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Sumatriptan and Naratriptan Pregnancy Registry

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01059604
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 1, 2010
Last Update Posted : November 3, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:
Anti-migraine drugs, including triptans, are not indicated for use in pregnancy. However, the peak prevalence of migraine is in women of childbearing age. This, coupled with the sporadic nature of migraine attacks and high rates of unplanned pregnancies, makes unintentional exposure to anti-migraine medications during pregnancy likely. Prior to an anti-migraine medication being marketed there are few data available on drug safety in pregnancy: data from animal models may not translate directly to humans and pregnant women are routinely excluded from clinical trials. The Sumatriptan Pregnancy Registry was established by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) in 1996 to monitor the safety of sumatriptan during pregnancy. It was combined with the Naratriptan Pregnancy Registry in 2001 and data collection on the sumatriptan-naproxen combination (Treximet) began in 2008.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Migraine Disorders Drug: Sumatriptan Drug: Naratriptan Drug: Sumatriptan-naproxen combination

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

The Sumatriptan, Naratriptan and Treximet Pregnancy Registry aims to assess whether there is a substantial increase in the risk of major congenital malformations (MCMs) following in utero exposure to those anti-migraine medications. Exposure during the first trimester is of primary interest as this represents the period of organogenesis.

The Registry is a primarily prospective enrolment and follow-up study. Patients exposed to sumatriptan, naratriptan, or the sumatriptan-naproxen combination during pregnancy, are enrolled, on a voluntary basis, by their healthcare provider. Enrolment is encouraged early in pregnancy and if possible prior to any prenatal testing. The healthcare provider provides initial information concerning patient demographics; details of the pregnancy including the estimated delivery date and results of any prenatal testing; and the timing, dosage, route of delivery (e.g. oral, subcutaneous, intranasal) of drug exposure in pregnancy. The registry accepts exposure reports from anywhere in the world. Within the United States (US) the healthcare provider can contact the registry using a toll free number. Outside of the US enrolments are made through the GlaxoSmithKline local operating company.

Close to the estimated date of delivery the healthcare provider is contacted by the Registry to provide follow up information concerning the pregnancy outcome (live or still birth, spontaneous or induced abortion), the presence or absence of a MCM, and the history of headache and exposure to sumatriptan, naratriptan or the sumatriptan-naproxen combination during pregnancy. Up to six attempts are made to contact the healthcare provider to obtain pregnancy outcome information. After six attempts, the record is closed as lost to follow up.

Pregnancy outcomes are classified as outcomes with MCMs, outcomes without MCMs and spontaneous abortions. The outcomes with and without MCMs are further classified as live births, stillbirths/fetal deaths and induced abortions. Spontaneous abortions are reported separately due to potential for inconsistent identification of malformations in that situation.

It is beyond the scope of the Registry to consistently access pediatric evaluations and medical records. For this reason the main outcome is restricted to major congenital malformations that are external and recognizable in the delivery room or shortly after birth. To provide consistency, reported congenital malformations are classified as major or minor according to criteria used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP). All malformation reports are reviewed and classified by a paediatrician from the CDC and further information is requested as necessary.

Analyses are restricted to prospectively enrolled pregnancies (enrolment prior to knowledge of the birth outcome). Retrospectively enrolled pregnancies are reviewed for patterns of malformation types, but are not included in formal analyses as retrospective reporting can be biased towards more unusual and severe outcomes and are less likely to be representative of the general population experience.

The proportion of infants with MCMs among prospectively reported exposures is calculated as: the total number of outcomes with major birth defects (number of outcomes with major birth defects + the number of live births without defects).

All spontaneous pregnancy losses, as well as induced abortions and fetal deaths without reported defects, are excluded from the denominator due to the potential for inconsistent identification of malformations in those situations. The 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for risk estimates are calculated using exact methods based on the binomial distribution.

Analyses are stratified according to trimester of exposure (with the second trimester starting at week 14 and the third trimester at week 28 of gestation) for each anti-migraine of interest. If an individual is exposed to multiple drugs of interest during pregnancy, the exposure is included in analyses for each drug of interest.

The registry does not have an internal comparator group, but descriptive comparisons are made with MCM rates from general population studies in the literature.

Prospective reports are also reviewed to detect any unusual patterns of malformation types that may warrant further investigation.

The data from the Sumatriptan, Naratriptan and Treximet Pregnancy Registry are reviewed, and conclusions developed, by an independent scientific advisory committee. A semi-annual interim report summarizing aggregate data is provided to disseminate information on a regular basis.


Study Type : Observational [Patient Registry]
Actual Enrollment : 868 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration: 12 Years
Official Title: The Sumatriptan and Naratriptan Pregnancy Registry
Study Start Date : December 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Migraine

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Pregnant women exposed to sumatriptan, naratriptan, or combo
Women exposed to sumatriptan, naratriptan or the sumatriptan-naproxen combination treatment during pregnancy
Drug: Sumatriptan
Sumatriptan

Drug: Naratriptan
Naratriptan

Drug: Sumatriptan-naproxen combination
Sumatriptan-naproxen combination




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major congenital malformations (MCMs) classified according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) criteria. [ Time Frame: Although reports and diagnoses of MCMs are accepted up to six years after the birth, the majority of malformations are reported following assessments made in the delivery room or shortly after birth. ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Women exposed to sumatriptan, naratriptan or the sumatriptan-naproxen combination during pregnancy anywhere in the world.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women exposed in utero to sumatriptan, naratriptan or the sumatriptanp-naproxen combination during pregnancy. Exposure can occur at any time during pregnancy, though exposure in the first trimester is of primary interest.
  • Pregnancies exposed to sumatriptan, naratriptan or the sumatriptan-naproxen combination and reported before the outcome of the pregnancy is known (prospective reporting). Ideally exposed pregnancies are registered prior to prenatal testing, but only those pregnancies enrolled after prenatal testing has diagnosed a congenital malforamtion are excluded.
  • Retrospectively reported exposures (i.e. exposures registered once the pregnancy outcome is known) are included in the registry, but are considered descriptively and are not included in risk analyses.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Retrospectively reported exposures (i.e. exposures registered once the pregnancy outcome is known) are included in the registry, but are reviewed separately and descriptively. These are not included in risk analyses.
  • Patient reported exposures and outcomes that are not verified by a healthcare provider.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01059604


Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline

Publications:
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01059604     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 112914
EPIP082 ( Other Identifier: GSK )
EPI40050 ( Other Identifier: GSK )
First Posted: February 1, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 3, 2014
Last Verified: October 2014

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
pregnancy outcomes
pregnancy
first trimester
Sumatriptan
major congenital malformations
naratriptan
sumatriptan-naproxen combination
pregnancy registry

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Migraine Disorders
Headache Disorders, Primary
Headache Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Naproxen
Naratriptan
Sumatriptan
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Gout Suppressants
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Serotonin 5-HT1 Receptor Agonists
Serotonin Receptor Agonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents