A Study of Strawberries and Disease Risk (STRB)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01199848
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2010
Last Update Posted : March 16, 2018
California Strawberry Commission
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institute for Food Safety and Health, United States

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to test whether compounds found in strawberries (polyphenolics which are typically found in berry products, tea, coffee, red wine, and chocolate) will help reduce insulin resistance and inflammation, known factors in your blood associated with disease risk, when eaten with a standard high fat/carbohydrate meal.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases Inflammation Physiological Responses Dietary Supplement: Placebo Dietary Supplement: 10G Dietary Supplement: 20G Dietary Supplement: 40G Dietary Supplement: Placebonofiber Not Applicable

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Detailed Description:

The main study is a single-center, randomized, cross-over, 4-arm, dose-response, single- blinded, 6-hour postprandial study to evaluate the ability of strawberry powder to block meal-induced oxidative stress and inflammation and concomitantly improve postprandial insulin sensitivity and glucose handling.

A planned sample size of 45 will be recruited into the study. Thirty subjects for the main study and 15 subjects for the complement study. Subjects can participate in both studies and if subjects participate in both studies, there will be a time gap between the main study and the complement study due to the volume of blood permitted to collect within 56 days.

The complement study will be a 2-arm placebo controlled study following the exact same protocol as the main study, but using only one strawberry dose (Dose 3 as in the main study) and comparing the effects relative to a placebo that does not control for fiber.

The main study will take 5- 6 weeks per subject to complete and the complement study will take 1-2 weeks per subject to complete, depending on subject's schedule.

The procedures conducted at the screening visit include blood sampling by finger prick for a fasting blood sugar test and anthropometric measurements (height, weight, and waist circumference), vital sign measurements (blood pressure and heart rate) and completion of a series of questionnaires relating to volunteers' general health and eating habits. Volunteers may be asked to complete an oral glucose/sugar tolerance test (OGTT) at screening. Volunteers will be exempt from the OGTT procedure if other qualifying conditions are present. Briefly, subjects undergoing OGTT will be asked to drink a glucose drink (similar in taste to kool-aid) in the morning after a 10 hour fast. Blood glucose finger pricks will then be done at 1 hour and 2 hours for determination of glucose tolerance. If the OGTT is necessary, additional compensation will be provided.

If qualified, subjects will undergo a 7-day pre-study period during which they will be asked to record their usual diet intake for 3 days, including 2 weekdays and 1 weekend day, EITHER followed by randomization into 1 of 4 treatment beverage sequences for the main study: Placebo (Pbo), Strawberry Dose 1, Strawberry Dose 2 and Strawberry Dose 3, OR followed by randomization into 1 of 2 treatment (Placebo without fiber and Strawberry Dose 3) beverage sequences for the complement study.

We expect it to be very difficult to eliminate or severely restrict polyphenolic diet during the entire study period, therefore subjects will be asked to limit only berry product intake during the study period. However, subjects will be asked to limit all polyphenolic foods in their diet for 3 days prior to each study visit.

All subjects will consume the standard high fat/ carbohydrate meal (known to induce oxidative- and inflammatory- stress) accompanied by 1 of 4 test beverages (whole milk shake with or without strawberry powder) on four separate occasions for the main study OR 1 of 2 test beverages on two separate occasions for the complement study, so that each subject will serve as their own control.

