Study of Total Skin Electron Beam Therapy (TSEBT) in Stage IB-IIIA Mycosis Fungoides
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II Study of Total Skin Electron Beam Therapy (TSEBT) to Dose of 12 Gy in Stage IB-IIIA Mycosis Fungoides|
- Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline and at least 2 months ]
Objective response rate defined as the proportion of participants achieving complete clinical response (CCR) and partial response (PR) (i.e. overall response (OR)) as assessed by the modified Severity-Weighted Assessment Tool (mSWAT).
Clinical response (according to mSWAT) are documented as stable disease (SD), partial response (PR), complete clinical response (CCR), or progressive disease (PD) as defined: Complete clinical response (CCR): no evidence of cutaneous disease on exam, confirmed at 4 week time point; Partial response (PR): ≥ 50% decrease of modified SWAT score compared to baseline score, confirmed at 4 week time point; Stable disease (SD): Neither CR, PR, or PD, i.e. change from baseline is less than 50% decrease, but also less than 25% increase in mSWAT score compared to nadir score; Progressive disease (PD): ≥ 25% increase in modified SWAT score compared with nadir score.
|Study Start Date:||February 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Total Skin Electron Beam Therapy (TSEBT) to dose of 12 Gy
Total skin electron beam therapy (TSEBT) to a total dose of 12 Gray (TSEBT 12 Gy), low-dose radiation to the skin 4-5 days a week for 3 weeks.
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During total skin electron beam therapy, radiation is given to the entire surface of the skin. This may cause the cancer cells to die.
Researchers would like to learn the level of effectiveness of this lower dose of radiation therapy because it is likely to have fewer side effects than the standard, higher dose.
Signing this consent form does not mean that you will be able to take part in this study. You will have the following "screening tests" to help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in this study.
Within 6 weeks before the radiation therapy can begin:
- If the doctor thinks it is needed, you will have a computed tomography (CT) scan or other type of scan to check the status of the disease.
- If the doctor thinks it is needed, blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn to check for cancer in your lymph nodes.
Within 4 weeks before the radiation therapy can begin:
- Your medical history will be recorded, including any drugs you are taking and have taken.
- You will have a physical exam, including a skin exam and measurement of your weight and vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and breathing rate).
- You will be asked how well you are able to perform the normal activities of daily living (performance status).
- Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.
- Women who are able to become pregnant must have a negative urine pregnancy test.
The study doctor will discuss the screening test results with you. If the screening tests show that you are not eligible to take part in the study, you will not be enrolled. Other treatment options will be discussed with you.
If you agree to take part in this study, from that day until your first study radiation treatment, you will stop certain treatments for mycosis fungoides. This is called a "wash-out period". The number of weeks will be different depending on what treatments you may be receiving. The study doctor will explain the types of treatments and schedule for stopping them.
- For the 2 weeks before radiation, you will stop using any cancer drugs that are "topical" (applied onto the skin).
- For the 4 weeks before radiation, you will stop any radiation therapy, phototherapy (cancer treatments with light), cancer drugs that are "systemic" (affecting the whole body), and any other investigational therapy.
Study Visit Before Radiation Therapy:
Within 1 week before your first radiation treatment, the following tests and procedures will be performed:
-You will have a physical exam, including a skin exam and measurement of your weight and vital signs.
Your performance status will be recorded.
- You will be asked about any drugs you may be taking.
- The doctor will draw on your skin with a marker to mark areas of your body that are unexposed. This is to help plan the radiation treatments. Depending on your body shape, about 8-16 body areas will be marked.
- Photos will be taken of your whole body. These photos will be used to help the doctor find out how much skin is affected by the disease.
If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will receive low-dose radiation to the skin 4-5 days a week for 3 weeks.
On Mondays and Tuesdays, you will receive radiation that can cover your entire skin area. You will be standing during the treatment. This wider-field radiation treatment cannot give enough radiation to the unexposed areas of your body, such as under the arms, under the breasts for females, under the belly, in the private areas, and the soles of the feet. For this reason, in addition to the wider-field radiation, you will also receive radiation that covers these smaller areas of your body on Wednesdays and Thursdays. The amount of radiation that these smaller body areas will receive is designed to be the same as the amount the rest of the skin will receive.
If the study doctor thinks it is needed for standard care, you will also receive radiation treatments on other tumors. In most cases, this will be on Fridays. It will be 4-7 treatments, depending on the tumor size.
At Weeks 2 and 3 of radiation treatment, you will be asked about any side effects that have occurred.
Length of Study:
You may receive up to 3 weeks of low-dose radiation therapy. You will be taken off the study treatment early if intolerable side effects occur or the disease gets worse. The follow-up period in this study lasts up to 12 months after the last treatment.
Follow-Up and End-of-Study Visits:
After your last dose of low-dose radiation therapy, you will have follow-up visits 1 to 3 weeks after treatment, every 2 months for 6 months, and then every 3 months for a total of 12 months. However, if the disease gets worse during this 12-month follow-up period, the follow-up visits will stop. When you are off-study, an end-of-study visit will occur.
If you stopped the radiation early due to intolerable side effects, you will have follow-up visits twice a week until the doctor thinks the side effects have gotten better. After that, you will return for an end-of-study visit.
At the follow-up visits and end-of-study visit, the following tests and procedures will be performed:
- You will have a physical exam, including a skin exam and measurement of your weight and vital signs.
- Your performance status will be recorded.
- You will be asked about any drugs you may be taking and side effects that may have occurred.
- Photos will be taken of your whole body to check the status of the disease.
- Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests
This is an investigational study. For this type of cancer, the dose of radiation in this study is lower than standard. The type of radiation therapy (total skin electron beam therapy) is standard. At this time, the lower dose is only being used in research.
Up to 20 patients will be take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01073267
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Study Chair:||Bouthaina Dabaja, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|