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Microelectrode Brain-Machine Interface for Individuals With Tetraplegia

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2017 by University of Pittsburgh
United States Department of Defense
Johns Hopkins University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael Boninger, University of Pittsburgh Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2011
Last updated: February 13, 2017
Last verified: February 2017
The purpose of this research study is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of using two NeuroPort Arrays (electrodes) for long-term recording of brain activity.

Condition Intervention
Spinal Cord Injury
Device: Implantation of NeuroPort Arrays in the motor cortex

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Microelectrode Brain-Machine Interface for Individuals With Tetraplegia

Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary outcome is the safety of the participant. [ Time Frame: One year following array implantation ]
    This measure will be considered a success if the device is not removed for safety reasons during the 12-month post-implant evaluation.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary outcome is the efficacy of the electrodes for long-term recording of neural activity and successful control of external devices. [ Time Frame: One year following array implantation ]
    The efficacy of the electrodes will be determined through a variety of measures, including characterization of signal quality, degrees of freedom achieved and subject performance.

Estimated Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: May 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Brain-Machine Interface Users
All participants enrolled in the study will be individuals implanted with microelectrodes in their brain to record neural activity. There is no control group.
Device: Implantation of NeuroPort Arrays in the motor cortex
Two Blackrock Microsystems NeuroPort Arrays will be implanted in the motor cortex of study participants.
Other Names:
  • neuroprosthetic
  • brain-machine interface
  • brain-computer interface

Detailed Description:
Individuals with tetraplegia (paralysis caused by illness or injury that results in partial or total loss of use of the arms and legs) have intact brain function but are unable to move due to injury or disease affecting the spinal cord, nerves or muscles. Brain-machine interface (BMI) technology is based on the finding that with intact brain function, neural signals are generated even though they are not sent to the arms, hands and legs. By implanting electrodes in the brain, individuals can be trained to send neural signals which are interpreted by a computer and translated to movement which can then be used to control a variety of devices or computer displays.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Limited or no ability to use both hands due to cervical spinal cord injury or brainstem or spinal stroke
  • At least 1 year post-injury
  • Live within 1 hour of the University of Pittsburgh and be willing to travel to the University of Pittsburgh once per week for BMI training
  • Additional inclusion criteria must also be reviewed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Certain implanted devices
  • Presence of other serious disease or disorder that could affect ability to participate in this study
  • Individuals who are immunosuppressed or who have conditions that typically result in immunocompromise
  • Additional exclusion criteria must also be reviewed
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01364480

Contact: Debbie E Harrington, BS 412-383-1355

United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Contact: Debbie E Harrington, BS    412-383-1355   
Principal Investigator: Michael L Boninger, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
United States Department of Defense
Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Michael L Boninger, MD University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Michael Boninger, Professor and Chair of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT01364480     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO10080021
Study First Received: May 25, 2011
Last Updated: February 13, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: We may share de-identified data with collaborators.

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
Spinal cord injury
Brainstem or spinal stroke
Brain-machine interface
Brain-computer interface
Neural activity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms processed this record on May 22, 2017