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Repeated Super-selective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion of Bevacizumab (Avastin) for Treatment of Relapsed GBM and AA

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01269853
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 4, 2011
Last Update Posted : December 1, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The high-grade malignant brain tumors, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), comprise the majority of all primary brain tumors in adults. This group of tumors also exhibits the most aggressive behavior, resulting in median overall survival durations of only 9-12 months for GBM, and 3-4 years for AA. Initial therapy consists of either surgical resection, external beam radiation or both. All patients experience a recurrence after first-line therapy, so improvements in both first-line and salvage therapy are critical to enhancing quality-of-life and prolonging survival. It is unknown if currently used intravenous (IV) therapies even cross the blood brain barrier (BBB). The investigators have shown in a previous phase I trial that a single Super-selective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion (SIACI) of Bevacizumab (up to 15mg/kg) is safe and effective in the treatment of recurrent GBM. Therefore, this phase I/II clinical research trial is an extension of that trial in that the investigators seek to test the hypothesis that repeated dosing of intraarterial Bevacizumab is safe and effective in the treatment of recurrent malignant glioma. By achieving the aims of this study the investigators will also determine if IV therapy with Bevacizumab should be combined with repeated selected intraarterial Bevacizumab to improve progression free and overall survival. The investigators expect that this project will provide important information regarding the utility of repeated SIACI Bevacizumab therapy for malignant glioma, and may alter the way these drugs are delivered to the patients in the near future.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma Multiforme Anaplastic Astrocytoma Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The current standard of care for recurring GBM is for patients to receive Bevacizumab (Avastin) intravenously (IV) at 10mg/kg every two weeks until their tumor grows more than 25%. At that point, these patients are deemed treatment failures and are given another treatment. Because of the blood brain barrier (BBB) where IV drugs do not penetrate the blood vessel walls well to get into the brain, no one knows for sure if these IV drugs actually get into the brain after infusion. We have recently completed a Phase I clinical trial that has shown that SIACI of Bevacizumab is safe and effective up to a dose of 15mg/kg in patients with recurrent malignant glioma. This two arm open-label, non-randomized trial is a follow up study to that trial and will ask two simple questions: Is it safe to deliver repeated doses of Bevacizumab intraarterially using these super selective intraarterial delivery techniques? Is it necessary to combine this IA regimen of treatment with biweekly IV Bevacizumab in order to improve progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS)? Information from this trial will yield important answers to the durability and efficacy of this delivery technique and may radically change the way chemotherapy is given to our patients with brain tumors.

Current Standard of Care:

Day 0: Intravenous Bevacizumab (10mg/kg) Day 14, 28 (and every two weeks thereafter): Intravenous Bevacizumab

Therefore the experimental aspects of this treatment plan will include:

  1. Subjects will first be treated with Mannitol prior to chemotherapy infusion (Mannitol 20%; 12.5 mL/s over 2 minutes) in order to disrupt the blood brain barrier. This technique has been used in several thousand patients in previous studies for the IA delivery of chemotherapy for malignant glioma. We have used this without complication in the 30 patients from our Phase I protocol as well.
  2. To treat patients with one of two arms with repeated intraarterial delivery (SIACI) of Bevacizumab for patients with recurring or relapsing high grade glioma. Each arm gets IA delivery with one arm getting IV Bevacizumab biweekly as well and the other arm not getting intervening IV therapy. In each arm, IA therapy is repeated when MRI shows progression. Persistent progression after three intraarterial chemotherapies would remove the patient from the trial.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 54 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial Of Repeated Super-selective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion Of Bevacizumab (Avastin) for Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory Glioblastoma Multiforme and Anaplastic Astrocytoma.
Study Start Date : October 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2018

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 2 Drug: Bevacizumab

Experimental portion of this proposal:

This trial will have two experimental arms that will be open labeled and non-randomized.

ARM 1 (If the patient has multifocal disease or leptomeningeal disease)

Day 0: Intraarterial Bevacizumab single dose (15mg/kg) after Mannitol to open the blood brain barrier Day 28: Intravenous Bevacizumab (10mg/kg) every two weeks thereafter until disease progression on MRI scan.

If progression occurs, repeat Intraarterial Bevacizumab single dose (15mg/kg) to area of progression and wait 28 days and then restart Intravenous Bevacizumab (10mg/kg) every two weeks thereafter until progression on MRI scan.

Repeat Cycle

Experimental: Arm 1 Drug: Bevacizumab

ARM 2 (If the patient has no multifocal disease or leptomeningeal disease)

Day 0: Intraarterial Bevacizumab single dose (15mg/kg) after Mannitol to open the blood brain barrier Day 28: No biweekly IV Bevacizumab treatment

If MRI shows progression then repeat Intraarterial Bevacizumab single dose (15mg/kg) to area of progression Repeat Cycle

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Composite overall response rate (CORR) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    We will determine this composite overall response rate (CORR) through the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 6 month ]
    Six-month progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) will be assessed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, assuming adequate follow-up time

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The safety of repeated SIACI of mannitol and Bevacizumab at 15mg/kg. [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    The descriptive frequency of subjects experiencing toxicities will also be tabulated.

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years of age or older.
  • Patients with a documented histologic diagnosis of relapsed or refractory glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) or anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma (AOA).
  • Patients must have at least one confirmed and evaluable tumor site. A confirmed tumor site is one in which is biopsy-proven.
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status 70% (or the equivalent ECOG level of 0-2).
  • Patients must agree to use a medically effective method of contraception during and for a period of three months after the treatment period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous treatment with greater than 2 cycles of Bevacizumab at 10mg/kg (2 IV Infusions).
  • Women who are pregnant or lactating.
  • Patients with significant inter-current medical or psychiatric conditions that would place them at increased risk or affect their ability to receive or comply with treatment or post-treatment clinical monitoring.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01269853

Contact: John Boockvar, MD 212-434-3905 jboockvar@nshs.edu
Contact: Tamika Wong, MPH 212-434-4836 twong4@nshs.edu

United States, New York
Lenox Hill Brain Tumor Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Contact: John Boockvar, MD    212-434-3905    jboockvar@nshs.edu   
Principal Investigator: John Boockvar, MD         
Sub-Investigator: David Langer, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Rafael Ortiz, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Alexis Demopolous, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Ashley Ray, NP         
Sub-Investigator: Tamika Wong, MPH         
Sub-Investigator: Sherese Fralin, NP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwell Health
Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
Principal Investigator: John Boockvar, MD Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
More Information

Responsible Party: John A. Boockvar, Professor, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01269853     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14-353
First Posted: January 4, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 1, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Keywords provided by John A. Boockvar, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents