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Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Liposomal Doxorubicin in Combination With Seliciclib for Patients With Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01333423
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : April 12, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2012
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of seliciclib that can be given in combination with liposomal doxorubicin to patients with metastatic breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Liposomal Doxorubicin Drug: Seliciclib Phase 1

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Detailed Description:

The Study Drugs:

Seliciclib is designed to stop cancer cells from dividing, which may cause them to die.

Doxorubicin is a chemotherapy drug that is designed to stop the growth of cancer cells, which may cause the cells to die. Liposomal doxorubicin is a redesigned version of doxorubicin. The drug, doxorubicin, is enclosed in a fat bubble called a liposome. This is designed to allow the drug to get into the tumor tissue better and to stay in the body for a longer time.

Study Groups:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be assigned to a dose level of seliciclib based on when you joined this study. Up to 6 dose levels of seliciclib will be tested. At least 2 participants will be enrolled at each dose level. The first group of participants will receive the lowest dose level. Each new group will receive a higher dose than the group before it, if no intolerable side effects were seen. This will continue until the highest tolerable dose of seliciclib is found.

All participants will receive the same dose level of liposomal doxorubicin.

Drug Administration:

You will take seliciclib by mouth with a cup (8 ounces) of water twice a day on Days 1-3 of each 28-day study cycle. The 2 doses should be taken 12 hours apart. Seliciclib should be taken 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. If you miss a dose, it can be taken up to 2 hours after the scheduled time. If it has been more than 2 hours, the missed dose should not be taken. You should resume taking the study drug at the next normally scheduled time.

You will receive liposomal doxorubicin by vein over 2-3 hours on Day 4 of each cycle.

On Days 5-28 you will not receive any study drugs.

Study Visits:

At all study visits, you will be asked about any side effects you may be having and about any other drugs you may be taking.

On Day 1 of every cycle:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your weight and vital signs.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • Blood (about 1-2 teaspoons) and urine will be collected for routine tests.

During Week 2 of Cycle 1:

-Blood (about 1-2 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

You will have an ECHO or MUGA scan at least every 4 cycles to check your heart function.

After every even-numbered cycles (Cycles 2, 4, 6 and so on), you will have either a CT or MRI scan to check the status of the disease.

Length of Study:

You may continue taking the study drugs for as long as the doctor thinks it is in your best interest. You will no longer be able to take the study drug if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions.

Your participation on the study will be over once you have completed the end-of-study visit.

End-of-Study Visit:

About 4-6 weeks after you have stopped receiving the study drugs, you will have an end-of-study visit. The following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your weight and vital signs.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • Blood (about 1-2 teaspoons) and urine will be collected for routine tests.
  • You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having and drugs you may be taking.

This is an investigational study. Seliciclib is not FDA-approved or commercially available. It is currently being used for research purposes only.

Liposomal doxorubicin is FDA-approved and commercially available for metastatic breast cancer. The use of these drugs together is investigational.

Up to 40 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I With Dose Expansion to Determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose of Liposomal Doxorubicin in Combination With Seliciclib for the Treatment of Patients With Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : September 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Doxil + Seliciclib
Doxil (Liposomal doxorubicin) 40 mg/m2 intravenous (IV) over 2 -3 hours on Day 4 and Seliciclib starting dose 200 mg orally twice a day on Days 1 - 3 of 28 day cycle
Drug: Liposomal Doxorubicin
40 mg by vein administered over 2 -3 hours on Day 4 of a 28 day cycle.
Other Names:
  • Doxil
  • Doxorubicin Hydrochloride (Liposomal)

Drug: Seliciclib
Starting dose 200 mg by mouth twice daily on Days 1 - 3 of a 28 day cycle.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with a Dose Limiting Toxicity(DLT) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 of therapy (28 days) ]
    Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) defined as NCI Common Toxicity Criteria (version 4.0): Grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia lasting > 2 weeks; Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia lasting >2 weeks; Febrile neutropenia; Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicity that lasts > 72 hours despite appropriate medical management (excluding grade 3 fatigue); or Delay in administration of cycle 2 of therapy for >2 weeks due to myelosuppression. DLT must be considered treatment related and occur during cycle 1 of therapy.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with Clinical Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Disease response assessed using standard imaging techniques every two cycles. Response measured and defined using modified RECIST criterias of CR, PR or SD at 6 months where Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in sum of longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference baseline sum longest diameter; and Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for Progressive Disease (PD), taking as reference smallest sum of longest diameter since treatment started.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Both male and female patients with invasive cancer that is confirmed ER/PR/HER2 negative carcinoma of the breast with locally advanced or stage IV disease that is not amenable to curative therapy. For purposes of this study, triple negative disease will be tumors that have ER/PR <10% and HER2 </=1+ by IHC or HER2 FISH non-amplified (ratio <2.0).
  2. Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0, 1 or 2
  3. Age >/= 18 years
  4. Women must not be pregnant or lactating because of the teratogenic potential of these drugs. All females of childbearing potential (i.e. A female not free from menses > 1 year or not surgically sterilized) must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to start of therapy to rule out pregnancy.
  5. Women of childbearing potential (i.e. A female not free from menses > 1 year or not surgically sterilized) and are strongly advised to use an accepted and effective non-hormonal method of contraception.
  6. Must have at least one site of objective measurable or evaluable disease. Baseline measurements and evaluations must be obtained within 4 weeks of start of therapy.
  7. Patients must be disease free of prior malignancy for >/= 5 years with the exception of curatively treated squamous cell carcinomas of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast.
  8. Patients must have no serious medical illness, other that treated by this study, which would limit survival to less than 1 month or psychiatric illness which would limit informed consent.
  9. Patients must not have peripheral neuropathy > grade 2.
  10. Required Cardiac Parameters: Patients must not have had a history of New York Heart Association class 3 or 4 heart failure, or history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina or CVA within 6 months of protocol registration. LVEF > 50% by MUGA or ECHO.
  11. Patients must not have history of PR prolongation or AV block
  12. Required laboratory parameters: Patients must have serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dl.
  13. Patients must have adequate hematologic functions: granulocytes > 1500/mm^3 and platelets > 100,000/mm^3
  14. Patients must have adequate hepatocellular function: SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT) < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (unless liver is involved by tumor, in which case SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT) can be < 2.0 x upper limit of normal)
  15. Patients must have no history of prior therapy with seliciclib.
  16. Patients must not have received a cumulative dose of doxorubicin of greater than 360 mg/m^2 or epirubicin of greater than 640 mg/m^2. Patients who have received >240 mg/m^2 of doxorubicin or >400 mg/m^2 of epirubicin should be advised to undergo evaluation of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) with echocardiogram (ECHO) or gated heart scan (MUGA) prior to initiating therapy.
  17. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy is not permitted. Concurrent radiation therapy is not permitted.
  18. Patients must not have had prior organ allograft or require immunosuppressive therapy.
  19. Patients must have completed and recovered from the effects of prior chemotherapy (</= grade 2 toxicity).
  20. Patients must have received at least one prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease. Progression within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy will be considered equivalent to one prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease.

Exclusion Criteria:

1) None.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01333423

Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
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Principal Investigator: Stacy Moulder, MD UT MD Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01333423     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-0013
1R01CA152228-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 12, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2012
Last Verified: June 2012
Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Breast Cancer
Metastatic Triple Negative
ER/PR/HER2 negative
Locally advanced
Stage IV
Liposomal Doxorubicin
Doxorubicin Hydrochloride (Liposomal)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors