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Study of Adalimumab in Participants With Peripheral Spondyloarthritis (SpA)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AbbVie ( AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01064856
First received: February 5, 2010
Last updated: October 4, 2016
Last verified: August 2016
  Purpose
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab 40 mg administered every other week (eow) subcutaneously (SC) compared to placebo for 12 weeks followed by open label (OL) safety and efficacy assessments in participants with non-ankylosing spondylitis (AS), non-psoriatic arthritis (PsA) active peripheral spondyloarthritis (SpA) who have had an inadequate response to >= 2 non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or are intolerant to, or have a contraindication for, NSAIDs.

Condition Intervention Phase
Peripheral Spondyloarthritis
Biological: Adalimumab
Biological: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter Study of the Efficacy and Safety of the Human Anti-TNF Monoclonal Antibody Adalimumab in Subjects With Peripheral Spondyloarthritis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by AbbVie:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Responders According to the Composite Peripheral SpA Response Criteria (PSpARC 40) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants achieving the following composite response at Week 12: >= 40% improvement (minimum 20 mm absolute improvement) from Baseline in Patient Global Assessment (PTGA) of Disease Activity as measured by a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS) where 0=no symptoms and 100=maximum symptoms; >= 40% improvement (minimum 20 mm absolute improvement) from Baseline in PTGA - Pain as measured by a 100 mm VAS where 0=no pain and 100=maximum pain; and >= 40% improvement from Baseline in at least 1 of the following 3 criteria: swollen joint count (76 joints) and tender joint count (78 joints); total enthesitis count; or total dactylitis count. Non-responder imputation: missing response was imputed as non-response.

  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Baseline (day of first study drug administration) through Week 156 plus 70 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An adverse event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant, which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with treatment. If an adverse event meets any of the following criteria, it is considered a serious adverse event (SAE): results in death or is life-threatening, results in admission or prolongation of hospitalization, results in congenital anomaly or persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or is an important medical event requiring medical or surgical intervention to prevent serious outcome. AEs were categorized by severity (mild, moderate, severe) and relationship to treatment (probably, possibly, probably not, not related). Please see Adverse Events section below for more details.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Physician Global Assessment (PGA) of Disease Activity at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A VAS was to be used for the Physician Global Assessment (PGA) of disease activity (current status). The left end of the VAS scale (0 mm) signifies the absence of symptoms and the right end (100 mm) signifies maximum disease activity. Last observation carried forward (LOCF): missing values were imputed using the last non-missing post-baseline value prior to the missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The BASDAI was to be completed at the designated study visits. The participant was to assess his/her disease activity using the BASDAI which consisted of a VAS scale used to answer 6 questions (Q1 through Q6) pertaining to symptoms experienced by the participant for the past week. Each question on the BASDAI was reported in centimeters (0 [none] to 10 [very severe] with one question's possible answers being in time increments [0 hours to ≥ 2 hours]). The overall BASDAI score ranges from 0 to 10 cm and was calculated as follows: BASDAI Score = 0.2 × (Q1 + Q2 + Q3 + Q4 + Q5/2 + Q6/2). Lower scores indicate less disease activity. LOCF: Missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-baseline value prior to missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire Modified for the Spondyloarthropathies (HAQ-S) Total at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The HAQ-S is a self-reported measure to assess the physical function and health-related quality of life. The Disability Index (DI) of HAQ-S is calculated as the mean of the following 8 category scores (range: 0 [without any difficulty] to 3 [unable to do]): Dressing and Grooming, Rising, Eating, Walking, Hygiene, Reach, Grip, and Activities. Five additional items in the functional status measure were included in the HAQ-S, including carrying heavy packages, sitting for long periods, able to work at a flat topped table, and (if the participant had a driver's license or a car) able to look in the rear view mirror and able to turn head to drive in reverse. The overall score ranges from 0 (no disability) to 3 (three very severe, high-dependency disability). Negative mean changes from Baseline in the overall score indicate improvement. LOCF: Missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-baseline value prior to missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Short Form-36 Health Status Survey™ Version 2 (SF-36™V2) Physical Component Score (PCS) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Short Form-36 Health Status Survey™ Version 2 (SF-36™V2) is a 36-item generic health-related quality of life measure to assess the participant's view of their health consisting of 2 components: physical and mental. For each component, a transformed summary score is calculated using 8 sub-domains: physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health. Scores range from 0 to 100. Higher scores indicate a better health state.