Subjects will arrive at the study visits fasted for at least 10 hours, well hydrated and rested. Each study visit will require blood draws throughout the visit. After pre-study procedures (height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood glucose finger prick) and while fasting, a registered nurse (RN) will place a catheter (flexible tubing) in subjects' arm for the purpose of drawing blood. This catheter will remain only throughout the study day. Approximately 1 tablespoon of blood will be taken at this time. The test meal and strawberry shake will be served and thereafter subjects will have blood draws (1 T each time) at designated time points for the next 6 hours. Each visit will last approximately 7 hours and subjects will be required to remain at the Clinical Nutrition Research Center on the IIT Campus for the duration of the visit. Blood samples will be collected at designated time points during the postprandial period for analysis of metabolic (insulin and glucose homeostasis), oxidative and inflammatory endpoint markers.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Effect of Strawberry on Oxidative Stress- and Inflammatory-mediated Insulin Resistance (IR) in Humans: Combating a Major Risk Factor for Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Through Diet
Actual Study Start Date : September 15, 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 15, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 15, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
whole milk shake without strawberry powder served with the high fat/carbohydrate test meal
Other Name: Pbo
Experimental: 10G STRB powder
Dose 1
Dietary Supplement: 10G
whole milk shake with 10g strawberry powder served with the high fat/carbohydrate test meal
Other Name: Dose 1
Experimental: 20G STRB powder
Dose 2
Dietary Supplement: 20G
whole milk shake with 20 strawberry powder served with the high fat/carbohydrate test meal
Other Name: Dose 2
Experimental: 40G STRB powder
Dose 3
Dietary Supplement: 40G
whole milk shake with 40g strawberry powder served with the high fat/carbohydrate test meal
Other Name: Dose 3
Placebo Comparator: PlacebonoFiber
Placebo without fiber
Dietary Supplement: Placebonofiber
Placebo without Fiber

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The ability of strawberries to modulate postprandial oxidative stress and inflammation in insulin-resistant men and women in an acute postprandial paradigm [ Time Frame: 6 hour postprandial study over 4-6 week period ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The ability of strawberries plus fiber to understand insulin signaling in insulin resistant individuals. [ Time Frame: 6 hours postprandial study over 2-week period ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Eligible volunteers must meet ONE or MORE of the criteria (numbers 1-4) associated with insulin resistance along with all of the other criteria listed (numbers 5-9):

  1. Blood glucose concentration between140-199 mg/dL at 2hr from OGTT.
  2. Elevated fasting glucose (≥110 mg/dL and <126 mg/dL)
  3. Elevated fasting insulin (>75th percentile cutoff of 13.13 μU/mL)
  4. Insulin resistance defined by the homeostasis model assessment method of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (glucose [in millimoles per liter] × insulin [in microunits per milliliter]/22.5) values of at least 2.5.
  5. Waist circumference >102 cm (men) and > 88 cm (women) for screening visit invitation because many epidemiology studies have been shown that waist circumferences may be related to insulin resistance.
  6. Nonsmokers
  7. Not taking any medications that would interfere with outcomes of the study, i.e. lipid lowering medications, anti-inflammatory drugs, or dietary supplements
  8. 18 years of age and older
  9. No clinical evidence of cardiovascular, metabolic, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal or hepatic disease

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant and/or lactating
  • Allergy or intolerance to strawberries and dairy products.
  • Current regular consumption of strawberries is > 2 servings per day.
  • Fasting blood glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL. Subjects identified with elevated fasting blood glucose levels will be advised to contact their primary care physician for appropriate follow-up care.
  • Taking over the counter antioxidant supplements or other supplements that may interfere with the study procedures or endpoints.
  • Subjects with unusual dietary habits (e.g. pica).
  • Actively losing weight or trying to lose weight (unstable body weight fluctuations of > 5 kg in a 60 day period).
  • Excessive exercisers or trained athletes.
  • Subjects with documented atherosclerotic disease, inflammatory disease, diabetes mellitus, or other systemic diseases.
  • Addicted to drugs and/or alcohol.
  • Medically documented psychiatric or neurological disturbances.
  • Smoker (past smoker may be allowed if cessation is > 2 years)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01199848

United States, Illinois
Clinical Nutrition Research Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60616
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institute for Food Safety and Health, United States
California Strawberry Commission
Principal Investigator: Indika Edirisinghe, PhD Institute for Food Safety and Health
Principal Investigator: Britt Burton-Freeman, PhD, MS Institute for Food Safety and Health

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Institute for Food Safety and Health, United States Identifier: NCT01199848     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STRB 2010-033
First Posted: September 13, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Institute for Food Safety and Health, United States:
insulin resistance
metabolic syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Insulin Resistance
Metabolic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Glucose Metabolism Disorders