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A Phase 2a Study to Evaluate the Effect of Rilapladib (SB-659032) in Alzheimer's Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01428453
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 5, 2011
Results First Posted : September 24, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:
The study is designed to investigate the effects of rilapladib on biomarkers related to the Alzheimer's disease, and cognitive function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Drug: 250mg rilapladib Drug: placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The study is in subjects with Alzheimer's disease and evidence of cerebrovascular disease (CVD) who are currently treated with an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) and/or memantine. The study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, parallel group, repeat dose design, in which subjects (up to 60 randomized subjects per arm) will receive oral placebo or rilapladib (250 mg), once daily for 24 weeks in addition to their stable background AD therapy consisting of an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) and/or memantine. Subjects will take 250mg of rilapladib or placebo once daily for a period of 24 weeks. The total duration of participation for each subject will be approximately 30 weeks comprising approximately 4 weeks screening, 24 weeks treatment and 2 weeks follow-up. From the time of randomization and throughout the treatment period subjects will attend visits after 1 week, 4 weeks and thereafter every 4 weeks until Week 24. A follow-up visit will occur approximately 2 weeks after the final dose of study medication. Cognitive assessments will be performed at the screening visit, at the randomization (baseline) visit and at weeks 12 and 24 of the treatment period. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples will be taken via lumbar puncture at baseline and Week 24 for biomarker analyses related to Alzheimer's disease. Blood samples will be collected throughout the study for pharmacokinetics and a range of biomarker analyses. A range of safety and tolerability assessments will also be performed (including vital signs, laboratory tests, eye examinations and ECGs).

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 124 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2a Study to Evaluate the Effect of Rilapladib (SB-659032) on Biomarkers Related to the Pathogenesis and Progression of Alzheimer's Disease
Study Start Date : October 1, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 4, 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : February 18, 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 250mg rilapladib
Experimental drug
Drug: 250mg rilapladib
Experimental Drug

Placebo Comparator: placebo
Placebo comparator
Drug: placebo
Placebo comparator




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) Amyloid Beta Peptide (Abeta) 42 and Abeta40 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 24 ]
    CSF Abeta biomarkers (Abeta42, Abeta40) were assessed at Baseline visit (Day 0) and Week 24 (Day 168). Change from Baseline in CSF Abeta42 and Abeta40 are summarized. Baseline and Week 24 study visits were taken place at approximately the same time of day in the morning (preferably between 08:00 and 12:00) to improve the reliability of CSF. Baseline value was defined as the latest Day 0 value. Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose (Week 24) visit value minus Baseline value. The data is presented in for adjusted mean and standard error of adjusted mean.

  2. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in CSF Abeta42/ Abeta40 Ratio at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 24 ]
    CSF Abeta biomarkers (Abeta42, Abeta40) were assessed at Baseline visit (Day 0) and Week 24 (Day 168). Change from Baseline in CSF Abeta42/Abeta40 ratio is summarized. Baseline and Week 24 study visits were taken place at approximately the same time of day in the morning (preferably between 08:00 and 12:00) to improve the reliability of CSF. Baseline value was defined as the latest Day 0 value. Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose (Week 24) visit value minus Baseline value. The data is presented in for adjusted mean and standard error of adjusted mean.

  3. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in CSF Tau and Phosphorylated Tau (P-tau) Measures at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 24 ]
    CSF tau and P-tau were assessed at Baseline visit (Day 0) and Week 24 (Day 168). Change from Baseline in CSF tau and P-tau was summarized. Baseline and Week 24 study visits were taken place at approximately the same time of day in the morning (preferably between 08:00 and 12:00) to improve the reliability of CSF. Baseline value was defined as the latest Day 0 value. Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose (Week 24) visit value minus Baseline value. The data is presented in for adjusted mean and standard error of adjusted mean.

  4. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in the Computerized Test Battery for Cognition (CogState) Battery Working Memory/Executive Function (WM/EF) Composite Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 24 ]
    The WM/EF composite score was comprised of 5 functional tests including 1) Controlled oral word association which measured language fluency, planning and working memory, 2) Category naming: It measures semantic fluency, planning and working memory, 3) One-back: This is a measure of working memory. 4) Trail B: This is a measure of motor speed, visual scanning, and visual-motor integration. This test required attention and cognitive flexibility. 5) Go No-Go task: This test evaluate accuracy and reaction time for each response. The composite score calculated by standardizing the total score: sum of all responses obtained from these 5 functional test by using the formula (Total score of ITT population at baseline - Total score at Week 24) /standard deviation of mean total mean score at baseline. The observed composite score ranged from minimum -1.474 and maximum 1.596. Lower score means better cognitive status. Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose visit minus Baseline value.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in CSF Albumin Quotients at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 24 ]
    CSF albumin quotient was assessed at Baseline visit (Day 0) and Week 24 (Day 168). Change from Baseline in albumin quotient is summarized. Baseline and Week 24 study visits were taken place at approximately the same time of day in the morning (preferably between 08:00 and 12:00) to improve the reliability of CSF. Baseline value was defined as the latest Day 0 value. Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose (Week 24) visit value minus Baseline value. The data is presented in for adjusted mean and standard error of adjusted mean.

