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Evaluation of Radial Strain for Assessment of Left Ventricular Function in Transesophageal Echocardiography (Strain)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01080495
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2010 by Medical University of Vienna.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : March 4, 2010
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2010
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Medical University of Vienna

Brief Summary:

Assessment of left ventricular function is an essential determinant of overall hemodynamics and heart function and therefore of central interest in intra-operative transesophageal echocardiography.

Currently, the most frequently used methods for quantification of left ventricular function are fractional shortening (FS) and fractional area change (FAC).

Radial strain is a new parameter to asses left ventricular function. The investigators want to assess left ventricular function with radial strain, fractional shortening (FS) and fractional area change (FAC) in non-cardiac patients during non-cardiac operations. The aim of this study is to show that radial strain is as reliable as FS and FAC in left ventricular function assessment and more robust to changes in preload and afterload conditions.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ventricular Function, Left Procedure: TEE (transesophageal echocardiography) Phase 4

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Detailed Description:

Assessment of left ventricular function is an essential determinant of overall hemodynamics and heart function and therefore of central interest in intra-operative transesophageal echocardiography.

Currently, the most frequently used methods for quantification of left ventricular function are fractional shortening (FS) and fractional area change (FAC). These parameters can be assessed in the transgastric mid papillary short axis view (TG SAX) to quantify left ventricular systolic function. Limitations of these methods are the experience of the investigator - the more experienced the investigator the more reliable and reproducible the data are, load dependency of these methods and the geometrical assumption of a one-dimensional measurement for assessment of a three-dimensional contracting left ventricle. Therefore, LV-function will either be over- or underestimated by influence of segmental wall motion abnormalities or by missing them.

Radial strain allows reliable and reproducible evaluation of left ventricular function and also allows assessment of myocardial deformation from representative segments of each wall of the left ventricle. Myocardial strain is described as the relative deformation of a myocardial fiber, normalized to its original length:L1-L0/L0(%). Strain is positive (radial thickening) if L1>L0 and negative (longitudinal shortening and circumferential thinning) if L1<L0. Radial strain is sensitive to changes in contractility and less influenced by loading conditions which occur frequently during anaesthesia in a wide spectrum of non-cardiac surgery as a result of blood loss or loss of hemodynamic autoregulation due to anesthetic drugs.

Therefore we want to assess left ventricular function with radial strain, fractional shortening (FS) and fractional area change (FAC) in non-cardiac patients during non-cardiac operations. The aim of this study is to show that radial strain is as reliable as FS and FAC in left ventricular function assessment and more robust to changes in preload and afterload conditions.

Study hypothesis

The aim of the study is to compare fractional shortening (FS) and fractional area change (FAC) with radial strain from TG mid SAX using TEE in the anaesthetized patient undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Furthermore we want to investigate the influence of changes in loading conditions on these parameters in the anaesthetized non-cardiac patient undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Therefore patients are examined in zero position, trendelenburg- and anti-trendelenburg-position.

Hypothesis:

  • Radial strain correlates with FAC and FS in assessment of left ventricular function in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. FAC is of primary interest because it has several advantages: it is very easy to calculate, it´s considered a surrogate of ejection fraction, and several studies have shown that it is an excellent measure of left ventricular function even in patients with heterogeneity of regional function.
  • The parameters radial strain, fractional shortening and fractional area change correlate during are changes in loading conditions (zero-position, trendelenburg- and anti-trendelenburg-maneuver).

Study design: prospective cohort study Inclusion criteria

  • Planned non-cardiac surgery with a minimum duration of 60 minutes, where intubation is indicated
  • Age above 18 years
  • Signed informed consent Exclusion criteria
  • No patient's consent
  • Subjects not able to understand study procedures
  • Contraindications to transesophageal echocardiography (oesophageal-, gastric disorders, hematologic disorders with increased bleeding incidence, ENT-surgery, surgery of the oesophagus or stomach)
  • Medical history of any kind of heart disease, dyspnea or angina pectoris
  • Hypertension (medically treated)
  • Diabetes
  • Atrial fibrillation Study protocol One day prior to surgery the patients are screened and invited to participate in the study by the principle investigator. If they consent the principle investigator does a physical examination and takes their medical history.

On the day of surgery patients receive premedication as usual. Arriving at the operating room the patients are monitored with ECG, pulse oximetry and blood pressure (either invasive with insertion of an arterial catheter, when indicated, or non-invasive blood pressure). A peripheral venous line is needed for induction of anaesthesia. Induction and maintenance of anaesthesia is performed using standard protocols. After induction of anaesthesia and insertion of all needed catheters (central venous catheter, bladder catheter, arterial catheter, and eventually pulmonary artery catheter) the transoesophageal probe, covered with a special condom, will be inserted.

