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A Phase III Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Entecavir in Pediatric Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01079806
First received: March 2, 2010
Last updated: February 1, 2017
Last verified: December 2016
  Purpose
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of entecavir in pediatric patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Hepatitis B Virus, Pediatric
Drug: Entecavir
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparative Study of the Antiviral Efficacy and Safety of Entecavir (ETV) Versus Placebo in Pediatric Subjects With Chronic Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection Who Are HBeAg-Positive

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bristol-Myers Squibb:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Combination of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) DNA Suppression and Hepatitis B e Antigen (HBeAg) Seroconversion at Week 48 [ Time Frame: At Week 48 ]
    Suppression=HBV DNA<50 IU/mL (approximately 300 copies/mL) using the Roche COBAS TaqMan HBV Test for use with the High Pure System assay; seroconversion=undetectable HBeAg and detectable anti-hepatitis B e antibodies. While the analysis of the primary endpoint was based on a randomized sample size of 123 participants (the Primary Cohort), the size of the overall study population was augmented to 180 randomized participants to meet global regulatory requirements.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) DNA <50 IU/mL at Week 48 [ Time Frame: At Week 48 ]
    While the analysis of the primary endpoint was based on a randomized sample size of 123 participants (the Primary Cohort), the size of the overall study population was augmented to 180 randomized participants to meet global regulatory requirements.

  • Percentage of Participants With Hepatitis B Virus DNA <Limit of Quantitation (LOQ) at Week 48 [ Time Frame: At Week 48 ]
    LOQ=29 IU/mL. While the analysis of the primary endpoint was based on a randomized sample size of 123 participants (the Primary Cohort), the size of the overall study population was augmented to 180 randomized participants to meet global regulatory requirements.

  • Percentage of Participants With Serum Alanine Aminotransferase ≤1*Upper Limit of Normal at Week 48 [ Time Frame: At Week 48 ]
    While the analysis of the primary endpoint was based on a randomized sample size of 123 participants (the Primary Cohort), the size of the overall study population was augmented to 180 randomized participants to meet global regulatory requirements.

  • Percentage of Participants With Hepatitis B e (HBe) Seroconversion at Week 48 [ Time Frame: At Week 48 ]
    HBe seroconversion=undetectable HBe antigen and detectable anti-HBe antibodies. While the analysis of the primary endpoint was based on a randomized sample size of 123 participants (the Primary Cohort), the size of the overall study population was augmented to 180 randomized participants to meet global regulatory requirements.

  • Number of Participants With Death as Outcome, Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), Discontinuations Due to Adverse Events (AEs), Related AEs, Grade 2-4 Related AEs, Grade 3-4 AEs, Malignancies, ALT Flares, and Hepatic Disease Progression [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Week 48 on blinded therapy ]
    AE=any new unfavorable symptom, sign, or disease or worsening of a preexisting condition that may not have a causal relationship with treatment. SAE=a medical event that at any dose results in death, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or drug dependency/abuse; is life-threatening, an important medical event, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or requires or prolongs hospitalization. Related=having certain, probable, possible, or unknown relationship to study drug. Grade 1=Mild, Grade 2=Moderate, Grade 3=Severe, Grade 4=Life-threatening or disabling, Grade 5=Death. ALT=alanine aminotransferase.

  • Number of Participants With Laboratory Test Results Meeting the Criteria for Abnormality (Grades 1-4) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Week 48 on blinded therapy ]
    Toxicities graded per Division of AIDS criteria, Version 1.0, and modified World Health Organization criteria. INR=international normalization ratio of prothrombin time; ULN=upper limit of normal. Hemoglobin (g/dL): Grade 1=10-10.9; Grade 2=9-9.9; Grade 3=7-8.9; Grade 4= <7. Platelets (/mm^3): Grade 1=100,000-124,999; Grade 2=50,000-99,999; Grade 3=25,000-49,999; Grade 4= <25,000. INR (*ULN): Grade 1=1.1-1.5; Grade 2=1.6-2; Grade 3=2.1-3; Grade 4= >3. WBC (/mm^3): Grade 1=2000-2500; Grade 2=1500-1999; Grade 3=1000-1499; Grade 4= <1000. Neutrophils (/mm^3): Grade 1=1000-1300; Grade 2=750-999; Grade 3=500-749; Grade 4= <500.

  • Number of Participants With Laboratory Test Results Meeting the Criteria for Abnormality (Grades 1-4) (Continued) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Week 48 on blinded therapy ]
    Toxicities graded per Division of AIDS criteria, Version 1.0, and modified World Health Organization criteria. ALT=alanine aminotransferase; AST=aspartate aminotransferase; BUN=blood urea nitrogen; ULN=upper limit of normal; LLN=lower limit of normal. ALT, AST (*ULN): Grade 1=1.25-2; Grade 2=2.6-5; Grade 3=5.1-10; Grade 4= >10. Bilirubin (*ULN): Grade 1=1.1-1.5; Grade 2=1.6-2.5; Grade 3=2.6-5; Grade 4= >5. Albumin (g/dL): Grade 1=3- <LLN; Grade 2=2-2.9; Grade 3= <2. Lipase (*ULN): Grade 1=1.1-1.5; Grade 2=1.6-3; Grade 3=3.1-5; Grade 4= >5. BUN/urea (*ULN): Grade 1=1.25-<2.6; Grade 2=2.6-<5.1; Grade 3=5.1-10; Grade 4= >10. Chloride, high (mEq/L): Grade 1=113-<117; Grade 2=117-<121; Grade 3=121-125; Grade 4= >125. Potassium, low (mEq/L): Grade 1=3-3.4; Grade 2=2.5-<3; Grade 3=2-<2.5; Grade 4=<2. Potassium, high (mEq/L): : Grade 1= 5.6-<6.1; Grade 2=6.1-<6.6; Grade 3=6.6-7; Grade 4= >7. Sodium, high (mEq/L): Grade 1=146<151; Grade 2=151-<155; Grade 3=155-<160; Grade 4= >=160.


Enrollment: 180
Study Start Date: June 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2018
Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Entecavir
Participants received entecavir, 0.015 mg/kg up to 0.5 mg, once daily, for 96 to 144 weeks, depending on response
Drug: Entecavir
Tablets/oral solution, 0.015 mg/kg up to 0.5 mg, administered orally, once daily, for 96 to144 weeks, depending on response
Other Names:
  • Baraclude
  • BMS-200475
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received placebo, 0 mg, once daily, for 48 to 96 weeks, depending on response
Drug: Placebo
Tablets/oral solution, 0 mg, administered orally, once daily, for 48 to 96 weeks, depending on response

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria

  • Males and females, aged 2 to <18 years
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen-positive
  • Detectable hepatitis B e (HBe) antigen, and no detectable anti-HBe antibodies
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 1.5 to <10 times the upper limit of normal at screening and within 8 to 24 weeks prior to screening
  • Evidence of the presence of hepatitis B virus DNA at least 4 weeks before screening and >100,000 copies/mL at screening

Key Exclusion Criteria

  • Any prior therapy with entecavir
  • At least 12 weeks of prior therapy with any nucleoside or nucleotide antiviral agent
  • Therapy with interferon alpha, thymosin alpha, or nucleototide antiviral agents within 24 weeks of screening
  • Coinfection with HIV, hepatitis C virus, or hepatitis D virus
  • Decompensated liver disease
  • Liver transplant recipients
  • Other forms of acute and chronic conditions which may cause increased ALT levels
  • Children who were breastfed while their mothers received lamivudine or whose mothers received lamivudine during pregnancy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01079806

  Show 44 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
Study Director: Bristol-Myers Squibb Bristol-Myers Squibb
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01079806     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AI463-189 ST
Study First Received: March 2, 2010
Results First Received: March 17, 2014
Last Updated: February 1, 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Entecavir
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 25, 2017