of Study) ]
    An adverse event (AE) was any untoward medical occurrence in a study participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with treatment. A serious AE (SAE) was an AE resulting in any of following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial/prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly (in offspring of participant). AEs may be treatment emergent (TE) [that is, occurring after initial receipt of investigational product] or non-TE. An AESI is one of scientific and medical concern specific to understanding biologics and requires close monitoring and rapid communication by investigator to sponsor.

  4. Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Laboratory Abnormalities in Investigations Reported as Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) to Day 422 (End of Study) ]
    Any medically significant change in laboratory evaluations were recorded as Treatment emergent adverse events.

  5. Number of Participants With Vital Signs Abnormalities Reported as Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) to Day 422 (End of Study) ]
    Vital sign parameters are temperature, blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate and weight. Vital signs abnormalities were reported as TEAEs.

  6. Number of Participants With Electrocardiogram (ECG) Abnormalities Reported as Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) to Day 422 (End of Study) ]
    Any medically significant changes from the screening ECG was recorded as TEAEs. An abnormal ECG findings such as QT prolonged were reported as treatment emergent adverse events.

  7. Percentage of SLE Participants With Positive Anti-drug Antibody (ADA) [ Time Frame: Days 1, 85, 141, 169, 253, 337 (Treatment Phase), 365, 396, and 422 (Follow-up Period) ]
    Anti-drug antibody responses to anifrolumab in serum were evaluated.

  8. Neutralization Ratio of 21-Gene Type I Interferon (IFN) Signature for Participants With Positive Baseline Pharmacodynamic (PD) Gene Signature [ Time Frame: Days 29, 85, 141, 169, 253, 337 (treatment phase), on Days 365, 396, and 422 (follow up period) ]
    The PD positive and negative gene signature was determined by comparing the expression of type I IFN-inducible genes in a 21-gene panel in study participants relative to pooled normal blood collected from healthy participants.

  9. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Anifrolumab at Day 1, 169 and 337 [ Time Frame: Pre-infusion and 15 minutes post-infusion on Day 1, 169 and 337 ]
    Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) was defined as the peak plasma level of anifrolumab, derived from plasma concentration -time data.

  10. Accumulation Ratio of Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax,AR) of Anifrolumab [ Time Frame: Pre-infusion and 15 minutes post-infusion on Day 169 and 337 ]
    Accumulation ratio for maximum plasma concentration (Cmax,AR) of anifrolumab after multiple administration at Day 169 and 337 was calculated.

  11. Trough Concentration (Ctrough) of Anifrolumab at Day 29, 169 and 365 [ Time Frame: Pre-infusion and 15 minutes post-infusion on Day 29, 169 and 365 ]
    Trough concentration (Ctrough) of anifrolumab at Day 29, 169 and 365 were calculated.

  12. Accumulation Ratio of Trough Concentration (Ctrough,AR) of Anifrolumab at Day 169 and 365 [ Time Frame: Pre-infusion and 15 minutes post-infusion on Day 169 and 365 ]
    Accumulation ratio for trough concentration (Ctrough,AR) of anifrolumab after multiple administration at Day 169 and 365 was calculated.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Fulfills at least 4 of the 11 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) including a positive antinuclear antibody (ANA) greater than or equal to 1:80 or elevated anti-double-stranded DNA or anti-Smith antibody at screening
  • Pediatric or adult SLE with chronic disease activity for greater than or equal to 24 weeks
  • Weight greater than or equal to 40 kg
  • Currently receiving stable dose of oral prednisone (or equivalent) less than or equal to 40 mg/day and/or antimalarials/immunosuppressives
  • Active moderate to severe SLE disease based on SLE disease activity score (SLEDAI) and British Isles Lupus Assessment Group Index (BILAG) and Physicians Global Assessment
  • No evidence of cervical malignancy on Pap smear within 2 years of randomization
  • Female participants must be willing to avoid pregnancy
  • Negative tuberculosis (TB) test or newly positive TB test due to latent TB for which treatment must be initiated at or before randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active severe SLE-driven renal disease or unstable renal disease prior to screening
  • Active severe or unstable neuropsychiatric SLE
  • Clinically significant active infection including ongoing and chronic infections
  • History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Confirmed Positive tests for hepatitis B or positive test for hepatitis C
  • History of severe herpes infection such as herpes encephalitis, ophthalmic herpes, disseminated herpes
  • Live or attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Participants with significant hematologic abnormalities.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01438489


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United States, Alabama
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Birmingham, Alabama, United States
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La Jolla, California, United States
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Vinnytsia, Ukraine
Sponsors and Collaborators
MedImmune LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Warren Greth, MD MedImmune LLC

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: MedImmune LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01438489     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CD-IA-MEDI-546-1013
First Posted: September 22, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 15, 2016
Last Update Posted: October 7, 2016
Last Verified: August 2016

Keywords provided by MedImmune LLC:
MEDI-546
Anifrolumab
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs