Substudy on the Mechanistic Plausibility of the Clinical Benefits of Adaptive Servo-ventilation (MS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01164592
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 16, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess changes in left ventricular performance using echocardiography as well as ventricular remodelling, changes in sleep and changes in mood, anxiety and cognitive functions occurring as a result of treatment of predominant central sleep apnoea by adaptive servoventilation (ASV) in chronic heart failure in addition to optimal medical therapy in chronic heart failure. This will be a substudy of the SERVE-HF study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure Sleep Disorder Cheyne Stokes Respiration Device: adaptive servoventilation (ASV) Phase 4

Detailed Description:

This substudy is performed within the SERVE-HF Study, a randomised, multi-centre,international trial with parallel group design, with patients randomised to either control (optimal medical management) or active treatment (optimal medical treatment plus use of adaptive servoventilation) in a 1:1 ratio. The randomization will be the same as in the parent study. For this purpose, the randomization of the parent study will be stratified as to whether a patient is included in the substudy or not. 300 patients will be recruited for the substudy overall.

For the purpose of this substudy, patients will be followed up for a period of 12 months.

The following extra tests will be performed at the baseline visit, the 3 months follow up and the 12 months follow up:

  • Echocardiogram (for both groups)
  • cMRI (for both groups)
  • PSG (at the baseline visit only for patients in the treatment group and at 3 months follow up and the 12 months follow up for all patients)
  • 4 questionnaires (for both groups)
  • Additional blood testing (for both groups)

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 312 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: SERVE-HF: Substudy on the Mechanistic Plausibility of the Clinical Benefits of Adaptive Servo-ventilation
Study Start Date : August 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Therapy with adaptive servo ventilation
optimal medical therapy + adaptive servoventilation
Device: adaptive servoventilation (ASV)
Patients randomised to therapygroup should use the adaptive servoventilation (ASV) device each night at least 3 hours
Other Name: Adaptive Servo-Ventilation with AutoSet CS

No Intervention: Optimal medical therapy according to guidelines
optimal medical therapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) from baseline to 12 months of therapy as measured by echocardiography (Echo). [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12 month-Follow-up-visit ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in left and right ventricular function [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6-and 12-month-Follow-up visit ]
  2. Changes in LV systolic and diastolic indexed volumes [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]
  3. Changes in right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic indexed volumes [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]
  4. Changes in LV and RV mass [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]
  5. Changes in LV sphericity index and LV end-systolic global wall stress [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]
  6. Changes in sleep duration and sleep stages as well as arousals [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]
  7. Changes in sleep-disordered breathing [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]
  8. Changes in quality of life assessed by Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]
  9. Changes in mental status assessed by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]
  10. Changes in Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) score and Patient Anxiety Questionnaire GAD-7 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Randomization), 6- and 12-month-Follow-up-visit ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   22 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

The inclusion and exclusion criteria are mainly those applicable for the parent study; SERVE−HF. The inclusion and exclusion criteria are listed here.


  • Over 22 years of age
  • Severe Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) with NYHA class III−IV or NYHA class II with at least one hospitalisation for HF within the last 24 months
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than or equal to 45% by means of echocardiography, radionucleotide angiography, left ventriculography or cardiac MRI documented less than 12 weeks before randomisation
  • Diagnosis of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) with an apnoea−hypopnoea−index (AHI) of >15/hr with at least 50% central events and a central AHI of at least 10/hr
  • Clinically stable with no change in medication and no unplanned hospitalisation for heart failure in preceding month
  • Optimised medical treatment according to the applicable guidelines
  • Able to provide informed consent


• Predominant central sleep apnoea (apnoea hypopnoea index > 15/hour with ≥ 50% central events and a central AHI ≥10/hour, derived from full polysomnography (based on total sleep time), documented less than 4 weeks before randomization. Flow measurements have to be performed with nasal cannula


  • Significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with Forced Expiratory Volume within one second (FEV1)<50% predicted
  • Oxygen saturation at rest during the day 90% at the time of inclusion
  • Current use of Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) therapy
  • Life expectancy < 1 year for diseases unrelated to chronic heart failure
  • Cardiac surgery, Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), Myocardial Infarction (MI) or unstable angina within 6 months prior to randomisation
  • Implantation of ICD (implanted cardiodefibrillator) or CRT (cardiac resynchronisation therapy) scheduled or within 6 months prior to randomisation
  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA) or Stroke within 3 months prior to randomisation
  • Primary hemodynamically significant uncorrected valvular heart disease, obstructive or regurgitant, or any valvular disease expected to lead to surgery during the trial
  • Acute myocarditis/pericarditis within 6 months prior to randomisation
  • Untreated or therapy refractory Restless legs Syndrome (RLS)
  • Pregnancy


  • Amyloidosis, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy or arteriovenous fistulas
  • Dosage changes of diuretics more than doubled within the last 4 weeks prior to randomisation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01164592

  Hide Study Locations
Australia, New South Wales
Westmead Hospital
Westmead, New South Wales, Australia, 2145
Australia, Queensland
Rivercity Private Hospital
Auchenflower, Queensland, Australia, 4066
Australia, South Australia
Royal Adelaide Hospital
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5000
Australia, Victoria
Melbourne Sleep Disorders Centre
East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3002
St. Vincents and Mercy Private Hospital
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3065
Australia, Western Australia
Hollywood Private Hospital (CVS)
Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia, 6009
Czech Republic
St. Anne's University Hospital
Brno, Czech Republic, 65691
Helsinki University Hospital
Helsinki, Finland, 00290
Unesta Research Centre
Tampere, Finland, 33520
Tampere University Hospital, Pirkanmaa sairaanhoitopiiri
Tampere, Finland, 33521
Clinique Mutualiste des Eaux Claires
Grenoble, France, 38000
CHU Grenoble, Hopital Michallon
Grenoble, France, 38043
CHU de Poitiers
Poitiers, France, 86000
Universitätsklinikum Aachen
Aachen, Germany, 52074
DRK Krankenhaus
Alzey, Germany, 55232
Herzzentrum Bad Krozingen
Bad Krozingen, Germany, 79189
Herz- und Diabeteszentrum NRW
Bad Oeynhausen, Germany, 32545
Charité Campus Mitte CCM
Berlin, Germany, 10117
Charité Campus Mitte
Berlin, Germany, 10117
POLIKUM Friedenau
Berlin, Germany, 12157
Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin
Berlin, Germany, 12683
Jüdisches Krankenhaus Berlin
Berlin, Germany, 13347
Praxis für Lunge Herz und Schlaf
Bielefeld, Germany, 33617
Kardiologische Praxis Marschner
Bonn, Germany, 53225
Helios Klinikum Borna
Borna, Germany, 04552
Kardiologie Brühl
Brühl, Germany, 50321
Gemeinschaftspraxis Kardiologie Dr. Becker
Castrop-Rauxel, Germany, 44575
Kardiologische Praxis Dr. Isbruch
Castrop-Rauxel, Germany, 44577
Praxis Dr. Hecker
Dortmund, Germany, 44135
Kardiologische Praxis Dr. Wetzel
Dortmund, Germany, 44141
Praxis Dr. Lodde
Dortmund, Germany, 44147
Facharztzentrum Dresden-Neustadt GbR
Dresden, Germany, 01099
Gemeinschaftpraxis Dres. Schmidt/Gronke
Dresden, Germany, 01219
Praxis Dr. Hohensee
Dresden, Germany, 01277
Herzzentrum Universität Dresden
Dresden, Germany, 01307
Khs Florence-Nightingale
Duesseldorf, Germany, 40489
Kardiologie Oberkassel
Düsseldorf, Germany, 40545
Gemeinschaftspraxis PD Dr. Lankisch
Düsseldorf, Germany, 40597
Universitätsklinikum Essen
Essen, Germany, 45122
Kardiologie Praxis Dr. Bonnekamp
Essen, Germany, 45136
Praxis Dr. Tekiyeh
Essen, Germany, 45136
Ruhrlandklinik Essen
Essen, Germany, 45239
Kath. Kliniken Essen/ Philippusstift
Essen, Germany, 45359
Gemeinschaftspraxis Dres. Guckenbiehl
Flonheim, Germany, 55237
CardioVaskuläres Centrum Frankfurt
Frankfurt, Germany, 60389
Praxis Dr. Diedrichs
Frechen, Germany, 50226
Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, 79106
Kardiologische Praxis Gütersloh
Gütersloh, Germany, 33330
Gemeinschaftspraxis Dres Leischik/Littwitz
Hagen, Germany, 58095
Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf
Hamburg, Germany, 20246
Asklepios Klinik Barmbek
Hamburg, Germany, 22291
Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Germany, 69120
Thoraxklinik Heidelberg gGmbH
Heidelberg, Germany, 69126
Lungenklinik Hemer
Hemer, Germany, 58675
B&B GmbH
Herne, Germany, 44623
Cardio-Praxis Herne Dr. Furche
Herne, Germany, 44623
Gemeinschaftspraxis Dr. Bruch
Herne, Germany, 44629
Kardiologische Praxis Dr. Schlichting
Herne, Germany, 44649
Augusta-Kranken-Anstalt gGmbH Thoraxzentrum Ruhrgebiet
Herne, Germany, 44651
St. Elisabeth-Hospital Herten gGmbH
Herten, Germany, 45699
Lungenfachklinik Immenhausen
Immenhausen, Germany, 34376
Cardiopraxis Ingelheim
Ingelheim, Germany, 55218
Gemeinschaftspraxis Dres. Dobler/Turin
Karlstadt, Germany, 97753
Malteser Krankenhaus St. Hildegardis
Köln, Germany, 50931
Klinikum der Universität zu Köln- Herzzentrum
Köln, Germany, 50937
Klinikum der Universität zu Köln-Schlaflabor
Köln, Germany, 50937
Praxis Dr. Anselm Bäumer
Köln, Germany, 51065
Gemeinschaftspraxis Dres. Gysan/Heinzler/May
Köln, Germany, 51105
Universität Leipzig -Herzzentrum
Leipzig, Germany, 04289
Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein Campus Lübeck-Kardiologie
Lübeck, Germany, 23538
Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein Campus Lübeck-Schlaflabor
Lübeck, Germany, 23538
Praxis für Kardiologie Dr. med. Menz
Menden, Germany, 58706
Krankenhaus Bethanien
Moers, Germany, 47441
Kardiologische Praxis Dr. Schön
Mühldorf, Germany, 84453
Evangelisches Krankenhaus Mülheim
Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany, 45468
Lungenärzte am Rotkreuzplatz
München, Germany, 80634
Klinikum Augustinum München
München, Germany, 81375
Universitätsklinikum Münster
Münster, Germany, 48149
Städtisches Khs Lukas
Neuss, Germany, 41472
Kardiologische Praxis Nienburg
Nienburg, Germany, 31582
Praxis Dr. Fröhlich
Ratingen, Germany, 40885
Universitätsklinikum Regensburg
Regensburg, Germany, 93053
Khs St. Adolf Stift
Reinbek, Germany, 21465
Praxis Dr. Hein
Reinbek, Germany, 21465
Katharinen Hospital Unna
Unna, Germany, 59423
Praxis Dr. Gerritsen
Waldkraiburg, Germany, 84478
Kardiologisch angiologische Gemeinschaftspraxis
Wiesbaden, Germany, 65183
Kardiologische Gemeinschaftspraxis Dr. K. Vorbeck
Wiesbaden, Germany, 65183
Missionsärztliche Klinik Würzburg
Wuerzburg, Germany, 97074
Comprehensive Heart Failure Center, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg
Würzburg, Germany, 97080
University Medical Center Groningen
Groningen, Netherlands, 9700 RB
Cardiocentro Ticino
Lugano, Switzerland, 6900
Ospedale Regionale di Lugano
Lugano, Switzerland, 6903
United Kingdom
Brompton Hospital
London, United Kingdom, UK-SW36NP
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Martin Cowie, Prof Royal Brompton Hospital, London
Study Director: Holger Woehrle, MD ResMed

Responsible Party: ResMed Identifier: NCT01164592     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01a
First Posted: July 16, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2015
Last Verified: August 2015

Keywords provided by ResMed:
Heart failure (HF)
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB)
Cheyne Stokes Respiration (CSR)
Adaptive Servoventilation (ASV)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Sleep Wake Disorders
Cheyne-Stokes Respiration
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Mental Disorders
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory