Vorinostat With Gemcitabine, Busulfan, and Melphalan With Stem Cell Transplant (SCT) in Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoid Malignancies
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01421173|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 22, 2011
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2015
The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of vorinostat that can be given with gemcitabine, busulfan, and melphalan with a stem cell transplant. Researchers also want to learn about the safety and level of effectiveness of this combination.
Busulfan and melphalan are designed to kill cancer cells by binding to DNA (the genetic material of cells), which may cause cancer cells to die.
Gemcitabine is designed to disrupt the growth of cancer cells, which may cause cancer cells to die. It may help to increase the effect of busulfan and melphalan on cancer cells by not allowing these cells to repair the DNA damage caused by busulfan or melphalan.
Vorinostat is designed to open up the DNA and allow greater access to drugs that bind to DNA, such as gemcitabine, busulfan and melphalan.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Lymphoma||Drug: Vorinostat Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Busulfan Drug: Melphalan Procedure: Stem Cell Infusion Drug: Rituximab Drug: G-CSF Drug: Palifermin Drug: Dexamethasone acetate||Phase 1|
Hide Detailed Description
If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be enrolled in a group of at least 3 participants to begin receiving the study drugs.
The dose of the study drugs you receive will depend on when you enrolled in this study. If no intolerable side effects occur in your group, researchers will continue to enroll participants at the next dose level until either the vorinostat reaches the dose level currently used alone without stem cell transplant, or the highest tolerable dose of this drug is found. The dose that you receive will remain the same throughout this study.
Busulfan Test Dose:
You will receive a test dose of busulfan by vein over about 60 minutes. This low-level test dose of busulfan is to check how the level of busulfan in your blood levels changes over time. This information will be used to decide the next dose needed to reach the target blood level that matches your body size. You will most likely receive this as an outpatient during the week before you are admitted to the hospital. If it cannot be given as an outpatient, you will be admitted to the hospital on Day -11 (11 days before your stem cells are returned to your body) and the test dose will be given on Day -10.
About 11 samples of blood (about 1 teaspoon each time) will be drawn for pharmacokinetic (PK) testing of busulfan. PK testing measures the amount of study drug in the body at different time points and will help the study doctor determine what your dose of busulfan should be on study. These blood samples will be drawn at various timepoints before you receive busulfan and over about the next 11 hours. The blood samples will be repeated again on the first day of high-dose busulfan treatment (Day -8). A temporary heparin lock line will be placed in your vein to lower the number of needle sticks needed for these draws. If it is not possible for the PK tests to be performed for technical or scheduling reasons, you will receive the standard fixed dose of busulfan.
If you receive the busulfan test dose as an outpatient:
On Days -12, -11, and -10, you will receive palifermin by vein over about 30 seconds each day to help decrease the risk of side effects in the mouth and throat.
You will be admitted to the hospital on Day -9.
If you receive the busulfan test dose as an inpatient:
On Days -13, -12, and -11, you will receive palifermin by vein over about 30 seconds each day to help decrease the risk of side effects in the mouth and throat.
You will be admitted to the hospital on Day -11.
Study Drug Administration (for all patients):
In stem cell transplant, the days before you receive your stem cells are called minus days. The day you receive the stem cells is called Day 0. The days after you receive your stem cells are called plus days.
Beginning on Day -9, you will swish the liquids caphosol and glutamine in your mouth 4 times a day, for about 2 minutes each time. You will swish these liquids every day until you leave the hospital. These drugs are used to help decrease the risk of side effects in the mouth and throat.
On Day -8 through Day -2, you will take vorinostat by mouth, with food.
On Day -8, you will receive gemcitabine by vein over 3 1/2 - 4 1/2 hours and busulfan by vein over 3 hours.
On Days -8, -7, -6, and -5, you will receive busulfan by vein over 3 hours.
On Day -3, you will receive gemcitabine by vein over 3 1/2 - 4 1/2 hours and melphalan by vein over 30 minutes.
On Day -2, you will receive melphalan by vein over 30 minutes.
On Day -1, you will rest.
On Day 0, you will receive your stem cells by vein over about 30-60 minutes.
You will receive 3 more doses of palifermin by vein over 15-30 seconds on Days 0, +1 and +2.
If you have a B-cell cancer, you will receive rituximab (a treatment used for certain lymphomas or chronic lymphocytic leukemia) by vein over 3-6 hours as part of standard of care, on Days +1 and +8.
As part of standard care, you will receive G-CSF (filgrastim) as an injection just under your skin 1 time a day starting on Day +5 until your blood cell levels return to normal.
On Day -1, you will have an electrocardiogram (ECG) to check your heart function.
About 30-100 days after the transplant, you will have lung function tests.
About 100 days after the transplant:
- Blood (about 4 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.
- If the doctor thinks it is needed, you may have a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy to check the status of the disease.
- You will have a CT scan of the neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis to check the status of the disease.
- If the doctor thinks it is needed, you will have a PET scan to check the status of the disease.
Length of Study:
As part of standard care, you will remain in the hospital for about 3-4 weeks after the transplant. After you are released from the hospital, you will continue as an outpatient in the Houston area to be monitored for infections and transplant-related complications.
You will be taken off study about 100 days after the transplant. You may be taken off study early if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions.
This is an investigational study. Vorinostat, gemcitabine, busulfan, melphalan, and rituximab are all FDA approved and commercially available. The use of these study drugs in combination is investigational.
Up to 80 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||78 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Vorinostat (SAHA) Combined With High-Dose Gemcitabine, Busulfan, and Melphalan With Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Support for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoid Malignancies|
|Study Start Date :||August 2011|
|Primary Completion Date :||September 2015|
|Study Completion Date :||September 2015|
Experimental: Vorinostat + GemBuMel
Vorinostat 200 mg by mouth on Days -8 to -2. Gemcitabine loading dose of 75 mg/m2 followed by continuous infusion. Remaining dose is 10 mg/m2/min on Day -8 and -3. Busulfan pharmacokinetics (PK) will be performed with the first dose of 105 mg/m2 by vein on Day -8. The doses of days -6 and -5 will be subsequently adjusted to target an area under curve (AUC) of 4,000 microMol.min-1. In the event that PK adjusting were not possible, a dose of busulfan of 105 mg/m2 will be administered on days -6 and -5. Melphalan 60 mg/m2 by vein on Days -2 and -3. Stem cells by vein over about 30-60 minutes on Day 0. Rituximab 375 mg/m2 on days +1 and +8 for cluster of differentiation antigen 20 (CD20+) tumors. G-CSF 5 mcg/kg/day subcutaneously beginning on Day +5 and continuing until neutrophil recovery is documented. Palifermin 60 mcg/kg by vein daily for 6 doses starting on Day 0. Dexamethasone 8 mg by vein twice a day from day -8 AM to day -2 PM.
Starting dose: 200 mg by mouth on Days -8 to -2.
Other Names:Drug: Gemcitabine
Starting dose: 2175 mg/m2 by vein on Days -8 and -3. This includes the gemcitabine 75 mg/m2 loading dose.
Other Names:Drug: Busulfan
AUC: 4,000 micrometer (microM).min/day, or 105 mg/m2/day) on Days -8 to -5.
Pharmacokinetics will be performed with the first dose of 32 mg/m2 by vein on Day -8. The doses on Days -6 and -5 will be subsequently adjusted to target an AUC of 4,000 microMol.min-1. In the event that PK adjusting not possible, a dose of busulfan of 105 mg/m2 will be administered on days -6 and -5.
Other Names:Drug: Melphalan
60 mg/m2 by vein on Days -3 and -2.
Other Name: AlkeranProcedure: Stem Cell Infusion
Infusion of stem cells by vein on Day 0.Drug: Rituximab
375 mg/m2 on days +1 and +8 for patients with CD20+ tumors.
Other Name: RituxanDrug: G-CSF
5 mcg/kg/day (rounded up the nearest vial) subcutaneously beginning on Day +5 and continuing until neutrophil recovery is documented.
Other Names:Drug: Palifermin
60 mcg/kg by vein daily for 6 doses. Three doses administrated prior to start chemo (24 hours must elapse between the last dose and first therapeutic dose of chemo) and three doses after the last chemo starting on day 0.
Other Name: KepivanceDrug: Dexamethasone acetate
8 mg by vein twice a day from day -8 AM to day -2 PM.
Other Name: Decadron
- Recommended Dose of Vorinostat for combination with Gemcitabine/Busulfan/Melphalan (GemBuMel) based on Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: About 100 days after the transplant ]
No more than 2 patients enrolled at one time in new dose level, until toxicities of at least 1 of those are assessed & determined not to be DLT, no more patients enrolled at new dose level. Dose escalation of vorinostat starts at level 1a (200 mg/day) and Gemcitabine (2175 mg/m2/day). If level tolerable, dose proceeds from level 2a (300 mg) to level 11a (1000 mg) at increase of 100 mg per level. If level 1a were not tolerable, i.e., greater than 20% DLTs (determined by Continual Reassessment Method (CRM)), a decreased dose of gemcitabine (level 1b 1875 mg/m2) assigned and vorninostat escalation would be up to level 5b (600 mg) at increase of 100 mg per level instead.
Dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is defined as any grade 4 non-hematological, non-infectious toxicity attributable to the preparative regimen, or any grade 3 mucositis or skin toxicity that lasts more than 3 days at peak severity, or any grade 4 mucositis or skin toxicity of any duration.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01421173
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Yago Nieto, MD,PHD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|