  • Change From Baseline in Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score (MASES) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of enthesitis was performed in the following 7 domains: 1) 1st costochondral joint left and right, 2) 7th costochondral joint left and right, 3) posterior superior iliac spine left and right, 4) anterior superior iliac spine left and right, 5) iliac crest left and right, 6) 5th lumbar spinous process and 7) proximal insertion of Achilles tendon left and right. Each domain was graded for the presence (1) or absence (0) of tenderness yielding total MASES ranging from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 13 (worst possible score; 13 sites with tenderness). Participants with non-missing Baseline and at least 1 non-missing post-Baseline value were included in post-Baseline visits. LOCF: missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-Baseline value prior to missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Leeds Enthesitis Index at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of enthesitis was performed in the following 6 domains: left and right lateral epicondyle, left and right medial femoral condyle, left and right Achilles tendon insertion. Tenderness at each site was quantified on a dichotomous basis: Each domain was graded for the presence (1) and absence (0) of tenderness yielding total Leeds Enthesitis Index scores ranging from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 6 (worst possible score; 6 sites with tenderness). Participants with non-missing Baseline and at least 1 non-missing post-Baseline value were included in post-Baseline visits. LOCF: missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-Baseline value prior to missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC) Enthesitis Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of enthesitis was performed in the following 16 domains: left and right (L/R) medial epicondyle; L/R lateral epicondyle; L/R supraspinatus insertion into the greater tuberosity of humerus; L/R greater trochanter; L/R quadriceps insertion into superior border of patella; L/R patellar ligament insertion into inferior pole of patella or tibial tubercle; L/R Achilles tendon insertion into calcaneum; L/R plantar fascia insertion into calcaneum. Tenderness at each site was quantified on a dichotomous basis. Each domain was graded for the presence (1) and absence (0) of tenderness yielding total SPARCC scores ranging from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 16 (worst possible score; 16 sites with tenderness). Participants with non-missing Baseline and at least 1 non-missing post-Baseline value were included in post-Baseline visits. LOCF: missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-Baseline value prior to missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Dactylitis at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of the presence or absence of dactylitis as well as grading of tenderness and swelling in all 20 of the participants' digits was performed. Tenderness at each site was quantified from absent to severe. Swelling was quantified from mild to severe. Total Dactylitis Assessment scores ranging from 0 (no digits with dactylitis) to 20 (worst possible score; 20 digits with dactylitis). Participants with non-missing Baseline and at least 1 non-missing post-Baseline value were included in post-Baseline visits. LOCF: missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-Baseline value prior to missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Tender Joint Count (TJC) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Seventy-eight joints were assessed for tenderness by physical examination. Tenderness of each joint was classified as present (1) or absent (0), for a total possible TJC score of 0 (0 joints with tenderness) to 78 (worst possible score/78 joints with tenderness). Participants with non-missing Baseline and at least 1 non-missing post-Baseline value were included in post-Baseline visits. LOCF: missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-Baseline value prior to missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Swollen Joint Count (SJC) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Seventy-six joints were assessed for swelling by physical examination. Swelling of each joint was classified as present (1) or absent (0), for a total possible score SJC of 0 (0 joints with swelling) to 76 (worst possible score/76 joints with swelling). Participants with non-missing Baseline and at least 1 non-missing post-Baseline value were included in post-Baseline visits. LOCF: missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-Baseline value prior to missing value.

  • Change From Baseline in Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (last measurement prior to first DB dose), Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The ASDAS is a continuous disease activity score: low score indicates lower disease activity and higher values indicate higher disease activity. The score ranges from 0 to no defined upper limit. It is categorized into 4 disease activity states based on score: inactive disease (< 1.3), moderate (≥ 1.3 to < 2.1), high (≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5), and very high (> 3.5). Clinically important and major improvements in ASDAS are defined as a reduction from Baseline of ≥ 1.1 and ≥ 2.0 points, respectively. Participants with non-missing Baseline and at least 1 non-missing post-Baseline value were included in post-Baseline visits. LOCF: missing value was imputed using the last non-missing post-Baseline value prior to missing value.


Enrollment: 165
Study Start Date: February 2010
Study Completion Date: May 2014
Primary Completion Date: August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Double-blind (DB) Adalimumab
Adalimumab 40 mg subcutaneous (SC) injection every other week (eow) up to Week 12 in double-blind period.
Biological: Adalimumab
Study drug was provided as a sterile SC injection solution in 1 mL pre-filled syringes containing adalimumab 40 mg/0.8 mL. Study drug was SC self-administered eow at approximately the same time of day.
Other Names:
  • ABT-D2E7
  • Humira
Placebo Comparator: Double-blind Placebo
Placebo subcutaneous (SC) injection every other week (eow) up to Week 12 in the double-blind period.
Biological: Placebo
Study drug was provided as a sterile SC injection solution in 1 mL pre-filled syringes containing matching placebo for adalimumab. Study drug was SC self-administered eow at approximately the same time of day.
Experimental: Double-blind Adalimumab / Open-label Adalimumab
Adalimumab 40 mg SC injection eow up to Week 12 in double-blind period and from Week 12 to Week 156 in open-label period.
Biological: Adalimumab
Study drug was provided as a sterile SC injection solution in 1 mL pre-filled syringes containing adalimumab 40 mg/0.8 mL. Study drug was SC self-administered eow at approximately the same time of day.
Other Names:
  • ABT-D2E7
  • Humira
Placebo Comparator: Double-blind Placebo / Open-label Adalimumab
Placebo SC injection every other week (eow) up to Week 12 in the double-blind period; adalimumab 40 mg subcutaneous injection eow from Week 12 to Week 156 in the open-label period.
Biological: Adalimumab
Study drug was provided as a sterile SC injection solution in 1 mL pre-filled syringes containing adalimumab 40 mg/0.8 mL. Study drug was SC self-administered eow at approximately the same time of day.
Other Names:
  • ABT-D2E7
  • Humira
Biological: Placebo
Study drug was provided as a sterile SC injection solution in 1 mL pre-filled syringes containing matching placebo for adalimumab. Study drug was SC self-administered eow at approximately the same time of day.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult participants who had inadequate response to >= 2 non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs)
  • Participants who had arthritis or enthesitis or dactylitis plus: met spondyloarthritis clinical criteria
  • Negative purified protein derivative (PPD) test and Chest X-Ray performed at Baseline Visit were Negative
  • Ability to administer subcutaneous injections
  • General good health

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy
  • Psoriasis or Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Fulfillment of modified New York criteria for Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Recent infection requiring treatment
  • Significant medical events or conditions that had put patients at risk for participation
  • Female participants who were pregnant or breast-feeding or considering becoming pregnant during the study
  • History of cancer, except successfully treated skin cancer
  • Recent history of drug or alcohol abuse
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01064856

Sponsors and Collaborators
AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott)
Investigators
Study Director: In-Ho Song, MD AbbVie
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01064856     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: M10-883  2009-014567-39 
Study First Received: February 5, 2010
Results First Received: May 31, 2016
Last Updated: October 4, 2016
Health Authority: Australia: Human Research Ethics Committee
Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products
Canada: Health Canada
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
Czech Republic: State Institute for Drug Control
United States: Food and Drug Administration
Germany: Paul-Ehrlich-Institut
Greece: National Organization of Medicines
Hungary: National Institute of Pharmacy
Ireland: Irish Medicines Board
Spain: Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios

Keywords provided by AbbVie:
peripheral spondyloarthritis
adalimumab
humira

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Spondylarthritis
Spondylitis
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Adalimumab
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on December 06, 2016