  2. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in Plasma Levels of Abeta42 and Abeta40 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 24 ]
    Plasma Abeta biomarkers (Abeta42, Abeta40) were assessed at Baseline visit (Day 0) and Week 24 (Day 168). Change from Baseline in plasma Abeta42 and Abeta40 are summarized. Baseline value was defined as the latest Day 0 value. Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose (Week 24) visit value minus Baseline value. The data is presented in for adjusted mean and standard error of adjusted mean.

  3. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in Plasma Levels of Abeta42/Abeta40 Ratio at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 24 ]
    Plasma Abeta biomarkers (Abeta42, Abeta40) were assessed at Baseline visit (Day 0) and Week 24 (Day 168). Change from Baseline in plasma Abeta42/Abeta40 ratio is summarized. Baseline value was defined as the latest Day 0 value. Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose (Week 24) visit value minus Baseline value. The data is presented in for adjusted mean and standard error of adjusted mean.

  4. Percentage Inhibition in Plasma Lipoprotein-associated Phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) Activity at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 24 ]
    Plasma Lp-PLA2 was assessed at Baseline visit (Day 0) and Week 24 (Day 168). Percentage inhibition in plasma Lp-PLA2 activity ratio is summarized. Percentage inhibition was calculated by dividing change from Baseline in plasma LpPLA2 by Baseline LpPLA2 multiplied by -100. Baseline value was defined as the latest Day 0 value. Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose (Week 24) visit value minus Baseline value.

  5. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in CogState Battery Overall Composite Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 12 (Day 84), Week 24 (Day 168) ]
    CogState battery overall composite score comprised of 8 functional tests 1) Controlled oral word association test measured language fluency, planning and working memory. 2) Category naming test measured semantic fluency, planning and working memory. 3) One-back test measured working memory. 4) Trail B test measured motor speed, visual scanning and visual-motor integration, required attention and cognitive flexibility. 5) Go No-Go task evaluated accuracy and reaction time for each response. 6) International shopping list immediate and delayed recall tests measured episodic memory. 7) Identification task test assessed visual attention. 8) Trail A test measured psychomotor speed and attention. Composite score= total score (sum of all responses from 8 functional test) by formula (Total score at baseline - Week 24) / SD of total score at baseline. Score ranged: -1.070 to 0.907. Lower score indicated the better cognitive status. Change from Baseline= post-dose visit minus Baseline value

  6. Change From Baseline (Day 0) in CogState Battery Attention Composite Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0) and Week 12 (Day 84), Week 24 (Day 168) ]
    CogState battery attention composite score comprised of 2 functional tests including 1) Identification task test assessed visual attention and 2) Trail A test measured psychomotor speed and attention. Composite score calculated by standardizing the total score (sum of all responses from 2 functional test) by formula (Total score at baseline - Week 24) / SD of total score at baseline. The observed composite score ranged from minimum -1.756 and maximum 1.330. Higher score indicated the better attention. Baseline value was defined as the latest Day 0 value and Change from Baseline was calculated as post-dose visit minus Baseline value



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. A clinical diagnosis of possible Alzheimer's disease in accordance with the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Diseases and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINCDS-ADRDA) criteria, with radiological (Magnetic Resonance Imaging [MRI] or Computed Tomography [CT]) evidence of significant cerebrovascular disease (CVD), assessed within the last 12 months
  2. Male or female between 50 and 80 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent.
  3. Subject has a documented history of at least 6 months of ongoing Alzheimer's disease therapy (AChEIs and/or memantine) with stable dosing for at least the last 2 months (and with no intent to change for the duration of the study).
  4. Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) score between 20 and 26 at Screening.
  5. Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR) score of 0.5 or 1.0 at Screening.
  6. A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea; or of child-bearing potential and agrees to use acceptable contraception methods
  7. Subject has provided full written informed consent prior to the performance of any protocol-specified procedure; or if the subject is unable to provide informed consent due to cognitive status, the subject will provide assent and full written informed consent will be provided by a legally acceptable representative
  8. The subject has a dedicated caregiver who is willing to supervise participation in the study
  9. In the opinion of the investigator, the subject has the ability to comply with study procedures (cognitive and other testing) and is fluent in the language used for the administration of the cognitive tests.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History and/or evidence of any other CNS disorder that could be interpreted as a cause of dementia: e.g. structural or developmental abnormality, epilepsy, infectious, degenerative or inflammatory/demyelinating CNS conditions such as, Parkinson's disease and frontotemporal dementia
  2. History of significant psychiatric illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar affective disorder that in the opinion of the Investigator would interfere with participation in the study; major depressive disorder (according to DSM-IV) in the past year; current active depression requiring initiation of treatment (or is believed to account for substantial degree of cognitive impairment)
  3. Evidence of the following disorders: current vitamin B12 deficiency, positive syphilis serology (unless neurosyphilis was ruled out) or active thyroid dysfunction (particularly suggestive of hypothyroidism), including abnormally high or low serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), where this is thought to be the cause of, or to contribute to the severity of the subject's dementia.
  4. History of alcohol or other substance abuse, according to the DSM-IV criteria, or recent or remote history of the same if that could be a contributing factor to dementia.
  5. History of intra cerebral haemorrhage due to any of the following causes: cerebral amyloid angiopathy, uncontrolled hypertension, cerebral arteriovenous malformation, coagulopathy, CNS vasculitis or any other condition that the investigator and/or medical monitor considers as a relevant risk factor for intracerebral haemorrhage
  6. Recent (i.e.,<6 months from Screening Visit) cardiovascular event defined as:

    1. ST-elevation MI or non-ST-elevation MI, confirmed by cardiac enzyme elevation and ECG changes
    2. coronary revascularization (percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft )
    3. stroke of any etiology
    4. resuscitated sudden death
    5. prior carotid surgery or stenting procedure
  7. Poorly controlled hypertension despite lifestyle modifications and pharmacotherapy (either systolic blood pressure >160mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >110mmHg)
  8. QTcB interval >450 msec; or QTcB > 480 msec in subjects with bundle branch block based on ECG assessment at the Screening visit.
  9. HbA1c >12.0 at Screening, or uncontrolled diabetes in the opinion of the investigator.
  10. History of glaucoma or any other findings in the baseline eye exam that, in the opinion of the investigator, would exclude the subject from participation in the study.
  11. History of adult asthma (or reactive airway disease) manifested by bronchospasm in the past 6 months, or currently taking regular anti-asthmatic medication(s).
  12. Previous history of anaphylaxis, severe allergic reaction or history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the formulation.
  13. Significant abnormalities on clinical chemistry, haematology or urinalysis at Screening, including clinically significant anaemia.
  14. History of chronic viral hepatitis (including presence of B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibody), or other chronic hepatic disorders.
  15. Abnormal Screening blood tests exceeding any of the limits defined below:

    1. Alanine transaminase (ALT) or aspartate transaminase (AST) >1.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    2. Alkaline phosphatase (AP) and bilirubin >1.5X ULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5x ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).
    3. Calculated creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min (per Cockcroft & Gault) at Screening
  16. Other clinically significant abnormality on physical (including neurological), laboratory or ECG examination that could be detrimental to the subject in the opinion of the Investigator or could compromise the integrity of the study.
  17. Planned major surgery within the study period.
  18. Use of systemic steroids or other immunosuppressants within the last 30 days prior to screening.
  19. Current treatment with barbiturates, MAO inhibitors, butyrophenones, phenothiazines and other "conventional" antipsychotic within 30 days or 5 half-lives prior to Screening, whichever is longer.
  20. Treatment with antidepressants, (other than MAO inhibitors), thyroid hormones, atypical antipsychotics (e.g. risperidone), benzodiazepines and other sedatives / hypnotics unless prescribed at a stable dose for at least 2 months prior to Screening. Note: Benzodiazepines or other sedatives/hypnotics (including antihistamines) with half-life less than 6 hours can be taken on a prn (as needed) basis but must not be taken within 5 half lives prior to cognitive testing.
  21. Current treatment with known potent inhibitors of CYP3A4 (e.g. ketoconazole, rifampin, modafinil).
  22. Current treatment with known potent Pgp inhibitors (itraconazole, ketoconazole, cyclosporin, loperamide, diltiazem, verapamil, spironolactone, quinidine, bepridil, quinine, carvedilol)
  23. Cognitive tasks prescribed for cognitive rehabilitation and performed under medical supervision in the 6 months prior to screening and/or during study
  24. Investigational medications or devices including symptomatic AD treatment during the 60 days prior to the Screening visit, or within 5 half-lives of use of the investigational drug prior to the Screening Visit, whichever is longer.
  25. Participation in another investigational drug (with the exception of anti-amyloid monoclonal antibodies [mAbs]) or device study where subject was treated chronically (i.e. > 1 single dose) with a study agent intended to impact AD progression during the 12 months prior to the Screening visit.

    1. Subjects who participated in an investigational drug study that involved chronic dosing with a monoclonal antibody at any time in the past are excluded from this study, unless it is known that they received placebo during the previous study.
    2. Subjects who participated in previous single-dose studies of anti-amyloid mAbs will be permitted provided the subject's dose of the mAb is at least 5 half-lives removed; the subjects did not experience any moderate adverse events classified as possibly drug-related or any serious adverse event during that study; the subject did not drop out of the previous study (i.e. completed all safety assessments)
  26. Subjects, who in the investigator's judgement, pose a significant suicide risk (e.g. history of suicidal behaviour in the last 6 months and/or any suicidal ideation of type 4 or 5 on the C-SSRS in the last 2 months).
  27. Subject or caregiver is an immediate family member or employee of the participating Investigator, any of the participating site staff or GSK staff.
  28. Any contraindication to lumbar puncture or insertion of CSF catheter, including but not limited to

    1. Thrombocytopenia or other coagulation disorders (including subjects receiving coumarin-derived anti-coagulants or low-molecular-weight heparin).
    2. The presence of cutaneous or soft tissue infection overlying or adjacent to the site of lumbar puncture.
    3. Previous spinal surgery that could complicate access to the subarachnoid space.
    4. Suspicion of increased intracranial pressure due to a cerebral mass.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01428453


Locations
Bulgaria
GSK Investigational Site
Sofia, Bulgaria, 1113
GSK Investigational Site
Sofia, Bulgaria, 1431
Canada, Ontario
GSK Investigational Site
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M3B 2S7
Canada, Quebec
GSK Investigational Site
Gatineau, Quebec, Canada, J9A 1K7
GSK Investigational Site
Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, J1H 1Z1
Germany
GSK Investigational Site
Ellwangen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, 73479
GSK Investigational Site
Tuebingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, 72076
GSK Investigational Site
Ulm, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, 89081
GSK Investigational Site
Alzenau, Bayern, Germany, 63755
GSK Investigational Site
Bad Homburg, Hessen, Germany, 61348
GSK Investigational Site
Achim, Niedersachsen, Germany, 28832
GSK Investigational Site
Hannover, Niedersachsen, Germany, 30559
GSK Investigational Site
Bochum, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 44787
GSK Investigational Site
Bochum, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 44791
GSK Investigational Site
Bochum, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 44892
GSK Investigational Site
Koeln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 50935
GSK Investigational Site
Oldenburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 26122
Italy
GSK Investigational Site
Roma, Lazio, Italy, 00185
GSK Investigational Site
Genova, Liguria, Italy, 16132
GSK Investigational Site
Brescia, Lombardia, Italy, 25125
GSK Investigational Site
Milano, Lombardia, Italy, 20122
GSK Investigational Site
Verona, Veneto, Italy, 37134
Norway
GSK Investigational Site
Lørenskog, Norway, 1478
Spain
GSK Investigational Site
Baracaldo/Vizcaya, Spain, 48903
GSK Investigational Site
Barcelona, Spain, 08014
GSK Investigational Site
Castellón de La Plana, Spain, 12004
GSK Investigational Site
Getafe/Madrid, Spain, 28905
GSK Investigational Site
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain, 08907
GSK Investigational Site
Madrid, Spain, 28006
Sweden
GSK Investigational Site
Stockholm, Sweden, se-141 86
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline

Additional Information:
Study Data/Documents: Dataset Specification  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114458
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Individual Participant Data Set  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114458
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Informed Consent Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114458
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Statistical Analysis Plan  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114458
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Study Protocol  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114458
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Annotated Case Report Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114458
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Clinical Study Report  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114458
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01428453     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 114458
First Posted: September 5, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 24, 2018
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2018
Last Verified: July 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Patient-level data for this study will be made available through www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com following the timelines and process described on this site.

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Alzheimer's disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders