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A Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of GSK1605786A in the Treatment of Subjects With Moderately-to-Severely Active Crohn's Disease (SHIELD-1)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01277666
First Posted: January 17, 2011
Last Update Posted: September 19, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
  Purpose
This is a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of two doses (500 mg once daily and 500 mg twice daily) of GSK1605786A as compared to placebo over 12 weeks in adult subjects with moderately-to-severely active Crohn's disease. Efficacy will be assessed by proportion of subjects achieving response, defined as a decrease in Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score of at least 100 points (clinical response). Clinical remission (CDAI score less than 150 points) will be evaluated as a key secondary endpoint. Safety will be assessed by recording of adverse events, clinical laboratory parameters, vital signs and electrocardiogram (ECG). Population pharmacokinetics will evaluate the two doses of GSK1605786A. Health outcomes assessments will include changes in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ), Short Form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2), EQ-5D and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment-CD (WPAI-CD) and receipt of disability.

Condition Intervention Phase
Crohn's Disease Drug: GSK1605786A Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of GSK1605786A in the Treatment of Subjects With Moderately-to-Severely Active Crohn's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) Response at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    CDAI is a number which consists of information collected from a 7-day diary from the participants regarding symptoms. Remission is considered a score of 150 or less. Active disease is considered 200 or greater. A response to therapy is considered a decline in CDAI score of 70-points from baseline. The score was algorithmically derived from the sum of participant reported Crohn's disease symptoms recorded over 7 days and investigator recorded assessments of the participant's condition, laboratory parameters and use of anti-diarrhoeal medication. CDAI score was calculated based on the data collected in the diary card. The total CDAI score ranged from 0 to approximately 600, where higher scores indicate more severe disease. Both participants and investigators made their entries via IVRS each evening before going to bed. Percentage of participants with CDAI response at Week 12 was presented.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With CDAI Remission at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    CDAI is a recognized scoring system to categorize disease severity with scores of >= 220 to <= 450 describing the moderately-to-severely active population. Clinical remission is defined as a CDAI score < 150 points if baseline CDAI is >= 150. If baseline CDAI is <150, the participant was not considered in remission. Participants with missing CDAI scores were considered not in remission according to the missing=no effect imputation. Percentage of participants in clinical remission at Week 12 was presented.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Clinical Response (CDAI Decrease From Baseline of >= 100 Points) at Both Week 8 and Week 12 [ Time Frame: At Week 8 and 12 ]
    Responders were defined as participants with CDAI decrease from baseline of >= 100 points. CDAI is a recognized scoring system to categorize disease severity with scores of >= 220 to <= 450 describing the moderately-to-severely active population. The score was algorithmically derived from the sum of participant reported Crohn's disease symptoms recorded over 7 days and investigator recorded assessments of the participant's condition, laboratory parameters and use of anti-diarrhoeal medication. Both participants and investigators made their entries via IVRS each evening before going to bed. Percentage of participants with CDAI decrease from baseline of >=100 points was presented.

  • Percentage of Participants Achieving Clinical Remission (CDAI <150 Points) at Both Week 8 and Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 8 and 12 ]
    Clinical remission is defined as a CDAI score < 150 points if baseline CDAI is >= 150. If baseline CDAI is <150, the participant was not considered in remission. participants with missing CDAI scores were considered not in remission according to the missing=no effect imputation. Percentage of participants in clinical remission defined as a CDAI score of less than 150 points at other time points was presented.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Clinical Response (CDAI Decrease From Baseline of >=100 Points) at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    CDAI is a recognized scoring system to categorize disease severity with scores of >= 220 to <= 450 describing the moderately-to-severely active population. The score was algorithmically derived from the sum of participant reported Crohn's disease symptoms recorded over 7 days and investigator recorded assessments of the participant's condition, laboratory parameters and use of anti-diarrhoeal medication. Both participants and investigators made their entries via IVRS each evening before going to bed. Percentage of Participants with a clinical response CDAI decrease from baseline of >=100 points at Week 8 was presented.

  • Percentage of Participant Achieving Clinical Remission (CDAI <150 Points) at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    Clinical remission is defined as a CDAI score < 150 points if baseline CDAI is >= 150. If baseline CDAI is <150, the participant was not considered in remission. participants with missing CDAI scores were considered not in remission according to the missing=no effect imputation. Percentage of participants achieving clinical remission with CDAI <150 points at Week 8 was presented.

  • Change From Baseline in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) Total Score at Both Weeks 8 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0), Week 8 and Week 12 ]
    The IBDQ is a 32-item IBD-specific health related quality of life instrument evaluating general activities of daily living, intestinal function, social performance, personal interactions, and emotional status. Each item response was graded from 1 to 7 for each area evaluated. A higher score indicated better function in that area. Total IBDQ score was obtained by summing up scores for all 32 questions. Total IBDQ score ranged from 32 to 224. A higher score indicated better quality of life and lower score indicated worse quality of life. Day 1 assessment was considered as Baseline. Change from Baseline was calculated by subtracting value at Baseline from value at Weeks 8 and 12.

  • Incidence of Adverse Events (AE) and Serious Adverse Events (SAE) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ]
    Data for number of participants who presented one or more adverse events (serious or non serious) was reported. An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence (MO) in a participant temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product (MP), whether or not considered related to the MP and can therefore be any unfavourable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with its use. The SAE was any untoward MO that, at any dose, results in death, life threatening, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, results in or prolongs inpatient hospitalization, congenital abnormality or birth defect, that may not be immediately life-threatening or result in death or hospitalization but may jeopardize the participant or may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes listed in this definition.


Enrollment: 608
Actual Study Start Date: December 20, 2010
Study Completion Date: July 11, 2013
Primary Completion Date: July 11, 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
orally administered
Drug: Placebo
Placebo capsules, administered orally for 12 weeks
Experimental: GSK1605786A 500mg once daily
orally administered
Drug: GSK1605786A
500 mg once daily, administered orally for 12 weeks
Experimental: GSK1605786A 500mg twice daily
orally administered
Drug: GSK1605786A
500 mg twice daily, administered orally for 12 weeks

Detailed Description:

This is a multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study to evaluate the efficacy of two oral doses of GSK1605786A (500 mg once daily, 500 mg twice daily) as compared to placebo in the induction of clinical response over a 12-week treatment period in subjects with moderately-to-severely active Crohn's disease. Secondary objectives will include assessment of the safety and evaluation of the efficacy in induction of remission.

The study is planned to randomise approximately 600 subjects (200 subjects/group) with active Crohn's disease, diagnosed for at least 4 months with a documented history of disease in the small and/or large intestine, and characterised by a Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score between 220 to and 450, inclusive. Subjects must have reported an inadequate response or intolerance to Crohn's disease treatment with corticosteroids or immunosuppressants. Inclusion of subjects who received prior treatment with a biologic anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) agent will be limited to approximately 50% of the study population. All subjects are required to have a diagnosis with identification of anatomic location of Crohn's disease, which has been established by visualisation of the gastrointestinal tract within 12 months of screening. Subjects who have not had a visualisation of the gastrointestinal tract within 12 months are required to undergo an endoscopic assessment during the screening period. Subjects will be required to have evidence of current active inflammation at the time of randomisation either by endoscopy or by inflammatory biomarkers [elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) greater than the upper limit of normal (ULN) plus a positive faecal calprotectin test]. Subjects who do not meet the requirements based on inflammatory biomarker test results will be required to qualify based on endoscopic assessment during screening. Subjects will be allowed to participate in the study while continuing on stable doses of agents typically used to treat Crohn's disease. Following the screening period, subjects will be randomised at baseline to receive blinded treatment with one of two doses of GSK1605786A (500 mg once daily or twice daily) or placebo for 12 weeks. Response and remission endpoints, using the CDAI, will be evaluated at Weeks 4, 8 and 12.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subjects aged 18 years or older
  • Written informed consent
  • Diagnosis of Crohn's disease for greater than 4 months duration with small bowel and/or colonic involvement
  • Confirmation of Crohn's disease established by visualisation of the gastrointestinal tract within the 12 months prior to screening or by screening endoscopy at study entry
  • History of inadequate response and/or intolerance/adverse event leading to discontinuation of either corticosteroids or immunosuppressants
  • Moderately-to-severely active disease characterised by a CDAI score between 220 and 450, inclusive, at Baseline
  • Confirmation of current active Crohn's disease by screening endoscopy or inflammatory biomarkers [elevated C-reactive protein (greater than upper limit of normal) plus positive test for faecal calprotectin] at Screening
  • Stable doses of permitted concomitant medications or having previously received, but are not currently receiving, medications for Crohn's disease
  • Demonstrated ability to comply with Crohn's disease symptom recording using the interactive voice response system
  • Females of child-bearing potential must be sexually inactive or commit to consistent and correct use of a contraceptive method of birth control with a failure rate of less than 1% for the duration of this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • If female: pregnant, has a positive pregnancy test or is breast-feeding
  • Diagnosis of coeliac disease, follow a gluten-free diet to manage symptoms, or positive test for coeliac disease
  • Diagnosis of ulcerative or indeterminate colitis
  • Enterocutaneous, abdominal or pelvic fistulae with abscesses or fistulae likely to require surgery during the study period
  • Bowel surgery, other than appendectomy, within 12 weeks prior to screen and/or has surgery planned or deemed likely for Crohn's disease during the study period
  • Extensive colonic resection, subtotal or total colectomy
  • Presence of ileostomies, colostomies or rectal pouches
  • Known fixed symptomatic stenoses
  • History of more than 3 small bowel resections or diagnosis of short bowel syndrome
  • Chronic use of narcotics for chronic pain defined as daily use of one or more doses of narcotic containing medication
  • Use of prohibited medications, including enteral feeding or elemental diet, within their specified time frames

    1. Biologic use: Use of any biologic (tumour necrosis factor inhibitor or natalizumab) within 8 weeks prior to screening
    2. Corticosteroid use: Use of parenteral glucocorticoids within 4 weeks prior to screening
    3. Immunospressant use: Use of cyclosporine, tacrolimus, sirolimus or mycophenolate mofetil within 4 weeks prior to screening
    4. Intravenous antibiotic use: Use of intravenous antibiotics for Crohn's disease within 4 weeks prior to screening
    5. Use of rectal treatment with 5-ASA or corticosteroid enemas/suppositories within 2 weeks prior to screening
    6. Use of tube or enteral feeding, elemental diet, or parenteral alimentation within 2 weeks prior to screening
    7. Leukocytapheresis or granulocytapheresis within 2 weeks prior to screening
  • Positive immunoassay for Clostridium difficile
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Known varicella, herpes zoster, or other severe viral infection within 6 weeks of screening
  • Immunisation with a live vaccine within 4 weeks of screening, with the exception of influenza vaccine
  • Active or latent tuberculosis infection
  • Current sepsis or infections requiring intravenous antibiotic therapy for more than 2 weeks
  • Evidence of hepatic dysfunction, viral hepatitis, or current or chronic history of liver disease including non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
  • Positive test for Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C antibody at screening
  • Corrected QT interval of ECG (electrocardiogram) greater than or equal to 450 milliseconds
  • Concurrent illness or disability that may affect the interpretation of clinical data, or otherwise contraindicates participation in this clinical study
  • History or evidence of adenomatous colonic polyps that have not been removed
  • History of evidence of colonic mucosal dysplasia
  • Current evidence of, or has been treated for a malignancy within the past five years (other than localised basal cell, squamous cell skin cancer, cervical dysplasia, or any cancer in situ that has been resected)
  • Any previous participation in a clinical study of GSK1605786A (formerly ChemoCentryx compound CCX282-B)
  • Medical history of sensitivity to any of the components of GSK1605786A
  • Use of any investigational product within 30 days prior to screening
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01277666


  Show 219 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01277666     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 114151
First Submitted: January 13, 2011
First Posted: January 17, 2011
Results First Submitted: July 5, 2017
Results First Posted: September 19, 2017
Last Update Posted: September 19, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Crohn's disease
capsule
GSK1605786A
quality of life
inflammatory bowel disease
oral therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Crohn Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Intestinal Diseases