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Safety and Efficacy of Paricalcitol Capsules in Decreasing Serum Parathyroid Hormone Levels in Children Aged 10-16 With Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AbbVie ( AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01020487
First received: November 13, 2009
Last updated: February 13, 2017
Last verified: February 2017
  Purpose

Part 1: To determine the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of a single dose of 3 μg paricalcitol capsules in children ages 10 to 16 years with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD Stages 3 and 4).

Part 2: To determine the safety and efficacy of paricalcitol capsules as compared to placebo in decreasing serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) in children ages 10 to 16 years with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease with an initial 12 weeks of double-blinded study drug followed by a minimum of 12 weeks of open-label active drug.


Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3 and 4 Drug: Paricalcitol Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Efficacy of Paricalcitol Capsules in Decreasing Serum Intact Parathyroid Hormone Levels in Pediatric Subjects Ages 10 to 16 Years With Moderate to Severe Chronic Kidney Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by AbbVie ( AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott) ):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Part 1: Paricalcitol Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Blood samples were collected at hour 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours after dosing. ]
  • Part 1: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time 0 to Infinity (AUC0-∞) [ Time Frame: Blood samples were collected at hour 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours after dosing. ]
  • Part 2: Percentage of Participants Achieving Two Consecutive Reductions at Least 30% From Baseline in iPTH [ Time Frame: 12-week double-blind treatment period ]
    The primary efficacy endpoint was the percentage of participants who achieved two consecutive ≥ 30% reductions from baseline in intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels during the 12 week double-blind portion of the study regardless of CKD stage.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Part 2: Percentage of Participants Achieving a Final iPTH Within KDOQI Target Ranges [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]

    The Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiatives (KDOQI) Pediatric Subcommittee on Practice Guidelines for Bone Metabolism and Disease in Children with CKD target range for intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) is as follows::

    CKD Stage 3: 35 - 69 pg/mL; CKD Stage 4: 70 - 110 pg/mL.


  • Part 2: Change From Baseline in iPTH to Each Post-baseline Visit [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8 and 12 ]
  • Part 2: Percentage of Participants Achieving Final Calcium Levels Within KDOQI Target Ranges [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]

    KDOQI recommends serum calcium is maintained within age appropriate normal ranges:

    Age 6 - 12: 9.4 - 10.2 mg/dL (2.35 - 2.55 mmol/L); Age 13 - 20: 8.8 - 10.2 mg/dL (2.20 - 2.55 mmol/L).


  • Part 2: Percentage of Participants Achieving Final Phosphorus Levels Within KDOQI Target Ranges [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]

    The KDOQI target ranges of serum phosphorus are to maintain at or above age appropriate lower limits and no higher than the age-appropriate upper limits:

    Age 6 - 12: 3.6 - 5.8 mg/dL (1.16 - 1.87 mmol/L); Age 13 - 20: 2.3 - 4.5 mg/dL (0.74 - 1.45 mmol/L).


  • Part 2: Change From Baseline in First Morning Void (FMV) Urinary Albumin to Creatinine Ratio (UACR) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 4, 8 and 12 ]
    The mean change from Baseline in FMV UACR on a log scale to each post baseline visit.


Enrollment: 47
Study Start Date: February 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2014
Primary Completion Date: May 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Part 1: Paricalcitol
Participants received a single 3 µg dose of paricalcitol capsules on Study Day 1.
Drug: Paricalcitol
Paricalcitol capsules taken with water.
Other Name: Zemplar
Placebo Comparator: Part 2: Placebo
Participants received placebo capsules three times a week (TIW) for 12 weeks during the double-blind treatment phase. From Weeks 12 to 24 participants received open-label paricalcitol at an initial dose of 1 µg three times a week. Doses could be increased in 1 μg increments every 4 weeks based on chemistry evaluations to target Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiatives (KDOQI) target levels.
Drug: Paricalcitol
Paricalcitol capsules taken with water.
Other Name: Zemplar
Drug: Placebo
Placebo capsules taken with water
Experimental: Part 2: Paricalcitol
Participants received paricalcitol three times a week for 12 weeks during the double-blind treatment period and during the open-label period (Weeks 12-24). The initial dose of paricalcitol was 1 µg TIW. Doses could be increased in 1 μg increments every 4 weeks based on chemistry evaluations to target KDOQI target levels.
Drug: Paricalcitol
Paricalcitol capsules taken with water.
Other Name: Zemplar

Detailed Description:
The study consists of two parts. Part 1 is an open-label single-dose, non-fasting, multicenter study to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) of paricalcitol capsules in 12 children ages 10 to 16 years with CKD Stages 3 and 4. Part 2 of this study will be conducted as a 12 week randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study, followed by 12 weeks open-label treatment. Participants active or enrolled under amendment 5 will enter a follow-up period and have study visits every 4 weeks until the final participant reaches Week 24.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 16 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has chronic kidney disease Stage 3 or 4 as determined by estimated glomerular filtration rate (15 to 59 mL/min/1.73 m²) at Screening.
  • Subject is not expected to begin dialysis for at least 6 months (in the opinion of the investigator).
  • For entry into the Washout Period (for subjects who are currently on a vitamin D receptor activator [VDRA] and need to complete a 2 to 4 week washout), the subject must satisfy the following criteria based on the Screening laboratory values:

    • estimated glomerular filtration rate between 15 to 59 mL/min/1.73 m².
    • iPTH measurement that is greater than or equal to 60 pg/mL (Stage 3 subjects) or greater than or equal to 90 pg/mL (Stage 4 subjects).
    • An adjusted serum calcium value greater than or equal to 8.2 mg/dL (2.05 mmol/L) to less than or equal to 10.5 mg/dL (2.63 mmol/L).
    • A serum phosphorus value greater than or equal to 2.0 mg/dL (0.65 mmol/L but less than or equal to 6.0 mg/dL (1.94 mmol/L).
  • For entry into the Treatment Phase (vitamin D receptor activator naïve subjects and those that have completed a 4 week washout), the subject must have:

    • iPTH measurement that is greater than or equal to 75 pg/mL (Stage 3 subjects) or greater than or equal to 110 pg/mL (Stage 4 subjects).
    • An adjusted serum calcium value greater than or equal to 8.4 mg/dL (2.10 mmol/L) but less than or equal to 10.2 mg/dL (2.55 mmol/L).
    • A serum phosphorus value greater than or equal to 2.5 mg/dL (0.81 mmol/L) but less than or equal to 5.8 mg/dL (1.87 mmol/L).
    • Must have 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels ≥ 30 ng/mL prior to washout, if not VDRA naïve, or treatment in Part II of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • All subjects that have had a small bowel transplant will be excluded from the study.
  • Subject has had acute kidney failure within 12 weeks of the Screening Phase (defined as an acute rise in serum creatinine).
  • Subject has had symptomatic or significant hypocalcemia requiring active vitamin D therapy (for example, calcitriol, paricalcitol, doxercalciferol or alfacalcidol) within 6 months prior to the Screening Phase.
  • Subject has a history of active kidney stones (6 months prior to screening).
  • Subject has chronic gastrointestinal disease, which in the investigator's opinion may cause significant gastrointestinal malabsorption.
  • Subject is taking maintenance calcitonin, bisphosphonates, cinacalcet, glucocorticoids in an equivalent dose of greater than 5 mg prednisone daily, or other drugs known to affect calcium or bone metabolism within 4 weeks prior to treatment.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01020487

Sponsors and Collaborators
AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott)
Investigators
Study Director: Deepa Chand, MD AbbVie
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01020487     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: M10-149
2010-019439-37 ( EudraCT Number )
Study First Received: November 13, 2009
Results First Received: February 13, 2017
Last Updated: February 13, 2017

Keywords provided by AbbVie ( AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott) ):
Reduction of parathyroid hormone levels in pediatric patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3 and 4

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency
Hormones
Ergocalciferols
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Bone Density Conservation Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 21, 2017