The examination will be done by the principle investigator (Dr. Ulrike Weber) under supervision of an expierenced investigator.

Intraoperative TEE-Examinations (T1, T2, T3)

At T1, T2, T3 TEE-study examinations are performed in zero position, Trendelenburg position, and anti-Trendelenburg position. Positioning will follow a random order according to a blinded randomization list.

Trendelenburg-position shall be defined for the study with 10cm head-down from horizontal position, anti-trendelenburg position with 10cm head-up (from horizontal position). After positioning examination will start after a 3 min delay for reaching a steady-state in loading conditions.

T1 - after induction of anesthesia

After insertion of the probe a transesophageal echo examination (TEE) is performed - including a complete routine clinical examination (T1):

T2 - Intraoperative TEE, 3min after positioning

Positioning (zero position, Trendelenburg, anti-trendelenburg) will be performed according to randomization. 3min after positioning, under stable hemodynamics, recordings of HR, blood pressure, FS, FAC, Radial strain

T3 - Intraoperative TEE, 3min after positioning

Positioning (zero position, Trendelenburg, anti-trendelenburg) will be performed according to randomization. 3min after positioning, under stable hemodynamics, recordings of HR, blood pressure, FS, FAC, Radial strain

The following measurements are taken for the study (3 times during sinus rhythm):

  • FS in the transgastric short axis mid papillary view
  • FAC in the transgastric short axis mid papillary view
  • Radial strain in the transgastric short axis mid papillary view

Recordings of the 2D-mode images of the TG SAX shall be taken in triplicate with 3 heart cycles per stored clip. The images will be stored digitally in the EchoPAC-raw data format.

Analysis of data will be performed offline in a dedicated work station (EchoPAC, GE Vingmed, Horten, Norway). Three different investigators will analyse all data two times at two different time points.

Expected study population: 33 patients


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 33 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Evaluation of Radial Strain Versus Fractional Shortening and Fractional Area Change for Assessment of Left Ventricular Function in Transesophageal Echocardiography
Study Start Date : February 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2010

Arm Intervention/treatment
TEE (transesophageal echcardiography)
all patients get TEE and all parameters (radial strain, fractional shortening and fractional area change) are evaluated
Procedure: TEE (transesophageal echocardiography)
a TEE is performed in all study objects and all parameters (radial strain, fractional shortening and fractional area change) are analysed
Other Name: radial strain




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. left ventricular function [ Time Frame: 3min during TEE ]
    for left ventricular function transgastric short axis view is recorded 3 times for 3 heart cycles in 3 different positions (zero-position, trendelenburg- and antitrendelenburg-position)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. left ventricular function during changes in loading conditions [ Time Frame: 3min during TEE ]
    for left ventricular function transgastric short axis view is recorded 3 times for 3 heart cycles in 3 different positions (zero-position, trendelenburg- and antitrendelenburg-position)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Planned non-cardiac surgery with a minimum duration of 60 minutes, where intubation is indicated
  • Age above 18 years
  • Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No patient's consent
  • Subjects not able to understand study procedures
  • Contraindications to transesophageal echocardiography (oesophageal-, gastric disorders, hematologic disorders with increased bleeding incidence, ENT-surgery, surgery of the oesophagus or stomach)
  • Medical history of any kind of heart disease, dyspnea or angina pectoris
  • Hypertension (medically treated)
  • Diabetes
  • Atrial fibrillation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01080495


Contacts
Contact: Ulrike Weber, M. D. +43 40400 4109 ulrike.weber@meduniwien.ac.at
Contact: Heinz Tschernich, M. D. +43 404004109 heinz.tschernich@meduniwien.ac.at

Locations
Austria
University Hospital of Vienna Recruiting
Vienna, Austria, 1090
Contact: Ulrike Weber, M.D.    0043 1404004109    ulrike.weber@meduniwien.ac.at   
Principal Investigator: Ulrike Weber, M.D.         
Principal Investigator: Eva Base, M.D.         
Principal Investigator: Heinz Tschernich, M. D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of Vienna
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ulrike Weber, M.D. Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Control, University Hospital of Vienna

Responsible Party: Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Control, Medical University of Vienna
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01080495     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 787/2009
First Posted: March 4, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2010
Last Verified: February 2010

Keywords provided by Medical University of Vienna:
left ventricular function
radial strain
fractional shortening
fractional area change