Aztreonam Lysine for Pseudomonas Infection Eradication Study (ALPINE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01375049
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 17, 2011
Results First Posted : July 1, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 17, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gilead Sciences

Brief Summary:

This is an open-label, multi-center study in pediatric patients age 3 months to less than 18 years with cystic fibrosis (CF) and newly detected Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) pulmonary colonization/infection. All eligible participants will be treated with a 28-day course of Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI) 75 mg 3 times daily. After completion of study drug, subjects will be followed up through Day 196 for safety and recurrence of PA.

The primary objective is to evaluate the proportion of participants with PA-negative cultures at all time points during a 6-month monitoring period (through Day 196) after cessation of AZLI treatment. Microbiological cultures will be obtained at Baseline, Day 28 (end of AZLI treatment), Day 56 (1 month after completing AZLI treatment), Day 112 (3 months after completing AZLI treatment), and Day 196 (6 months after completing AZLI treatment).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cystic Fibrosis Drug: Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI) Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 105 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Open-Label Phase 2 Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Aztreonam 75 mg Powder and Solvent for Nebuliser Solution/Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI) in Pediatric Patients With Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and New Onset Lower Respiratory Tract Culture Positive for Pseudomonas Aeruginosa (PA)
Study Start Date : August 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cystic Fibrosis
Drug Information available for: Aztreonam
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI)
Participants will receive one 28-day course of AZLI, then will be followed for a 24-week period (through Day 196).
Drug: Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI)
AZLI 75 mg administered 3 times daily via the investigational eFlow® nebulizer
Other Name: Cayston®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With PA-negative Cultures at All Time Points After Cessation of Active Treatment (Evaluable Analysis Set) [ Time Frame: Day 28 to Day 196 ]
    The percentage of participants with PA-negative cultures at all time points after cessation of active treatment at Day 28 (assessed at Days 56, 112, and 196) was summarized for the Evaluable Analysis Set.

  2. Percentage of Participants With PA-negative Cultures at All Time Points After Cessation of Active Treatment (Sensitivity Analysis Set) [ Time Frame: Day 28 to Day 196 ]
    The percentage of participants with PA-negative cultures at all time points after cessation of active treatment at Day 28 (assessed at Days 56, 112, and 196) was summarized for the Sensitivity Analysis Set.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in FEV1% Predicted [ Time Frame: Baseline to Days 28, 56, 112, and 196 ]
    Spirometry assessments were performed only in participants ≥ 6 years of age. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) % predicted was defined as FEV1 of the participant divided by the average FEV1 in the population for any person of similar age, sex and body composition.

  2. Change From Baseline in CFQ-R RSS Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to Days 28, 56, 112, and 196 ]
    Respiratory symptoms (eg, coughing, congestion, wheezing) were assessed with the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire - Revised (CFQ-R) Respiratory Symptoms Scale (RSS) only in participants ≥ 6 years of age. The range of scores (units) is 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating fewer symptoms.

  3. Percentage of Participants With PA-negative Cultures [ Time Frame: Days 28, 56, 112, and 196 ]
    The percentage of participants with a PA-negative culture was summarized at each visit.

  4. Use of Additional (Non-study) Antipseudomonal Antibiotics [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 196 ]
    The percentage of participants who used additional (non-study) antipseudomonal antibiotics (an indication of PA exacerbation) while on treatment and posttreatment was summarized.

  5. Change From Baseline in Weight [ Time Frame: Baseline to Days 28, 56, 112, and 196 ]
  6. Change From Baseline in Height [ Time Frame: Baseline to Days 28, 56, 112, and 196 ]
  7. Change From Baseline in Body Mass Index (BMI) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Days 28, 56, 112, and 196 ]
  8. Pharmacokinetics (PK) Peak and Trough Plasma Concentrations of Aztreonam [ Time Frame: Day 1 (1 hour postdose) and Day 28 (immediately prior to dosing) ]
    The plasma concentration of aztreonam for participants < 6 years of age was obtained 1 hour after the first dose of AZLI on Day 1 and immediately prior to the last dose of AZLI on Day 28.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females age 3 months to less than 18 years
  • Diagnosis of CF as determined by the 1997 CF Consensus Conference criteria:

    • Documented sweat chloride ≥ 60 mEq/L by quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis test OR
    • Abnormal nasal transepithelial potential difference test OR
    • Two well-characterized, disease-causing genetic mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene AND
    • One or more clinical features consistent with CF
  • Documented new onset of positive lower respiratory tract culture (e.g., throat swab, sputum, or BAL) for PA within 30 days of study entry (prior to screening visit) defined as either first lifetime documented PA-positive culture OR PA recovered after at least a 2 year history of PA-negative respiratory cultures (at least 2 cultures per year)
  • Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) ≥ 80% predicted at screening visit (subjects ≥ 6 years of age)
  • Clinically stable with no evidence of significant respiratory symptoms or, if obtained for clinical evaluation, no chest radiograph findings at screening that would have required administration of IV antipseudomonal antibiotics, oxygen supplementation, or hospitalization.
  • All sexually active females who were of childbearing potential must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception during heterosexual intercourse throughout the study. Females utilizing hormonal contraceptives as a birth control method must have used the same method for at least 3 months prior to study drug dosing.
  • Males must agree to use barrier contraception (condom with spermicide) during heterosexual intercourse from screening through to study completion and for 90 days from the last dose of study investigational medicinal product
  • Participants and/or parent/guardian must be able to give written informed consent prior to any study related procedure

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of IV or inhaled antipseudomonal antibiotics within 2 years of study entry (screening visit)
  • Use of oral antipseudomonal antibiotics within 30 days of study entry (screening visit)
  • History of sputum or throat swab culture yielding Burkholderia spp. within 2 years prior to screening visit
  • History of local or systemic hypersensitivity to monobactam antibiotics
  • History of intolerance to inhaled short acting beta 2 agonists
  • History of lung transplantation
  • History of AZLI (or Cayston®) administration
  • Administration of any investigational drug or device within 28 days prior to screening visit or within 6 half-lives of the investigational drug (whichever is longer)
  • Current use of oral corticosteroids in doses exceeding the equivalent of 10 mg prednisone per day or 20 mg prednisone every other day
  • Current requirement for daily continuous oxygen supplementation or requirement of more than 2 L/minute at night
  • Hospitalization for pulmonary-related illness within 28 days prior to screening visit
  • Changes in or initiation of chronic azithromycin treatment within 28 days prior to screening visit
  • Changes in antimicrobial, bronchodilator (BD), corticosteroid, dornase alfa, or hypertonic saline medications within 7 days prior to screening visit; for participants on a stable regimen of hypertonic saline (28 days on/28 days off), beginning or ending a cycle of hypertonic saline is allowed
  • Changes in physiotherapy technique or schedule within 7 days prior to screening visit
  • Abnormal renal or hepatic function results at most recent test within the previous 12 months, defined as:

    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN), or
    • Serum creatinine > 2 times ULN for age
  • Pregnant or lactating females; a negative urine pregnancy test is required for all females of childbearing potential (unless surgically sterile), and confirmatory serum pregnancy test in the event of an initial positive urine test result
  • Any serious or active medical or psychiatric illness (including drug or alcohol abuse), which in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with treatment, assessment, or compliance with the protocol
  • Presence of a condition or abnormality that would compromise the patient's safety or the quality of study data, in the opinion of the investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01375049

  Hide Study Locations
United States, Arizona
Phoenix Children's Hospital
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85016
United States, Florida
Nemours Children's Clinic- Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32207
Nemours Childrens Clinic Orlando
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32801
United States, Illinois
Children's Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614
United States, Indiana
Riley Hospital for Children
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Massachusetts
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Missouri
Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64108
Saint Louis University
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
United States, New York
Cohen Children's Medical Center of NY
Great Neck, New York, United States, 11021
SUNY Upstate Medical University
Syracuse, New York, United States, 13210
United States, North Carolina
UNC Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
United States, Ohio
Akron Children's Hospital
Akron, Ohio, United States, 44308
Cincinnati Children's Hospital
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229
Nationwide Children's Hospital
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43205
Toledo Children's Hospital CF Research Center
Toledo, Ohio, United States, 43606
United States, Pennsylvania
PennState Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033
St. Christopher's Hospital for Children
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19134
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15224
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Children's Hospital
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Utah
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84108
United States, Wisconsin
Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53201
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck Abt. für Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde, Pädiatrie III (Zystische Fibrose)
Innsbruck, Austria, 6020
Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola Brussels
Brussels, Belgium, 1020
Paediatrics, University Hospital Brussels (UZB)
Brussels, Belgium, 1090
Pediatric Respiratory Department, Ghent University Hospital
Ghent, Belgium, 9000
Pediatric Pulmonology, Dept Pediatrics University Hospital Gasthuisberg
Leuven, Belgium, 3000
CHU de Boredaux Hôpital des Enfants - Pellegrin CEDRE
Bordeaux, France, 33076
Clermont Ferrand, France, 63003
CHI de Créteil Departement pediatrie
Creteil, France, 94000
Centre hospitalier Robert Bissons CRCM - service pédiatrie
Lisieux, France, 14100
Service pédiatrie II Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades
Paris, France, 75743
Hopital Robert Debre
Paris, France
Centre de Ressources et de Compétences sur la Mucoviscidose ( CRCM), Roscoff, France
Roscoff, France, 29684
Charité Campus Virchow Klinikum, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Klinik für Pädiatrie mit Schwerpunkt Pneumologie/Immunolgie Prof. Wahn
Berlin, Germany, 13353
Klinik fur Kinder- und Jugendmedizinim St Josef-Hopsital
Bochum, Germany
Universitätsklinikum Essen, Zentrum für Kinderheilkunde - Abteilung Allg. Kinderheilkunde/Neuropaediatrie
Erlangen, Germany, 91054
Universitaetsklinikum Bonn-Zentrum fuer Kinderheikunde
Essen, Germany
Christiane Herzog CF-Center, Goethe University Hospital
Frankfurt, Germany, 60590
Universitätsklinikum Gießen und Marburg GmbH
Giessen, Germany, 35392
University Children's Hospital
Tubingen, Germany, 72076
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Catania, Dipartimento di Pediatria, UO Broncopneumologia Pediatrica
Catania, Italy, 95123
Cystic Fibrosis Centre Paediatric Department, A. Meyer Children Hospital Florence
Florence, Italy, 50139
Universita' Federico II di Napoli
Napoli, Italy, 80131
Fondazione IRCCS, Ospedale Pediatrico, Bambino Gesu' di Roma
Rome, Italy, 00165
Centro Fibrosi Cistica di Verona, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona
Verona, Italy, 37126
Division of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Rotterdam, Netherlands, 3015 GJ
Longziekten Universitair Medisch (PEDIATRIC), Ultrecht
Utrecht, Netherlands, 3584 EA
ISPL Centrum Medyczne
Bialystok, Poland, 15-003
Specjalistyczny Zespół Opieki Zdrowotnej nad Matką i Dzieckiem, Poradnia Leczenia Mukowiscydozy
Gdansk, Poland, 80-308
Instytut Gruźlicy i Chorób Płuc, Klinki Pneumologii i Mukowiscydozy
Rabka Zdroj, Poland, 34-700
Instytut Matki i Dziecka Klinika Pediatrii
Warszawa, Poland, 01-211
Hospital Vall D' Hebron Pediatric Pneunmonology and Cystic Fibrosis Clinic
Barcelona, Spain, 08035
Hospital infantil Universitario Niño Jesus, Servicio de Neumología Pediatrica
Madrid, Spain, 28009
Hospital Ramon y Cajal
Madrid, Spain, 28049
Hospital Infantil La Paz
Madrid, Spain
Hospital Materno-Infantil Carlos Haya, Servicio de Neumología Pediatrica
Malaga, Spain, 29011
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Study Director: Mark Bresnik, MD Gilead Sciences

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Gilead Sciences Identifier: NCT01375049     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GS-US-205-0162
First Posted: June 17, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 1, 2014
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014

Keywords provided by Gilead Sciences:
Cystic fibrosis
Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cystic Fibrosis
Pseudomonas Infections
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents