Comparison of NN1250 With Insulin Glargine in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes (BEGIN™)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S Identifier:
First received: February 25, 2010
Last updated: November 10, 2015
Last verified: November 2015
This trial was conducted in Europe and North America. The aim of this clinical trial was to compare NN1250 (insulin degludec (IDeg)), a soluble insulin basal analogue (SIBA), with insulin glargine (IGlar), as add-on to subject's ongoing treatment with metformin and/or DPP-4 (dipeptyl peptidase 4) inhibitors, in patients with type 2 diabetes being treated with oral anti-diabetic drugs (OADs).

Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Drug: insulin degludec
Drug: insulin glargine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 26-week Randomised, Confirmatory, Controlled, Open Label, Multicentre, Multinational Treat-to-target Trial Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of SIBA 200 U/ml Three Times Weekly Injected in the Evening and Insulin Glargine Once Daily in a Population of Insulin naïve Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Currently Treated With OADs Qualifying for Intensified Treatment (BEGIN™: EASY™)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) [ Time Frame: Week 0, Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in HbA1c after 26 weeks of treatment

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Body Weight [ Time Frame: Week 0, Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in body weight after 26 weeks of treatment

Enrollment: 467
Study Start Date: March 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: IDeg 3TW Drug: insulin degludec
Will be injected subcutaneously (under the skin) once daily three times weekly.
Active Comparator: IGlar OD Drug: insulin glargine
Will be injected subcutaneously (under the skin) once daily administered at the same time each day.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 2 diabetes (diagnosed clinically) for at least 6 months
  • Insulin naïve subjects (allowed are: previous short term insulin treatment up to 14 days; treatment during hospitalisation or during gestational diabetes is allowed for periods longer than 14 days)
  • Current treatment: metformin monotherapy or metformin in any combination with insulin secretagogues (sulphonylurea (SU) or glinide), DPP-4 inhibitor, alpha-glucosidase-inhibitor (acarbose) with unchanged dosing for at least 3 months prior to visit 1 with the minimum doses stated: -Metformin: alone or in combination (including fixed combination) 1500 mg daily or maximum tolerated dose (at least 1000 mg daily)-Insulin secretagogue (sulfonylurea (SU) or glinide): minimum half of the daily maximal dose according to local labelling -DPP-4 inhibitor: minimum half of the daily maximal dose according to local labelling -alpha-glucosidase-inhibitor (acarbose): minimum half of the daily maximal dose or maximum tolerated dose
  • HbA1c 7.0-10.0 % (both inclusive) by central laboratory analysis
  • BMI (Body Mass Index) below or equal to 45.0 kg/m^2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use within the last 3 months prior to Visit 1 of: Thiazoledinediones (TZDs), Exenatide or Liraglutide
  • Cardiovascular disease, within the last 6 months prior to visit 1, defined as: stroke; decompensated heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV; myocardial infarction; unstable angina pectoris; or coronary arterial bypass graft or angioplasty
  • Uncontrolled treated/untreated severe hypertension (systolic blood pressure at least 180 millimetre (mm) mercury (Hg) and/or diastolic blood pressure at least 100 mmHg)
  • Pregnancy, breast-feeding, the intention of becoming pregnant or not using adequate contraceptive measures according to local requirements
  • Cancer and medical history of cancer hereof (except basal cell skin cancer or squamous cell skin cancer)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01076647

  Show 55 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
Study Director: Global Clinical Registry (GCR, 1452) Novo Nordisk A/S
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S Identifier: NCT01076647     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NN1250-3718  2009-011399-31  U1111-1112-8770 
Study First Received: February 25, 2010
Results First Received: October 13, 2015
Last Updated: November 10, 2015
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada
Romania: National Medicines Agency
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
Bulgaria: Bulgarian Drug Agency
Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)
Hungary: National Institute of Pharmacy
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Insulin Glargine
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 23, 2016