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Genetic Testing in Predicting Tumor Response in Patients With Stage I-III HER2 Negative Invasive Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01334021
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 12, 2011
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well genetic testing works in predicting tumor response in patients with stage I-III HER2 negative invasive breast cancer. Genetic testing is a procedure that tests tumor samples to learn if certain genes are activated (turned on) in the tumor and if the activation of these genes may predict if the tumor will be sensitive or resistant to routine breast cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy or hormonal therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anatomic Stage I Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IA Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Estrogen Receptor Positive HER2/Neu Negative Invasive Breast Carcinoma Prognostic Stage I Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage IA Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Prognostic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Procedure: Biopsy Procedure: Conventional Surgery Other: Genetic Testing Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the feasibility of implementation of molecular (genomic) predictive testing for patients with localized (stage I-III) invasive carcinoma of the breast who are candidates for either adjuvant or neoadjuvant treatment of their breast cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Estimate the frequency of tumors in each of the four molecularly defined cohorts, overall and within subsets defined by nodal status and estrogen receptor (ER) status.

II. Estimate the concordance of genomic analysis of gene expression levels for ER and HER2 from the microarray (published previously), compared with standard testing with immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to determine ER and HER2 status in these tumors.

III. Estimate the rates of indeterminate results and other variables of feasibility for tissue obtained by different procurement methods.

IV. Estimate the impact of adjuvant therapy as measured by disease free survival (DFS) at 3 and 5 years for the patients within each cohort who received a neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment that is concordant with the application of the prediction result.

V. Estimate the impact of neoadjuvant therapy for patients within each cohort, as measured by pathologic response in the breast and regional lymph nodes (pathologic complete response rate [pCR] and residual cancer burden [RCB]).

VI. Estimate the predictive performance of other pre-validated and published genomic predictors of chemotherapy or endocrine therapy sensitivity by calculating those predictions from the microarray data that are produced or by using available results if the test was performed separately for clinical use.

VII. Determine molecular characteristics of residual disease by analyzing resected surgical specimens of residual disease in patients who have received neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

VIII. Determine molecular characteristics of recurrent or metastatic disease by analyzing tumor tissue obtained from diagnostic biopsies of a recurrent or metastatic tumor and comparing these samples to the primary tumor.

OUTLINE:

Patients undergo biopsy or surgery to obtain tumor sample for genetic testing. Patients are then assigned to 4 treatment cohorts as determined by genetic test results.

After completion of study, patients are followed up for 5 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1100 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Masking Description: Patients and treating physicians will not be told the results of the experimental tests.
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Feasibility, Validation and Implementation of Genomic Testing for Chemotherapy and Endocrine Sensitivity of HER2 Negative Primary Invasive Breast Cancer (Clinical Stage I to III)
Actual Study Start Date : May 31, 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Diagnostic (biopsy, surgery, genetic testing)
Patients undergo biopsy or surgery to obtain tumor sample for genetic testing. Patients are then assigned to 4 treatment cohorts as determined by genetic test results.
Procedure: Biopsy
Undergo tumor biopsy
Other Name: Bx

Procedure: Conventional Surgery
Undergo surgery

Other: Genetic Testing
Undergo genetic testing
Other Names:
  • genetic analysis
  • Genetic Examination
  • Genetic Test




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility defined as the ability to classify patients into 1 of 4 cohorts [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The study will use the methods of Thall et al. to monitor the ability to classify patients into 1 of 4 groups (success rate) throughout the trial. Will use summary statistics to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients overall and within each subgroup (Groups A-D).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease-free survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: Time between diagnostic tumor biopsy and the first failure event, assessed at 3 and 5 years ]
    The study will estimate 3-year DFS with 95% confidence intervals within each subgroup (Groups A-D) using the Kaplan-Meier estimator. Will also use a Cox proportional hazards regression model to estimate the association between DFS and subgroup, genomic predictions of treatment response, treatment, age at diagnosis, tumor stage at diagnosis, clinical nodal status at diagnosis, and histologic grade.

  2. Frequency of tumors [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The study will estimate the relative frequency of tumors classified within each prediction cohort (groups A-D) with 95% confidence intervals.

  3. Concordance of genomic analysis with immunohistochemistry (IHC) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The study will tabulate the estrogen receptor (ER) status and Her2 status of tumors as determined by the genomic analysis and by IHC. Will estimate the concordance between these 2 methods for ER status and for Her2 status with 95% confidence intervals.

  4. Indeterminate Results [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The study will use descriptive statistics to summarize the data in an effort to understand reasons for obtaining indeterminate results when trying to classify patients into 1 of the 4 subgroups (Groups A-D). Will summarize these data overall and separately for each biopsy method (e.g., fine needle aspiration, core needle biopsy, surgical resection).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient can undergo biopsy or surgery of a primary tumor site for suspected or proven invasive breast cancer of clinical stage I to III; stage IV patients will be allowed and included in the feasibility assessment, but will not be included in outcomes analysis for secondary objectives
  • The clinical or radiologic primary tumor size is at least 1 cm diameter

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has proven HER2-positive breast cancer, defined as a pathology report of amplification of the gene or 3+ score for immunohistochemical staining
  • The patient has received prior systemic therapy or radiation therapy for breast cancer
  • The patient has a prior history of invasive or metastatic cancer within 5 years of diagnosis of breast cancer, excluding squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • The patient had prior excisional biopsy of the primary invasive breast cancer
  • There is hematoma or biopsy site changes that obscure the primary tumor
  • Patients deemed medically ineligible for any adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy. Patients with ER-positive (+) tumors deemed medically eligible for hormonal therapy, but not chemotherapy will be considered eligible for this protocol. Patients with ER-negative (-) tumors who are not candidates for adjuvant anthracycline based chemotherapy will be considered ineligible for this protocol. Patients who undergo biopsy and are later found to be ineligible for adjuvant therapy will be assessed for the primary objective, but will be excluded from the secondary objectives

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01334021


Locations
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Stacy Moulder M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01334021     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-0007
NCI-2018-02476 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2011-0007 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 12, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases