Efficacy of NF-kB Inhibition for Reducing Symptoms During Maintenance Therapy in Multiple Myeloma Patients

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: December 30, 2010
Last updated: September 5, 2012
Last verified: September 2012
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if curcumin can reduce the symptoms reported by patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who receive treatment with lenalidomide.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma
Drug: Curcumin
Other: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Study of the Efficacy of Curcumin for Reducing Symptoms During Maintenance Therapy in Multiple Myeloma Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • AUC from 3 months Post-Transplantation to 9 months Post-Transplantation [ Time Frame: Assessments within +/-3 days of 4 week cycle start date for 6 cycles. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Daily area under the curve (AUC) where AUC is based on average of 5 most severe symptoms (pain, fatigue, bone aches, numbness, disturbed sleep) being experienced by MM patients as measured by MDASI-MM, a multiple-symptom measure of cancer-related symptoms rate severity of physical, affective, and cognitive symptoms on 0-10 numeric scales, ranging from 0 "not present" to 10 "as bad as you can imagine."

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: October 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Curcumin
1000 mg/day Curcumin + 5 -15 mg/day Lenalidomide
Drug: Curcumin
1000 mg per day
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo daily + 5 -15 mg/day Lenalidomide
Other: Placebo
Administered daily same as Curcumin.

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Detailed Description:

Curcumin is the active ingredient in the spice turmeric. It may interfere with the production of cytokines (which cause inflammation), which may help reduce multiple symptoms.

A placebo is not a drug. It looks like the study drug but is not designed to treat any disease or illness. It is designed to be compared with a study drug to learn if the study drug has any real effect.

Study Groups:

If you agree to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the flip of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups. Group 1 will take curcumin. Group 2 will take a placebo. You will have an equal chance of being assigned to each group. No matter which group you are in, you will be given standard care by your treating doctor.

Neither you nor the study staff will know if you are receiving the study drug or the placebo. However, if needed for your safety, the study staff will be able to find out what you are receiving.

Study Drug Administration:

You will take curcumin/placebo 2 times every day about 12 hours apart. You will begin taking curcumin/placebo when you begin maintenance therapy with lenalidomide.

You will be given a pamphlet with more information about how to take the curcumin/placebo.

You must bring the study capsules you have not yet taken to the clinic every study visit.

Every 4 weeks is called a study cycle.

Study Visits:

Before you begin treatment with lenalidomide and curcumin/placebo:

  • You will be taught how to use the automated symptom assessment telephone program.
  • You will complete 4 questionnaires about pain and other symptoms, and your quality of life. In addition, some personal information (such as your name, address, race, and smoking history) will be collected. Completing the questionnaires will take about 20 minutes.
  • You will be asked about any drugs you may be taking.
  • You will be asked how well you are able to perform the normal activities of daily living (performance status).

Telephone System Calls for Symptom Monitoring:

A telephone system will call you once a week at a time convenient to you. Using the numeric key pad on your telephone, you will rate your symptoms and how they interfere with your daily activities. Each phone call will take about 5 minutes to complete. You will be given a brochure explaining the steps to complete the symptom questionnaire and a telephone number to call if you have questions or problems with the telephone system.

At the start of Cycle 4 and at the End of Study Visit:

-You will complete 3 questionnaires about your pain and other symptoms and your quality of life. The questionnaires will take about 20 minutes to complete. If for some reason, you are unable to complete the questionnaire through the automated symptom assessment telephone program, you may be able to complete it with the research staff, either by phone or during a routine clinic visit.

Research staff will talk to you during your regularly scheduled visits for each cycle of treatment with lenalidomide. You will be asked about side effects you may be having and drugs you are taking.

Length of Study:

You will take curcumin/placebo for 6 months. You will remain on the study for about 6-7 months (depending on how your clinic visits are scheduled). You will be taken off study if you have intolerable side effects or the disease gets worse.

This is an investigational study. Curcumin is not FDA approved. At this time, curcumin is only being used in research.

Up to 70 participants will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma.
  2. Must be >/= 18 years of age.
  3. Must have a performance status (ECOG PS) of 0-2.
  4. Must be qualified and have signed consent to receive lenalidomide for maintenance therapy for MM.
  5. Must have signed informed consent indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of the study, and are aware that participation is voluntary.
  6. Must also agree to refrain from use of self prescribed curcumin during the course of the study.
  7. Must have negative pregnancy test before signing consent for MM therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Unable to understand the symptom assessment or not willing to participate in the study.
  2. Treatment for other carcinomas within the last 5 years, except for cured non-melanoma skin and treated in-situ cervical cancer.
  3. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or requiring IV antibiotics, cardiac disease (NYHA class III or IV heart failure), unstable angina pectoris, unstable cardiac arrhythmia or tachycardia, or psychiatric illness/ social situations that would limit compliance with the study requirements are excluded.
  4. Concurrent use of coumadin other than low dose (1 mg) coumadin used for line patency.
  5. Concurrent use of cimetidine, allopurinol, or aluminium hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide-containing antacids such as Maalox.
  6. Sorivudine and brivudine use within 4 weeks of the start of study treatment.
  7. Gastric or duodenal ulcers, or gastric hyperacidity disorders.
  8. Currently receiving anticoagulants (heparin) or antiplatelets (clopidogrel, ticlopidine, aspirin/dipyridamole)
  9. INR > 1.5 (upper limit of normal = 1.5).
  10. History of deep vein thrombosis.
  11. Received allogeneic transplant.
  12. Allergy to turmeric, Curcumin, or yellow dye.
  13. Bowel or bile duct obstruction.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01269203

Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Study Chair: Robert Orlowski, MD, PhD UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01269203     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2010-0457 
Study First Received: December 30, 2010
Last Updated: September 5, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
multiple myeloma
maintenance therapy
bone marrow transplantation
Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
NF-kB inhibition
reducing symptoms
maintenance chemotherapy
inflammatory cytokines
nuclear factor kappa B
tumor necrosis factor
NF-kB activation levels

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Blood Protein Disorders
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Hemostatic Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Vascular Diseases
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Antineoplastic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 24, 2016