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Complementary & Alternative Medicine Use in HIV+ Latinos in the US-Mexico Border

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01152684
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 29, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Diego

Brief Summary:
The goal of The investigators community-based participatory research study is to identify the nature and extent of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among HIV-positive Latinos on the San Diego/Tijuana border. CAM use among US Latinos living with HIV is associated with delayed utilization of and poor adherence to antiretroviral therapies (ARVs) that may exacerbate health disparities in HIV care access and health outcomes. This study will lead to development of culturally-effective interventions to improve access and adherence to HIV care in Latinos who face health disparities. The investigators hypothesis is that greater use of CAM will be observed among HIV-positive Latinos who report a) crossing the U.S. border more frequently, and b) having migrated to Tijuana or San Diego (e.g. from southern Mexico). The investigators also hypothesize that compared to HIV-positive Latinos who report using herbal CAM, those who do not use herbal CAM are more likely to be receiving ARVs and report higher levels of adherence to ARVs; Compared to HIV-positive Latinos who do not attend religious services regularly, those who attend religious services regularly are more likely to be receiving ARV; Compared to HIV- positive Latinos who report experiencing HIV related stigma, those who do not report experiencing HIV-related stigma are significantly more likely to be receiving ARVs.

Condition or disease
HIV Positive

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 541 participants
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Complementary & Alternative Care Behavior in HIV+ Latinos in the US-Mexico Border
Actual Study Start Date : September 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Group/Cohort
HIV-Positive Latinos living in San Diego or Tijuana
This is an exploratory study of Latinos living with HIV in the San Diego-Tijuana US-Mexico border region.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The population will be selected from 2 locations: 1. San Diego: San Ysidro Health Center(SYHC) will serve as the recruitment site on the US side of the border. Latinos comprise >90% of SYHC's patient population. SYHC provides HIV primary medical care to over 400 HIV-positive individuals. SYHC's HIV-positive Latino patient population includes persons who may or may not be on ARVs and who participate in clinic services to varying degrees. Previous studies with HIV-positive patients at SYHC indicate cross-border mobility and bi-national care seeking behavior in this clinic population. 2.Tijuana: The Agencia Familiar Binacional (AFABI;Binational Health Agency) opened the first HIV medical and social services agency clinic in Tijuana. This clinic is in close proximity to the municipal health clinic, where a large number of HIV-positive cases are diagnosed, and is linked with other non-profit social services agencies for HIV-positive persons, many of whom face barriers to ARVs.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Latino
  • Speak English or Spanish or both
  • Lived in San Diego or Tijuana for at least 1 month in the last year
  • 18 years or older
  • HIV-positive or living with AIDS

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non-Latino
  • Speak neither English nor Spanish
  • Have not lived in San Diego or Tijuana for at least 1 month in the last year
  • Under 18 years of age
  • Not HIV-positive or living with AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01152684


Locations
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United States, California
San Ysidro Health Center
San Ysidro, California, United States, 92173
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Diego
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Maria L Zúñiga, PhD University of California, San Diego
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Responsible Party: University of California, San Diego
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01152684    
Other Study ID Numbers: R21AT004676-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R21AT004676-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 29, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 7, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Keywords provided by University of California, San Diego:
CAM
HIV-Positive
Latinos
US-Mexico Border region
San Diego-Tijuana
Identify the nature and extent of complementary and alternative medicine use among HIV-positive Latinos in the US-Mexico border region
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Seropositivity
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases